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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Surface Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Gas-Phase Technology and Microstructure of Fullerite Films
A.S. Berdinsky ; Chun, Hui-Gon ; Lee, Jing-Hyuk ; Song, Yong-Hwa ; Yu. V. Shevtsov ;
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 71~75
The technology of
fullerite films preparation by means of gas-phase deposition and structure of fullerite films are described. A three-channel flow plant was used to obtain fullerite films. The films were deposited in the flow of inert gas under reduced pressure onto a cooled silicon or sapphire substrate placed inside the reaction chamber of the plant. The plant allows one to obtain the films of pure fullerenes and to synthesise the films from fullerene compounds and doped fullerenes. The structure of two types of films were investigated by FE-SEM and SEM techniques: pure fullerite films onto silicon and sapphire substrates as well as compound films were studied by FE-SEM technique. All samples have shown columnar structure with high level of porosity. The synthesis of films composed of fullerene and its compounds for use in electronics is demonstrated to be promising. For example, experiments confirm the possibility to use fullerite films in sensor electronics to produce humidity and thermal sensors. It is also possible to use the sensitivity of these films to isotropic pressure. The experiments with
-Cu-J films have shown quite strong dependence of their resistance on pressure of different sort of medium-gas that could be used in gas-sensitive sensors. The structure and preparation technology of resistive sensor based on fullerite films are described.bed.
Effect of Solvent on the Surface of Protein Chip Plate
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 76~79
Nickel chloride coated protein chip plate was developed by using a spin coating method. The ability of histidine tagged protein adsorption was investigated at various solvents. The surface of plate has a large aggregated nickel complex with high density in water. However, the surface of plate has a very small size of aggregated nickel complex with low density in isopropanol. The ability of protein adsorption decreased as increasing the size of alkyl chain in various alcohol solvents. The mechanism on the ability of protein adsorption at the plate surface is discussed.
Electro-deposition and Crystallization Behaviors of Cr-C and Cr-C-P Alloy Deposits Prepared by Trivalent Chromium Sulfate Bath
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 80~85
Chromium-carbon (Cr-C) and chromium-carbon-phosphorus (Cr-C-P) alloy deposits using trivalent chromium sulfate baths containing potassium formate were prepared to study their current efficiency, hardness change and phase transformations behavior with heat treatment, respectively. The current efficiencies of Cr-C and Cr-C-P alloy deposits increase with increasing current density in the range of 15-35 A/dm
. Carbon content of Cr-C and phosphorous of Cr-C-P layers decreases with increasing current density, whereas, the carbon content of Cr-C-P layer is almost constant with the current density. Cr-C deposit shows crystallization at
and has (Cr+Cr
) phases at
. Cr-C-P deposit shows crystallization at
and has (Cr+Cr
P) phases at
. The hardness of Cr-C and Cr-C-P deposits after heating treatment for one hour increase up to Hv 1640 and Hv 1540 and decrease about Hv 820 and Hv 1270 with increasing annealing temperature in the range of
, respectively. The hardness change with annealing is due to the order of occurring of chromium crystallization, precipitation hardening effect, softening and grain growth with temperature. Less decrease of hardness of Cr-C-P deposit after annealing above
is related to continuous precipitation of
P phases which retard grain growth at the temperature.
Effect of Potassium Formate, Glycine and Oxalic Acid in Sulfate Bath on Trivalent Chromium Deposition Composition and Current Efficiency
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 86~91
Effect of potassium formate, glycine and oxalic acid in a sulfate solution on the deposit composition and current efficiency of trivalent chromium plating was studied. The trivalent chromium layers prepared by solutions with potassium formate, glycine and oxalic acid contain a few carbon inside. The solutions containing potassium formate, glycine and oxalic acid are relatively stable with pH change. The solution with the potassium formate shows 6-30％ current efficiency with current density, whereas, the solutions with oxalic acid and glycine show about 5％ current efficiency, respectively. The improved current efficiency is related to enough supply of chromium ions to the electrode due to the increase of pH at the front of electrode.
The Effect of Additives on the Current Efficiency and the Microstructure of Trivalent Cr Electrodeposits Plated in Flow Cell System
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 92~98
The current efficiency and the microstructure of the trivalent Cr deposits plated in flow cell system were investigated according to additives in sulfate bath and current density. The current efficiency of the deposits plated in the formic acid complexed bath was noticeably higher than that of the deposits from glycine complexed bath. The current efficiency of the deposits from the complexed baths with boric acid buffer increased linearly with current density in the range of 60-100 A/dm
, while that of the deposits from the baths with both Al sulfate and mixed buffers increased parabolically with current density. The nodular crystallite size of the deposits increased with current density, and the deposits plated in low current density region had relatively smooth surface appearance with fine grains. The structure of the deposits from the complexed baths with boric acid buffer changed from amorphous structure to crystalline one with strong (110)peak with increasing current density. The deposits from the baths with both Al sulfate and mixed buffers had generally amorphous structure.
