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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Inteligent Transport Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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A Determination Model of the Data Transmission-Interval for Collecting Vehicular Information at WAVE-technology driven Highway by Simulation Method
Jang, Jeong-Ah ; Cho, Han-Byeog ; Kim, Hyon-Suk ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 1~12
This paper deals with the transmission interval of vehicle data in smart highway where WAVE (Wireless Access for Vehicular Environments) systems have been installed for advanced road infrastructure. The vehicle data could be collected at every second, which is containing location information of the vehicle as well the vehicle speed, RPM, fuel consuming and safety data. The safety data such as DTC code, can be collected through OBD-II. These vehicle data can be used for valuable contents for processing and providing traffic information. In this paper, we propose a model to decide the collection interval of vehicle information in real time environment. This model can change the transmission interval along with special and time-variant traffic condition based on the 32 scenarios using microscopic traffic simulator, VISSIM. We have reviewed the transmission interval, communication transmission quantity and communication interval, tried to confirm about communication possibility and BPS, etc for each scenario. As results, in 2-lane from 1km highway segment, most appropriate transmission interval is 2 times over spatial basic segment considering to communication specification. In the future, if a variety of wireless technologies on the road is introduced, this paper considering not only traffic condition but also wireless network specification will be utilized the high value.
Design and Implementation of GIS based Traffic Information Service System
Lee, Seong-Uck ; Lee, Choul-Ki ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 13~21
Most of traffic management systems include the map-based traffic information services using World Wide Web. Geographic Information System is an efficient tool to build a map-based system. However, many traffic information service systems have own independent maps for graphic/animation softwares such as Adobe Flash. These systems make it difficult to manage modifications of maps. In this paper, we suggest a new GIS-based traffic information service system without these problems. The proposed system makes the efficient use of GIS map data for traffic information service because a map display engine is separated from map data that is transferred after real-time conversion.
New Split Ring Resonator and Band-pass Filter Using Meta-Material
Yoon, Ki-Cheol ; Lee, Jong-Chul ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 22~31
In this paper, a new split ring resonator using left-handed meta-material adapted in a bandpass filter with 2-stages is suggested. In this proposed bandpass filter, the size of the novel resonator can be easily controlled. Also, the bandwidth can be adjusted with the position of the tapped-line. The proposed resonator and filter has the center frequency of 10 GHz for I-band in military-satellite communication system with the Qe value of 184. The experimental results of the filter show that the insertion and return losses are 1.43 dB and 16.8 dB with bandwidth of 10 %, respectively.
A Study on Linearity Improvement of Cartesian Vector Modulator Predistorter for WiMax Applications
Chun, Sang-Hyun ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Jong-Heon ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 32~42
In this paper, we represent considering parameters for design of a Cartesian vector modulator predistorter to maximize linearity improvement of the predistorter and propose an advanced Cartesian vector modulator predistrotrer with nonlinear starting point control circuit. In order to confirm the performance of the proposed predistorter, the predistorter is applied to power amplifier with 15 W output power for 2.5 GHz band mobile WiMax 1-FA signal. From the measured results, ACLR of -45.3 dBc with 4 dB improvement of ALCR compared with the previous predistorter is obtained and linearity improvement range is also extended.
Performance Analysis of LED-ID Communication Systems In an Indoor Environment
Choi, Jae-Hyuck ; Kim, Yoon-Hyun ; Kim, Jin-Young ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 43~51
In this paper, we studied line coding technology tendency for high speed data communication at LED-ID (Identification) communication system in indoor environment. A LED-ID technology is a communication using visible ray (RGB) that come out in LED device. It is energy curtailment effect and possible in ubiquitous network service applications. The LED-ID system has the above advantages about that the communication throughout the whole room is enabled by high power lighting and lighting equipment with white colored LED which are easy to install and have good outward appearance. Therefore, the transmission by light waves is more suitable for wireless networks than by radio waves. We compared with the NRZ, AMI, 4B5B, HDB3, 8B10B line coding for efficient in error detection and serves data transmission of high speed.
TCP Performance Optimization Using Congestion Window Limit in Ad Hoc Networks with MAC Frame Aggregation
Kang, Min-Woo ; Park, Hee-Min ; Park, Joon-Sang ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 52~59
MAC frame aggregation is a method that combines multiple MPDUs (MAC protocol data units) into one PPDU (PHY protocol data units) to enhance network performance at the MAC layer. In ad hoc networks, TCP underperforms due to the congestion window overshooting problem and thus by setting CWL (congestion window limit) TCP performance can be improved. In this paper, we investigate the problem of setting CWL for TCP performance optimization in ad hoc networks with MAC frame aggregation.
Analysis of the Effects of Traffic Signal Operation Methods
Lee, Jung-Beom ; Lee, Beom-Kyu ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 60~67
Delay reduction of vehicles at the intersection is highly dependent on the signal operation method. Most previous traffic operations have focused on minimizing delay by adjust traffic offset. However, these methods have limitation in solving traffic problem if the volume reaches or exceeds the capacity. In this paper, it was analyzed that the effectiveness of various signal operation methods such as left-turn prohibition, and using protected mixed with permitted left turn using the traffic data from Daejeon city. In case of the left-turn prohibition of a intersection, the control delay reduced from 54.2 seconds to 22.7 seconds and especially, the delay of the southbound was drastically reduced. In addition, the delay was highly reduced from 27.0 seconds to 12.1 seconds when the operation system was changed to use protected mixed with permitted left turn.
