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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
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Studies on the Natural Dyes(8) - Treatment of Silk with Ouercetin Color of Onion′s Coats -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 1~10
The optical behavior of coloring matter extracted from onion's coats, the depression effects of destruction, yellowing and W transmittance of silk treated with color solution of onion's coats color difference of silk fabrics dyed with acid dyes and drycleaning fastness of silk treated with color solution has been investigated. The results are as follows : 1) The coloring matter extracted from onion's coats by alkali-acid method appeared properties of aglycon type. 2)
of color solution extracted by distilled water was found at 280 and 327nm. 3) The decrease of tensile strength and the elongation of the silk treated with color solution were depressed but those of untreated silk were increased by irradiation of UV light. 4) The yellowness index of silk treated with color solution showed a little change by irradiation. 5) The UV transmittance of silk treated with color solution was decreased as increasing concentration of color solution. 6) The color difference after dyeing with several acid dyes on treated and untreated silk fabrics showed remarkable changes. 7) Drycleaning fastness of silk treated by color solution was excellent.
Effect of Preheat-Treatment Temperature on Weight Loss of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Fiber by Low-Temperature Oxygen Plasma Treatment
Kang Koo ; Tomiji Wakida ; Mitsuo Ueda ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 11~14
Effect of low temperature oxygen plasma treatment on the weight loss of poly (ethylene terephthalate) fiber heat-treated at various temperatures was studied using two kinds of plasma apparatus. Investigation was done on the basis of the increased crystallinity up to about 160
, above this temperature weight loss increased significantly with the increased crystallinity in spite of crystallinity increased according to the increased heat-set temperature. The weight loss showed a minimum at about 160
just like in dyeing of poly(ethylene terephthalate) fiber with disperse dye.
Microencapsulation of Dibutylphthalate by Interfacial Polymerization
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 15~21
Polyurethane microcapsules containing dibutylphthalate(DBP) were perpared by the interfacial polymerization using diisocyanates and polyois. Effects of chemical structure of PU, dispersing agent and polymerization time on the mean diameter of microcapsules were investigated. The releasing of DBP from microcapsules depended on the chemical structure of PU and solvents. The diameter decreased with increasing dispersing agent concentration, and it is decreased in the order of the dispersing agents using gelatine > PVA > arabic gum at the same concentration. A slight increase in the diameter was observed when the ratio C
/OOCNH of PU was increased. As the ratio C
/OOCNH of PU was increased, the amount of extracted DBP for hexane using as a extracting solvent was decreased, however, it was not changed for THF.
The Effects of Agents in Padding Liquor on the Resist-discharge Printing of Cotton Fabrics with Reactive/Reactive Dyes
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 22~30
The effects of agents in padding liquor on the fixation of vinylsulfonyl reactive dye of ground color and on the resist-dischargeability in resist-discharge printing of cotton fabrics with reactive/reactive dyes were investigated. Alkalis, such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium acetate and trichloro sodium acetate, were used to fix the dye for ground color on cotton fabrics. Sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate showed a good fixation of the dye for ground color, but they were ineffective to the white and the colored resistdsichargeabilities, which were caused by the fast fixation of the dye for ground color before its reaction with resist agent in printing paste. Therefore these are not suitable for the agent to fix the dyes for ground color because they deteriorate the resist-dischargeability. In case of sodium acetate, as the fixation yield of the dye for ground color was remarkably low. and the white resistdischargeability was not good, it had better not be used for the agent to fix the dye for ground color. However, the addition of sodium trichloroacetate to padding liquor gave a very good fixation yield of ground color, and showed an excellent resist-dischargeability. The effects of acetic acid in padding liquor on the fixation of the dye for ground color and on the resist-dischargeability were studied in case of immediate printing of resist-discharge pastes after padding and drying and in cases of printing after 1∼3 day-storage of padded goods. By the addition of 2% of 48% acetic acid aqueous solution to padding liquor, the white and the colored resist-dischargeabilities were improved and the fixation of the dye for ground color was good without any troubles. Especially, when the padded goods were stored for 2 or 3 days and printed with resist-discharge printing pastes, its addition was very effective on the resist-dischargeability.
