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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Improvement of Antimicrobial Activity and Crease Resistance of Korean Traditional Hansan Ramie Fabrics
Kim, Ho Jung ; Choi, Jae Hyeok ; Kim, Han Do ; Park, Cha Cheol ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 1~8
To improve the antimicrobial activity and crease resistance of Korean traditional Hansan ramie fabrics, partially saponified polyethylene(PPS) was used as a softening water repellent agent and 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl dimethyl octadecyl ammonium chloride(QAC) as a antimicrobial agent. The antimicrobial activity was effective by treatments of PPS, QAC and PPS/QAC for shake flask test. For the halo test, PPS/QAC showed good antimicrobial activity. It was found that the desirable composition of H
O/PPS/QAC is 98/1/1 for improving the antimicrobial activity and crease resistance of the fabrics.
Hydrolysis of Vinylsulfonyl Reactive Dyes (III) ―Formation of Mixed Dimers―
Kim, In Hoi ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 9~16
Swelling Properties of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Fiber in Mixed Solvent(II) ―Equilibrium Swelling and Shrinkage―
Lee, Mun Cheul ; Pak, Pyong Ki ; Cho, Hyun Hok ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 17~26
Poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) filaments were treated in binary mixtures of organic solvents such as benzyl alcohol/perchloroethylene(BA/PER), benzyl alcohol/trichloroethylene(BA/TRI), benzyl alcohol/ethylene chloride(BA/EC), methanol/perchloroethylene (ME/PER), and methanol/trichloroethylene(ME/TRI). From the equilibrium swelling of PET, total and partial isotherms of PET for sorption of solvent mixtures and isotherms for distribution of the components between the phases were taken. Also the shrinkage and the crystallinity of PET treated with binary mixtures were investigated. The results obtained were summerized as follows: 1. All isotherms for distribution of the components between the phase deviated from the diagonal in system of PET-binary mixtures. Especially in the binary mixtures of ME/PER or ME/TRI, selectivo sorption of chlorinated hydrocarbon PER and TRI by PET occured. 2. The shrinkage of PET treated in binary mixrures was increased to compare with single solvent-treated, but the composition of binary mixtures corresponding to maximum values of shrinkage was not always agreed with the composition of binary mixtures corresponding to maximum values of shrinkage was not always agreed with the composition of binary mixtures exhibiting of the maximum swelling of PET. 3. The crystallinity of PET treated in binary mixtures generally increased than that of single solvent-treated.
Low Temperature Plasma and/or Protease Treatment of Wool Fiber
Yoon, Nam-Sik ; Lim, Yong-Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 27~33
Wool fabrics were treated with low temperature oxygen plasma and/or protease, and examined for their mechanical and dyeing properties. By plasma-treatment the strength of wool fabric increased and higher rate of weight loss for protease treatment was obtained. When dyed by levelling type acid dye equilibrium dye uptake appeared same, but rate of dyeing increased by the plasma treatment, while, with milling type acid dye, both of them increased greatly in the order of untreated
plasma/protease-treated. It was assumed from the above results that plasma affects the surface of fiber, and enzyme attacks mainly the inner part of fiber. This was confirmed again by scanning electron microscope.
The Change of Fraction of T.T.M. and Initial Modulus for PET Tire Cord Fibers with Various Spinning Speed
Cho, Hyun Hok ; Lee, Kee Hwan ; Park, Jong Bum ; Kim, Sung Joong ; Rhim, Moo San ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 34~39
For the purpose of obtaining high modulus PET tire cord fiber by high spinning speed, the change of initial modulus and taut tie molecules (T.T.M) fraction with the PET tire cord fibers by different spinning speed is investigated. Initial modulus decreased with increasing spinning speed but increased above spinning speed of 1500m/min. Therefore, high modulus PET tire cord fiber may be obtained above spinning speed of 3500m/min. It was found that the initial modulus of fibers depends on fraction of T.T.M.
