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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Medical History
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of the Medical History
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 1 - May 2016
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Review on Local Medical Cadets in Joseon Dynasty
Park, Hun-Pyeng ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.001
The word Euisaeng (醫生) is shorthand the Euihaksaengdo (medical cadets), that means has been changed according to the times. Throughout the Goryeo dynasty, Euisaeng was not mean medical student, but also primary healthcare. Existing research on Euisaeng of Joseon dynasty has been grouped together, despite the identity and characteristic differences between the central and local Euisaeng. The authors have separated the two, and a review of the literature focuses on local Euisaeng. The authors found the following facts in this study. First, status of Oebang-euisaeng (local medical cadets) was declined in the latter than in the early Joseon. Second, Oebang-euisaeng of the late Joseon was Layered Hyang'ri. Third, The local medical cadets was important, the role of primary healthcare. On the other hand, The central medical cadets was important, the role of a student learning medicine.
Comparison of 29 Diagrams of Lung Originated from Ming Tang Zang Fu Tu (明堂臟腑圖)
Jo, Hak-Jun ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 11~31
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.011
Objectives : The goal of this paper is to research what affected diagrams of lung originated from Ming Tang Zang Fu Tu during the time they were changed in. Methods : Diagrams of lung in Traditional Chinese and Japanese medical books had been collected as many as possible. Besides being grouped by Huang Longxiang (黃龍祥)'s classification, they were analysed by 4 form factors, e.g. shape, number, veins and petiole of leafs. Results : Reliability of this methods had been checked on by the correspondence with Huang's 14 standard books, before 29 diagrams of lung were selected from 33 books including 13 books that Huang had already made his proposal. The lobes in most of diagrams resembled 6 lanceolate or long oval leafs, or a maple leaf with 5 indentations. In most of diagrams, veins of leafs were described variously, more or less than 9 nodes often drew in petioles. Conclusions : Suwen (素問), Nan Jing (難經) and Wang Bing would had steadily worked on 29 diagrams of lung, since diagram of lung stemmed from Ming Tang Zang Fu Tu, went out into the world in Zhen Jiu Ju Ying (鍼灸聚英). But they were not drawn through dissection during same periods.
A Study on Yeongnyeon-euisaeng under Japanese Occupation
Park, Hun-Pyeng ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 33~45
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.033
Yeongnyeon-euisaeng (永年醫生) was a licensed Euisaeng (醫生) without time limit. Yeongnyeon-euisaeng was a member of bridging the gap between Joseon Dynasty and the Japanese colonial period in hanuigye (韓醫界). This study aims at better understanding the Yeongnyeon-euisang. In methods, several statistics have been served about Yeongnyeon-euisaeng on the basis of the Official gazette. The following facts have been found through the Official gazette. First, the time limitted licenses have been issued mixed with a permanent license. Secondly, Yeongnyeon-euisaeng lived longer than other people. Third, the residence of Yeongnyeon-euisaeng was a very high proportion in South Hamgyong Province. Fourth, Yeongnyeon-euisaeng played an important role in Korean medical doctor (韓醫師) system after the liberation. In addition, the correlation of multilateral for Yeongnyeon-euisaeng and Confucian doctor were examined. Area of the Confucian doctor decreased since the 17th century. Confucian doctor's region and position declimed during the Japanese occupation. But Confucian doctors were also culled as status of Korean medicine and Neo-Confucianism declimed.
Study on Extraction of Headwords for Compilation of ｢Donguibogam Dictionary｣ - Based on Corpus-based Analysis -
Jung, Ji-Hun ; Kim, Do-Hoon ; Kim, Dong-Ryul ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.047
This article attempts to extract headwords for complication of "Donguibogam Dictionary" with Corpus-based Analysis. The computerized original text of Donguibogam is changed into a text file by a program 'EM Editor'. Chinese characters of high frequency of exposure among Chinese characters of Donguibogam are extracted by a Corpus-based analytical program 'AntConc'. Two-syllable, three-syllable, four-syllable, and five-syllable words including each Chinese characters of high frequency are extracted through n-cluster, one of functions of AntConc. Lastly, The output that is meaningful as a word is sorted. As a result, words that often appear in Donguibogam can be sorted in this article, and the names of books, medical herbs, disease symptoms, and prescriptions often appear especially. This way to extract headwords by this Corpus-based Analysis can suggest better headwords list for "Donguibogam Dictionary" in the future.
The Publication and Bibliographical Characteristics of Hyangyak Jipseongbang During Early Joseon Period
Ok, Young-Jung ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 55~69
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.055
This study examined the bibliographical characteristics of Hyangyak Jipseongbang that was compiled in the
century (1433) and continued to publish throughout the early period of Joseon Dynasty. Various existing records and the early Joseon printed edition of Hyangyak Jipseongbang stored in a domestic Sancheong Korean Medicine Museum were reviewed from 3 perspectives as follows. First, it is the bibliographical system approach to Hyangyak Jipseongbang for some circumstances related to its compilation and publication. Second, it is the significance in terms of printing history through the analysis of bibliographical characteristics and the status of the remaining Hyangyak Jipseongbang. Particularly, the period of publication is an important factor to determine the value of a book. In this respect, most of the extant early-Joseon editions of Hyangyak Jipseongbang seem to have been published during the ruling years of King Sung Jong. Those editions are expected to have distinctive meaning from other copied editions of the
century. Last, it is bibliographical orignal analysis of Hyangyak Jipseongbang. This study reviewed the contents and composition of Vol. 49 through 51 of Hyangyak Jipseongbang stored in Sancheong Korean Medicine Museum in an attempt to help understand the textual bibliography and composition system of exhibiting editions.
