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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Surface Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Nov 1991
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
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Measurement of Ion Energy Distribution using QMS & Ionization Enhancement by usign Magnetic Field in Triod BARE
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 119~124
Recently, the trend of research in hard coating is concentrate on developing the process of ionization rate under low operating pressure, to get the thin film with high adhesion and dense microstructures. In this study ionization rate enhancement type PVD process using permanent magnet is developed, which enhances the ionization rate by confining the plasma suppressing the wall loss of electron. By the result to investigate the characteristic of glow discharge, the ionization rate of this process is enhanced about twice as high as that of triod BARE process (about 26%), and more dense TiN microstructures are obtained in this process. Cylindrical ion energy analyzer is made and attached in front of a quadrupole mass filter for the analysis of the energy distribution of reactive gas and activated gas ions from the plasma zone. To analyze the operation mechanism of ion energy analyzer, computer simulation is performed by calculation the electric field environment using finite element method. By these analyses of ion energy distribution of outcoming ions from the plasma zone, it is found that magnetic field enhances ion kinetic energy as well as ionization rate. The other results of this study is that the foundation of feed-back system is constructed, which automatically control the partial pressure of reactive gas. In can be possible by recording the data of mass spectrum and ion energy analysis using A-D converter.
Mathematical Modeling of Copper Plating with Pulsed Current
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 125~136
a mathematical model is presented to describe the current distribution on a rotaing disk electrode under the galvanostatic pulse conlitions. A numerical technique by finite difference method to the transient convective diffusion equation, coordinate transformation and separation of variables to Laplace equation, and an iterative algorithm to solve the above equations simtltaneously with approximate boundary conditions were developed. An experimental investigated based on copper deposition in a copper sulfate-sulfuric acid system was performed and satisfactory agreement was obtained between expermental and theoretical current distribution. The current distribution of copper deposition is secondary current distribution within the experimental conditions. Dimensionless variables, N and J as well as Wagner number were used to determine the criteria for the uniformity of current distribution.
Grain Growth By The Thermal Spike Effect of the Ion Irradiation
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 137~143
The relation between the ion irradiation induced grain growth and the basic parameters sinvolved in ion beam mixing process was studied. TEM micrographs showed that a significant grain growth has been induced by Ar+ irradiation at room temperature. The grain size increases rapidly in low dose region, while it approaches a saturated value in high dose region, and it has close relationship with nuclear energy deposition and thermodynamic properties such as cohesive energy ( Hc) and heat of mixing ( Hm). A model for the grain growth based on the thermal spike induced atomic migration was developed and applied to interpret experimental results.
The Oxidized Surface of Stainless Steel 304 Analyzed with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 144~150
The stainless steel 304 oxidized at
in 2.5M CrO3/5.0M H2SO4 solution and at
in the air are analyzed with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to obtain depth composition profile of the surface region. It is confirmed that the surface region has a quite different composition from that of the bulk. This is due to a difference in the outward diffusion rates of the oxidized species in the surface region. The order of diffusion rates is Fe > Cr > Ni in the experimental temperature range. In spite of the inferior rate of diffusion, Cr is enriched in the surface when it is oxidized in the CrO3/H2SO4 solution. This is due to preferential dissolution of oxidized Fe.
Isothermal Oxidation Behaviour of Domestic Superalloys at Elevated Temperature
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 151~161
The isothermal oxidation behaviour of commercial superalloys produced in Korea was investigated by using Cahn-2000 microbalance in air at
. The effect of alloying elements on the isothermal oxidation was studied by examination of the oxide structures, their morphologies, and EDS linescanning and mapping of cross-section of oxidized specimens. Generally, external Cr2O3 films were formed on all alloy surface, but were not pure, The effect on the oxidation behaviour of refractory elements such as Nb, Mo in Inconel 718 was considered to be deleterious, and the formation of internal Al oxide in Inconel 601 was beneficial.
Study on the surface porosity of porous thin layer electrode for phosphoric acid fuel cell
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 162~168
Gas diffusion and electrolyte penetration in wetproofed gas diffusion electrodes were studied using layers of PTFE- bonded carbon. Minor variations in fabrication and testing procedures resulted in very large variations in catalyst layer wetting characteristics and permiability for reaction gas. By controlling the pore size of gas diffusion electrode carefully by varing the PTFE contents, baking temperature, baking time and ammonium bicarbonate as additive, the primary pore was decreased and the secondary pore was increased and so more reaction gas through the primary pore could be reacted at catalyst agglomertes in the secondary pore. And the cathode current density was increased to more than 400mA.
and Tafel slope value was decreased to lower than 110mA/decade.
Electrodeposition from Non-Aqueous Electrolytes
Brooman, Eric W. ;
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1991, Pages 169~176
The pros and cons of deposition metals, alloys and compounds from organic, inorganic and molten salt non-aqueous plating baths are discussed. Although some metals, alloys and compounds not obtainable otherwise can be deposited, few commercial processes exist. Widespread use is limited by the cost, complexity, and hazards associated with non-aqueous electrolytes, coupled with the relatively small markets for many of these coatings.