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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Dec 1999
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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Recycling of Wastepaper(Ⅶ)-The Effect of Stock Composition on Enzyme Activity-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 1~9
Effect of furnish on enzyme activity was investigated by using the three components (cellulose, enzyme, and cationic polyelectrolyte) model papermaking system. Avicel was used as a cellulose model compound to observe the effect of adsorption and desorption of enzyme with other component and the resultant change of particle size. As an experimental result, the enzyme loses considerably its apparent activity due to the adsorption onto cellulose and cationic polyelectrolyte. Activities of enzyme applied to the actual papermaking stocks having controlled fiber length showed different behavior in terms of pulp species UKP and KOCC stocks. That is, the enzyme activity in UKP was increased as fines content increased, however, vice versa in KOCC stock . This result can be considered to be the existence of various contaminants included in the fines of KOCC . The effect of possible contaminants such as inorganic materials, calcium ion, surfactant, and conductivity on enzyme activity were also investigated.
Influence of Conductivity and Anionic Trashes on Adsorption Behavior of Cationic Starches
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 10~18
The influence of simple electrolyte or anionic trashes on cationic starch adsorption was examined using deinked pulp and bleached thermomechniical pulp. Adsorbed amounts of cationic starches increased slightly , then decreased abruptly as the concentration of simple electrolyte increased. This phenomenon was discussed based on the compression of electrical double layer and conformation change of starch molecules. Also, the effect of the type of simple electrolytes on starch adsorption was examined and discussed. Addition of sodium slilicate increased starch adsorption since it increased surface charge density of fibers. On the other hand, addition of kraft lignin decreased cationic demand of the pulp slurries and adsorbed amounts of cationic starches. Nonionic surfactant did not show any significant effect on the cationic demand of pulp slurries. When simple electrolytes were added to the stock , grater adsorption or cationic starches was obtained with starches of lower degree of substitution . On t도 other hand, amount of adsorbed starches decreased for lower DS starches when the concentration of anionic trashes increased.
Effects of the Process Variables of Condebelt Drying on Linerboard Properties Made from KOCC
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 19~25
Effects of the process variable in Condebelt press drying including drying temperature, pressure , drying time, and moisture content of the sheets on the paper properties were examined. The experiment was performed with a static rig and Korean OCC was used as raw material. Significant improvement in sheet density, compression strength, tensile strength, surface smoothness ,etc. was obtained when condebelt drying was applied. Control of pressure and inlet dryness was found to be two most critical variables in improving sheet properties.
Studies on the Pore of Coating Layer and Printability (I)-Effect of Pigment Size on Pore of Coating Layer
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 26~34
This paper was intended to find out the relationship between optical and interior properties of coated paper and printability with the variation of particle size of ground calcium carbonate(GCC) by using Mercury Porosimeter, and to find out the pore properties of coated paper as well. The viscosity and water retention of coating color was increased and smothness, sheet gloss and porosity of coated paper were improved as the particle size of GCC was decreased. However, there was no difference in opacity and brightness of coated paper. The pore volume of coated paper was decreased, but the number of pores was drastically increased according to the decrease of the particle size of GCC. The weight of ink transferred into coated paper was increased in proportion to pore volume of coated paper. However, the weight of damping water and ink induced toward coated paper was slightly increased. Ink setting was accelerated printing gloss was not changed. Therefore, optical and interior properties of coated paper seemed to be affected by the pore property of coated paper and printability was also affected by it.
Process -dynamic Model for Stock-fluid in a Pressurized Paper Machine Headbox
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 35~46
Mathematical modeling provided a systematic analysis for the dynamic behavior of stock fluid in a paper machine pressurized headbox. Dynamic responses of liquid level, sheet basis weight and hydraulic pressure were predicted from the simulation model which represents the system. A unit step and asinusoidal wave load were considered as the input forcing functions in the headbox. Results are summarized as follows : 1. The dependence of sheet basis weight on liquid level in the pressurized-headbox was non -linear. 2. Liquid level in the head-box showed first-order lag with a unit step forcing to fluid input rate ; 3 . The amplitude of wave response of liquid level was inversely proportional to the time content for the sinusoidal input changes ; 4.Sheet basis weight showed second-order oscillating underamped responses for the step input load of flow rate ; 5. The damping factor in the second-order system was a function of air-pressure in the headbox ; and, 6. Dead-time existed in the measuring process for the headbox slice pressure.
Effect of Coating of Liner Components with Oxidized Starch on Properties of Corrugated Box
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 47~53
The effect of coating of liner components with oxidized starch on the properties of corrugated box was examined . Coating was carried out on liner components of B flute, single-wall corrugated board(SK180/S120/K200) , and corrugated box was made from the treated corrugated board. Box was made in a regular slotted container (RSC) style, and box compression strength was determined in the direction of top-to-bottom compression. The compression strength of box coated on outside liner component showed 15.4% improvement for 1.58g㎡ coating. On the other hand, the strength of box coated on outside liner component showed only 1.45% improvement for 1.41g/㎡ coating and 3.46% improvement for 2.32g/㎡ coating. Coating on inside liner component with oxidized starch at low coating weight more significantly improved box compression strength than coating on outside liner component, and the improvement was marked at the coating weight of 1.5-2.5g/㎡. In estimating top-to-bottom box compression strength, the experimental values were closer to the calculated values from McKee's equation suing edgewise compression strength of the combined board measured by column crush test than those from Kellicutt's equation using compression strength of component paperboards measured by ring crush test.