Analysis of Snowing Impacts on Freeway Trip Characteristics Using TCS Data
Baek, Seung-Kirl ; Jeong, So-Young ; Lee, Tea-Kyung ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 68~79
Weather like rain, strong wind or snowfall may make the road condition deteriorated and sometimes induce traffic accidents, which lead to severe traffic congestion, thereby travelers may change their destinations elsewhere. Although origin-destination trip information is required to analyze transportation planning in urban area, there are little researches on the relationship between weather condition and travel patterns. This paper investigates the characteristics of travel patterns on expressway in snowing days of 1998-2008. We compare the normal travel patterns with those of snowing days by the travel distance for each vehicle type. Results show that traffic volume and travel distance have been reduced in snowing days as we expect, and also show different travel patterns for weekday and weekend.
A Bitarray-Based Reverse Routing Method in Wireless Sensor Networks
Kim, Seon-Hwan ; Lee, Myung-Sub ; Kim, Chong-Gun ; Park, Chang-Hyeon ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 80~89
Most of the discussed power efficient routing algorithms, such as LEACH, PEDAP and etc., assume that a base station has infinite resources and there is no traffic limit. However, these assumptions cannot be applied to typical wireless sensor network environments, especially a small sensor network using a normal node as the base station. Moreover, many studies on the wireless sensor networks have not been considering the reverse transmission scheme which transmits data from a sink node to the normal nodes. We propose a bitarray-based reverse routing method which is a power efficient routing algorithm for the wireless sensor networks. The proposed method can be easily implemented by using the tree-based routing scheme and can be worked well with the small memory size for the address of sensor nodes. The experimental result shows that the amount of message transmission of the proposed bitarray-based reverse routing method can be reduced about 61.3% or more compared to the previous methods.
OBU and System Development for HiPassPlusCard Nation-Wide Interoperable Transportation Card
Jee, Dong-Mok ; Lee, Ki-Han ; Kim, Hye-Hyeon ; Kim, Tae-Hee ; Maeng, Jae-Hwan ; Park, Ha-Na ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 90~101
The existing HiPassPlusCard system is composed of the HiPassPlusCard, a Purchase SAM, a Purchase terminal, a settlement system and OBU. However, this system is confronted by the problem with its incompatibility. This problem occurred because the technology companies made cards in their own ways in respect of the parts which were not yet set by KS standard. Thus if existing HiPassPlusCard user wants to use any other public transportations, user would have to buy other cards and have to bring all them. Also if the HiPlusCard wants to extend their business to apply its technology into infrastructure of the other companies, the HiPlusCard has to construct infra independently so that it causes the such problems of duplicated investment. To solve these problems, we have analyzed and upgraded the existing HiPassPlusCard system, and we designed and developed the Nation-wide Interoperable HiPassPlusCard system. Then the conformity test demonstrated that it is efficiency-oriented and technically performs well. Also we, the HiPlusCard, the Korea Financial Telecommunications & Clearings and the KORAIL NETWORKS, run the Test-bed in Gwangju for 6 months. The test-bed indicated that Nation-wide Interoperable HiPassCard system practically works well.
Nation-wide Interoperable Transportation Card K-CASH System Development
Lee, Ki-Han ; Kim, Hye-Hyeon ; Kim, Tae-Hee ; Maeng, Jae-Hwan ; Park, Ha-Na ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 102~112
The existing K-CASH system doesn't allow compatible between different regions, different public transportations and the technologies made by different operators. If a K-cash user wants to use public transportation charged not by K-CASH but other operator, then he or she would have to get other type of card available for that transportation. Also, the incompatibility of the existing K-CASH might cause unnecessary expense because similar systems would have to be doubly constructed if the K-CASH operator would like to install the K-CASH system on the same infra as the other operators already did. As a result, a system which allows people to use just one card for their convenience regardless of regions, types of transportation and operators has been strongly demanded. In this paper, we developed Nation-wide Interoperable K-Cash system, Nation-wide Interoperable K-CASH Card, Purchase terminal, Purchase SAM and Settlement system that were updated from the existing K-CASH system. And we performed a conformity test to confirm performance. Also Korea Financial Telecommunications & Clearings and the KORAIL NETWARKS and the HiPlusCard joined for the testbed in Gwangju for 6 months. This result of testbed finally proved that the Nation-wide Interoperable K-CASH system is completely compatible.
Analysis for Willingness to Pay of the Advanced Railway System
Ha, Oh-Keun ; Kim, Yong-Jin ; Oh, Mi-Young ; Park, Dong-Joo ; Lee, Soo-Beom ;
The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems, volume 9, issue 4, 2010, Pages 113~122
Research and development related to advanced railway systems is currently underway presently to promote the maintenance and economic feasibility of subways, and the aim of such research and development is to enhance the functionality, passenger convenience, system safety and reliability assurance of the subway. In this situation, a study that predicts the effect that the development of such an advanced railway system would have on subway users is required. To this end, this study derived willingness to pay and decision factors with the introduction of an advanced railway system after surveying passengers who use subway lines 1~8. The Price Sensitivity Method (PSM) was applied to derive the willingness to pay in relation to user convenience (operating speed, ride comfort, safety, comfort, security and informativeness) with the introduction of an advanced railway system. In addition, willingness to pay and decision factors were examined after explaining the effects of introducing an advanced railway system in detail to subway users. Through the analysis, it was found that willingness to pay amounted to a premium of 148 won ~ 161 won with the introduction of an advanced railway system, and that this was affected by factors such as gender, frequency of use, satisfaction with comfort, and satisfaction with security.