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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Inteligent Transport Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Dec 2002
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A Dielectric Resonator Oscillator for DSRC with Improved Phase Noise Characteristic
Lee Young-Joon ; Kim Hyun-Jin ; Hong Ui-Seok ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~9
In this paper, a DRO (Dielectric Resonator Oscillator) with high stability in DSRC(Dedicated Short Range Communication) is designed and fabricated. The DRO shows the phase noise characteristic of -109.3 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset from the fundamental frequency. The output power of 11.53 dBm, and the second harmonic suppression of 55.33 dBc for the DRO are obtained. This DRO with high stability of the phase noise characteristic can be used for the system in DSRC.
Segmentation of Moving Multiple Vehicles using Logic Operations
Choi Kiho ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 10~16
In this paper, a novel algorithm for segmentation of moving multiple vehicles in video sequences using logic operations is proposed. For the case of multiple vehicles in a scene, the proposed algorithm begins with a robust double-edge image derived from the difference between two successive frames using exclusive OR operation. After extracting only the edges of moving multiple vehicles using Laplacian filter, AND operation and dilation operation, the image is segmented into moving multiple vehicle image. The features of moving vehicles can be directly extracted from the segmented images. The proposed algorithm has no the two preprocessing steps, so it can reduce noises which are norm at in preprocessing of the original images. The algorithm is more simplified using logic operations. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on an outdoor video sequence with moving multiple vehicles in 90,000 frames of 30fps by a low-end video camera and produces promising results.
Case Study of SNMP for Controlling CCTV in Intelligent Transportation Systems
Na Wonkyung ; Min Sang-Won ; Kim Bok-Ki ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 17~21
There are many problems of interoperability between ITS system equipments since the protocol standard for a network center and a node has not defined. In this paper, we consider the use of the SNMP to solve the interoperability problem, and apply the SNMP in the case of a CCTV as an example. Also, we defined its corresponding MIBs and accomplished the interoperability test, where the method of controlling the CCTV is explained and the data transmitted on the network are shown in a hexadecimal format. Our results are expected to be helpful for a guideline or feasibility test as nationwide data to support the interoperability of ITS systems between a network center and nodes.
Regional Traffic Information Acquisition by Non-intrusive Automatic Vehicle Identification
Kang Jin-Kee ; Son Youngtae ; Yoon Yeo-Hwan ; Byun Sangchul ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 22~32
This paper describes about non-burial AVI (Automatic Vehicle Identification) system using general vehicle as probe car for obtaining more accurate traffic information while conserving road pavement surface. Existing spot traffic detectors have their own limits of not obtaining right information owing to its mathematical method. Burial AVI systems have some defects, causing traffic jam, needing much maintenance cost because of frequent cutting of loop and piezo-electric sensors. Especially, they have hard time to make right detection, when it comes to jamming time. Therefore, in this paper, we propose non-burial AVI system with laser trigger unit. Proposed non-burial AVI system is developed to obtain regional traffic information from normal Passing vehicle by automatic license number recognition technology. We have adapted it to national highway section between Suwon city and Pyong
Taek city(9.5km) and get affirmative results. Vehicle detection rate of laser trigger unit is more than 95
, vehicle recognition rate is 87.8
and vehicle matching rate is about 14.3
. So we regard these as satisfying results to use the system for traffic information service. We evaluate proposed AVI system by regulation of some institutions which are using similar AVI system and the proposed system satisfies all conditions. For future study, we have plan of detailed research about proper lane number from all of the target lanes, optimal section length, information service period, and data fusion method for existing spot detector
Operational Effectiveness of Traffic Information System on Urban Streets
Lee Chungwon ; Kim Daeho ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 33~40
This paper presents the evaluation result of the Namsan 1st tunnel traffic information system, which is providing the real time queue length status and incidence information inside of the Namsan 1st tunnel, 1600meters long in the Seoul metropolitan CBD. This information system plays an important role because of notifying drivers to pay a toll for the tunnel path, the congestion information in advance. According to the analysis, an evident improvement on the tunnel path and its bypass without any conspicious adverse impact. Furthermore, survey analysis found that motorists placed a high value on the provided information. During peak time, the system turned out to help motorists to relax their hasty minds. As well, several performance indices showed the reduction of congestion and travel time variation on both of the tunnel path and its bypass, in spite of no traffic information on the bypass.
