Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Inteligent Transport Systems
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
Selecting the target year
Developing the Test Module of LSAM for
Lee Ki-Han ; Yoon Hyun-Tak ; Kim Jae-Uoong ; Lee Seung-Hwan ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~12
Recently, the Korea Highway Company is replacing their prepaid plastic cards with a smart card, called
Card. In order to use
Card in the prepaid payment system, LSAM, which is to store the value into
Card is needed. LSAM is also responsible to store or retrieve the value from PPSAM. For the safety of Korea Highway electronic payment system, the functionality and security of LSAM should be faultless. This paper developed a test module including the test method, the test checklist, and the test procedure. The test module examines the functionality and security of loading the value from PPSAM to LSAM, retrieving the value from LSAM to PPSAM, and loading the value from LSAM to
Card. The test module contains the method and the procedure to test the standard items by the test checklists. The test items and test checklists of LSAM was selected under the provision of the specification of Korea Highway Company and ISO standard. The test module evaluates the functionality, the security and the compatibility of LSAM. After the evaluation test of LSAM using the test module, LSAM satisfied the characteristics of the functionality, security, and compatibility.
Design of Voltage Controlled Oscillator with High Reliability and Low Phase Noise
Ryu Keun-Kwan ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 13~19
The VCO(Voltage Controlled Oscillator) with low phase noise and high reliability is implemented using nonlinear design, and its phase noise characteristics are compared with that of Lesson's equation. The microstripline coupled with dielectric resonator is realized as a high impedance inverter to improve the phase noise, and the qualify factor of resonator circuit can be transferred to active device with the enhanced the loaded quality factor. The worst case and part stress analyses are achieved to obtain the high reliability of VCO. The developed VCO has the oscillating tuning factor of 0.56MHz/V for the control voltage range of 0
12V This VCO requires the DC power of 160mW. The phase noise characteristics exhibit good performances of -96.51dBc/Hz @ 10KHz and -116.3dBc/Hz @ 100KHz, respectively. And, the output power of 7.33 dBm is measured.
Analysis of the RF Link Design for ETCS and Study on the Communication Zone by the Antenna Beam Pattern
Yim Choon-Sik ; Ha Jae-Kwon ; Ahn Dong-Hyun ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~30
This paper describes the design of RF link between RSE and OBU of ETCS and the analysis of the antenna beam pattern to get a proper communication area in the cross direction and traveling direction of lanes. This stage should be performed prior to determination of system requirements of ITS service based on active DSRC. This study is important and fundamental technical analysis to design and implement base station of ETCS.
The study of Estimation model for the short-term travel time prediction
LEE Seung-jae ; KIM Beom-il ; Kwon Hyug ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 31~44
The study of Estimation model for the short-term travel time prediction. There is a different solution which has predicted the link travel time to solve this problem. By using this solution, the link travel time is predicted based on link conditions from time to time. The predicated link travel time is used to search the shortest path. Before providing a dynamic shortest path finding, the prediction model should be verified. To verify the prediction model, three models such as Kalman filtering, Stochastic Process, ARIMA. The ARIMA model should adjust optimal parameters according to the traffic conditions. It requires a frequent adjustment process of finding optimal parameters. As a result of these characteristics, It is difficult to use the ARIMA model as a prediction. Kalman Filtering model has a distinguished prediction capability. It is due to the modification of travel time predictive errors in the gaining matrix. As a result of these characteristics, the Kalman Filtering model is likely to have a non-accumulative errors in prediction. Stochastic Process model uses the historical patterns of travel time conditions on links. It if favorably comparable with the other models in the sense of the recurrent travel time condition prediction. As a result, for the travel time estimation, Kalman filtering model is the better estimation model for the short-term estimation, stochastic process is the better for the long-term estimation.
Study on Imputation Methods of Missing Real-Time Traffic Data
Jang Jin-hwan ; Ryu Seung-ki ; Moon Hak-yong ; Byun Sang-cheal ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 45~52
There are many cities installing ITS(Intelligent Transportation Systems) and running TMC(Trafnc Management Center) to improve mobility and safety of roadway transportation by providing roadway information to drivers. There are many devices in ITS which collect real-time traffic data. We can obtain many valuable traffic data from the devices. But it's impossible to avoid missing traffic data for many reasons such as roadway condition, adversary weather, communication shutdown and problems of the devices itself. We couldn't do any secondary process such as travel time forecasting and other transportation related research due to the missing data. If we use the traffic data to produce AADT and DHV, essential data in roadway planning and design, We might get skewed data that could make big loss. Therefore, He study have explored some imputation techniques such as heuristic methods, regression model, EM algorithm and time-series analysis for the missing traffic volume data using some evaluating indices such as MAPE, RMSE, and Inequality coefficient. We could get the best result from time-series model generating 5.0
, 0.03 and 110 as MAPE, Inequality coefficient and RMSE, respectively. Other techniques produce a little different results, but the results were very encouraging.
