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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
A Study on Improvement of Fastness on Cotton-dyed Fabric by Aftertreatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea
Yoon, Jung Im ; Kim, Kyung Hwan ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 1~9
The Cotton fabric was dyed with various directd dyes, and then treated with copper sulfate or copper sulfate/thiourea. Munsell color system, dye exhaustion, tensile strength, light fastness, washing fastness and rubbing fastness were investigated for the treated fabrics. The results obtaind are as follows: 1. The color variation of the cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was shown redish, but original color with copper sulfate/thiourea. 2. Copper sulfate/thiourea was much more effective than copper sulfate only to increase the light fastness, washing fastness and rubbing fastness. 3. Dye exhaustion of the cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was decreased about 20% more than those of untreated. 4. Tensile stregth of cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate/thiourea was decrease about 10% more than those of untreated.
Modification of Cotton Treated with Cellulase( I ) ―Effect of Treating Condition on the Weight Loss―
Hong, Ki Jeong ; Lee, Mun Cheul ; Bae, So Yeung ; Park, Soo Min ; Kim, Kyung Hwan ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 10~19
Broad, mercerized broad, mercerized twill cotton fabrics and rayon fabric were treated with cellulase for 30~480 minutes at different temperature, concentration, time, and also treating methods such as continuously-treated or repeatedly-treated, and dyed with two direct dyes before or after enzyme treatment. From the experimental result by treating under the various conditions above, it was obtained that the weight loss increased more in thin fabric than thick one. In addition, it was considered that the treatment in 5
for 240 minutes brought about the ideal weight loss and flexible hand of the specimens. For both broad and mercerized broad, repeated treatment showed more weight loss than continuous. Direct dye on cotton fabric apparently inhibited hydrolysis. Ionic surfactants showed the inhibition effect of the catalytic hydrolysis of enzyme, on the other hand, nonionic surfactant did not.
Dyeing Properties of Cationized Cotton Fabrics with Reactive Dye
Jung, Young Jin ; Lee, Young Hee ; Kim, Kyung Hwan ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 20~28
Primary amino group was introduced into cellulose by the Hofmann reaction from carbamoylethylated cotton fabrics. Cabamoylethylated cotton was prepared by treating the cotton fabrics with acrylamide and sodium hydroxide catalysts. These amino group altered physical and chemical properties of cotton fabrics. The influence of reactive dyeing, tensile strength and crease recovery was investigated. The exhaustion of reactive dye with cationized cotton fabrics was increase with acrylamide concentration. The pH value of maximum exhaustion was exchanged from 11.0 to 9.0 in cationized cotton fabrics.
Water Repellent Finishes of Polyester Fiber Using Glow Discharge
Mo, Sang Young ; Kim, Gi Lyong ; Kim, Tae Nyun ; Chun, Tae Il ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 29~41
In order to surface Hydrophobilization of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fiber samples were treated in the atmosphere of CF
glow discharge. The sample used in this study was PET film which is 75
m thick made by Teijin, O-Type(Japan). The cleaned samples were placed in plasma reactor made of pyrex glass cylinder, and plasma processing was carried out by glow discharge of CF
gas, being continuously fed by gas flow and continuously pumped out by a vacuum system. Electric power source for generate plasma state was sustained alternating current(60Hz) and voltage was sustained 600 volt. The duration of plasma treatment varied from 15 to 120 seconds except special case, the monomer gase pressure varied from 0.02 to 0.3 Torr and power range was 10 to 90 watts. The hydrophobic features of changed PET surface were evaluated by contact angle measurement and surface chemical characteristics were analyzed by ESCA. Results can be summerized as follows. 1. The most favorable setting position of substrate was the center area between the two electrodes. 2.
discharge current was lower than that of CF
when same voltage was sustained. Treated efficiency between CF
did not revealed significant differences under same electric power(wattage). 3. When monomer pressure is very low below 0.02 torr, as though substrate is exposed to CF
plasma, it tend to be hydrophilic through a little of fluorine bond and a great deal of oxidizing reaction. 4. There brought good hydrophobilization when monomer pressure was more 0.1 torr and duration of glow discharge treatment was over 45 seconds. When monomer pressure was too high, discharge current became low. Although prolong the duration, there was no more high hydrophobilization. 5. According to ESCA analysis, there were a little CF bond and a prevailing CF
bond in CF
-treated substrate. There were CF
, a little CF and a prevailing CF
-treated substrate.d substrate.
Development of Polymeric Adsorbents for the Treatment of Colored Waste Waters and It's Applications ―Diethylaminoethylated Cellulosic Adsorbents―
Choe, Ji Eun ; Sung, Woo Kyung ; Lee, Mee Kyung ; Park, Soo Min ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 42~48
In the present work, decoloring of acid dye solution by the diethylaminoethylated cellulosic adsorbents(
) was studied with the aim of developing polymeric adsorbents for the treatment of colored wastewaters. To prepare the cellulosic adsorbents, the
cellulose and polyvinyl alcohol mixture(80 wt% cellulose content) were crosslinked by tryacryloyl hexahydro-s-tryazine(TAHHT), ammonium phosphate and then treated with solutions containing sodium hydroxide and 2-diethylaminoethyl chloride. Batch and flow method were employed to determine decoloring capacity of C
for C.I.acid yellow 49.
exhibited much better desorption capacity than activated carbon. Furthermore, the exhausted
could be readily regenerated by washing with dilute sodium hydroxide.