Effect of Trace Metallic Additives of Mg-Fe-X on Microstructure and Properties of Zn Electrodeposits
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 99~109
The effect of trace metallic additives on microstructure, glossiness and hardness of Zinc electrodeposits was investigated by using sulfate bath and flow cell system. The preferred orientation of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe additives was (10
)+(002) mixed texture, while that of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe-Cr additives was (
). The preferred orientation of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe-X(X:Ni,Co) additives changed from (
)+(002) to (
) with increasing Mg additive from 5 to 10 g/
. The surface morphology of the Zinc deposits was closely related to the preferred orientation of the deposits. The glossiness of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe additives was similar to that of pure Zn deposit. The glossiness of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe-X(X:Ni,Cr) additives was lower than that of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe additives, while that of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe-Co additives was higher than that of Zn-Mg-Fe deposits. The hardness of Zn deposits with Mg-Fe-X(Ni,Co,Cr) increased with current density and amount of Mg additive. Hardness of Zn deposits was decreased and increased in comparison with Zn-Mg-Fe deposits for Mg-Fe-Co and Mg-Fe-Cr additives, respectively.
Corrosion Behavior of Titanium for Implant in Simulated Body Fluids
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 110~118
The corrosion of pure titanium (CP- Ti Grade 2) and titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V ELI) were studied under various conditions of simulated body fluids. The static immersion test and the electrochemical test were performed in accordance with ISO 10271 : 2001. For the electrochemical test, the open circuit potential was monitored as a function of time, and the cyclic polarization curve was recorded. The corrosion resistance was evaluated from the values of corrosion potential, passivation current density, breakdown potential, and the shape of hysteresis etc. The effects of alloy type, surface condition, temperature, oxygen, and constituents in the fluids such as acid, chloride were estimated. Both specimens had extremely low dissolution rate in the static immersion test. They showed strong passivation characteristics in the electrochemical test. They maintained negligible current density throughout the wide anodic potential range. The passive layer was not broken up to 2.0 V (vs. SCE). The hysteresis and the shift of passivation potential toward the anodic direction was observed during the reversed scan. The passivation process appeared to be accelerated by oxygen in air or that dissolved in the fluids. The passivation also proceeded without oxygen by the reaction of constituents in the fluids. Acid or chloride in the fluids, specially later weakened the passive layer, and then induced higher passivation current density and less shift of passivation potential in the reversed scan. CP-Ti Grade 2 was more reactive than Ti6Al4V ELI in the fluids containing acid or chloride, but thicker layer produced on its surface provided higher corrosion resistance.
Effects of Plasma-Nitriding on the Surface Characteristics of Stainless Steels Containing Nb
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 119~127
In order to develop the corrosion and wear resistance of stainless steels, effects of plasma-nitriding on the surface characteristics of stainless steels containing Nb were investigated by utilizing a potentiostat. It was found that plasma nitriding at
, compared with
, produced a good corrosion resistance as nitriding time increased, whereas stainless steel containing low Nb content showed that pitting potential and corrosion potential decreased.
Effects of Alloying Elements on the Surface Characteristics of Fe-38Al Intermetallic Compounds
Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering, volume 37, issue 2, 2004, Pages 128~136
Effects of alloying elements on the surface characteristics of Fe-38Al intermetallic compounds were investigated using potentiostat. The specimens were casted by the vacuum arc melting. The subsequent homogenization and the stabilization led to the homogeneous DO
structure of the specimen. After the corrosion tests, the surface of the tested specimen was observed by the optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy(SEM). For Fe-38 at.% Al intermetallic compound, the addition of Cr and Mo proved to be beneficial in decreasing the grain boundary attack by decreasing the active current density. Addition of Band Nb resulted in a higher active current density and also a higher passive current density. These results indicated the role of Cr and Mo in improving the pitting corrosion resistance of Fe-38 at.%Al intermetallic compound. Band Nb addition to Fe-38 at.%Al accelerated the granular corrosion. Fe-38 at.%Al containing Cr and Mo showed remarkably improved pitting corrosion resistance in comparison with Band Nb addition to Fe-38 at. %Al.