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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Inteligent Transport Systems
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2016
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Exploring the Relationship between Transfer Trips and Land Use
Lim, Su-yeon ; Lee, Hyangsook ; Choo, Sangho ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.001
This paper is to analyze characteristics of transfer trips and to identify impacts of land use on them. Using the smart transport card data of Seoul on a weekday in April 2013, we explored general characteristics of the transfer trips such as spatial and temporal distributions, transfer types, and geographical patterns of transfer trips. Then, the multiple regression model for the transfer trips was developed, considering land use as well as socio-economic variables as explanatory ones. For the characteristics of the transfer trips, their ratio to the total trips accounts for 26.7%. Nearly 87% of the trips are one-time transferred, and 64.7% are bus-subway transfer trips. In addition, the transfer trips are more likely to appear nearby subway stations and business facilities. The regression model indicates that land use variables such as the floor areas of business facilities and department stores and mixed land use index significantly positively affect the transfer trips. Our results can be used as basic data for choosing feasible locations of multi-modal transfer centers in urban areas.
Development of an AIDA(Automatic Incident Detection Algorithm) for Uninterrupted Flow Based on the Concept of Short-term Displaced Flow
Lee, Kyu-Soon ; Shin, Chi-Hyun ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.013
Many traffic centers are highly hesitant in employing existing Automatic Incident Detection Algorithms due to high false alarm rate, low detection rate, and enormous effort taken in maintaining algorithm parameters, together with complex algorithm structure and filtering/smoothing process. Concerns grow over the situation particularly in Freeway Incident Management Area This study proposes a new algorithm and introduces a novel concept, the Displaced Flow Index (DiFI) which is similar to a product of relative speed and relative occupancy for every execution period. The algorithm structure is very simple, also easy to understand with minimum parameters, and could use raw data without any additional pre-processing. To evaluate the performance of the DiFI algorithm, validation test on the algorithm has been conducted using detector data taken from Naebu Expressway in Seoul and following transferability tests with Gyeongbu Expressway detector data. Performance test has utilized many indices such as DR, FAR, MTTD (Mean Time To Detect), CR (Classification Rate), CI (Composite Index) and PI (Performance Index). It was found that the DR is up to 100%, the MTTD is a little over 1.0 minutes, and the FAR is as low as 2.99%. This newly designed algorithm seems promising and outperformed SAO and most popular AIDAs such as APID and DELOS, and showed the best performance in every category.
A Selection Method of Implementation Area for Emergency Vehicle Preemption System Using Dispatch Data Analysis
Sung, Joong Gi ; Ha, Dongik ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 24~35
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.024
Emergency Vehicle Preemption(EVP) is an operation method which helps to improve response condition of Emergency Vehicle(EV) and it has not yet been introduced in Korea. In order to implement the system, it requires step-by-step plan and selecting a priority area for trial operation. Since a municipal government such as Seoul is too large so it is limited in time and cost to analyze the whole area. Therefore, quantitative and effective selection method for priority area is critical. The aim of this study is to propose a selection method of implementation area for EVP system using the dispatch data analysis. This study also determined the priority area for EVP implementation by analyzing the dispatch data in Seoul and conducted a simulation to evaluate the effects of implementing EVP.
An Analysis on Evacuation Scenario at Metro-stations using Pedestrian Movement-based Simulation Model
You, So-young ; Jung, Rea-hyuck ; Chung, Jin-hyuck ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 36~49
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.036
A subway system is one of the major transportation modes at a metropolitan area. When it meets the other lines, the metro station, so-called transferring station, is usually threatened by severe pedestrian congestion and safety issue of transit users including the transportation vulnerable. Although transportation planners forecast travel demand at the beginning, it is not easy to predict pedestrian flows precisely for a long term if land use plans have dramatically changed. Due to expensive costs, structural extension of metro stations is limited. Therefore, it requires efficient and technical improvements as meeting the demand of pedestrian and physical characteristics. In this study, the core mechanism of pedestrian movement-based simulation model was introduced and evacuation scenarios were analyzed with the developed model. As a result, the multiple optimal routes for unexpected events at the solid space of the multiple stories are easily searched through the simulator and in the case of Sadang Station, travel time can be reduced by 60% when the evacuation information and intuitive design are provided.