Development and Application of Biocompatible Polymers( I ) ―Biocompatibility of Cellulose Graft Copolymer with Phosphoryl Choline Groups―
Lee, Mi Kyung ; Kim, Moon Sik ; Park, Soo Min ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 40~45
To improve the blood compatibility of cellulose membrane, 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl phosphate(MTP), which is a methacrylate with phospholipid polar group, and glycidyl methacrylate(GMA) were grafted simultaneously on the surface of membrane and the biocompatibility of grafted membrane was investigated. There was no difference of permeability between the MTP and GMA-grafted and the original cellulose membrane. The permeation pathway for a solute whose molecular weight was above 10
is maintained after grafting on the surface of membrane. The cellulose membrane grafted with MTP and GMA effectively suppressed thrombogenicity for the rabbit blood. This effect became more clear with increasing the surface distribution of phospholipid polar groups
A Study on Dyeing Properties of Cafionicagent Treated Cotton Fibre with Reactive Dye
Jung, Young Jin ; Lee, Young Hee ; Kim, Kyung Hwan ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 46~53
Polymer cationic agent was prepared by the initial polymerisation of epichlorohydrin followed by amination with diethylamine. Cotton fibre treated with the polymer (6~8% o.w.f.) is highly cationic and exhibit increased substantivity for reactive dyes under neutral to weakly acid conditions. The modified substrate could be dyed with reactive dyes without salt or a little salt from dye bath. The increased concentration of cationic agents resulted in an increase the colour yield. Futhermore, treated cotton has an electropositive surface charge. Adsorption of Reactive dye can be attributed to both van der waals force and electrostatic attraction.
Study on the Hand of Wool Fabrics(1) ―Effects of Yarn Structural Parameters on Mechanical Characteristics―
Kim, Duk Ly ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 54~61
The study has been conducted to investigate the relationship between yarn structural parameters such as diameter, twist multiplier and linear density, and mechanical properties of yarns measured by KES-F System. Each mechanical characteristic values per tex have non-linear relationship to the increment of yarn diameter, but as the linear density has increased, the mechanical characteristic values except for the bending characteristics have decreased linearly. It is, however, difficult to analyze obviously on the effects of twist multiplier even though the bending and the shear characteristic values were inclined to decrease. The effect of dyeing has also considered. The results are showing that yarn-dyed samples had higher effects than top-dyed ones on the mechanical characteristics.
Effect of Tannin-weighting Process in Dyeability and Physical Properties of Silk
Kim, In Young ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 62~71
The weighting increase varies with the condition of tannin-weight process and effects dyeability and physical properties of silk. The purpose of this study is to investigate the optimum condition of tannin-weighting process of silk and the effect of tannin-weighting process on dyeability and properties of silk. The methods of this study are first to examine the change according to the variables such as, weight increase of silk, temperature(30, 50, 70, 80, 9
), time(30, 60, 120, 180, 240, 300min), tannin concentration(3, 5, 10, 20, 30g/l) in order to present the optimum condition, sencond to examine the change of the properties such as surface morphology, strength, elongation, mechanical values, dyeing condition, Basic and Acid dye absorption on silk which are tannin-weight processed in the optimum condition.
Studies on Silk Fibroin Membranes(III) ―Permselectivity of Alkali Metal Chlorides through Silk Fibroin Membrane―
Choi, Hae Wook ; Sung, Woo Kyung ; Park, Soo Min ; Kim, Kyung Hwan ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 72~76
The permselectivity of alkali metal chlorides through silk fibroin membrane was investigated at
: The Permeability coefficients were found to increase in a sequence of LiCl < NaCl < KCl < CsCl. This sequence was explained by considering the partition and the hydrophilic membrane. The dependence of the permeability on the salts concentration was interpreted by means of TMS theory. The ionic mobility ratio of alkali metal chlorides through this membrane decreased with the increase of the Stokes radius. The Effectiveness of the charged density was found to depend on the ionic species. The greater the Stokes radius the larger the effective charge density of membrane.
반응염료의 현황과 문제점
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 77~91
생체적합기능성 섬유고분자재료의 진보(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 6, issue 4, 1994, Pages 92~99