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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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Properties of Single-and Two-layered Handsheets Formed with Sw-UKP and OCC
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 5~12
Exploitation of the papermaking technology to reduce the strength loss that accompanies when using recycled papers as raw materials for papermaking is one of the most important issues imposed upon today's paper industry. Multi-layer sheet forming technology has been suggested as a way that provides some answers to this issue. In this study strength properties of single- and two-layer handsheets formed with recycled fiber and unbleached softwood kraft pulp have been examined to quantify the benefits when using two-layer sheet forming technology rather than a conventional single layer sheet forming precess. Single- and two-layer handsheets were made from 50% of OCC and 50% of Sw-UKP and their strength properties were evaluated. Also the strength properties made from Sw-UKP and OCC sheets were determined. A multihead, which can be attached on the top of hand- sheet former, was used to form two-layer sheets. Maximum strength properties could be obtained in the freeness range of 500∼300mL CSF for Sw-UKP Most of the strength properties was reduced by 30∼35% when 50% OCC was blended with UKP. Decrease of strength properties, however, could be reduced by employing a two-layer sheet forming method. Creator strengths could be obtained when UKP was positioned at the top layer of two layered sheets indicating greater UKP fines retention due to the filtration effect of the OCC layer formed prior to UKP layer contributed the strength improvement. Two-layer sheet showed lower Scott internal bond strength than single layer sheet. By incorporating some of UKP fibers into OCC layer this reduction could be reduced.
Change of Chemical Pulp Fiber Properties with Cellulase Component(
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 13~23
Two major cellulase components purified with sephadex G-75 and DEAE sepharose were applied to bleached kraft pulp to inverstigate the change of fiber properties. Cellulose viscosity was very sensitive to
component treatment (more than 15% drop was observed) while being little influenced by
, component (only 2% drop). Fiber fraction longer than 2mm was reduced by
treatment while short fiber fraction was increased greatly by more than 15%. There was little change in fiber length distribution by combined treatment of
at equal. In this case, fine contents increased by more than 2.5% at equivalent refining time. WRV and Density were increased as the amount of
treatment was increased.
was main cause for increasing them. But the effect fell as enzyme dosage.
Deterioration Mechanism of Paper according to Sizing and Beating(I)-Influences of Sizing-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 24~29
This study was carried out in order to elucidate the deterioration mechanism of paper according to various sizing chemicals. No additive paper and four kinds of papers containing rosin-alum, alum only, alkylketene dimer(AKD)-cation polymer and cation polymer only were treated by UV light to study changes of water-resistant, optical and mechanical properties from the view points of natural deterioration of paper. Since rosin chemicals have UV absorption at the relatively long wavelength region, rosins are degraded to form hydrophilic groups such as carboxylic acid from their double bonds by UV treatments. These phenomena caused the decreasing of sizing degree and wetting time in case of rosin-sized paper, while the UV treatments brought about the slight increase of wetting time in rosin-free papers such as no additive, alum and kymene only paper owing to the auto-sizing effect. Optical properties were primarily influenced by sizing chemicals. Rosin-sized paper showed lower brightness after UV and near UV treatment because of its UV instability.
Retention and Drainage Characteristics of Compozil System and Impact of Cationic Corn Starch for its Improvement
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 30~39
Effect of cationic starches and anionic colloidal silica on retention and drainage characteristics of Compozil system was investigated. Depending upon the degree of substitution and molecular weight of cationic starches and morphological characteristics of anionic colloidal silica, retention and drainage properties of Compozil system were significantly influenced. When cationic starch addition level increased above a certain limit retention and stock freeness were decreased. To elucidate this an electrostatic coagulation mechanism occurring between unadsorbed starch molecules and anionic colloidal silica was proposed. Unstructured colloidal silica showed greater improvement in retention than structured colloidal silica. Cationic corn starches with different degree of substitution and molecular weights were prepared and their effect as a constituent of Compozil system was also evaluated. By controlling the molecular weight and degree of substitution of cationic corn starch it was possible to achieve significant improvement in fines retention. Cationic corn starch with higher degree of substitution maintained its retention efficiency even when the stock conductivity was increased. Turbidity measurement technique was found to be a simple and useful method to measure the retention characteristics.
Effect of Coagulation of Filler Particles on the Dewatering and Drying of the Particles
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 40~46
This study was aimed to investigate any improvement of dewatering and energy saving on the papermaking process when the various types of fillers were used, i.e., clay, talc and grounded calcium carbonate (GCC). Cationic polyelectrolyte and alum coagulants neutralized the surface charge of the filler particles and the filler particles were coagulated. The rates of dewatering and drying were investigated. The results indicated that clay tended to intense anion, while talc and GCC tended to anion trend nearly to neutrality. Clay and talc added with EPI-DMA, P-DADMAC and alum respectively as optimum levels showed a significant efficiency on the dewatering and the turbidity dissipation. However, the turbidity and dewatering rate of GCC decreased, when GCC was added with EPI-DMA and P-DADMAC respectively Drying rate of clay was increased when coagulant added. However drying rates of talc and GCC were not affected by coagulant, while the apprarent drying time of talc and GCC in the absence of any coagulant was shorter than the clay in the presence of a coagulant. The result confirmed that talc or GCC was more efficient than clay on the dewatering and drying, which is consistent with a general knowledge in the collodal science.
