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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea society of IT services
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Information Technology Services
Editor in Chief :
Lim Gyu Geon
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
The Impacts of Economic, Social, and Personal Benefits on Intention to Repurchase a Mobile Gift : Focusing on Exchange and Motivation Theories
Kim, Sun-Kyu ; Jo, In-Jea ; Yang, Sung-Byung ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~21
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.001
Recently, many companies have launched a new business model related to the mobile gift service in order to achieve or sustain a competitive advantage in the fast-growing mobile market. Due to the well combination of mobile technology advantages and offline gift-giving motivations, a mobile gift service has been proliferating over recent years. Although the motivation of mobile gift purchasing behavior can be different from that of offline gift purchasing behavior, there is still a lack of research on what factors are influencing and how they are impacting mobile gift purchasing behavior under diverse gift-giving settings. Therefore, based on both exchange and motivation theories as well as literature review, this study identified three influencing factors-economic (immediate rewards, convenience), social (friendship needs, reputation), and personal (enjoyment, self-satisfaction) benefits-and validated their impacts on intention to repurchase a mobile gift. Moreover, the moderating roles of intimacy and gift price in the relationships between benefits and mobile gift repurchasing intention were examined. The results provide many implications for marketing managers on how to enhance consumers' intention to repurchase, which in turn leads to sales and increased profit.
The Influence of Core Competence on Organizational Performance of IT Small and Medium Enterprises : The Moderating Role of Entrepreneurship and Government Support
Roh, Doohwan ; Park, Ho-Young ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 23~40
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.023
The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of core competences on organizational performance in small and medium sized IT enterprises. Especially, the moderating effects of entrepreneurship and government support variables between the core competences and organizational performance were examined. To empirically prove the hypothesis, the statistical analysis were conducted based on the response from the 502 Korean domestic IT SMEs, using AMOS 18.0 and SPSS 20.0. The results of this empirical study can be summarized as follows. First, core competences (marketing, networking, and technology competence) have positive influence on organizational performance. Second, entrepreneurship and government support have moderating effects in the relationship between core competence and organizational performance. Especially, network and marketing competence appeared to be affected by more entrepreneurship than technology competence. So this paper suggests that when the R&D of SMEs and government support are properly combined, it will directly give an effect on organizational performance. The results of this research can be used for building a better government support policies and strategic planning of small and medium sized domestic IT enterprises.
A Study on the Relationship between ICT Usage and Job Creation in Service Industries
Kim, Hyunsoo ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 41~51
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.041
The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between job creation and ICT usage in service industries. This research is particularly important because job creation is one of the most critical issues for the country. With technology innovation and system integration, manufacturing industries do not create enough employment, therefore, the society relies on service industries for creating job opportunities. Until now, due to limitations, analysis of job creation in service industries through ICT usage has not been investigated in depth. Thus, development of an effective ICT support policy was impossible. In this research, we used seven methods to investigate overall relationship between ICT usage level and job creation. A rule of large numbers has been applied to reach conclusion. Through this research, the government can focus its investment on service industries where job creation rate is the highest. We can expect both reinforcement in competitiveness of our service industry and continuous creation in employment, eventually leading to a virtuous cycle.
A Study on Public Data Quality Factors Affecting the Confidence of the Public Data Open Policy
Kim, Hyun Cheol ; Gim, Gwang Yong ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~68
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.053
This article aims to identify the quality factors of public data which have increased as a public issue; analyze the impact of users satisfaction in the perspective of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), and investigate the effect of service satisfaction on the government's open policy of public data. This study is consistent with Total Data Quality Management (TDQM) of MIT, it focuses on three main qualities except Contextual Data Quality (CDQ) and includes seven independent variables : accuracy, reliability, fairness for Intrinsic Data Quality (IDQ), accessibility, security for Accessibility Data Quality (ADQ), Consistent representation and understandability for Representational Data Quality (RDQ). Basing on TAM, the research model was conducted to examine which factors affect to perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, service satisfaction and how service satisfaction affects to the government's open policy of public data. The results showed that accuracy, fairness, understandability affect both perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness; while reliability, consistent representation, security, and accessibility affect only perceived ease of use. This article found that the influence of perceived ease of use on perceived usefulness and the influence of these two causes on service satisfaction in the perspective of TAM were significant and it was consistent with prior studies. The service satisfaction when using public data leads to the reliability of public data open policy. As an initial study on unstructured public data open policy, this article offered quality factors that pubic data providers should consider and also present the operation plan of public data open policy in the future.
