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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Inteligent Transport Systems
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study of Expressway Tollbooth Metering Effect
Im, Jin-Won ; Yoon, Jae-Yong ; Lee, Eui-Eun ; Kim, Kwan-Min ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 1~10
According to the worldwide efforts to reduce greenhouse gases consequent upon climatic change, the field of road traffic is also making diverse efforts to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. Among these, the exhaust gases from vehicles, the so-called main culprit of the greenhouse gases will take place the more as delay and tie-up of vehicles ever take place. Accordingly, as a scheme for reducing the delay & tie-up of vehicles, it's possible to bring up the idea of supply of new facilities and management of the existing facilities; recently, a lot more focus is being put on the management of the existing facilities due to enormous amounts of construction cost. In the midst of growing concern for traffic demand management policy, it's about the time we should do research on the tollbooth metering on the expressway whose research is almost non-existent home and abroad. As a traffic demand management policy coming to happen in case of the management of pay expressway like Japan and Korea, this research analyzed the contents of tollbooth metering, its effect and its subsequent convenience. Especially as a tool for effect analysis, this research made an analysis using VISSIM-a micro-simulation tool. As the tollbooth metering promoted, as a part of green traffic promotion strategy, is expected to contribute to improvement in traffic flow and reduction in carbon emissions, etc. It seems that there needs to be continuous research work on the management plan & revitalization plan for maximization of its effect later as well.
Development of a Daily Pattern Clustering Algorithm using Historical Profiles
Cho, Jun-Han ; Kim, Bo-Sung ; Kim, Seong-Ho ; Kang, Weon-Eui ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 11~23
The objective of this paper is to develop a daily pattern clustering algorithm using historical traffic data that can reliably detect under various traffic flow conditions in urban streets. The developed algorithm in this paper is categorized into two major parts, that is to say a macroscopic and a microscopic points of view. First of all, a macroscopic analysis process deduces a daily peak/non-peak hour and emphasis analysis time zones based on the speed time-series. A microscopic analysis process clusters a daily pattern compared with a similarity between individuals or between individual and group. The name of the developed algorithm in microscopic analysis process is called "Two-step speed clustering (TSC) algorithm". TSC algorithm improves the accuracy of a daily pattern clustering based on the time-series speed variation data. The experiments of the algorithm have been conducted with point detector data, installed at a Ansan city, and verified through comparison with a clustering techniques using SPSS. Our efforts in this study are expected to contribute to developing pattern-based information processing, operations management of daily recurrent congestion, improvement of daily signal optimization based on TOD plans.
A Study on Implementation Integrated Operation & Management System for Intermodal Connectivity Center
Kim, Sung-Eun ; Lim, Jung-Sil ; Moon, Young-Jun ; Oh, Jae-Hak ; Lee, Won-Young ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 24~35
This paper demonstrates a methodology of integrated operation and management system for intermodal connectivity center (ICC), which is planning to be build up as a large scale public transit facilities for green growth strategy by the national government. The ICC needs to be capable of providing the integrated location based information for the public transit users in terms of collaborating a variety of transit modes and complex facility in a large scale center. Recently, the upcoming information and communication technologies enable to come up with real time information provision on nomadic and portable devices, i.e. smart phones and/or tablet PCs, as what the users actually need to get on demand. In order to provide the public transit users in ICC with the integrated information on their smart phones for example, the integrated operation and management system plays a key role to collect the data utilizing the wireless communication with real time location tracking and to manage them to be effective and operational sources for applicable personalized services. Thus, this paper defines a type of services, subsystems, and relevant technologies for the system integration so called a "Smart Garatagi Service" and shows a filed test demonstration case in the existing airport terminal, Gimpo Domestic.
An Analysis on the Prevention Effects of Forward and Chain Collision based on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication
Jung, Sung-Dae ; Kim, Tae-Oh ; Lee, Sang-Sun ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 36~43
The forward collision of vehicles in high speed can cause a chain collisions and high fatality rate. Most of the forward collisions are caused by insufficient braking distance due to detection time of driver and safe distance. Also, accumulated detection time of driver is cause of chain collisions after the forward collision. The FVCWS prevents the forward collision by maintaining the safety distance inter-vehicle and reducing detection time of driver. However the FVCWS can cause chain collisions because the system that interacts only forward vehicle has accumulated detection time of driver. In this paper, we analyze forward and chain collisions of normal vehicles and FVCWS vehicles on static traveling scenario. And then, we analyze and compare V2V based FVCWS with them after explaining the system. The V2V FVCWS reduces detection time of driver alike FVCWS as well as remove accumulated detection time of driver by broadcasting emergence message to backward vehicles at the same time. Therefore, the system decrease possibility of forward and chain collisions. All backward normal vehicles and 3~4 backward FVCWS vehicles have possibility of forward and chain collisions in result of analysis. However V2V FVCWS vehicles almost do not chain collisions in the result.
