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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Nov 1996
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Nov 1996
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jul 1996
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
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A Studey on the Synthesis and Physical Properties of Liquid-Crystalline Home and Copolyurethane Containing No Mesogenic Units.
Lee, Jong Back ; Song, Jin Cherl ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 1~7
The Characteristics of Exhumed Cotton Fabrics of the Middle Age of Yi Dynasty
Lee, Jeong Sook ; Kim, Sung Reon ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 8~15
Three pieces of cotton fabrics used for this study were exhumed in the Mt.Moo Deung near Kwang Ju in 1965. The fabrics were remains of Jang Heung Lim Si-the nephew's wife of General Kim Deok Ryeong. It was reported that Jang Heung Lim Si died in 1615. The cotton fabrics were classified into three, A, B and C, according to their color. The fabric A was inherent color of cotton, the fabric B was that of light brown and the fabric C was that of dark brown. The physical and chemical characteristics of the cotton fabrics were examined. In the meantime the construction of cotton fabrics and traditional dyeing of Yi dynasty were studied through various records. The results were as follows: 1. According to electromicroscopic examination, the lumen in the cotton fiber had not been developed enough, therefore the quality of cotton at that time was supposed to be not so excellent. 2. The results of chemical analysis indicated that: (1) While the copper number of the cotton fabric A was similar to that of bleached cotton, that of the fabric C was extremely high. (2) The amount of methylene blue absorption was much more than that of normal cotton. (3) The content of cellulose was less than that of normal cotton. (4) The degree of polymerization was less than that of normal cotton. From the results mentioned above, it was concluded that the cotton fabrics were oxidized slowly in the closed lime coffin for a long period of time. From this process of oxidization and deterioration, the degree of polymerization was decreased through depolymerization, and carboxyl groups were produced by the oxidization at reducing end groups. 3. It was confirmed that the cotton fabric C was dyed by the juice of immature persimmon. Thus, it was inferred that the large amount of copper number of cotton fabric C was derived from phenolic OH groups of tannins having high reducing properties in persimmon.
A Study on the Crystal Structure of PET films by the Alkali Treatment
Myung Soo, Park ; Man Woo, Huh ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 16~23
In order to know the change of weight loss, crystallinity, crystallite size(010) plane, and thermal properties of PET films which had before drawn and annealed at various temperature. It were treated in sodium triethylene glycolate-triethylene glycol(STEG-TEG) were prepared. The following results were abtain. The weight loss of PET films were increasing with increaing treated time in STEG-TEG solution and It showed a linear rlationship to the treated time. The crystallinity and crystallite size(010) plane of PET films decreased with increasing decomposition ratio when PET films were treated with before annealed under 16
. The crystalline region on the surface of samples were decompose to thermal unstable crystalline structure
The dyeability and light fastness of amino azobenzene derivatives disperse dye( I )
Choi, Chang Nam ; Lim, Seung Hee ; Ryu, Hee Seok ; Park, Hyung In ; Hong, Sung Hak ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 24~30
In order to investigate the light fastness of amino azo disperse dyes, some kinds of disperse dyes were prepared and dyed to polyester fabric under the different conditions, such as single or mixture state. After the dyed fabric was irradiated with carbon arc light for several hours, the color differences and K/S values of fabric were measured. The light fastness of amino azo disperse dye was decreased by the introduction of OH group to the dye molecule. But when the amino azo dye was mixed with the anthraquinone disperse dye, the light fastness was increased. It was considered that the dye molecules were aggregated on account of hydrogen bonding via OH groups, resulting the decrease of surface area of dye molecule which might be irradiated by the light.
Controlled Degradation of Modal Fiber
Yoon, Nam Sik ; Cho, Kwang Ho ; Yoon, Suk Chun ; Lim, Yong Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 31~35
Modal fabric was pretreated with sodium hydroxide, sodium persulfate, and their combined mixture by pad-steaming procedure. The tearing strength of the pretreated modal fabric was measured for subsequent microfibrillation. The solubility of modal fiber in sodium hydroxide solution was highest at 10 % concentration of sodium hydroxide. Extended steaming of the modal fabric padded with 6% sodium hydroxide solution did not reduce the tearing strength appreciably. 2% sodium persulfate pretreatment greatly reduced the tearing strength of modal fabric within 7 minutes of steaming time. The pretreatment with combined composition of sodium hydroxide and sodium persulfate brought about stable reduction in tearing strength within 1 minute of steaming time, which would be appricable to the continuous pretreatment of modal fabric for microfibrillation. Microfibrillation behavior of the pretreated modal fabric was tested also.