Quantitative Analysis of Pulp Fiber Characteristics that Affect Paper Properties(I)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 47~54
Refining is one of the most important processes of fiber treatment that provides optical and physical properties of final paper products. The evaluation method of refining progress is usually freeness (CSF) or wetness (SR) test because of its rapidity and convenience. However, there are some deficiencies in using freeness or wetness test to evaluate pulp fibers accurately because its results are more influenced by fines contents than extent of fibers treatment. The objective of this study is to show the deficiency of wetness in evaluating the refining process. For this, beating is done by varying the beating load. Handsheets are made after beating until 25 and
SR, and then paper properties are measured. Refined fibers are analyzed by fiber length, fines contents, curl, kink, WRV, and zero-span tensile strength. The results show that longer beating time is required to reach the same wetness at lower beating load. There are differences in the average fiber length, distribution curve of fiber length, fines contents, curl, kink, WRV of long fiber fraction, drainage time, and zero-span tensile strength of rewetted sample at different beating load. At the low beating load in the same wetness, apparent density, breaking length, burst strength, and tear strength are higher, while opacity and air permeability are lower than those of the high beating load. Using Page s equation, which shows the relationship among tensile strength, intrinsic fiber strength, and interfiber bonding strength, interfiber bonding strength is calculated and analyzed to explain final paper properties. At
SR, interfiber bonding strength is only slightly higher at 2.5kgf beating load, while the intrinsic fiber strength is substantially higher. At
SR, intrinsic fiber strength is a little bit higher at 2.5kgf beating load, and interfiber bonding strength is remarkably higher than those of 5.6kgf beating load. These results can be used to explain the different properties of the final paper at selected beating loads.
Improvement of Physical Properties of Paper by Esterification of Cellulose
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 55~61
This treatment was applied to bleached softwood kraft pulp handsheets in an effort to improve physical strength of paper. Paper strength was improved by esterification of cellulose and polycarboxylic acid. Because hydrogen bond of carboxyl group is stronger than that of hydroxyl group, polycarboxylic acid forms stronger hydrogen bond than cellulose does. 1,2,3,4,-cyclopentanetetracarboxylic acid (CPTA) and sodium dihydrogen phosphate (
) were used as polycarboxylic acid and catalyst, respectively This reaction was confirmed by the weight gain of the handsheets, by FTIR spectrum and by changes in mechanical properties of sheets. Wet tensile strength was improved when handsheets were treated with polycarboxylic acid. However, tear strength and burst strength decreased.
Effects of Pigment Blending and Thickener Characteristics on Calendering Response and Structure of Coated Paper-Effect of Pigment Blending on Coating Properties-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 62~73
The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of pigment composition on the calendering response and structure of the coated paper. Calendering response of the coated paper was determined from the gloss values of the uncalendered and calendered coated papers, and the relationship between gloss and coating structure was discussed. The surface and cross section of the coating layer was observed using a scanning electron microscope to examine the coating structure. Coating layers were hardened in epoxy resin and polished with carbimet paper disc for preparing SEM samples. Maximum calendering response was obtained for the coated paper prepared from 80pph of clay and 20pph of ground calcium carbonate (GCC) as pigments. Photomicrographs of the surface and cross section of the coating layer show that clay tends to form dense coating structure, while GCC tends to form bulky coating layer.
New Korean Traditional Papermaking from Paper Mulberry(II)-Properties of the Hanjis Mixed with Bast Part and Wood Core Pulps-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 74~84
This study was carried out to investigate the papermaking characteristics of paper mulberry(Broussonetia kazinoki) for new Korean traditional paper(Hanji). Hanji has been traditionally made only with the bast fiber of paper mulberry. Besides mulberry bast part, wood core was utilized separately or in mixed forms as raw materials for the new Hanji. Hanjis made from the solfomethylated pulp were shown higher brightness and sheet strengths than those from alkali and alkali-hydrogen peroxide pulps. The brightness of solfomethylated pulp was found to be high enough not to need additional bleaching. In the physical properties of the Hanjis mixed with bast part and wood core pulps, the handsheet strengths were decreased as the increase of the wood core pulp contents. But the sheet strengths of Hanjis containing 10∼30% of wood core pulps were higher than those of the Hanji containing bast part pulp only. The sheet formations were improved as the increase of wood core pulp contents, while the sheet strengths were decreased.
New Korean Traditional Papermaking from Paper Mulberry(III)-Properties of the Hanjis Mixed with Bast Part and Whole Stalk Pulps-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 30, issue 2, 1998, Pages 85~95
Traditionally, Hanji had been made only with the bast fiber of paper mulberry (Broussonetia kazinoki). Nowadays, Hanji has been made mainly in the mixed forms of paper mulberry bast fiber and waste paper, and consequently it has raised many problems using them. This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of Hanji mixed with paper mulberry bast part and whole stalk pulps. Hanjis made from the solfomethylated pulp were shown higher brightness and sheet strengths than those from alkali and alkali-hydrogen peroxide pulps. The brightness of solfomethylated pulp was found to be high enough not to need additional bleaching. The sheet formations were improved as the increase of whole stalk pulp contents, while the sheet strengths were decreased. In the physical properties of the Hanji mixed with bast part and whole stalk pulps, the handsheet strengths were decreased as the increase of the whole stalk pulp contents. The tensile strength and folding endurance of the Hanji containing 40∼60% of whole stalk pulps were higher as compared to the others.