Studies on the Transfer Printing of Cotton Fabrics
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 31~37
Effects of glycol pretreatment conditions such as concentration and molecular weight of glycols and dye types of different constitutions on the degree of transfer were investigated when transfer printed onto the cotton fabric with disperse dyestuffs. Obtained results are as follows ; 1. Although the degree of transfer increases linearly with temperature a time, above a certain critical point, they show decremental aspects for both of C.I. Disperse Orange 3 and C.I. Diperse Violet 1. 2. Degree of transfer increases with molecular weight of glycols, but PEG 200 which has a moleular weight 200 and boiling point of 300
is more effcient than that of lower molecular weight. 3. Degree of tansfer for the C.I. Disperse Orange 3 having constitution of azo benzene type is somewhat higher than that of C.I. Disperse Violet 1 of amino anthraquinone.
Development and Application of Biocompatible Polymers(III) - Biocompatibility of Silk Fibroin Membranes with Phosphoryl Choline Groups -
Mi Kyung Lee ; Young Hee Lee ; Hae Wook Choi ; Soo Min Park ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 38~43
To improve the biofunctional properties of silk fibroin membranes, 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl phosphate(MTP), which is a methacrylate with phospholipid polar groups grafted and poly(MTP-co-BMA) was coated on the surface of silk fibroin membranes. The permeability and biocompatibility of silk fibroin membranes with phosphoryl choline group were investigated. The permeability of a salt(NaCl) was increased with grafting by MTP. Futhermore, the poly(MTP-co-BMA)-coated silk fibroin membranes displayed less blood cell adhesion than the silk fibroin membranes.
Treatment by Enzyme of the Liquid Ammonia-pretreated Cellulosic Fabrics - Weight Loss and Dyeing Properties -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 44~52
Cotton and cellulosic other fabrics, such as rayon, polynosic, and linen were treated with liquid ammonia, and then were treated with cellulase after or before dyeing, as well as in the presence of dye. Dyeing was carried out with C. I. Direct Blue 1 at 5
, for 6hr in the case of rayon, and 24hr in the case of cotton, polynosic, and linen. The optimum condition of cellulase was at 55
, pH 4~5. Weight loss of fabrics were increased by the liquid ammonia treatment and it was predominant when they were treated with cellulase alone and in the presence of dye. Changes of color strength of the cotton, polynosic, and linen were increased by liquid ammonia treatment compare with untreatment. Especially, in the presence of dye, K/S value of the liquid ammonia-treated fabrics were nearly the smae as untreated.
Dyeabilities of Polyester and Polyester/Nylon Nonwovens in the Foam Dyebath Assisted with Solvent
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 53~59
In foam dyebath assisted with and without solvent (iso-propylacohol) for polyester and polyester(30%)/nylon(70%) (P3/N7) nonwoven fabrics, adsorption behavior of polyester and P3/N7 nonwovens dyed with C.I. Disperse Red 4 (Red 4), C.I. Acid Violet 54(Violet 54) and Red 4/Violet 54 were investigated by determining the K/S value. The K/S values of polyester and P3/N7 nonwovens in the foam dyeing was greatly enchanced by adding the iso-propylalcohol, but these values were not higher than the carrier dyeing. Dyeabilities of polyester/nylon blended nonwoven fabrics to Red 4, Violet 54 and Red 4/Violet 54 in the foam dyeing were influenced by the affinity of dye to fiber.
A Study on the Tannin Treatment of Silk Fabrics(III) - Comparion Condensed Tannin with Hydrlyzable Tannin -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 60~67
This study was made to investigate the effect of silk fabrics treated with mimosa and tannic acid-weighting effect, surface color according to temprature, treatment time, concentration, pH. The results were as follows ; 1. The wavelength of maximum absorption of mimosa and tannic acid solution appeared at 278.5nm and 275.0nm, respectively. By the irradiation, spectra at wavelength of maximum absorption of mimosa solution disappeared, but those of tannic acid solution decreased after 48hr irradiation. 2. The tannin weighting increased with the increase of concentration, treatment temperature at 8
, acidic condition. In case of tannic acid, it was higher than mimosa. 3. Surface color of silk fabric with mimosa changed from 2.8YR to 5.8YR acc-ording to the increase o( tannin concentration but in case of tannic acid itchanged from 4.2Y to 3.9Y. It was more changed acidic or alkaline conditionthan origine solution.
최근의 가능성 섬유소재의 동향
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 68~72
마이크로캡슐을 이용한 감성기능 섬유신소재의 진보(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 7, issue 3, 1995, Pages 73~86