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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Medical History
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of the Medical History
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Nov 2015
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Review on History of Local Medicinal Herb Festival
Song, Jae-Min ; Do, Mi-ja ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ; Jung, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Namil ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.001
Purpose : Local medicinal herb festivals present the history of the Korean medicine and cultural resources in the regions to play an important role in attracting tourists, vitalizing local economy, and improving the local image. Therefore, it is important to understand the origin of the festival and grasp historical and cultural meaning of local medicinal herb festivals. Methods : I compared the books and articles presented in the reference list. Results & Conclusions : Local medicinal herb festivals originates from traditional yangnyeongsi. Since the
century, yangnyeongsi has grown up as a special market. Implementation of the Daedong Act promoted commodity and monetary economy that helped commerce and industry develop and market grow up. It also made changes in the social status system and yangnyeongsi has been such a historical phenomenon appeared in this social background. The growth of yangnyeongsi contributed to the progress in the private medicine that triggered the gradual transfer of power in the medicine to the private sector which has long been held by the government. In yangnyeongsi, there were many cultural events to attract visitors. It's the same case in China that preserves stages that were used for cultural events in the medicine market to pass down the historic sites while those in Korea are disappearing as yangnyeongsis are being pulled out of the city areas to the suburban areas due to the redevelopment projects. For this reason, restoration of the place for traditional yangnyeongsi should be taken into account through local medicinal herb festivals.
Proposal for Medical History Education in the College of Korean Medicine
Kim, Yong-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.015
Objectives : The each college of Korean medicine in Korea adopts diverse textbooks for the medical history class, resulting in educational contents variations. This proposal aimed for the standardization of educational contents. Methods : The transition of medical history curriculum will be attempted based on the understanding of paradigm change in modern education. The first step is investigation on the course credit and curriculum grade of medical history class presented in education status reports of all Korean medicine schools. The next step is study on the various methods about changes of medical history education base on the learning objectives of colleges of Korean medicine. Results : The researchers of medical history should make an agreement on modification of learning objectives of the curriculum, and then educational standardization must be achieved by publishing a medical history textbook in accordance with the modified learning objectives. Conclusions : The researchers of medical history must collaborate to standardize medical history education by developing and applying internet-based flipped learning model.
The Origin of Physiological Characteristics of Tripple Energizers (三焦) in Introduction to Medicine (YiXueRunMen, 醫學入門)
Jo, Hak-Jun ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 23~36
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.023
Objectives : This research had been designed to survey Li Chan 's viewpoint of physiological characteristics of tripple energizers and discover his own medical distinction in them. Methods : First, look up contents related with it's physiological characteristics in his book, Introduction to Medicine. Second, investigate which books they had derived from. Third, decide whether the contents were originative or not. Results & Conclusions : Even though his viewpoint of it's characteristics mostly followed Neijing (內經) and Nanjing (難經), he partially changed and added some theories in his book. For example, he regarded that tripple energizers played a role in not only 6 vowels but also 5 viscera, developed man's essence-spirit and made his joints strong. These came from Wang Haogu (王好古)'s CiShiNanJi (此事難知), Suwen (素問) ShengQiTongTianLun (生氣通天論) and so on.
An Analysis on the Vocabulary in the English-Translation Version of Donguibogam Using the Corpus-based Analysis
Jung, Ji-Hun ; Kim, Dong-Ryul ; Kim, Do-Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 37~45
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.037
Objectives : A quantitative analysis on the vocabulary in the English translation version of Donguibogam. Methods : This study quantitatively analyzed the English-translated texts of Donguibogam with the Corpus-based analysis, and compared the quantitative results analyzing the texts of original Donguibogam. Results : As the results from conducting the corpus analysis on the English-translation version of Donguibogam, it was found that the number of total words (Token) was about 1,207,376, and the all types of used words were about 20.495 and the TTR (Type/Token Rate) was 1.69. The accumulation rate reaching to the high-ranking 1000 words was 83.54%, and the accumulation rate reaching to the high-ranking 2000 words was 90.82%. As the words having the high-ranking frequency, the function words like 'the, and of, is' mainly appeared, and for the content words, the words like 'randix, qi, rhizoma and water' were appeared in multi frequencies. As the results from comparing them with the corpus analysis results of original version of Donguibogam, it was found that the TTR was higher in the English translation version than that of original version. The compositions of function words and contents words having high-ranking frequencies were similar between the English translation version and the original version of Donguibogam. The both versions were also similar in that their statements in the parts of 'Remedies' and 'Acupuncture' showed higher composition rate of contents words than the rate of function words. Conclusions : The vocabulary in the English translation version of Donguibogam showed that this book was a book keeping the complete form of sentence and an Korean medical book at the same time. Meanwhile, the English translation version of Donguibogam had some problems like the unification of vocabulary due to several translators, and the incomplete delivery of word's meanings from the Chinese character-culture area to the English-culture area, and these problems are considered as the matters to be considered in a work translating Korean old medical books in English.