A Study on the Improvement of Online Secondhand-Goods Transaction
Jo, Ah Reum ; Shin, Hyun Joo ; Kim, Juchan ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 69~83
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.069
The e-commerce market has been more diversified via B2B or P2P, and the size of this market has gradually been expanded as well. A noteworthy phenomenon is the P2P market, which has shown a rapid, approximately 200-fold or more increase in size since 2005. Specifically, the online secondhand-goods market that makes transaction easier and more convenient has attained a fast growth as well, but either sellers or buyers of secondhand goods are properly protected due to a lack of legal regulations on secondhand-goods transaction. The purpose of this study was to examine problems with online secondhand-goods transaction and to suggest some reform measures. There is something wrong with the legal status of brokers for secondhand-goods sales. According to the current law, individual brokers are neither mail-order sellers nor mail-order brokers. So they don't have lots of liabilities, and it means that the burden of risk is all imposed on buyers. Therefore it's suggested that individual brokers should be defined as 'involved operator of electronic commerce' so that proper liability might be imposed on them.
An Analysis of Necessity of Standardized Education for Sustainability and Policy Implications : Focus on Impediments of Standardized Process
Choi, Jinho ; Noh, Kyeong Seob ; Ryu, Jae Hong ; Lee, Hoo-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 85~98
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.085
As we enter the technology and knowledge-intensive era, standardization has become a key element to increase the sustainability of companies. However, standardization activities have not been proceeded well due to lack of relevant information, financial and human resources and complexity of the authentication process. Thus, in this paper, we analyze the effect of understanding the internal and external standard trends surrounding companies and recognizing the difficulties of standardization process on the needs of standard/standardization education. We suggest an experiment model and associated variables for analysis based on the previous studies. The analysis results from 1,000 companies that belong to telecommunication industry and electrical and electronics industry showed positive relationships among these three variables. Furthermore, we propose major policy directions for increasing standardization effect.
A User Driven Adaptable Bandwidth Video System for Remote Medical Diagnosis System
Chung, Yeongjee ; Wright, Dustin ; Ozturk, Yusuf ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 99~113
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.099
Adaptive bitrate (ABR) streaming technology has become an important and prevalent feature in many multimedia delivery systems, with content providers such as Netflix and Amazon using ABR streaming to increase bandwidth efficiency and provide the maximum user experience when channel conditions are not ideal. Where such systems could see improvement is in the delivery of live video with a closed loop cognitive control of video encoding. In this paper, we present streaming camera system which provides spatially and temporally adaptive video streams, learning the user's preferences in order to make intelligent scaling decisions. The system employs a hardware based H.264/AVC encoder for video compression. The encoding parameters can be configured by the user or by the cognitive system on behalf of the user when the bandwidth changes. A cognitive video client developed in this study learns the user's preferences (i.e. video size over frame rate) over time and intelligently adapts encoding parameters when the channel conditions change. It has been demonstrated that the cognitive decision system developed has the ability to control video bandwidth by altering the spatial and temporal resolution, as well as the ability to make scaling decisions
Facilitating Adult Learning : The Effects of Scaffolding Strategies and Self-Regulation on Discussion Participation and Performance in Online Learning
Kyun, Suna ; Kim, Sung Ah ; Lee, Jae-Kyung ; Lee, Hyunjeong ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 115~128
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.115
As the life expectancy of human beings gets longer and our society changes into highly competitive arena, the implementation of online adult learning is growing, and therefore the learners in self-regulated scaffolding learning environments is becoming an important topic. This study is to investigate the main effects of scaffolding and self-regulation and the interaction effect on discussion participation and comprehension in online learning environments. To do this, ninety-nine adults taking online learning courses with the open university in Korea were investigated. Adult learners were divided into one of the four groups (no scaffolding, conceptual, strategic, and conceptual and strategic scaffoldings). Regarding self-regulation, learners were divided into two groups (low and high self-regulated) based on the mean score of subjective report of self-regulated learning. The results are as follows : First, 'strategic scaffolding' is more effective than 'conceptual scaffolding' in discussion participation (F=2.772, p < .05) and comprehension test (F=7.156, p < .05). Second, high self-regulated learners more actively participate than low self-regulated learners in discussion (F=6.230, p < .05), and achieve higher scores (F=4.863, p < .05). Third, there is no interaction effect between scaffolding strategies and the level of self-regulation. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
The Worked Example Effect using Ill-defined Problems in On-line Learning : Focus on the Components of a Worked Example
Kyun, Suna ; Lee, Jae-Kyung ; Lee, Hyunjeong ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 129~143
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.129
This study has two goals. The first goal is to investigate whether worked examples are effective in the ill-defined domain with on-line learning and the second goal is to find out which components (conceptual or procedural knowledge) of worked examples are effective factor at the given learning environment. We carried out three experiments in which Korean undergraduate or graduate students were working in three or four conditions of worked examples (CWE, PWE, CPWE, or the control group). While experiment 1 conducted in on-line learning environment did not find any effect and difference among groups and also any logical reason for those results, experiment 2 conducted in completely controlled laboratory setting with less knowledgeable students showed the clear difference among groups by the order CPWE, PWE, and CWE. Experiment 3 in which highly knowledgeable and motivated students were presented the same materials in more controlled on-line learning environment indicated the difference among groups by the order CWE, CPWE, and PWE. The results were discussed within the framework of cognitive load theory.
