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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Use of modern microscopes in Analyzing fiber and Paper Properties( I )-Use of CLSM in Analyzing Fiber and Paper Properties-
;Keith Roy Wadhams;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 7~17
With the advent of CLSM in the end of 1980s, it has been applied to the field of pulp and paper science in various ways. This study showed the potentials of CLSM In analyzing a change of pulp fiber and paper properties before and after mechanical treatment. In particular, a quantification of internal fibrillation has been done using cross-sectional images of fibers and image analysis technique, then evaluated the effects of fiber wall delamination on fiber and paper properties. It showed that the delaminated fibers were closely associated to development of the interfiber bonding in a fiber network. The CLSM made it possible to investigate a density profile along the sheet thickness, which was created by some papermaking processes like pressing, drying and calendering. Through the attempt to observe the forming procedure of a fiber network during handsheet making, the CLSM images showed that the pressing stage was considered greatly to contribute to generation of interfiber bonding with removing a free water and partly a bound water between fibers. In addition, the CLSM could be used to illustrate not only a surface profile of paper showing the extent of smoothness or roughness, but also a density profile in a B-direction of the network. Finally it became evident that the CLSM could be used as an excellent tool to predict development in fiber and paper properties before and after mechanical treatment during papermaking processes.
Purification Properties and Treatment Conditions of Cellulase for Papermaking Processes
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 18~28
The main protein peak was observed in fraction No.9 and 109 when cellulase seperation was conducted by use of DEAE-Sephadex. The protein obtained from fraction No.9 has the characteristics of Cx component and that from fraction No.109 characteristics similiar to
component. The effective reaction condition of the ensyme used was
in temperature. pH 5.0 and 90 minutes in treatment time. For the case of
pH 5.5 in temperature range of
, 4.0 5.5 in pH, and over 30 minutes of treatment time, the reaction was in the range of 80% of the maximum. Affinity of enzyme increased as freeness, increased, and this effect was more visible in fiber than in fines.
The preliminary study of developing strong corrugated box board against aggravated service condition(I)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 29~43
This study was to investigate the effect of .compressive load and cyclic humidity(2
, 65% and 90% RH) on the physical and mechanical properties of corrugated board. Corrugated boards in the study were under compressive load and under cyclic humidity, and their properties were compared to those without load. Results were summarized as follows ; 1 Statistically significant correlation was shown between the ring crush of the boards and the compressive strength of cylinder specimen made from the boards. So we could study the compressive behavior of board with cylinder specimen. 2. The boards under the compressive load increased their moisture content and thickness much more than those without load both in constant and in cyclic RH. 3. The compressive and tensile strength of board samples were inversely and closely proportional to the sheet moisture content regardless of their load and humidity history. 4. The moisture content did not show any significant proportionality to the change of burst strength of boards within this experiment. 5. Board reconditioning in standard condition led to the recovery of the strength loss that had occurred under various load and humidity condition. 6. The handsheets prepared from the boards that had experienced compressive load and cyclic humidity, and those with no-load and 65% RH did not show any significant difference in strength properties. No physical damage or load-carrying properties of the wood fiber were observed by the compressive load and cyclic humidity history.
Elemental Chlorine free Bleaching of Kraft Pulps with Enzymes( I )-Oakwood Kraft Pulp-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 44~58
This study was carried out to bleach the Oakwood kraft pulp without the elemental chlorine using the xylanase or wastewater(We : wastewater enzymes) effluented from the submerged biofilter reactor containing the fungi, Phanerorhaete sordida YK-624. So in this research, the proper treatment conditions (pH, temperature, dosage and time) were investigated respectively. And after the various kinds of multistage bleaching of pulps, the properties of pulps were tested. From the experimental results, we can conclude as follows. In the treatments of Oakwood kraft pulps with xylanase, the proper pH, temperature, enzyme dosage and time were 8.0,
, 400 EXU/kg and 1 hr. respectively. And in the case of treatment with a wastewater(We) effluented from the submerged biofilter reactor, the proper pH, temperature and time were 5.5,
and 2 hr. respectively. On the other hand, Oakwood kraft pulps were bleached by the method of a multistage bleaching using xylanase or We instead of elemental chlorine Consequently the strengthes and brightnesses of pulps bleached by the method mentioned above were lower than those of pulp bleached by the conventional method using the elemental chlorine. But it is possible to improve the brightnesses through the increase of chlorine dioxide dosage or use of hydrogen peroxide in the final bleaching stage.
Molecular Diffusion of Water in Paper( I )-Steady-State Diffusion Experiment for the Evaluation of Water Vapor-proof Properties of Paper-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 59~70
A steady-state molecular diffusion experiment was conducted to evaluate the water vapor proof properties of paper Handsheets prepared from unbleached Itraft pulps(UKP) and old newspapers(ONP) and four different types of polymer-laminated white duplex board were tested under appropriate standard conditions. The diffusivity was determined on the basis of the Fickean first law. Results obtained from this study can be summarized as follows ; 1. The diffusivity data for handsheets showed about
. whereas polymer-laminated paperboards had remarkably improved water-vapor resistance with about
times lower diffusivity : 2. Sheet basis weight, wet-swelling and sizing degree had little influence on the diffusivity of paper; 3 Linear relationship existed between sheet density and diffusivity, and, 4. Highly sfgnificant linear relationship could be observed between diffusivity and Darcy s gas permeability. Results indicate that diffusivity, an intrinsic property of paper, can provide a valuable information for precise evaluation and improved quality control of water-vapor proof properties of paper.
골판지상자강도의 예측신뢰성에 대한 최신 측정기술의 연구-Ring Crush측정법과 SCT측정법의 비교-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 71~93
Successful Winding of Coated Papers
Viitala, Teuve ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 1, 1998, Pages 95~103
Many new technologies and developments designed to increase paper machine speeds and improve paper printability have emerged in recent years. These improvements have changed the structure of paper and given winder manufacturers new challenges, especially as the requirements of printing presses have also changed. Ever-increasing roll widths and diameters are needed. Along with faster press speeds and shorter acceleration times, the unwinding of roils in the press room has become a true test of paper strength and roll structure, In the following we will review the special winding features of coated papers and discuss a selection of the winder type to meet a mill's specific needs.