Testing the Reliability of a Smartphone-Based Travel Survey: An Experiment in Seoul
Lee, Jae Seung ; Zegras, P. Christopher ; Zhao, Fang ; Kim, Daehee ; Kang, Junhee ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 50~62
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.050
With programmable applications that utilize sensors, such as global positioning systems and accelerometers, smartphones provide an unprecedented opportunity to collect behavioral data in an unobtrusive and cost-effective manner. This paper assesses the relative accuracy and reliability of the Future Mobility Sensing (FMS), a smartphone-based prompted-recall travel survey. We compared the data extracted from FMS with the data collected from the Korea Passenger Trip Survey (PTS), a traditional self-reported, paper-based travel survey. In total, 46 undergraduate students completed the PTS for seven consecutive days, while also carrying their smartphones with the activated FMS applications for the same time span. After completing the PTS, the participants validated their FMS data on the web-based prompted recall surveys. We then matched the validated FMS data with the PTS-based records. The FMS turns out to be superior in detecting short trips, which are usually under-reported in self-reported travel surveys. The reported PTS travel times are longer than for the FMS, suggesting that participants tend to overestimate their travel time in the PTS. This study contributes to the ongoing development of smartphone-based travel behavior data collecting methods.
An Effectiveness Analysis of Pilot Enforcement for Overweight Vehicles(Trucks) using High-Speed Weigh-In-Motion System
Choi, Yoon-Hyuk ; Kwon, Soon-Min ; Park, Min-Seok ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.063
On January 16 to May 31, 2012, Korea Expressway Corporation was carried out an pilot overweight enforcement using high-speed weigh-in-motion at Gyeongbu expressway 195.0k (Gimcheon) and Jungbunaeryuk expressway 119.5k (Seonsan). In this study, it is attempted to analyze the practical effect of high-speed weigh-in-motion by comparing the average total weight and traffic volume of eight weeks before and after the these overweight enforcement, respectively. The main results are as follows: First, the result of analysis of the change in average total weight and traffic volume, it was found that it did not differ after as in previous traffic volume, and the total weight is reduced. This means that the total weight is not reduced by decreasing freight traffic, but by decreasing the total weight. Therefore, it can be seen that there is an effect of pilot overweight enforcement using high-speed weigh-in-motion. Second, the average total weight and total weekly traffic volume decreased rapidly starting from the start of the overweight enforcement, but there was showing a tendency to increase gradually again.
A Study on Dynamic Signal Metering Operation Method for Roundabouts Using VISSIM
Lee, Sol ; Ahn, Woo-Young ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 74~84
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.074
After installing roundabouts, changes of travel behaviour in the vicinity of roundabouts can cause increasing traffic volumes and unbalanced flow conditions. In that cases, the efficiency of roundabouts as a whole intersections can drop due to the insufficient gap between vehicles in the circulating lanes. The purpose of this study is developing a dynamic signal metering operation method for roundabouts in which a real time Signal Metering operation algorithm is suggested and its performance is tested by using VISSIM COM Interface(Visual Basic Application). The results of the real time Signal Metering operation show that there is a substantial delay improvements when two adjoined approaches are combined together and the flows of metering approach are less than controlling approach. Especially, the total entering flow is around 1,600 vehicle/h gives the delay reduction per vehicle of 70.9~102.2(73.8~77.8%) seconds for four-lane-approach with one-lane roundabouts.
