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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
The Study of Instrumental Analysis of Deposits on Paper Machine and Holes/spots in Paper
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 7~16
The constituents of deposits on paper machine and holes/spots in paper have been studied by consequently a combination of analytical techniques, such as FTIR, Py-GC-MS, and. EDS. FTIR spectroscopy was used prior to Py-GC-MS and EDS analysis, as preliminary analysis technique. The analysis of organic components were carried out with the use of a pyrolysis unit connected to a GC-MS, and inorganic components in ash were analysed by SEM equipped with an EDS analyzer after pyrolysis at 59
. The deposits on the dryer section were complex pitch, which was the mixture of the organic contents of fatty acid ester and starch, and the inorganic contents of talc, clay, and calcium carbonate. The complex pitch was estimated to come from the coated broke. We knew the deposits on the metering rod of sym-sizer were associated with the interaction of unstable AKD and CaCO
. The compositions of holes or spots varied considerably and were associated with chemical interaction within the system. The holes, spots, and blotches in the finished paper were PE and PP that were streamed out from pulp sources, complex pitch that were caused by the interaction of the different additives in the system, polymer such as flexible PVC that used for the prop of palette, and hot melt as adhesives that came from the inadequate handling of broke. In addition, we identified that poly(caprolactam) which is used for forming fabrics or press felts, could be mixed with the raw materials by accident and results in streak on coating.
A study on the Water Retention of Coating Colors(IV)-Synthesis of Alkali Sensitive Water Retention and Rheology Modifiers-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 17~25
Natural water-soluble polymers such as starch, casein and carboxy methyl cellulose(CMC) have been limited in their uses. However, the proper water retention of coating colors can not be obtained without addition of these polymers. Furthermore, the coating runnability and the physical properties of coated paper were not also satisfied. Therefore, the objective of this study was to synthesize the water retention and flow modifiers which can improve the water retention and flow properties of coating colors. We have measured physical properties of flow modifiers and coating colors which included flow modifiers. The viscosity of flow modifiers was very low at acid pH, and rapidly increased at about pH 7, and gradually reached to equilibrium at alkali pH. Such an increase comes from the molecular weight of flow modifiers and the amount of acrylic and methacrylic acids. The viscosity of coating color containing the flow modifiers was lower than that containing CMC. However, both of them had little difference in water retention. The water-phase viscosity of synthetic modifier containing coating color was either higher or similar compared to that of CMC containing coating color. The high shear viscosity of coating colors was low. Therefore, it can be concluded that the synthetic flow modifiers are very useful for improvement of flow properties and water retentions.
Production of Bacterial Cellulose and Its Modification
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 26~33
The bacterial celluloses are very different in its physical, chemical and morphological structures compared to wood cellulose. These fibers have many unique properties that are potentially and commercially beneficial. This study was aimed to elucidate the production of bacterial celluloses and to improve their physical properties by chemical pretreatment. Bacterial celluloses produced by static culture had gel-like pellicle structure. The pellicle thickness was increased with the increasing time, and its layer was about 1.8cm after one-month incubation. The pellicles extruded from the cells of Acetobacter had a non-crystalline structure during initial growing stages, gradually getting crystaliyzed with the incubation time elapse, and eventually fumed to the cellulose I crystals. Young＇s modulus of bacterial cellulose sheet was increased with increasing NaOH concentration, and resulted in the highest at 5% NaOH concentration. Similar results with NaClO3 pretreatment can be observed. Too concentrated alkali solutions induced the destruction of cellulose fibrils and changed the mechanical properties of the sheets. These alkaline pretreatment have removed non-cellulosic components(NCC) from the bacterial cellulose, and enhanced inter-abrillar bonding by direct close contact among cellulosic fibrils.
Soda-Anthraquinone Pulping and Alkaline Sulfite-Anthraquinone Pulping of Rice-Straw
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 34~42
This study was carried out to investigate the proper cooking conditions of soda-anthraquinone and alkaline sulfite-anthraquinone pulping of rice-straw, and get basic data f9r the use of rice-straw chemical pulp through the test of characteristics and physical properties of pulps made in the various cooking conditions From the experimental results , we can conclude as follows. In the soda-anthraquinone pulping of rice-straw, the optimum cooking conditions were 60 min. at
in the amount of caustic soda of 20% with the addition of anthraquinone(0.05%). And total yield, Kappa No. and brightness of pulp made in the condition above mentioned were 41.9%, 7.7 and 51.1 respectively. In the alkaline sulfite-anthraquinone pulping of rice-straw, the proper mixing ratio of cooking chemical(caustic soda : sodium sulfite) was 50:50. And the optimum cooking conditions were 60 min. at
in the amount of cooking chemical of 20% with the addition of anthraquinone(0.05%). At that time, the total yield, Kappa No, and brightness of pulp were 50.1%, 9.1 and 40.2 respectively. As a result, the alkaline sulfite-anthraquinone pulping was superior to the soda-anthraquinone pulping in the aspect of yield, but inferior in the viewpoints of Kappa No. and brightness. For the comparison of qualities of pulps made in the various cooking methods and conditions, the physical properties of four sorts of pulps were tested. As a result, soda-anthraquinone pulps were superior to alkaline sulfite-anthraquinone pulps in the various strengths excluding tear strength and brightness. On the other hand, pulps made in the condition of addition of cooking chemical of 20% were superior to pulps in the dosage of 15% in the aspects of all the strengths and brightness.