Study and Evaluation of an Incident Detection Algorithm for Urban Freeways
Seo Jeong-ho ; In Sung-man ; Kim Young-chan ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 53~65
A series of accidents, which are non-recurrent and non-anticipated, are called incidents. These incidents make standard traffic flows interrupt, which result in the decrease of road capacity and a number of social and economic costs, such as the traffic congestion and air pollution. In order to prevent the hazard of incidents, domestic and foreign traffic management center are likely to opt auto-sense system with algorithms of auto-incident sense. However, it is evaluated that the algorithms have a low function with frequent wrong alarms, even if they accurately ry to speculate the incidents. In the case of bottleneck which has lack of road capacity, compared with other roads, due to inefficient road structured over-capacity of the demand of on-off ramp, the incidents regularly take place. Nonetheless, it can be more difficult to speculate the auto-incidents sense owing to similar incidents, such as the queue of in-out flows of cars and the change of road line. Throughout this research, the function of the model has improved excluding near road line in the module of the incidents which is based on the auto-incidents algorithms during the sense of the congestion of ramp areas.
The design of Next Generation Telematics Mobile Platform Architecture
Shin Chang-Sub ; Lee Hyun ; Lee In-Whan ; Oh Hyun-Seo ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~74
Next generation telematics technology, offering new and diverse multimedia service by connecting car and wireless access network, has been presented with promising industry. Telematics technology was simply to monitor and control the in-vehicle devices and to navigate the road in the early days but nowadays, telematics technology has provided the mobile internet access service, LBS service, agent rescue service and multimedia service to us using connection of wireless access network. In this paper, telematics mobile platform architecture is proposed for service promotion and efficiency.
Design and Fabrication of Base Station Antenna for ETCS based on DSRC
Ko Jin-Hyun ; Kim Nam-Ki ; Ha Jae-Kwon ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~83
This paper describes the design, fabrication, and measurement of a low side lobe antenna for RSE base station of the ETCS which is one of the ITS services. The antenna is installed on the gantry of road side and provides the wireless communication lint between vehicles and RSE. The required characteristics of ETCS base station antenna are low sidelobe and specific beam pattern by the road and install environment and installed place of OBU. To minimize the affects of multipath signal by reflection, Circular polarization is required. To get low sidelobe of antenna, array configuration and weighting factor by Taylor distribution in radiator elements are applied. The measured results of fabricated antenna are as follows; return loss of 130MHz by -10dB, an axial ratio of 2.6dB, and a gain of 17dBi. It is found that the measured beam patterns are similar to design results.
A Development of Traffic Queue Length Measuring Algorithm Using ILD(Inductive Loop Detector) Based on COSMOS
seong ki-ju ; Lee choul-ki ; Jeong Jun-ha ; Lee young-in ; Park dae-hyun ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 85~96
The study begin with a basic concept, if the occupancy length of vehicle detector is directly proportional to the delay of vehicle. That is, it analogize vehicle's delay of a occupancy time. The results of a study was far superior in the estimation of a queue length. It is a very good points the operator is not necessary to optimize s1, s2, Thdoc. Thdoc(critical congestion degree) replaced 0.7 with 0.2 - 0.3. But, if vehicles have been experience in delay was not occupy vehicle detector, the study is in existence some problems. In conclusion, it is necessary that stretch queue detector or install paired queue detector. Also I want to be made steady progress a following study relation to this study, because it is required traffic signal control on congestion.
A study on the development of muti-media system for road guideline
Jung Ho-Young ; Lee In-Won ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 97~107
As one of the most serious urban problems, routine city traffic congestion causes not only unpleasantness but also damage with increases of road tolls. Recently, many TDM plans are being improved along with plans to more effectively utilize established facilities and maximize the effect. To achieve the purpose of Intelligent Transport Systems(ITS). Recently, the core of ITS is Advanced Traveler information Systems (ATIS.) that are activity researched. A development of various muti-media system is very important of road guideline. First of all a business processing for offering travel information and give a consideration to the United states of various muti-media systems.
A Study on Channel Equalization Technique for High-Speed Processing on DSRC System
Sung Tae-Kyung ; Choi Jong-Ho ; Cho Hyung-Rae ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 109~116
The signal in wireless multi-path channel is affected by fading and ISI because of high data rate transmission, so the signal has the high error rate. The present modulation and demodulation method of DSRC system can not expect sufficient for providing data service over 1 Mbps, so the channel equalization and advanced modulation and demodulation methods are required. OFDM method is generally Inon as an effective technique for high data rate transmission system, since it can prevent ISI by inserting a guard interval. However, a guard interval longer than channel delay spread has to be used in each OFDM symbol period, thus resulting a considerable loss in the efficiency of channel utilization. Therefore the equalizer is necessary to cancel ISI to accommodate advanced ISI service with higher bit rate and longer channel delay spread condition. In this thesis, the channel equalizer for the OFDM-DSRC system was designed and its performance in a multi-path fading environment was evaluated with computer simulation. As a result, the performance of Pseudo LMMSE equalizer for the OFDM-DSRC has been improved comparing with LS equalizer at higher bit rate transmission system.
Differential space-time coded OFDM using multiple symbol decoding
Yoo Hang-Youal ; Kim Seung-Youal ; Kim Chong-Il ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 3, issue 1, 2004, Pages 117~125
Space-time coding and modulation exploit the presence of multiple transmit antennas to improve performance on multipath Rayleigh fading channels. In this paper, we propose the Trellis-Coded Differential Space Time Modulation-OFDM system with multiple symbol detection. The Trellis-code perform the set partition with unitary group codes. The Viterbi decoder containing new branch metrics is introduced in order to improve the bit error rate (BER) in the differential detection of the Unitary differential space time modulation. Also, we describe the Viterbi algorithm in order to use this branch metrics. Our study shows that such a Viterbi decoder improves BER performance without sacrificing bandwidth and power efficiency.