The Estimation of Link Travel Time for the Namsan Tunnel #1 using Vehicle Detectors
Hong Eunjoo ; Kim Youngchan ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 41~51
As Advanced Traveler Information System(ATIS) is the kernel of the Intelligent Transportation System, it is very important how to manage data from traffic information collectors on a road and have at borough grip of the travel time's change quickly and exactly for doing its part. Link travel time can be obtained by two method. One is measured by area detection systems and the other is estimated by point detection systems. Measured travel time by area detection systems has the limitation for real time information because it Is calculated by the probe which has already passed through the link. Estimated travel time by point detection systems is calculated by the data on the same time of each. section, this is, it use the characteristic of the various cars of each section to estimate travel time. For this reason, it has the difference with real travel time. In this study, Artificial Neural Networks is used for estimating link travel time concerned about the relationship with vehicle detector data and link travel time. The method of estimating link travel time are classified according to the kind of input data and the Absolute value of error between the estimated and the real are distributed within 5
15minute over 90 percent with the result of testing the method using the vehicle detector data and AVI data of Namsan Tunnel
1. It also reduces Time lag of the information offered time and draws late delay generation and dissolution.
Drivers' Dynamic Route Choice Mechanism Analysis under ATIS Environment Using WATiSim
Lee Chungwon ; Kwon Byungchul ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 52~57
A simulation tool for an optimal ATIS design and drivers' dynamic route choice behavior analysis is developed, which is applicable to urban networks. Due to the difficulty to make drivers feel the time pressure according to traffic conditions, current SP questionnaire survey type surveys have a limitation to capture correct driver reactions to real-time traffic Information provision. The simulator Is a web-based upgraded version, named WATiSim (Web-based ATIS Simulator), to quickly perform a wide population survey with a minimal cost using INTERNET Furthermore, the time pressure issue is lessened by its interface and simulation modules. After WATiSim mimicked a VMS based ATIS in a partial network of Seoul Metropolitan, reactions of drivers to various traffic conditions were surveyed through INTERNET and analyzed using a logit model. Drivers under the ATIS environment clearly understood the provided traffic information, and their reactions were closely related to traffic conditions, scheduled delay, trip purposes as well as toll charge if any.
Development of an Actuated Traffic Signal Control Strategy to Minimize Dilemma Zone
Kim Youngchan ; Huh Jung Ah ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 58~69
Most of the traffic accidents are a rear-end collision and a clash generated in the signalized intersection on the local roads. So, it is demanded that the high-quality of signal control and dilemma zone control. According to the cases generated by foreign countries, we established the strategies which are composed of Volume-Density Control, strategy of the dilemma zone control using R-detector (microwave detector) In Japan and EC-DC Control. MOEs(Measure of effectiveness) are car numbers in the dilemma zone , max-out probability in the safe side and the average stopping delay in the progress side. We choose a signalized intersection in rural highway to analyze the effect of the strategies and practiced an on-the-spot survey. The result of the survey is applied to the basic data in the simulator. Consequently, strategy of the dilemma zone control using R-detector(microwave detector) in Japan is the best effective in the safe side and EC-DC control is the best in the progress side. Based on the result, we developed the effective strategy of the signal control . This strategy is composed of the strategy of Japan and the detector on the stopping line used in the EC-DC control. On the result of the analysis, new strategy is the best effective in two sides.
Development of Evaluation Programs for Adaptive Cruise Control System
Moon Young-Jun ; Park Yukyung ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 70~78
Advanced safety vehicle (ASV) equipped with intelligent drivers advisory functions for controlling vehicle to follow the lead vehicle and/or warning drivers on forward traffic impediments according to the roadway and traffic circumstances has been recently developed and on the market internationally. Standardization processes for ASV system functions have been issued in IS0/TC204 Working Group 14 (Vehicle/Roadway Warning and Control System) since 1995. Research projects developing test and evaluation technologies for ASV in establishing safety standards and/or conformity related to the national roadway and traffic circumstances are under study internationally. In Korea, an integrated test and evaluation Program was developed for the assessment of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system under the ITS research and development projects funded by the Ministry of Construction and Transportation (MOCT). This paper demonstrates the integrated test and evaluation Programs for ACC system based on the draft international standard with related to the domestic roadway and traffic conditions. Field tests fulfilled under the scenarios based on the integrated test & evaluation programs for ACC system are discussed along with a review of earlier research work regarding international standards and the safety regulations.
Development of Truck Shipment Incident Emergency Response System for Transporting Hazardous Materials Using GPS
Oh Se-Chang ; Cho Yong-Sung ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 1, issue 1, 2002, Pages 79~88
As a part of NERI:;, Truck Shipment Safety Information is divided into Optimal Route Guidance system and Emergency Response system. This study which is for developing of Truck Shipment Incident Emergency Response System intends to prevent or early response damage caused by incidents through realtime monitoring about the position and the state of Hazard material transport truck. For this, we divide it into three scenarios; realtime monitoring, management of incidents, information provision to related organizations and present functional requirements and architecture coming with each scenario. As a result of the first step among total three steps, it would able to not only realtime management of trucks but also guide for auto-enforcement or management about illegal act like dumping scrapped material. It is now under examination about position of detection and technology of communication to application. From now on, it is expect to test in the range of Metropolitan after selecting appropriate technology.