Quantitative Analysis of Safety Improvement on Smart Roads
Chang, Hyun-Ho ; Baek, Seung-Kirl ; Oh, Sung-Ho ; Kim, Ho-Jeung ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 44~54
Intelligent transport services on smart roads tend to have a problem at the stage of benefit-cost analysis that can not secure economic feasibility of the new services which increase early investment cost on building its infrastructure. It is expected that the number of road accidents, 'Incident/Accident', will decline through various safety services using intelligent safety facilities, intelligent transport management and so on, and that traffic congestion will also decrease. The effect of traffic congestion reduction could be the benefit by safety improvement, however current investment-analysis process in Korea does not appropriate it as a benefit. This study estimated road blocking time with 'Incident/Accident' classification and highway accident data of past three years. It also developed a generalized model by a regression analysis with a microscopical simulation. Furthermore, it suggested necessary units on quantitative analysis in order to make the developed model applicable to investment evaluation. As a result of applying the developed model to Smart-Highway Project, it showed that total safety improvement benefit is about 139 billion dollars over 30 years when it is supposed that accident decreasing rate by smart safety facilities is 10%.
Analysis of the Impacts of converged information with tourism and Bus Information Systems on Recreational Bus Travel
Bin, Mi-Young ; Jung, Yi-Seok ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 55~64
This study aims to analyze of the impact of converged information with tourism and Bus Information on recreational bus travel. The research has conducted as the following process : A survey was implemented that the user preference behavior as if they were provided a converged information with tourism and bus information on bus usage. As a result, we found that able to using mobile media, having a experience visiting the tourism site, evaluate willingness to pay of the information highly, the 20s age, increasing income variables are concerned with positive relation, and the factors which are using the main mode by auto and having a auto are negative relation on bus usage actively.
PIFA and IFA Hybrid Antenna for the Data Communication Terminal
Chun, Moon-Kyu ; Son, Tae-Ho ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 65~70
In this paper, we designed and implemented a PIFA(Planer Inverted F Antenna) and IFA(Inverted F Antenna) hybrid antenna for the data communication terminal such as smart phone. Studied hybrid antenna has multi-band characteristics by the simultaneous operation both PIFA and IFA under a feeding structure. VSWR measurement of implemented antenna was satisfied 3:1 over GSM900/USPCS/WCDMA band. Measured average gains and efficiencies were -2.19~-3.63 dBi and 43.31~60.33 % for the GSM900 band, and -2.16~-10.67 dBi and 8.56~60.78 % for the USPCS/WCDMA band.
Conversational Quality Measurement System for Mobile VoIP Speech Communication
Cho, Jae-Man ; Kim, Hyoung-Gook ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 71~77
In this paper, we propose a conversational quality measurement (CQM) system for providing the objective QoS of high quality mobile VoIP voice telecommunication. For measuring the conversational quality, the VoIP telecommunication system is implemented in two smart phones connected with VoIP. The VoIP telecommunication system consists of echo cancellation, noise reduction, speech encoding/decoding, packet generation with RTP (Real-Time Protocol), jitter buffer control and POS (Play-out Schedule) with LC (loss Concealment). The CQM system is connected to a microphone and a speaker of each smart phone. The voice signal of each speaker is recorded and used to measure CE (Conversational Efficiency), CS (Conversational Symmetry), PESQ (Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality) and CE-CS-PESQ correlation. We prove the CQM system by measuring CE, CS and PESQ under various SNR, delay and loss due to IP network environment.