A Study on the Social Commerce in Smartphone Environment
Ahn, Hyunchul ; Lee, Hyoung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 145~158
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.145
Currently, Social Commerces have increasingly gained popularity with the growth of Social Network Services (SNS). As the applications of smartphones are being applied in widespread areas, social commerces in the smartphone environment have entered a new chapter. The applications of social commerces on smartphones are widely used, which has increased the market share of social commerces exponentially. Thus, we tried to find out factors which may affect the user acceptance of social commerces in the smartphone environment. We develop a research model to examine how social commerces in the smartphone environment are accepted by users based on the academic factors-switch costs, trend-seeking tendency, richness in media. The theoretical model is validated through an survey of social commerce users in the smartphone environment from the undergraduates and the graduates in Seoul, Korea. The structural equation analysis is conducted based on the partial least square (PLS) approach. The results reveal that the switch cost will have positive mediating influences to the intention to use social commerce in the smartphone environment. We also find that the perceived usefulness of the smartphone is affected by the media richness. The results also suggest that the trend-seeking tendency has no influences to the users of social commerces in the smartphone environment. Also, theoretical and practical implications are discussed. The findings are believed to increase our understanding an interesting mobile phenomenon, as well as making contributions.
Study on Internet of Things Based Low-Power Wireless Sensor Network System for Wild Vegetation Communities Ecological Monitoring
Kim, Nae-Soo ; Lee, Kyeseon ; Ryu, Jaehong ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 159~173
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.159
This paper presents a study on the Internet of Things based low-power wireless sensor networks for remote monitoring of wildlife ecosystem due to climate change. Especially, it is targeting the wild vegetation communities ecological monitoring. First, we performed a pre-test and analysis for selecting the appropriate frequency for the sensor network to collect and deliver information reliably in harsh propagation environment of the forest area, and selected for sensors for monitoring wild vegetation communities on the basis of considerations for selecting the best sensor. In addition, we have presented the platform concept and hierarchical function structures for effectively monitoring, analyzing and predicting of ecosystem changes, to apply the Internet of Things in the ecological monitoring area. Based on this, this paper presents the system architecture and design of the Internet of Things based low-power wireless sensor networks for monitoring the ecosystem of the wild vegetation communities. Finally, we constructed and operated the test-bed applied to real wild trees, using the developed prototype based on the design.
A Study on the Factors Influencing Cyberbullying Behaviors among SNS Users
Mun, Changbae ; Sura, Suaini ; Ah, Jongchang ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 175~194
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.175
As the explosive growth of SNS users, SNS affects every aspect of our lives. Beyond the individual's scope there is a powerful influence in society. Now cyber bullying is a big problem of this society. To analyze the relationship between the SNS user features and cyber bullying phenomenon, various SNS user's personal and social characteristics were set to variables affecting the cyber bullying phenomenon on the SNS. For the research, questionnaire survey was conducted for total 200 subjects among 10~60 age band in each region across the country. We set a research model including the items that are found to be affected in cyber bullying through the prior researches. To analyze interrelation of cyber bullying phenomenon and the general characteristics of SNS users, multiple regression analysis and other analyses were conducted. As a statistical result, we found the correlation among variables and the suggestion points for a SNS platform development direction.
Impacts of Small and Medium Enterprises' Recognition of Social Media on Their Behavioral Intention and Use Behavior
Lee, Jung Woo ; Kim, Eun Hong ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 195~215
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.195
Recently, as the number of smart-phone users has been rapidly increased, enterprise managers have a keen interest in business application of social media. Most previous studies have focused on perspective of the individual unit of analysis instead of enterprise level unit. The study is focused on the relationship between the enterprises' recognition and behavioral intention (and use) about social media application. The purpose of this study is to develop the model of small and medium enterprises' social media application, and to find the factors affecting their behavioral intention or use behavior. The moderating effects of four corporate characteristics on the relationship between the enterprises' recognition and behavioral intention are also examined. We surveyed 900 corporate staffs and received 203 responses. After questionnaires with unreliable responses had been excluded, 182 effective samples were used in the final analysis. The findings suggest that Performance Expectation, Social Influence, Facilitating Conditions significantly affect Behavioral Intention of social medea, and Behavioral Intention affects USE. Furthermore, some corporate characteristics have moderating effect on the relationship between recognition of social media and Behavioral Intention.
