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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Improvement of Printing Properties of PET Micro Filament Fabrics Using Low Temperature Plasma Technology(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 1~9
In order to improve dyeability of poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) micro filament fabrics, the effect of the prior oxygen low temperature plasma on the subsequent dyeing(deep dyeing, printing) was examined in various conditions. The apparent concentration of dyed PET micro filament fabrics was increased by
plasma treatment. Higher discharge power levels and higher reactor pressure values created more significant effect. The wettability was significantly increased by
plasma treatment. Therefore, it is predicted that introducing hydrophilic group on the surface of material can improve the apparent concentration of PET micro filament fabrics.
Physical Properties and Dyeing Behaviors of Cellulosic Fabrics Treated with Liquid Ammonia
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 10~22
Cellulosic fabrics, i.e. rayon, polynosic, and linen were treated with liquid ammonia at -33.4
. The fine structures, bending properties, tensile strength, wrinkle recoveries, and dyeing properties of the treated fabrics were studied. Dyeing was carried out with two direct dyes, C. I. Direct Red 2 and Blue 1. The liquid ammonia treatment for three fabrics brought about the transition of crystal lattices and the decrease of crystallinity; transforming cellulose I structure of original linen to cellulose I and III structure, and cellulose II structure of original rayon and polynosic to cellulose II and III structure. Moisture regain of liquid ammonia- treated polynosic and linen was higher than that for untreated, and water absorbency of liquid ammonia-traeated fabrics was all lower than that of untreated. Also, bending properties of treated fabrics were not improved compared with those of untreated ones. The rayon treated with liquid ammonia was increased not only the apparent diffusion coefficient and the rate of dyeing but also equilibrium dye adsortion, whereas polynosic and linen were increased only equilibrium dye adsortion. It is suggested that the pore sizes of liquid ammonia-treated rayon, polynosic, and linen are much smaller than that of liquid ammonia-treated cotton.
Improvement of Serviceability of Waterproof and Moisture-permeable Nylon Fabric
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 23~31
Changes of the properties of waterproof and moisture-permeable nylon fabric were investigated when softener, anti-static agents, anti-biosis agents were added to the polyurethane resin solution, and when they were applied after resin coating. The adding method of finishing agents into polyurethane layer resulted in an increase in water permeability but a severe decrease in peeling strength. It was found that the desired functionality such as softness, anti-staticity, anti-biosis were successfully introduced into waterproof and moisture-permeable nylon fabric by after-treatment of finishing agents.
A Study on the Bleaching and Dyeing Properties of Cotton Fabrics Treated with Ozone(
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 32~42
In order to reduce the amount of waste water generated from textile dyeing process and processing water, cotton fabric was bleached with ozone in ozone/water contact system, and dyed. The results obtained from the measurement of whiteness, reflectance, tensile strength, color difference, and K/S value of treated samples were as follow : 1) In ozone bleaching, factors affect whiteness most are treatment time and ozone dosage. As treatment time is lengthened, whiteness increases. Futhermore, bleaching effect is high in acidic treatment, but low in alkaline treatment. 2) As bleaching goes on, maximum absorption wave length shifts to shoter wavelengths. 3) As treatment time is lengthened or pH of treatment is low, tensile strenth of treated fabric decrease. 4) In all cases, color difference of dyed cotton fabrics in above 2% o.w.f. dyestuff concentration don't go beyond 1∼2 AN unit, compared with standard.
Graft Copolymerization of Methacrylonitrile(MAN) onto Kevlar 49 Fiber Surface
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 43~50
The grafting of methacrylonitrile(MAN) onto Kevlar 49 filament surface was carried out by anionic polymerization using sodium methylsulfinylcarbanion formed from sodium hydride and dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). The effects of reaction conditions on the grafting percentage(GP) and on the tensile strength of the fiber were investgated. GP marktedly increased with increasing metalation time, and NaH concentration, polymerization temperature and time. The tensile strength of fiber decrased with increasing metalation time, and NaH concentration, polymerization temperature and time. The optimum conditions to increase over 40% of GP with below 10% reduction rate of tensile strength of fiber : NaH concentration ; 30.6 mmol/l/0.5g Kevlar, metalation time : 10min, polymerization tempera- ture : 5
, polymerization time: 20 sec, monomer concentration : 1.12mol/l/0.5g Kevlar.