A Study on the Weight Reduction of PET Microfibre Treated with Sodium Diethylene Glycolate (SDEG)
Lee, Joo-Hyoung ; Kim, Sam-Soo ; Huh, Man-Woo ; Yoon, Jong-Ho ; Cho, Yong-Suk ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 36~51
In order to investigate the degradation behavior of PET fabrics, sodium diethylene glycolate (SDEG)-diethylene glycol (DEG) solutions were prepared and PET fabrics were treated in the solution. The dissolution rate constant and apparent activation energy of the PET fabrics were calculated by Eyring's and Arrhenius's equation respectively and measured dyeing properties, moisture and antistatic properties. Then compared SDEG-treated fabrics with NaOH-treated. The results were as follows; 1. PET fabrics decreased their weight in SDEG-DEG solution, and the decreasing rate showed a linear relationship to the treating time at constant temperature and concentration of SDEG-DEG solution. 2. The dissolution rate constant showed a linear relationship to the concentration of SDEGDEG solution and an exponential relationship to treating temperature. 3. Apparent activation energy of dissolution was 23.45 kcal/mol. 4. The K/S values and the ΔL values of fabrics treated with SDEG-DEG solution are higher and lower respectively than fabrics treated with NaOH. 5. SDEG-DEG solution treatment improved fabric's moisture regain and it reached almost maximum at about 40% weight loss. 6. In the both reagent the light, wet and sublimation fastness of fabrics are similar. 7. SDEG-DEG solution gave more electrical discharge effect to the fabrics than that of NaOH. 8. NaOH treated PET microfiber have crater-like surface, while SDEG-DEG solution give bathochromic effect to the PET microfiber because which has wrinkles on the surface.
Mechanical Properties and Fabric Handle of Grafted Silk Fabrics
Kim, Kyu Beom ; Chin, Young Gil ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 52~58
In order to study an applicable level for the graft finish of silk filaments and the characteristics of silk fabric, some sample fabrics were woven with grafted weft and the characteristics of sample fabrics were analyzed to evaluate the mechanical properites and the handle values according to the graft yield(%) of MMA and HEMA monomers on silk filaments. 1. The tensile properties were detected in the increase of linearity(LT) and the recovery in time of the increasing resilience(RT). 2. The bending properties were detected to have a lot of effect on the balance of bending rigidity(B) to hysteresis(2HB) according to the elastic relaxation of warp tension and the interlacing stress. 3. The shearing properities were detected to show the softness and the elastics in a case of the decrease in shearing rigidity(G) and hysteresis(2HG, 2HG5) according to the graft yields. 4. The compression properties were detected in the decrease of linearity(LC) and the uniformity of resilience(RC). It explains that the tendancies of compressible variation is not accepted. 5. The surface properities were detected to be affected by the surface forms of grafted silk filaments and the variation in the morphologies of interlacing sections. Considering the interlacing eveness, MMA grafted fabrics were accepted within the level of WOMEN'S THIN DRESS(KN-201-LDY) but HEMA grafted fabrics were not accepted. 6. The variation of handles were detected in the increase of total hand(TAV) within the levels of 65% of KOSHI and 82% of HARI on the average. 7. The handle fashions were detected in the nature of Habuta and Dechine from MAA graft but the nature of Fugi were shaped from HEMA graft in proportion to the graft yields.
Physical Properties and Dyeing Behaviors of Cotton Fabric Treated with Low Temperature Plasma and/or Cellulase
Yoon, Nam Sik ; Lim, Yong Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 59~65
Cotton fabrics were treated by low temperature plasma and/or cellulase, and its physical and dyeing properties were investigated. All the pretreatments of the cotton with low temperature plasma of oxygen, nitrogen and argon slowed down the rate of weight loss of cotton in cellulase solution. Plasma pretreatment did not show any strength retention effect on cotton fiber in the subsequent cellulase treatment. Pretreatment of cotton with low temperature oxygen plasma decreased the rate of dyeing in direct dye bath, while cellulase or plasma/cellulase pretreatment increased the rate. Equilibrium dye uptake of cotton was not changed greatly by the pretreatments except the normal untreated cotton showed more or less high uptake. The pretreatment of cellulase with a water-soluble carbodiimide reduced the enzymatic activity, and did not show any strength retention of cotton in enzymatic weight loss.
Heat transfer printing technique
Hwang, Jong Ho ; Jun, Byung Ik ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 8, issue 3, 1996, Pages 66~71