A Study on the Bleaching of Cotton Fabrics by utilizing Ozone((
Cho, Hwan ; Seo, Mal Young ; Yu, Jae Sun ; Lee, Byung Hyun ; Huh, Man Woo ; Lee, Kwang Woo ; Cho, In Sul ; Jong, Hee Cheon ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 49~59
In order to study the bleaching of cotton fabrics, ozone which has been produced by an ozone generator, has been contacted with cotton fabrics in water at various conditions. The equipments used for the ozone treatment of cotton fabrics were the ozone generator and a liquor/ozone contactor. For the examination of the ozone bleaching effect on cotton fabrics the whiteness, tensile strength, wettability and clark softness of the ozone treated cotton fabrics were measured. The conclusion obtained were, ozone concentration was increased, as the voltage was increased and flow rate was decreased and oxygen amount was increased. Bleaching effect of treated fabrics increased with increasing attributed more the net concentration of ozone rather than the total ozone amount of produced. The whiteness of treated fabrics was found to be best when treating temperature was 15~20<
, in acidic condition. The tensile strength of treated fabrics decreased as the treating time increased, and as the temperature raised, and the acidity increased. The wicking distance of treated fabrics increased slightly with increasing the treating time and the temperature. Clark softness of treated fabrics was not changed until passing 30min. of the treating time, then it decreasing linealy with increasing the treating time.
Effect of Soft Segment Length on the Dispersion and Physical Properties of Polyurethane Ionomer
Kim, Byung Kyu ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 60~66
Aqueous polyurethane(PU) anionomer dispersions were prepared from isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), polytetramethylene adipate glycol(PTAd) and dimethylol propionic acid(DMPA) as potential anionic centers. The effects of polyol molecular weight(Mn) on the state of dispersion, thermal, mechanical, and viscoelastic properties and swelling of emulsion cast film were determined. With increasing Mn of PTAd, particle size of emulsion and soft segment T
decreased, and solvent swell, emulsion viscosity, and hard segment
increased. Tensile strength showed minimum with PTAd 1000, and elongation at break generally increased with the Mn of PTAd. These results were possibly nterpreted in terms of soft segment-hard segment phase separation and crystallization of high molecular weight PTAd.
On Bath Dyeing of silk/synthetic Fibre Blends(III) ―Adsorption Behavior of Acid Dyes/Disperse Dyes on Silk/PET―
Gwag, In Jun ; Yoon, Kyung Sup ; Kim, Ae Soon ; Kim, Gong Ju ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 67~78
In one bath dyeing system of silk/PET fiber blend fabric with acid/disperse dyes, adsorption behavior of disperse dyes and acid dyes on silk and PET fabrics were examined. In the dyeing of PET with C.I.Disperse Red 19(Red 19) and C.I.Disperse Red 60(Red 60) at 10
(carrier dyeing) and 13
, dye uptake with Red 60 was higher than that with Red 19. When the silk/PET dyed with Red 19 and Red 60 at 10
(carrier dyeing) and 13
, dye uptake on PET was influenced by affinity of the dye to the silk fabric dyed together. When the silk/PET dyed with Blue 80/Red 19 and Blue 80/Red 60 at 10
(carrier dyeing) and 13
for 60 minutes, color of PET dyed with Red 19 and Red 60 was little influenced by Blue 80 but silk dyed with Blue 80 was influenced. Interrelation of K/S value and Munsell value was scarcely any but showed the change tendency of K/S value.
The Thermal Characteristics of Cellulose Fabrics Finished with Urea-Formaldehyde Resin
Song, Wha Soon ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 79~91
The purpose of this study is to prepare the newer, more comfortable of urea-formaldehyde resin finished fabrics. The methods of this study are by making examinations and comparisons the relations between the thickness, fabrics counts, weight, moisture regain and crease recovery of cotton and viscose rayon fabrics caused by condition of urea-formaldehyde resin finishing and warm retaining ability and warm-cool sense. The analytic results of thermal character in state of fabrics material finished with urea-formaldehyde are as follows: 1. The warm retaining ability has no correlation with mixing ratio of resin but the increase of the warm retaining ability has correlation with the increase of concentration of urea-formaldehyde resin. 2. The result pf multiple regression analysis for effect of physical property according to the concentration of resin to the warm retaining ability revealed as below. As the weight, thickness and density increase and moisture regain decreases, the warm retaining ability increases. 3. The qmax value has no correlation with mixing ratio of resin but the increase of the qmax value has correlation with the increase of resin concentration. In the end, the effect of it promotes cool sense. 4. The result of multiple regression analysis for effect of physical property according to the concentration of resin to the qmax value revealed as below. As he weight and thickness increase, the qmax value decrease. But, as the density and crease recovery increase, the qmax value increase.
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 92~100
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 101~111
반응성 염료에 의한 Cellulose 섬유의 염색기술에 관한 이론과 실제
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 4, 1993, Pages 112~125