A Study of Wang Lun (王綸)'s Assertion on Ginseng and Astragali Radix and Its Related Arguments
Eun, Seok-Min ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 47~58
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.047
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate Wang Lun (王綸)'s assertion on Ginseng and Astragali Radix and its related arguments that had shown critical or advocative point of views about Wang lun's theory. It was expected that this study would help understand the history of arguments on the usage of Ginseng and Astragali Radix that had been triggered by Wang lun's assertion. Methods : In the process of investigation, this study first looked into the assertions of Wang Lun and the representative arguments about it, which includes Yu Tuan, Wang Ji (汪機), Sun Yikui (孫一奎). And secondly, this study also examined the other following additional arguments that had shown the conclusional aspects of this disputes. Results & Conclusions : Wang Lun (王綸)'s assertion on Ginseng and Astragali Radix proclaimed that in the symptoms of fevers in lung or lack of blood (血) the use of Ginseng and Astragali Radix must be prohibited. This assertion later faced severe criticism by opposers like Yu Tuan, Wang Ji. These opposers asserted that Yang (陽) has the ability of creating Yin (陰), and Ginseng and Astragali Radix could be the right drugs to the symptoms by lack of Yin. But a few approvers like Sun Yikui (孫一奎) had tried to advocate Wang Lun's assertion and casted the question of true meaning of Wang Lun. And In the other following arguments, it could be said that the influence of Wang Lun's assertion had gradually waned but could have been reciprocally accepted in the opposite point of view.
A Study on Simyak of Medical Bureaucrat in Joseon Dynasty
Park, Hun-Pyeng ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 59~72
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.059
Simyak (審藥) was a government officer to lowest, but it was appointed and dispatched directly by officials from the central government. Simyak played a role in mediating between the provincial and central health care. Therefore, understanding Simyak is necessarily required in the researches on the local health care in Joseon dynasty. Preceding researches of Simyak only have contained superficial information causing many errors. The purpose of this paper is to understand Simyak correctly through the historical literature review. The author found the following facts in this study. First, Simyak was succeeded to the government officer of Uihakgyoyou (醫學敎諭) in the previous period. Second, through the change of the name of Simyak, it can be presumed that the main task of Simyak was changed from the role in local medical education to the officer sending the herbs to the central government. Third, in the later Joseon dynasty Simyak was monopolized by some families just like any other medical officials. Fourth, Yangdowollyengui (兩都月令醫) and Tongyeongguryogwan (統營救療官) can also be put in the category of Simyak.
A Study on Modeling Index Literatures and Index Techniques for Establishing DB of Korean Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Surgical Techniques
Cha, Wung-Seok ; Kim, Min-Seon ; Kim, Dong-Ryul ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 73~85
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.073
This paper is the result of a research conducted for "Knowledge Resource Development by Excavation and preservation and DB Establishment of Traditional Home Remedy", a part of Korean Medicine knowledge infrastructure establishment and Korean Medicine therapy development project executed by Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine. This paper is a part of the plans to standardize Korean acupuncture and moxibustion and surgical techniques in order to make new techniques derived from Korean traditional medicine patentable, as presented in the Nagoya Protocol. By first reviewing traditional text sources and classifying them into index literature and index techniques, we can see a mutual relationship between these two categories. Based on current research papers, this study has established a total of 121 pieces of index literature as well as extracted 64 types of index techniques in acupuncture and surgery technique. Both index literature and index technique have been concurrently visualized in this paper in the "Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Technique and Surgical Manipulation Base Map".
