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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Dyeing Behavior of Cotton Fibers Treated with Liquid Ammonia, NaOH, and NaOH/Liquid Ammonia
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 1~7
Cotton fiber and NaOH-mercerized cotton fiber had been treated by liquid ammonia and were dyed with two direct dyes, C.I. Direct Red 2 and Blue 1. The effect of the treatment on the rate of dyeing, dye adsorption isotherm, and affinity were studied. The rate of dyeing was increased in the order of NaOH-mercerized> NaOH/liquid ammonia-treated > liquid ammonia-treated>Untreated cotton irrespective of kind of dyes. The rate of dyeing for NaOH-treated fiber considerably increased, whereas liquid ammonia-treated or NaOH/liquid ammonia-treated did not because the structural transformation was not enough for the dyes to penetrate easily into the liquied ammonia-treated cottons. The time of half-dyeing was considerably reduced by mercerizing with NaOH, but lengthened by liquid ammonia treatment because of increased equilibrium dye exhaustion especially in dyeing with C.I. Dierect Red 2. In spite of a short time of the ammonia treatment for 4 seconds, the equilibrium exhaustions of both of direct dyes, C.I. Direct Red 2 and C.I. Direct Blue 1, were increased in proportion to internal volume of treated cotton under a condition of fixed affinity.
Studies on Synthesis of Diphenyl Butylamidophosphate and Flame Retardancy Effects of DPBAP on PET Fabric (I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 8~14
A new flame retardant diphenyl butylamidophosphate (DPBAP) for PET fabric was synthesized and its flame retardancy was examined. The results have shown that PET fabrics treated by DPBAP(with DPBAP and on 4-10 %) show excellent flame retardancy. Since the DPBAP treated PET fabric show essentially no change in the drape stiffness and the tensile strength, it is believed that DPBAP is chemically stable in PET fabric. In addition to this, the washing fastness of DPBAP on PET fabric tested by the 5 times of water washing method also appeared to be excellent. Judging from the fact that DPBAP was synthesized from relatively cheap material as well as the above cited DPBAP properties as a good flame retardant, the potential of DPBAP to be developed as a commercial flame retardant for PET fabric seems to be high.
Modification of Cotton Fiber by Enzymatic Treatment
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 15~26
Cotton fabrics were treated with the cellulase which is an enzyme to decompose cellulose and its actional mechanism is known. The optimum condition of the cellulase to the cotton fabrics and the weight losses, tensile strengths of the treated cotton fabrics were also obtained. The cellulase performs a specific catalytic action on the
, 4-glucosidic bonds of the cellulose molecules and hydrolyzes them. For that reason, the negative surface charges of the cotton fabrics were increased by additional generation. of hyrdoxyl groups. The increased surface charges cause the decrease of dye adsorption by inhibiting the approach of the anions of direct dyes. But, it was overcome by the use of enough amount of salt, it means that sodium ions of the salt neutralize the almost all of negative charges of the cotton fabrics. The improvement of the water absorbency is also due to the increased hydroxyl groups In addition, their handles including the mechanical properties were measured and caculated by KES system which is a measuring apparatus that numerizes and objectificates human's feeling, especially touch. As the results, we knew that KOSH(stiffness) and FUKURAMI(fulness & softness) were decreased and that NUMERI(smoothness) was increased.
Water Repellent Finish of Polyester Fabric Using Carbontetrafluoride Plasma Treatment
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 27~36
In order to produce a water repellent surface on polyester fabric, samples were treated in the atmosphere of
glow discharge plasma. The samples used in the study were ployester fabric and poyester film. The purpose of film treatment is for the comparison of hydrophobicity with fabric sample at same treatment condition. Radio frequency(13.56MHz) generator was used as electric source and its in put power is 100 Watt. Water repellency was evaluated by contact angle measurement. Result obtained are as follows. 1) Fiber interstice of original fabric was ana lysed as 0.43
m, and this value was sufficiently ideal for making water repellent fabric. 2) The most favorable setting position of substrate was the center area between two electrodes. 3) Fabric contact angle was higher than film contact angle at same treatment condition, and its difference was more than 50
. And it was incapalbe of fabric contact angle measurement when the film contact angle was less than 90
. because the fabric is susceptible to absorption of water by the capillary effect. 4) Fabric contact angle can not revealed the precise defferences of surface hydrophobicity, however, the film contact angle showed the real hydrophobic nature. 5) It was not sufficient method to evaluate the hydrophobicity of fabric surface by merely measure of the water contact angle. 6) It showed high water repellent nature at 0.06 torr of
plasma gas pressure and duration of 45 seconds treatment, and it can not be anticipated more improved nature if the pressure and duration of treatment time were increased.