WAVE based Multi-Channel MAC(MCM) Technology for Reliable Vehicle Safety Message Service
Park, Jong-Min ; Oh, Hyun-Seo ; Cho, Sung-Ho ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 78~85
In vehicle ad-hoc network (VANET) environments, traffic related information such as accident information, emergency information and real time traffic condition have to be delivered to on-board-unit (OBU) or/and road-side-equipment (RSE) for preventing traffic accidents in advance. In this paper, we introduce a Multi-Channel MAC (MCM) since the existing single channel operation may cause packet transmission delay and unexpected communication failure. To offer a seamless safety message transmission during the various services, it is necessary to manage the MAC scheduler in wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE) systems. The MCM consists of MAC softwares and MAC hardwares where the former and the later ones are implemented with real time operation system based C language and FPGA module with VHDL language, respectively. The performance and QoS are verified by practical measurements and compared with the scheme using single channel operation.
FMCW Radar simulation model with interference using a new radar performance parameter
Mun, Sang-Kon ; Park, Seung-Keun ; Yang, Hoon-Gee ; Cheon, Chang-Yul ; Chung, Young-Seek ; Bae, Kyung-Bin ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 86~92
ITS(Intelligent Transport System) has been researched actively to guarantee the smooth traffic and the safety of the vehicle. In recent, as the sensor for the measurement of distance between vehicles, the FMCW radar system in millimeter wave band has been interested in ITS. Actually, 47, 60, 77, 94 and 139 GHz have been assigned for the vehicle radar frequencies in Europe and Japan. However, the performances of the FMCW radar are deteriorated due to the interferences from the surrounding radars and mobile devices. In this paper, in order to model and simulate the performance of FMCW radar under the exterior interference, we propose a new performance parameter, RER(Radius Error Rate), which contains the information of the range error due to the interferences, and show the effectiveness of the proposed parameter.
Network Jitter Estimation Algorithm for Robust VoIP System in Vehicle Environment
Seo, Kwang-Duk ; Lee, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Hyoung-Gook ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 93~99
This paper proposes a novel network jitter estimation algorithm for robust VoIP communication system. The proposed method computes the current network environment mode using the differences of arrival time and generation time from sequential received packets. According to the current network environment mode, the jitter variance weights is adjusted to minimize the error for estimating the network jitter. The jitter average and variance are calculated by the autoregressive estimated algorithm, and then the network jitter is estimated by applying the jitter variance weights.
Implementation of Novel Automatic Gain Control in Vehicular Environments
Cho, Woong ; Oh, Hyun-Seo ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 100~106
Radio Frequency (RF) signal fluctuates dynamically in wireless communication environments, where this fluctuation is severe especially in vehicular environments. Automatic Gain Control (AGC) is critical in wireless communications to establish reliable communication links and compensate the received signal fluctuation. In this paper, we introduce a simple and novel AGC scheme which uses both Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) and analog-to digital converter (ADC) signals. Performance enhancement of the proposed AGC scheme is verified with practical measurements including simulations.
Study on The Warranty of Opposing Through Flow Gap Acceptance Time for more Efficient Management of Permissive Left-Turn
Baik, Seung-Yup ; Park, Ki-Soo ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 107~115
Since 2009 The Korean National Police Agency has been pushed "permissive left-turn" forward in order to making progress in Korean traffic operations system. Preceding researches manuals and guidelines present 6 standards(# of accidents # of lanes, pedestrian volume sight # of permissive left-turn lanes vehicle volume) as installation permissive left-turn. But in practical affairs it is most important that secure enough Gap-time between permissive left-turn vehicle and opposite through lane vehicle to make permissive left-turn vehicle move safer and more efficiently. This study suggests applying gap acceptance theory in microscopic model to permissive left-turn installation standards. Analysis methods of this study are field data survey statistical analysis and microscopic simulation analysis. This study collected field data by using AVI recording and measured permissive left-turn vehicle intersection passing time(T1) and against the opposite through lane vehicle Gap-time(T2). And statistical analysis performed about two values that measured before to predict the functionality between T1 and T2. These studies to overcome the limit of sample size carried out a microscopic simulation(VISSIM) plan and collect more samples to input statistical analysis.
Research on Wireless Router for Data Relay between Binary CDMA Pico-Cell Networks
Park, Jong-Beom ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 116~124
For Binary CDMA network, communication can be accomplished only within a Pico-net on the boundary of management by the master station because it manages network resources of each entity. In this research, we try to overcome these limits and extend the application for Binary CDMA system to broad-band network. We suggest a new Binary CDMA router such that network is devised by cell unit and multiple Pico-net and a unique address is assigned to each Pico-cell to relaying data between Pico-cells.