A Study of Women's Health and Disease through Advertisements in Dong-a Newspaper between 1920 and 1945
Park, Gyu-Ri ; Baek, Kyu-Hwan ; Jung, Ji-Hun ; Lee, Sang-Jae ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 87~96
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.087
In this study, we investigated advertisements in Dong-a newspaper about gynecological drugs between 1920 and 1945 and analyzed the awareness of women's health and disease during the Japanese Colonial Rule. The advertisements included leukorrhea, oligomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, feeling of cold, sterility, hysteria, and sexually transmitted infection and identified inattentive menstruation, improper intercourse, poor pre- and post-natal care as the cause for illness. This study includes the following limitations; it only analysed advertisements from Dong-a newspaper, and most of the drugs were manufactured in Japan and might not accurately reflect the health and disease of Korean women. Suggested future studies may include analysis of institute magazine and Japanese news advertisements during this period.
Study on the Medical Information of OhjuYeonmunJangjeonSango
Park, Sang-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 97~103
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.097
The medical information of Lee-Kyukyeong has been considered as one of the cases delivering western medical knowledge, attracting public attention. The medical theories delivered from western countries were very unfamiliar and unique however he knew that e dissection information of East Asia was more detailed compared to the dissection theories of East Asia left in East Asia. And, he made a valuation of the East Asian traditional medical information related to human body in the book. However, the information that he left was mixed with medical books, many written statements and encyclopedias in fashion etc. and many information written by him delivers very unique legends with the confirmation of the information about the human body. Therefore, there are many cases that these information are hard to be discussed at the same level and there are wrong information in therms of 'Fact' and introductions in terms of opposite contetns in the same article. This is originated from the advantages and limits that "OhjuYeonmunJangjeonSango" has, whose author tried to collect the knowledge as much as possible in the same frame under the identical topic. This is the example that shows the climate of the some intellectuals who made an example by accepting all kinds of information and making information of their own. This intelligent climate clearly shows the discordance between medical information suggested by Ohju and the medical reality that Ohju faced. In other words, there were latest information in "Ohju-Yeonmun-Jangjeon-Sango", but had to be sensitive in supply of medicines for Ohju who used to live in the backwoods. Therefore, the medical benefits that he could choose were single - medicine prescription that is closer to conventional medicine and experiential prescription and Yangsaengsoo which medical costs do not occur. These facts imply that the stories about the latest opinion that was in fashion to look at the medical reality in late Chosun Dynasty and detailed research on the daily life that one person faced should be accompanied.
A Study about the Emergence and Changes of Confucian doctors in Choseon Dynasty
Kim, Seong-Su ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 105~120
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.105
Confucian doctors (儒醫) emerged who either voluntarily or involuntarily studied medical science and participated in clinical practices. This was made possible by a newly established position known as Euiseoseupdokgwan (醫書習讀官), made up of officials who had knowledgeable about medical books, during the reign of King Sejong. By the 16th century, Confucian doctors who acquired knowledge from medical books began to practice more broadly. Most of the Confucian doctors had either direct or indirect connections with the Sarim faction 士林派, and had interest in practicing medicine in provincial regions. In 1610, Donguibogam (東醫寶鑑) was published, providing the Confucian doctors with solid academic and clinical foundations. From the late 17th century onwards, the medical environment quickly became commercialized and the status of Confucian doctors gradually weakened.
Chinese "External Medicine" and Its Views of the Body: A Case Study of the Manuscript "A Treatise on Seeking the Roots of Ulcer Medicine" (Yangyi Tan Yuan Lun (瘍醫探源論))
Li, Jianmin ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 121~138
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2015.28.2.121
This paper primarily discusses the materiality of the body in Chinese "external medicine". Chinese external medicine views the body as something consisting of sinew and flesh. Furthermore, there are times when Chinese surgical techniques must be applied to the body in order to manage rotting flesh and other abnormal manifestations. The materiality of the Chinese body of external medicine encompasses the way in which Chinese doctors manufactured surgical implements, the sick person's bodily experience of pus and pain associated with external diseases, and the details of the process by which doctors evaluated whether or not to carry out surgical interventions. This essay will use the Qing manuscript "A Treatise on Seeking the Roots of Ulcer Medicine" as a central case study for discussing these issues, while also showing the connections between it and other external medicine texts of the Ming and Qing era. Its author, Zhu Feiyuan, was a doctor who lived during the 18th to 19th century in Qingpu (today's Shanghai). My essay will thus discuss Chinese external medicine from a historical perspective. The way in external medicine treated illness differed from the prescriptions and pulse signs that "internal medicine" employed, and its view of the body likewise differed from that of internal medicine. I hope that this essay can provide new viewpoints on the history of the body in Chinese medicine.