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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
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A Study on Dyeing Properties of Cationic Agent Treated Cotton Fibre with Direct Dye
Jung, Young Jin ; Lee, Young Hee ; Lee, Myoung Hane ; Lee, Eon Pil ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 1~8
Polymer cationic agent was prepared by the initial polymerization of epichlorohydrin followed by amination with diethyl-amine. Cotton fibre treated with the polymer (6∼8% o.w.f.) is highly cationic and exhibit increased substantivity for anionic dyes. The modified substrate could be dyed with direct dyes without salt or a little salt from dye bath. The increased concentration of cationic agents resulted in an increase the colour yield. Futhermore, treated cotton has an electropositive surface charge. Adsorption of direct dye can be attributed to both van der waals force and electrostatic attraction.
A Study on DMT Synthesis Using Crude TPA Sludge Generated from PET Alkaline Waste Water as Raw Materials
Cho, Hwan ; Kim, Jong Bo ; Jeong, Hee Cheon ; Jeon, Byung Dae ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 9~16
When alkaline waste water of PET fabric is treated with sulfuric acid, undegradable material, crude TPA sludge is generated, so that treatment has a serious problem. The result of DMT synthesis using crude TPA sludge generated from PET alkaline waste water were as follows: 1. When crude TPA generated from alkaline waste water is reactioned with methanol under catalyst of sulfuric acid, pure DMT can be obtained. 2. In DMT synthesis from crude TPA, addition of copper sulfate can increase yield, and increasing the amount of sulfuric acid can shorten reaction time.
Dyeing Property of Acrylic/Cotton Fabric Blends
Lee, Bong kyu ; Park, Yoon Cheol ; Kim, Jin Woo ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 17~23
In order to study the dyeing property of acrylic and cotton blends with cationic and reactive dyes, staining on cotton of cationic dyes, stability of cationic dyes, and fastness properties in various conditions were investigated. The restlts obatined from this study are summarized as follows: 1. Cationic oxazine dyes showed good stability in comparison with cationic azo dyes. 2. Staining of cationic dyes on cotton was gradually increased with pH and neutral salt concentration, but decreased with dyeing time and dyeing temperture.
Effect of Heat Treatment Condition on Fine Structure of High strength Polyacrylonitrile(PAN) Fibre(III)
Bang, Yun Hyuk ; Lee, Chun Yong ; Kim, Han Do ; Lee, Mun Cheul ; Cho, Hyun Hok ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 24~31
The properties of carbon fibers made from PAN are controlled by the heat treatment conditions. The length changes of high strength homo-PAN and co-PAN (acrylonitrile/acrylamide= 98/2wt% ) fibers under constant tensile stress during heat treatment in nitrogen gas were investigated by measuring the shrinkage behavior. In order to elucidate the relation between the length and fine structure change, the measurements of the crystalline orientation and birefringence index etc. were made for the fibers treated under linear heating up to 27
. There are two regions in the length change with heat treatment temperature. The change in the initial period is mainaly due to the relaxation of amorphous molecular chain confined by the fiber-manufacture process. The length change in later period is considered to arise as cyclization reactions. The co-PAN fibers caused a larger shrinkage, while the onset of the shrinkage change in later period is, shifted to lower temperature. Significant morphological changes are shown to precede onset of the cyclization reactions and also during these reactions.
Recycling of the Waste Cellulose ―II. Preparation of Hydroxyethyl Cellulose from Knit-Cotton-Waste―
Lee, Sung Goo ; Ihm, Sung Dam ; Kim, Byung Suk ; Mun, Sung Phil ; Rhee, John Moon ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 32~39
Various grades of hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC, MS 0.65-3.20) were prepared throngh reaction of the knit-cotton-waste with ethylene oxide(EO). The knit-cotton-waste was composed of 98% of
-cellulose and 2% of other components, and the cellulose was highly pure. The molar ratio of EO to knit-cotton-waste and that of NaOH to knit-cotton-waste, and the agitation speed were the important factors determining the molar substitution(MS) during the preparation of HEC. The MS of HEC was remarkably increased with increasing molar ratio of EO' to knit-cotton-waste. When the molar ratio of EO to knit-cotton-waste was 3.5, that of NaOH to knit-cotton-waste was 1.25, and agitation speed was 450rpm, it was possible to prepare HEC of MS 2.5. The structure and crystallinity of HECs prepared were determined by FT-IR and X-ray diffraction.