Swelling Properties of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Fiber in Mixed Solvent(I) -Rate of Swelling-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 37~43
Commercial Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) filaments were treated in solvents mixtures such as benzyl alcohol/perchloroethylene(BA/PER), benzyl alcohol/trichloroethylene(BA/TRI), benzyl alcohol/ethylene chloride(BA/EC), metha nol/perchloroethylene(ME/PER), and methanol/trichloroethyle(ME/TRI). Swelling of PET in solvent mixtures showed rapidly in the middle range of mixture ratio. Contribution of swelling of each component to total swelling of binary mixtures with increasing treated time was generally showed in proportion to the mixture ratio of the each component in dependence of the extend of swelling.
Effects of Color Depth on Wool and Silk Fabrics Treated Sputter Etching
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 44~51
Wool and silk fabrics dyed with C.l. Acid Black 155 were subjected to sputter etching and exposed to a low temperature argon plasma. Color depth of shade of the fabrics increased considerably, but sputter etching was more effectively than argon low temperature plasma treatment. And measured for any significant chemical modification by ESCA (XPS). Sputter etching and argon low temperature plasma treatments incorporated oxygen atoms into the surface.
A Study on UV-CUT Processing
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 52~59
Polyester, polyester/cotton blend, nylon and cotton fabrics were ultraviolet cutting finished with padding method or exhaustion method using several UV absorbers. The transmittance of ultraviolet ray in the textiles can be greatly depressed by the processing and it is expected that human skin can be kept safe from sun-burn or damages by ultraviolet ray.
Studies on Silk Fibroin Membranes(II) -Adsorption of Acid Dyes in Silk Fibroin Memberane-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 60~66
With the view of studying on the dual adsorption mechanism of acid dyes in connection with the structural difference of silk fibroin, silk fiber and silk fibroin memberane were used for equilibrium dyeing at
and pH 3.2, pH 5.0. The dyes used were C.I.Acid Orange 7 and C.I.Acid Red 88 introduced aromatic hydrocabon into Acid Orange 7. From the adsorption isotherm experiment, the total uptake of dyes can be described by Langmuir sorption and Nernst partition. Nernst partition. Nernst partition coefficient
decrease of crystalline regions and orientation. The saturation value S of Acid Red 88 were large than total amino group contents and it was attributed it hydrophobic bond. On the other hand, the standard afficity and enthalpy were increased with the in crease of hydrophobic part of dyes. Both
were decreased with the increase of pH, but
were more effected than
One Bath Dyeing of Silk/Synthetic Fiber Blends (V)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 67~73
The adsorption behaviors of acid dye and disperse dye on silk and nylon fabrics were examined, in one bath dyeing system on silk/nylon blend fabric with disperse dyes and acid dyes. In the dyeing of nylon fabric with C. I. Disperse Red 19 (Red 19) and C. I. Disperse Red 60 (Red 60), dye uptake of Red 19 was higher than that of Red 60. When silk/nylon blend fabric was dyed with Red 19 and Red 0, the dye uptake on nylon was influenced by the ffinity of the dye to the silk fabric. In the dyeing of silk/nylon with C. I. Acid Blue 80 and C. I. Acid Yellow 121, solid shade could not be obtained with the conventional method but could be obtained with the dyeing resist agent for nylon. There was not any relationship between K/S value and Munsell value, but Munsell value tended to change with the K/S value.
용제방사법에 의해 제조된 새로운 cellulose계 섬유 『Tencel』
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 74~83
최근 Cellulose계 섬유의 형태안정 가공기술(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 3, 1994, Pages 84~90