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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Multi-Functional Finish of Polyester and P/C blend Fabrics by Corona Discharge(I) -Flame-Retardant and Sanitary Finish-
Lee, Bang One ; Pak, Pyong Ki ; Lee, Hyun Ja ; Lee, Hwa Sun ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 1~9
This paper was carried out to introduce flame retardant and antibiotic properties to polyester(PET) and polyester/cotton(P/C) blend fabrics. PET and P/C blend fabrics were treated by a paddry-cure method in the aqueous solutions of the finishing agents(JA 6034, JA 6050, DC-5700). The corona discharge technique was applied to increase the polar group of the polymer surface. The characteristics of the treated fabric were investigated by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM) and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis(ESCA), and water penetration time, limiting Oxygen index(LOI), and K/S value were also measured. Wettability of the fabrics was increased considerably with the corona discharge treatment. ESCA was used to elucidate the surface chemical composition of the fabrics treated with the corona discharge. Relative Ols intensity increased and oxygen was incorporated in the form of -C-O-, -C=O, and O=C-O on the polymer surface. The current study indicated that corona discharge treatment was effective for modifying the polymer surface.
The Effect of Steam Treatment on Dyeing Properties of Wool Fibers
Lee, Mun Cheul ; Bae, So Yeung ; Wang, In Sook ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 10~16
Merino wool top and fabric have been treated with steams such as superheated steam or high pressure steam. Moisture regain, water absorbency, water penetration, zeta potential, ESCA, SEM, and dyeing behavior were studied. Negative electric potential on the surface of wool fibers by steam treatment became higher than untreated. From the results of ESCA measurement, intensity of
was increased by steam treatment. Rate of dyeing and saturation dye exhaustion of wools increased by steam treatment, especially high pressure steam treatment. Moisture regain, water absorbency, water penetration, and surface appearances by SEM photographs of the steam-treated wools didn't change. There is no relationship between dyeing of the steam-treated wool and wettability to water. Therefore It seems likely that relaxation of adhesive filler in interscale of wool by steam treatment accelerate dye penetration into the fiber.
Preparation of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibers containing Pely(hydroxy ether of bisphenol A)
Lim, Sang Kyu ; Park, Kwang Hyun ; Son, Tae Won ; Song, Jae Soo ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 17~24
PET/PHE blends were prepared by the mixing of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and poly(hydroxyether of bisphenol A) at melt state above PET melting temperature and modified PET fibers having less than 5 wt% of PHE were also prepared by the melt spinning of the PET/PHE blends. The PET/PHE blends were able to prepare by means of physical mixing concept, except the chemical interaction between hydroxyl groups of PHE and ester groups of PET. It has been revealed that the modified PET fibers have some hydrophilic properties such as low contact angle and easy-dyeable characters.
Peculiar Temperature Dependence on the Binding of Acid Dye by Crosslinked Poly(4-vinylpyridine) -The Effect of Inorganic Electrolytes-
Lee, Suk Kee ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 25~31
The extent of binding of acid dye (methyl orange) by crosslinked poly-(4-vinylpyridine) (CHP4VP) has been investigated in aqueous solution containing of inorganic electrolytes such as NaCl and NaSCN. It was found that the first binding constants (
) in the presence of the salts were smaller than those in the absence of the salts and the values of
showed a bell-shaped curve against temperature. These results are discussed in terms of both the competition binding between the dye and salt anions for the crosslinked polymer and the change of hole size of CHP4VP with the addition of the salts.
A study on the paint dyeing by Gloiopeltis paste
Sul, Jung Hwa ; Go, Pyoung Nyoun ; Choi, Suk Chul ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 32~40
This study was carried out to examine the effect of paint dyeing by Gloiopeltis paste in the various painting sizes and concentrations of paste. In the tonality diagram of Lab, surface colors were changed to +a(red), +b(yellow) and -b(blue) by treating of Gloiopelis paste and L value was the tendency of increasing. The penetration decreased with increasing concentration of paste, except for 3% of red and yellow. While it was decreased steadily in the case of Nue. The best penetration of dye was at 3% of concentration of Gloiopeltis paste and it's viscosity was measured 1500cps. As concentration of paste increased,
increased after 40 hr. irradiation and water fastness and washing fastness test in red and blue. But in the case of
yellow decreased slightly or not changed.
Effect of Resorcinol as Free Formaldehyde Scavenger for Fabric Finished with Urea-formaldehyde Precondensate.
Kang, In-Sook ; Kim, Sung-Reon ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 41~49
To control free formaldehyde release from fabric finished with N-methylol compounds, resin finished cotton fabric was treated with resorcinol solution, dried and cured. Factors affecting to control formaldehyde release have been investigated. It was shown that the aftertreatment with resorcinol greatly suppressed the free formaldehyde release. Up to concentration of about 5% of resorcinol, the concentration of resorcinol effected on the control of free and evolved formaldehyde. And at high concentration of resorcinol, however, the concentration became rather insensitive to contol formaldehyde release. Addition of some salt catalysts such as ammonium chloride, zinc nitrate, sodium acetate and ammonium acetate, was effective in decreasing formaldehyde release. Considering the effect on the control of formaldehyde and crease recovery, ammonium acetate was concidered to be the best catalyst. It was observed that the optimum curing temperature for the resorcinol treatment was about 15
, and that the curing time did not affected formaldehyde release over three minutes. Although the treatment of resorcinol had a little adverse effect on crease recovery of resin finished fabric, this effect could be negligible.
Surface Modification of PET Fabrics Treated with Sputter Etching
Koo, Bon Sik ; Kim, Yong Hae ; Cho, Yeun Chung ; Park, Ki Ho ; Won, Eun Hee ; Koo, Kang ; Son, Tae Won ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 50~56
Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) has been etched by sputtering in the presence of argon gas and the resulting surface modifications investigated via weight loss, time of water permeation, half value period, scanning electron microscope(SEM) and color difference measurements. According to increasing sputter etching time, weight loss increased, the time of water permeation and half value period of the sputter etched PET fabrics decreased. Color depth of fabrics increased by increasing sputter etching time. We investigated the fabric surface modification by SEM. Many microcraters on the fabric surface formed by the sputter etching resulted in increase of surface area of the fabric and wettability.
Trands in Antimicrobial and Deodorizing Finish for Textile Products
Lee, Sung Yong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 9, issue 2, 1997, Pages 57~76