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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Combustion
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Experimental study on combustion characteristics of oxy-fuel glass melting furnace
Kim, Se-Won ; Ahn, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Yong-Mo ; Shin, Myung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~10
The results of a series of experiments executed by using two pilot-scale oxy-fuel burners are presented. The oxy-fuel burners are designed for maximum capacity of 50,000kcal/hr, 200,000kcal/hr and installed in the test furnace. The effects of turn-down ratio, excess oxygen ratio, nozzle exit velocity, injection angle, and swirl vane angle on the combustion characteristic are investigated. Temperature distributions are measured using R-type and Molybdenum sheathed C-type thermocouple at various points of the flame. The results showed that maximum temperature and mean temperature increase with the increase of turn-down ratio and momentum. The maximum flame temperature was increased about 35% compared to the case of equivalent air operated condition. In addition, optimum burner type, excess oxygen ratio and nozzle characteristics are obtained for this oxy-fuel glass melting furnace.
A Study on NOx Emission Characteristics of An Industrial Gas Turbine
Jeong, Jai-Mo ; Park, Jung-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 11~17
The purposes of this study are to analyze nitrogen oxides(NOx) formation mechanism and to reduce abnormal NOx emissions in gas turbines. Industrial gas turbines emissions have potential to negative affect to the atmosphere in many different ways such as photochemical smog, acid rain and global warming. In conventional gas turbine combustors, one of the main pollutants such as nitrogen oxide(NOx) species, are principally formed from combustion process of fuel with oxygen in the primary combustion zone, and their emission levels are highly depend on peak temperatures in the combustor. In order to examine the characteristics and the effect of NOx formation, we used gas turbine of which commercial operating in Korea. From the examination, it has been found that NOx emissions are relatively high at low load(output) and during combustion mode change. Also, the effect of Air/Fuel ratio was considered. As the Air/Fuel ratio was increased in Lean-Lean mode, the NOx emission was decreased. The results of this study indicated that NOx emission levels are highly depend on peak temperature and pressure of combustion process in the combustor.
Formation and Growth Mechanisms of Flame-Synthesized Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers
Lee, Gyo-Woo ; Jurng, Jong-Soo ; Kang, Kyung-Tae ; Hwang, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 18~24
Synthesis of carbon nanomaterials on a metal substrate by an ethylene fueled inverse diffusion flame was illustrated. Two stainless steel plates coated with
were folded with each other and used as a catalytic metal substrate. Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers with diameters of 20 - 60nm were found on the substrate. From the TEM-EDS analyses, most of the nanomaterials turned out to be Nicatalyzed. Carbon nanotubes were formed on the substrate in the region ranging from about 1,400K to 900K. The formation mechanisms of nanotubes and nanofibers were similar. The synthesis temperature of the nanofibers was lower than that of the nanotubes. The higher synthesis temperature of nanotubes might enhance the activity of the catalyst metal and produce more condensed carbons. The accumulated graphite layers led to form compartments to release the compressive stress in the layers. The growth of carbon nanotubes was bamboo-shaped showing compartments in the inside hollow. The distances between those compartments represented the growth rate that depended on the synthesis temperature.
Study on the Combustion Characteristics of a Lean-Premixed Combustor
Kim, Han-Seok ; Lim, Am-Ho ; Ann, Kuk-Young ; Lee, Sang-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 25~31
Various types of the air/fuel pre-mixer have been designed and tested to investigate the combustion characteristics of the lean-premixed gas turbine combustor, such as NO emission and flame stability. One type of the pre-mixers has been selected and installed to a 70 kW lean-premixed gas turbine combustor. The concentrations of CO and NO were measured with varying equivalence ratios in the combustion chamber at ambient pressure. The result shows that the emissions of CO and NO are heavily affected by the shape of the pre-mixer. The NO and CO emissions decreased, as the mixing ratio of air and fuel increased. In addition, the NO emission of the lean-premixed low NOx combustor is more dependent on the equivalence ratio than that of the conventional combustor.
Characteristics of Turbulent Lifted Flames in Coflow Jet with Initial Temperature Variations
Kim, K.N. ; Won, S.H. ; Chung, S.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 32~38
Characteristics of turbulent lifted flames in coflow jet have been investigated by varying initial temperature through the heating coflow air. In the turbulent regime, liftoff height increases linearly with fuel jet velocity and decreases nonlinearly as the coflow temperature increases. This can be attributed to the increase of turbulent propagation speed, which is strongly related to laminar burning velocity. Dimensionless liftoff heights are correlated well with dimensionless jet velocity, which are scaled with parameters determining local flow velocity and turbulent propagation speed. This implies that the turbulent lifted flames are stabilized by balance mechanism between local turbulent burning velocity and flow velocity. Blowout velocity can be obtained from the ratio of mixing time to chemical time. Comparing to previous researches, thermal diffusivity should be evaluated from the initial temperature instead of adiabatic flame temperature.