Interaction of Wool-Keratine Membrane with Methyl Orange and It's Homologs over the Temperature Range 60~9
Jeon, Jae Hong ; Lee, Hwa Sun ; Kim, Gong Ju ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 40~46
In order to study the dyeability of wool S-cyano ethylated wool-keratine(SCEK) as a model compound of wool was prepared from the reaction of reduced merino wool fiber and acrylonitrile. The binding of acid dyes(methyl orange and it's homologs) by SCEK over the temperature 60~9
were investigated. The first binding constants and the thermodynamic parameters in the course of the binding were evaluated. It was found that at the 60~9
range complex formation between the dye and SCEK is associated with an exothermic enthalpy change and a positive entropy change. The enthalpy and entropy changes of the binding are of the order of -4.5 kcal/mole and 8.5 eu, respectively, for each dye measured. Thus the binding is mainly enthalpy-controlled. Furthermore the effect of the alkyl chain length of the dye on both the ΔH
value is not prounced. Also temperature dependences of the ΔH
values were not obserbed.
Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Natural Dye (I) ―Safflower―
Nam, Sung Woo ; Chung, In Mo ; Kim, In Hoi ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 47~54
Safflower is natural red dye largely used for dyeing on cotton. It contains yellowish safflower yellow and reddish carthamin, whose constitution is known. Safflower yellow is water-soluble dye and carthamin is solved in alkaline condition. Carthamon obtained by adding acidic solution to a carthamin shows the original hue of safflower. In present study, the dyeing behavior of natural dye known as safflower are examined in an aqueous acidic medium by use of the different dyeing methods such as traditional, modern and purifide-powder method. The relationship between the dye-uptake of cotton fabric investigated by the three methods and the various dyeing conditions is discussed.
Protective Thin Films on PAN Fiber for Water Resistant Modification by Plasma Polymerization
Seo, Eun Deock ; Kang, Young Reep ; Kim, Jung Dal ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 55~62
Plasma polymerization of Perfiuoropropene(PFP) and n-Hexane was carried out in a tubular type reactor by means of 13.56MHz radio frequency generator at the fixed RF discharge power of 25W and at the pressures of 100mTorr, 140mTorr and 200mTorr. The thin films were deposited on PAN fabrics in order to improve the dimemsional stability of woven states in hot water laundry. IR spectroscopy was used for the analysis of the structures of the thin films deposited and SEM for examination of surfaces of the fabrics. the PAN fabrics, which were coated by thin films at several experimental conditions, were immersed in boiling water for 2 hours and then the dimension stability of woven states were evaluated. In spite of very thin films, the results of surface modification were satisfactory. In general the performace of thin films by PFP was superior to that of n-Hexane.
Development and Application of Biocompatible Polymers(II) ―Biocompatibility of Chitosan Graft Copolymer with Phosphoryl Choline groups―
Lee, Mi Kyung ; Park, Heung Sup ; Kim, Eun Young ; Park, Soo Min ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 63~69
To improve the blood compatibility of chitosan membranes, 2-(methacryloyloxy)-ethyl-2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl phosphate(MTP), which is a methacrylate with phospholipid polar groups, was grafted on the surface of chitosan membranes and the biocompatibility of MTP-grafted chitosan membranes was investigated. The permeation coefficient gradually decreased with increasing in molecular weights of biocomponents below 10
, and drastically decreased above 10
. This result corresponds with the permeability of solutes in case of hemodialysis membranes. The MTP-grafted chitosan membranes displayed less blood cell adhesion than the chitosan membranes. This may due to the formation of biomembrane4ike surface by adsorption and arrangement of phospholipid molecules from serum onto the MTP copolymer surface.
Development and Application of Cationic Agent (I) (Quaternized Polyepichlorohydrine)
Kim, Moon Sik ; Jung, Young Jin ; Park, Soo Min ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 70~76
The polyepichlorohydrine(poly(ECH)) was prepared by the condensation polymerization of epichlorohydrine. The cationic agent was prepared from poly(ECH) by amination of poly(ECH) with dimethyleneamine. Pretreatment of cellulosic fabric with the poly(ECH)amine produced a modified fabrics that could be dyed under neutral condition with reactive dye using small amount of the salt. Colour yield of cellulosic fabric were increased by increasing salt concentraction. cationic agent concentration. The optimum condition for colour yield was the concentration of cationic agent 5%(o.w.f), that of NaCl 4g/l, and that of
5g/l. The dyeing of treated fabrics exhibits improved colour yield and high wash fastness.
재인식되어야할 섬유과학기술의 방향과 역할
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 77~85
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 86~91
염색공장의 염료의 비산 관리
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 2, 1995, Pages 92~93