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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Surface Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Effects of the addition of chelate compound in phosphating surface conditioning solution
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 281~288
Phosphating treatments have been performed to improve paint adhesion and corrosion resistance of zinc and zinc alloy coated steels for a long time. In this work, the effects of the addition of chelate compound were studied to improve the stability of surface conditioning solution and properties of zinc phosphate films. The coalescence of colloidal Ti-compound and extraneous charged particles (alkaliearth metal cation such as
) were suppressed by using a surface conditioning solution with chelate compound. Therefore, after surface conditioning solution containing chelate compound was left standing for one week at room temperature, the formation of a white sediment was decreased comparing to surface conditioning solution without chelate compound. The crystal size of phosphate film was fine and the whiteness value of phosphated zinc coated steel sheets was also high without the decrease of corrosion resistance and anti-patina. It was very effective to use chelate compound improving the stability of surface conditioning solution.
Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Ni-0.9wt%P Electroformed Layer
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 289~296
Ni-P electroformed layers were investigated for developing a steam generator tube repair technology in PWRs. The effects of an additive, RPP (Reagent over Pitting Protection) and agitation on mechanical properties and microstructure of the layer were evaluated. The addition of the RPP showed to inhibit the formation of pores, to refine the grain size, and to increase the residual stress in the layer. However, the agitation of the solution during electroforming was observed to increase pores in local regions of the electroformed layer, resulting in decreasing its mechanical properties. The heat treatment of the layer at
for 1 hr. precipitated the very fine particles of Ni3P in the layer, which inhibited grain growth and increased microhardness.
The corrosion behavior of galvanized steel sheets at the cut edges
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 297~302
As GA (Hot dip galvannealed steel sheet) has good corrosion resistance, weldability and paintability as well as excellent formability, it's demand is rapidly increasing for automotive panels. The GA coated layers are composed of several kinds of brittle Fe-Zn Metallic compounds which are susceptible to powdering during the press forming, however, very careful controls of manufacturing conditions such as galvannealing heat-treatment or bath composition are essential to meet with the required quality of automotive use. In this study the required characteristics of automotive panel are practically surveyed in detail and the appropriate manufacturing conditions of galvannealing or bath composition have experimentally investigated by using the various analyzing and simulating equipments. The result in this study indicated that the corrosion resistance at the cut edges was improved by increasing of coating weight and decreasing of thickness of sheet steels.
The effect of pulse current electrolysis on the composition and themicrostructure of Tin-Zinc electrodeposits
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 303~312
Composition and microstructure of the tin-zinc alloys electroplated in gluconate bath were studied according to pulse current parameters. The cathode current efficiency increased with both the mean current density and the off-time decrease. Zinc content of the alloy deposits increased with increasing mean current density, while it decreased noticebly with increasing the off-time from 10-30ms to 100-150ms. The preferred orientation of the alloy deposits changed with the increase of peak current density in the sequence of (220)longrightarrow(220)+(420) or (220)+(420)+(321) mixed structure. The equiaxed grain size of the alloy increased with the increase of off-time and the decrease of mean current density.
Study on the characteristic and behavior of dross in galvanizing bath
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 313~320
It is well known that the amount of hot-dip Zn coated sheet steels used for automotive is rapidly increasing. As hot-dip steel sheets show good corrosion resistance and excellent formability, the demand for outer panel of automotive has been increased in order to satisfy with the requirement of high surface qualify. There are many kinds of factors influencing on the surface quality and the dross control in the galvanising bath is regarded as one of the most important thing. In this study the characteristic and growing behavior of dross in the galvanizing bath were investigated and the effect of dross on the surface defect of GA was surveyed. The dross defects on the GA sheet steels result from bottom dross whose diameter are larger 50
in the Zn pot. Dross-free state exist for about 30 hours from starting time of GA production.
Analyses of Oxide Scales Formed on TiCrN Coatings
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 321~326
The TiCrN Coatings haying three kinds of Compositions of
were deposited on STD 61 steel substrate by arc ion plating and were oxidized between 700 and 100
to identify the oxide scales formed on the coatings. The oxide scales were then analyzed using EPMA, XRD and GAXRD. During oxidation, the coatings consisting of TiN and CrN phases were reduced to TiO2 and
, respectively. Titania tended to form at the outer oxide layer, whereas chromia tended to form at the inner oxide layer, owing to the different oxygen affinity. The substrate elements as well as coating elements diffused outwardly toward the oxide layer due to the concentration gradient. The growth of oxide from the TiCrN coatings was schematically expressed on the basis of thickness measurement of the reacted and unreacted coatings. The Cr element showed its stronger role to keep the TiCrN coatings from oxidation, when compared with Ni.
Effect of Skinpassing Conditions on the Surface Characteristics of Hot-dip Galvanized Steel Sheets
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 327~336
The skinpassing conditions such as roll type, roll force and roll roughness of the work roll were evaluated to give the surface properties of the galvanized steel sheets that were required for automotive and to get rid of the surface defects that caused with the bad control of galvanized coating process parameters. The surface defects of the galvanized steel sheets such as the ripple mark and the scratch were completely removed as the roll force of SPM work roll was increased and the amount of the transfer of roll surface texture to the strip was also gained a lot. The image clarity of electro discharge textured (EDT) coated steel sheets before and after painting was higher than that of the bright (BRT) and shot blasted (SBT) coated steel sheets because of higher PPI value, lower waviness and uniform surface pattern. Since micro-craters transferred on the surface of the galvanized steel sheets played a role of nucleation sites of chromate reaction, Increase of micro-craters was bring to better corrosion resistance with the increase of the roll force and the use of EDT roll at the skin pass mill.
The relation of TiN coating condition of end-mill and cutting force increase rate
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 34, issue 4, 2001, Pages 337~341
TiN coating of high speed end mill is recently generalized. The study of coating layer using ion plating is mainly about the coating method and the why of the longer life of coated tools. In CNC machning process, metal cutting isn't carry out until the tools including the end-mill and so on are fractured. Namely, it is difficult precision processing when the cutting force of the cutting tool is near the limit the fracture cutting force. So, the estimate of the life by wear and fracture is important. Therefore, this study is about the method to estimate the capacity of the coating layer in relation to the tendency of cutting force and the influence of the cutting capacity of coated end-mill by the condition N2, Ar, temperature. The cutting length is in inverse proportion to the cutting force ratio. So, the life of the TiN coated end mill can be predicated by the ratio of the increase of the cutting force.