Bleaching of Oak Kraft Pulp by O, Eo and C/D Stage
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 43~50
The purpose of this study was to decrease pollutants of effluents from KP bleaching. Multistage bleaching that combined with O, Eo, and C/D stage was conducted, after optimum bleaching conditions of O, Eo, and C/D stage were determined. Moreover the properties for bleached pulps and pollution level of bleaching effluent were measured by each standard method. Due to increase on the brightness and delignification of pulps by O, Eo, and C/D stage bleaching. It was possible that bleaching sequences were reduced from five stage to four stage. In addition to, OC/DEoD and OC/DEopD bleaching sequences had higher brightness than CEDED bleaching sequence. The pulps bleached by O and Eo stage had higher in tensile index than conventional bleaching sequences with the similar results in burst and tear index. While each bleaching sequences had little differences, bleaching sequences with Eo stage had higher in physical properties than with Eop stage. The pollution level measured by Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD) and Color of bleaching effluents were much lower in combined bleaching sequences of O, Eo and C/D stage than that of CEDED sequence. Particularly, a pollution index of bleaching effluents generated by C/DEoDEB and OC/DEopDED bleaching sequences were lower than that from the other bleaching sequences.
Conversion of Woody Biomass for Utilization( I )-The Preparation of Dissolving Pulp from Mechanical Pulp-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 51~59
Dissolving pulp is a low yield(30∼35%) bleached chemical pulp that has a high cellulose content (95% or higher) suitable for use in cellulose derivatives such as rayon, cellulose acetate. This research was studied for dissolving pulp preparation as the raw material of viscose rayon from commertial pulps. (TMP, CP, DIP) In the change of pulp(cellulose) characteristics after sodium hypochlorite and solvolysis treatment. the following results were obtained In the case of sodium hypochlorite pretreatment, we have obtained pulp that high purity cellulose, but degree of polymerization was inclined to decrease less than 170∼240. Comparing sodium hypochlorite pretreatment and solvolysis pretreatment, solvolysis pretreatment is superior to sodium hypochlorite process for making dissolving pulp. We think that the low degree of polymerization of cellulose because of increasing degradation of cellulose during delignification treatment.
Development of Paper Coating Technologies to Prevent Print Mottle (III)-Evaluation of Ink Absorption Properties of Coated Papers and Prediction of Print Mottle-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 60~68
To develop paper coating technology for preventing print mottling, which is recognized as the most common printing problems in using coated papers, ink absorption properties of various coated papers were examined by employing K 8T N and Croda ink absorption tests. The influences of pigment compositions, coat weights and drying methods on these ink absorption properties were examined, and then the variations of ink absorption ratio were analyzed and discussed. It is demonstrated that the variation of Croda ink absorption ratio induced by coat weight variation can be utilized most succesfully to predict print mottling propensity of coating formulations. A systematic analysis approach was suggested that can be employed in the development of the most desirable coating color formulation to achieve target optical properties with the least print mottling.
Advanced Paper Machine Concepts for the Production of Packaging Papers
Kruska, D. ; Mirsberger, P. ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 69~81
Up to now 5 Voith Sulzer paper machines with multi-layer headbox and Gapfor-mer are sucessfully running on papckaging papers. Linerboard, testliner and corugating medium is produced in the basis weight range from 105 to 275
at machine speeds up to 900 m/min. The nest one, starting up in Oct. ｀96 in Germany, will be the world＇s fastest paper machine for packaging papers. The 5.6 m wide machine is designed for a maximum operating speed of 1200 m/min. Approx. 220.000 tons of corrugating medium and testliner based on 100% waste paper in the basis weight range from 90 to 160
will be produced each year. An expansion stage planned for the future is intended to increase annual output to 280.000 tons. This machine will not only be the fastest one for packaging papers, it also comprises all described innovative key components which are available today in order to fulfill growing demands of the future with regard to quality and productivity. The concept of this advanced machine is shown in Fig. 9
The Janus Concept -A Completely New Calendering Technology to Meet Future Market Requirements
Gabbusch, Udo ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 82~86
At Present, high-quality paper finishes are obtained by the exclusive un of supercalenders and softcalenders. Experience has shown that both calendering processes will not always k able to meet future requirements of increased efficiency combined with improved paper finish. The answer to these challenges is the development of a new technology, a synergy of supercalender and soft-calender called the “Janus concept”. This paper outlines the rationale behind this new development as well in the technical characteristics providing for the successful online integration irrespective of production speed. Laboratory results are included ta demonstrate that the Janus Concept enables a high-quality SC finish even at PM or CM speeds.
"Charge Neutralization for Deposit Control"
Buikema, Peter D. ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 29, issue 3, 1997, Pages 87~94
As the paper market becomes more and more competitive, more mills will want to switch to alkaline papermaking to take advantage of the Vowing demand. Many papermakers have tried to do this without success in the past much like the American papermakers did in the late 1970's. The Problem is that runnability Problems occur, drainage slows, Presses pick drying becomes more difficult and sheet quality suffers as a result Sheet holes and breaks occur, and runnability becomes a real operating problem. Converting to alkaline papermaking is not as simple as turning off the alum. We must be aware of the numerous factions that alum served at acid pH and provide alkaline alternatives. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss methods of deposit control via charge neutralization and system control at alkaline pH. This article explains the concept as well as the measurement and control. The resultant benefits are seen in runnability, quality and profitability for the papermaker.