Characterization of microbial poly-
Moon Sik Kim ; Jong Kun Lee ; Sang Joon Lee ; Soo Min Park ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 51~57
-hydroxybutyrate(PHB) was biosynthesized using Alcaligenes sp. FL-027. Alcaligenes sp. FL-027 was cultivated by fed-batch methods, in order to promote cell growth and PHB accumulation with carbon source. The cells were first grown at 3
on the fermentor. The structure of biosynthesized PHB is investigated by the NMR, IR. The crystalline portions were identified through the use of DSC and X-ray diffractometer. The melting point was about 16
and the diffraction peaks of (020) and (110) were shown at 13
Objective Hand Evaluation of Wool Fabrics and Application to Fabric Design
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 58~64
In this study, we attempted to expect the mechanical characteristics of the wool fabrics by knowing the yarns. Moreover, we believe that we could apply these results to fabric design. We investigated the relationship between the mechanical characteristics of yarns and fabrics. As results, we have found that bending rigidity, bending hysteresis, compressional energy and compressional linearity between yarns and fabrics had correlated more than r=0.5. Also, the correlation between regression and experimental values is r=0.5 in stiffness while it is r=0.67 in fullness. And regression values were larger than experimental ones in stiffness, but were not in fullness. The correlation between regressional and experimental values had 0.63 in THV. According to the study, it is possible to apply it to fabric design when our predicting the primary hand and the total hand values of the fabrics from the mechanical characteristics of the yarns.
Acylation of Wool Keratin with Dibasic Acid Anhydrides - on reaction mechanism -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 65~71
Wool yarns were treated in dimethylformamide solutions containing various concentrations of three dibasic acid anhydrides : succinic, itaconic, and phthalic anhydrides in various conditions. The structural aspects of these dibasic acid anhydrides are different : the succinic, itaconic, and phthalic acid anhydrides have saturated aliphatic etylene, unsaturated aliphatic vinyl and aromatic phenyl groups, respectively. The reaction mechanism of the acylation of wool keratin and some resction conditions were invastigated. And the results are as follows. 1. The N-acylation and formation of free carboxyl group were dominant rather than the O-acylation cross-linked on the side chain of polypeptide. The acylation of wool keratin is easier than that of silk fibroin. 2. The higher molecular weight, steric hinderance and resonance caused lower acylating reactivity. By the determination of acyl contents for acylated keratin, it was rerealed that the degree of acylation was succinic acid anhydride > itaconic acid anhhydride > phthalic acid anhydride.
A Study on Improvment of Washing Fastness by Treatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea(III)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 72~79
The effect of copper sulfate/thiourea on the diffusion and the dye exhaustion of two dyes, C. I. Acid Orange 7 and C. I. Food Yellow 3 in nylon 6 fiber has been studied. The results obtained from the experimetal are as follows : 1) Copper sulfate reacted with thiourea at constant temperature and then generated the colorless trasparent coordination compound, and then combinated end group of carboxyl of nylon 6 fiber. 2) The coordination compound [
) is conducted at pH 5-6 in solution intensity and repulsed the sulfonic acid group of dyes, and therefore the diffusion of dyes is restraint. 3) Dye uptake and diffusion coefficient were decreased in the order of untreated > copper sulfate/thiourea-treated > tannin-treated.
한국의 염료와 염색가공 산업
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 80~84
감성 기능성가공 소재의 최근의 진보(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 85~98
최근 Cellulose계 섬유의 형태안정 가공기술(II)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 1, 1995, Pages 99~108