A Comparative Study on the Formation of 『Saengsanbibang』 and 『Taesansimbub』, 『Taesanbiseo』, 『Daesaengyoji』, 『Dalsaengpyeon』
Jang, Ah-Ryoeng ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.071
"Saengsanbibang" is Obsterics technical books published in 1915. After the publishing of first edition, it was published 15 times so I supposed that this book was very popular in that times. And this book is also valuable because Obsterics books written in Korea are uncommon. But there had not been enough detailed study on this book, so I tried to study on the formation of this book. For that, I compared the formation between this book and 4 kinds of typical Obsterics technical books in Qing dynasty, "Taesansimbub", "Taesanbiseo", "Daesaengyoji", and "Dalsaengpyeon". As the result, "Saengsanbibang" refered to "Dalsaengpyeon" for the contents that the reason and prevention of distocia, the basic principle for antenatal care, and the formulae to tonify blood. The contents that the taking methods of Saenhwatang (生化湯) accroding to the diseases, are mainly affected by "Taesanbiseo". Some contents which had been refered in "Taesansimbub", "Daesaengyoji" weren't refered to "Saengsanbibang". So "Saengsanbibang" is valuable because this book easily summarized the medical knowledge for spreading it to ordinary people. I look forward to more specific study for "Saengsanbibang".
A Historical Study on Treatment Records of Queen Jangyeol's Convulsion - Focusing on Cases Recorded in "The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Joseon Dynasty 『承政院日記 (Seungjeongwonilgi)』" -
Park, Joo-Young ; Cha, Wung-Seok ; Kim, Namil ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 79~87
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.079
Queen Jangyeol was proclaimed as the second wife of King Injo at the age of 15 in 1638. This study was carried out in order to confirm if Queen Jangyeol actually came down with epilepsy or if she pretended to do. The keywords, "Jungjeon" and "Junggungjeon" were searched among the articles from "Seungjeongwonilgi" in the 16th reign to the 27th reign of King Injo. After that, articles only related to convulsion were selected. The symptom of convulsion and the therapy were analyzed. King Injo gave an order, and royal doctors diagnosed the queen's illness as epilepsy in August in the 23th reign. The Queen was confined in Gyeongdeok in November, and took herbal drugs for treating the epilepsy. After the death of King Injo, she stopped taking the drugs. As the Queen's epilepsy took place consistently more than 1~2 times in a month, it is the generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Also, it is the epilepsy overlapping reiteration with the brain function disorder because the convulsion lasted throughout 1 hour. However, after King Injo died, she lived for long without the brain function disorder. So it is difficult to judge she actually came down with the epilepsy.
A Study on the Korean Vernacular Script Medical Classic Danbang-Biyo-Gyeongheom-Shinpyeon Written during the Period of the Japanese Occupation
Ku, Hyun-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 89~101
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.089
Hae-Yong Shin was a renowned merchant during the transitional period from Korean Imperialism to Japanese Occupation, and devoted his life during the period of Japanese Occupation as a proponent of patriotic enlightenment movement and translator. He also authored many medical and scientific works; in particular, he integrated the modern Western medicine into the Korean herbal medicine in his writings. His early works include New Edition of Natural History (1907), Physiology published in six series in the YaRoe, a magazine for the patriotic enlightenment movement, and the New Edition of Zoology (1908). These writings are assumed to have deepened Shin's knowledge of and insights into human and animal physiologies and anatomies. In the Danbang-Biyo-Gyeongheom-Shinpyeon (1913), he sought to incorporate the aspects of the Western medicine while mainly adopting the approach of the Korean herbal medicine. While keeping the contents and formations of Donguibogam, he recorded many empirical prescriptions and deleted theories incomprehensible for the general population, shamanic prescriptions, and poisonous and deadly ingredients. Its most salient features are the use of the Korean vernacular script for explications and simple ingredients for prescriptions. As medicinal materials, he presented commonly found low-cost native ingredients easily obtainable and affordable for. In the disciplines of childbirth, childbearing, and first aid, he adopted Western medical treatments. Danbangshinpyeon is particularly significant in that it contributed to public health by spreading practical basic medical knowledge in the vernacular script easily applicable at home in difficult situations for obtaining medical services under the Japanese colonial rule.
The Locations of BL61, SP2 and SP3 in Chimgeumdongin
Park, Yung-Hwan ;
The Journal of Korean Medical History, volume 29, issue 1, 2016, Pages 103~116
DOI : 10.15521/jkmh.2016.29.1.103
The location of BL61 has commonly known as directly under the BL60 (Gollyun) which is at the lateral side of the heel. SP2 is located at the front of the big toe joint and SP3 is located at the rear of the big toe joint. These locations are the same with the standard acupuncture points of the WHO/WPRO. However, according to Chimgeumdongin (鍼金銅人), BL61 is located at the center of calcaneal tuberosity, which is close to the bottom of the heel, not at the side. SP2 is located at the rear of the big toe joint, not at the front. SP3 is located at the rear of sesamoid bone, not at the rear of the big toe joint. These can be also found in Douningyou (銅人形) c-544 with the same locations. Moreover, these locations are precisely equal in reference to the acupuncture classics such as < Zhenjiujiayijing : 鍼灸甲乙經 >, < Buzhutongrenjing : 補註銅人經 >, whereas the descriptions of the standard acupuncture points of the WHO/WPRO and the locations of acupuncture points in Zhenjiutongren (鍼灸銅人), Zhinjiuxueweitongren (鍼灸穴位銅人) are totally different from the acupuncture classics. Therefore, there needs to be further examinations on WHO/WPRO Standard Acupuncture Point with various acupuncture bronze men.