A Study on the Successful Adoption of IoT Services : Focused on iBeacon and Nearby
Kim, Yonghee ; Choi, Byeongmoo ; Choi, Jeongil ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 217~236
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.217
The purpose of this study is to propose the effective location-based IoT service acceptance model by integrating ELM (Elaboration Likelihood Model) with UTAUT (Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology). The Partial Least Squares was used to analyze the causal relationships with respect to the effects of central route and peripheral route on acceptance intention. The results shows that central route has more significant impacts on perceived usefulness than peripheral route and CFIP (Concern for Information Privacy) weaken the relationship of acceptance intention and perceived usefulness. Our findings indicate some meaningful implications in the acceptance research of IOT services. First, we noted that the easy of use significantly affects the adoption of location-based IoT service. Furthermore, it is important to build the secured mechanism of privacy protection to adopt of location-based IoT service. Second, we tried to attempt the newly integrated approach to technical acceptance using UTAUT's variables and ELM by Petty and Cacioppo (1986). Finally this research empirically analyzed the adoption case of location-based IoT service which is not well-known yet within our country.
A Multi-Dimensional Issue Clustering from the Perspective Consumers' Interests and R&D
Hyun, Yoonjin ; Kim, Namgyu ; Cho, Yoonho ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 237~249
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.237
The volume of unstructured text data generated by various social media has been increasing rapidly; therefore, use of text mining to support decision making has also been increasing. Especially, issue Clustering-determining a new relation with various issues through clustering-has gained attention from many researchers. However, traditional issue clustering methods can only be performed based on the co-occurrence frequency of issue keywords in many documents. Therefore, an association between issues that have a low co-occurrence frequency cannot be discovered using traditional issue clustering methods, even if those issues are strongly related in other perspectives. Therefore, issue clustering that fits each of criteria needs to be performed by the perspective of analysis and the purpose of use. In this study, a multi-dimensional issue clustering is proposed to overcome the limitation of traditional issue clustering. We assert, specifically in this study, that issue clustering should be performed for a particular purpose. We analyze the results of applying our methodology to two specific perspectives on issue clustering, (i) consumers' interests, and (ii) related R&D terms.
A Study of a Personalized Curation Service and Business Model based on Book Information
Kwon, Hyeog-In ; Na, Yun-Bin ; Yu, Mi-Ok ; Choi, Kwang-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 251~262
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.251
This study checks the conceptual definition of domestic book curation which is still in the beginning stage, the necessity of developing service and business, domestic and overseas case of relevant service. Further, the problem of book recommendation service and the difficulty anticipated in the embodiment of service are investigated together and the business model as new IT service is suggested to supplement them. Specifically, the collection of book information and customer information (interest and purchase pattern) and the procedure of mining the collected information and the process of embodying visualization was presented in the sector of service in the first place. Then, the technical transfer of developed solution and the construction cost and the method to impose commission over contents sales are presented in the sector of business. Diverse social and economic effects are expected to realize by developing and utilizing such services, namely, promoting the distribution of excellent book which were kept in dead storage so far due to lack of marketing support, recommendation readers the proper books which are convenient and necessary.
A Study on the Impact of Negativity Bias on Online Spread of Reputation : With a Case Study of Election Campaign
Kim, Na-Ra ; Shin, Kyung-Shik ;
Journal of the Korea society of IT services, volume 14, issue 1, 2015, Pages 263~276
DOI : 10.9716/KITS.2015.14.1.263
As a social being, people can cooperate and control one another through the power of reputation, which is a critical opinion of someone given by others. Nevertheless, there have been obstacles in clarifying the identity of traditional types of reputation, for they are mostly words of mouth passed among members of a society. However, due to dramatic technological advancement and widespread use of the Internet and social media, now we can clearly see and analyze written reputations, which used to be passed only from mouth to mouth. Against this background, this study examines whether a negativity bias-a notion that an event of a more negative nature has a greater effect on one's psychological state than a positive event-applies to spread of reputation online, and examines related factors and effects. To this end, reputation-related online comments left by social media users during the election period of Korea's 6th provincial election on 4 June 2014 were analyzed. For the analysis, a Bass diffusion model was used, which is based on the innovation diffusion theory. The analysis results confirmed that, at online forum, negative reputations spread more quickly and more widely than positive ones, had a greater impact, and mass media such as online news outlets had a significant influence on spread of reputation online.