Study on the improvements for Managerial Efficiency of the Designated Lane Law
Lee, Seung-Jun ; Lee, Choul-Ki ; Lee, Yong-Ju ; Kim, Yong-Man ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 85~94
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.085
Lane Designation is defined as reasonable road management to ensure the road safety and enhance road efficiency. While the lane designation system was abolished in 1999, it was redefined because of the increasing number of large vehicles in the passing lane, violent on driving and traffic accidents in 2000. The needs of improvement on operating the lane designation has been increasing more in recent due to the low ratio of compliance with the system and difficulties to keep the right lane due to need of turning and demand of widening of designates lane for two-wheeled vehicles and truck. In this study, we presented the improvement plan through the question survey, simulation analysis, safety evaluation. It found a problem that the low-speed vehicle is to use the upper level roadway, difficulties of supervision, the imbalance in the lane use, imbalance traffic and does not match the international standards. This study suggested five different alternatives through the survey. micro simulation has used in order to examine each alternative by management effectiveness and feasibility. It analyzed the traffic speed, efficiency, traffic balance of alternatives. Also, safety evaluation conducted in terms of the range of field-of-view to ensure the easiness of field of view by various configurational difference between the vehicles. By the analysis results of such indicators, This study presents proposals for improvement in operating designated lane that low-speed-big-sized vehicles keep to the right lane, and high-speed-small sized vehicles keep to the left lane.
Miniaturized λ/4 Folded Microstrip Antenna for Parking Monitoring Base Station System
Keum, Jae-Min ; Ko, Dong-Ok ; Jeong, Jae-Yeop ; Woo, Jong-Myung ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 95~101
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.095
In this paper, miniaturized
folded microstrip antennas is presented for parking monitoring base station system. The proposed antenna reduced a width of the radiating element for miniaturizing a size and we changed an aperture such as folded shape for reducing a length of the antenna by the pertubation effect by reducing a width of the antenna. Finally, the
length of the folded microstrip antenna to
folded microstrip antenna was miniaturized by reducing the length. The proposed antenna was designed to receive 425 MHz of center frequency that can be used without permission. Dimensions are
is wavelength at 425 MHz) that are compared with basic microstrip patch antenna miniaturized 97.2%. Also, Measured -10 dB bandwidth was 2.44 MHz(0.57%). On the other hand, measured radiation patterns was 1.82 dBi at E-plane
A Priority-Based Bandwidth Management Method in Public Safety Networks
Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Hyun-Woo ; Yoon, Hyun-Goo ; Choi, Yong-Hoon ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 102~110
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.102
After Sewol ferry disaster occurred in April 2014, Korean government began investing to deploy LTE-based public safety network until the year of 2017. In order to reduce the operating and capital costs, resource sharing scheme among public safety network and commercial LTE networks is considered as one of the viable approaches. This thesis proposes a method of allocating bandwidth of public safety network based on various priorities required for disaster scenarios and stages in a resource sharing environment. In order to obtain the highest efficiency, we formulate the bandwidth allocation problem as a Fractional Knapsack Problem. Greedy algorithm was applied to solve the problem. For performance evaluation, we created several disaster scenarios and set suitable parameters for each scenario based on a disaster manual. The proposed method is compared with two typical methods, which are Class-based bandwidth allocation and Uniform bandwidth allocation. The results showed that the better performance in terms of the sum of the values and the amount of lost bytes.
Design of a 1 × 2 Array Microstrip Antenna for Active Beam Compensation at X-band
Choi, Yoon-Seon ; Woo, Jong-Myung ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 111~118
DOI : 10.12815/kits.2016.15.2.111
This paper presents an X-band (9.375 GHz)
array microstrip antenna which is capable of active beam compensation for installation of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). First of all, a basic
array microstrip antenna incorporated with wilkinson power divider was designed and performance of the array antenna was verified. Next, to verify beam steering performance of the designed array microstrip antenna, we fabricated a phase shifter, and the wilkinson power divider as module structure and measured characteristics of beam steering according to phase shifting. The main lobe is 0.6 dBi at
, and the side lobe decreased 18.8 dB. The reliable radiation pattern was achieved. Finally, an active beam steering microstrip array antenna attached with the phase shifter and the power divider on the back side of the antenna was designed and fabricated to install wing of UAV for compactness. The maximum gain is 0.1 dBi. Therefore, we obtained a basic antenna technology for compensating beam error according to wing deformation of an UAV installed array antennas.