Application of Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy and Fiber Distribution Index to Study Kenaf Handsheet Properties
Pang, Myong-Hyeok ; Park, Jong-Moon ; Cho, Nam-Seok ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 54~59
This study was to quantify fiber distributions in thickness direction of kenaf handsheets as a fiber distribution index (FDI) and to analyze the relationship between FDI and the handsheet properties. The images of fiber distribution in z-direction were obtained by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM) and analyzed by image analysis technique. The proposed FDI had a good correlation with high R2 vlaues with various properties of paper, such as apparent density, scattering coefficient , burst index, tear index, tensile index, and folding endurance. The proposed FDI was shown as a good index to quantify paper properties.
Use of Modern Microscopes in Analysing Fiber and Paper Properties (II)-New Aspect in Fibrillation of Pulp Fibers during Refining-
Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Keigh R. Wadhams ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 60~67
The CLSM and the image analysis technique enhanced observation of fiber wall fibrillation occurred in both the outer and the fiber wall surfaces during refining by non-destructive techniques. In the early stages of refining, it was well observed that a partial separation between the S1 and S2 layer in the secondary wall was made generating a space in the wet fiber walls . With further refining, it was clearly shown that the shear forces imparted by the refiner bar surfaces caused the S1 layer to become totally separated from the S2 layer as well as creating microfibrils. Furthermore, the fibrillation in the inner fiber wall surfaces could be due to the normal force (Fn) by refiner bars, friction force between a fiber and refiner bars (Fs) and inner friction force between fiber walls(fs). It was confirmed that the concept of fibrillation should be extended to fibrillation in the inner fiber wall surfaces as well as internal and external fribrillation.
Preparation and Characteristics of Alkaline -active Cellulases from Coprinaceae
Lee, Jung-Kyung ; Eom, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 68~76
Coprinus cinereus 2249 producing alkaline-active cellulase was screened from 29 species of Corpinaceae and constitutively produced alkaline carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) and filter paper cellulase (Fpase). When cultivated at pH 9.0, 25
and 5 days, copnnus cinereus 2249 produced higher alkaline activity on 0.5% CMC, 2% wheat bran as carbon source and 0.5% peptone, 0.05% yeast extract as nitrongen source compared with other culture conditions. The level of cellulase production was higher in the presence of wheat bran than in the presence of CMC. The optimum temperature and pH for alkaline -active cellulase activity weas 50
and 9, 0, respectively.
Comparison of Ozone Treatment Effects in Hardwood and Softwood CTMPs
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 77~82
The delignification, and optical and strength properties were determined to compare the ozone treatment effect in hardwood and softwood CTMPs. During ozone treatment, the delignificantion was much higher in hardwood pulp than in softwood pulp . The optical and strength properties which were very dependent upon the lignin content in pulp were significantly improved in the case of hardwood pulp . The ozone treatment of high yield pulp was more effective in hardwood pulp than that of softwood pulp.
Manufacturing of Korean Traditional Handmade Paper with Reduced Fiber Damage(III)-Potassuim Carbonate Cooking of Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia Kazinoki Sieb)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 83~89
Bast fibers of paper mulberry ( Broussonetia Kazinoki Sieb) were cooked with a weak alkaline salt, potassium carbonate which has been known as a major inorganic component of the traditional lye, and its cooking characteristics were investigated . The bast fiber was easily cooked by potassium carbonate. The pulp yield was rapidly decreased up to 20-30 mol of potassium carbonate, but the Kappa number was slowly decreased with increasing of potassium carbonate. The potassium carbonate pulps were easily defibered at low cooking chemical charge of 25mm on and high pulp yield of about 80%. These results were confirmed that pectin was easily removed during the potassium carbonate cooking. In contrast, when sodium carbonate was used as a cooling agent, the bast fiber was only partially defibered. Thus, sodium carbonate was a less effective cooling chemical of the bast fiber. The results of this experiment indicated that potassium carbonate could not only be used as a good cooling agent of bast fiber, but also as an alternative agent of sodium hydroxide.
Manufacturing of Korean Traditional Handmade Paper with Reduced Fiber Damage(III)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 90~95
The durability of handmade paper prepared by potassium carbonate cooking of paper multiberry (Broussonetia Kazinoki Sieb).was investigated. The potassium carbonate paper before and after heat aging had better strength properties, breaking length and folding endurance than those of the soda paper, except of lower brightness .After 30 days of heat aging , these strength properties were still maintained . however, there was almost no difference in the infrared spectra and the crystallinities calculated by X-ray diffraction curves between the potassium carbonate paper and the soda a paper. The durability of the potassium carbonate paper was though to be due to decrease in the pulp damage caused by weak alkaline cooking condition. The results indicated that the paper prepared by the potassium carbonate cooling method could have better permanence than that prepared by the conventional soda cooking method.
New Korean Traditional Papermaking from Morus spp.(I)-Anatomical and Chemical Properties and Pulping Characteristics-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 96~104
Anatomical and chemical properties of three mulberry species (Morus spp) were analyzed as an alternative row material for the paper mulberry (Broussonetia kazinoki) . The pulping and papermaing characteristics of bast fiber and whole stalks by three different pulping processes, conventional alkali, alkali-hydrogen peroxide, and sulfomethylated, for the Hanji were investigated. The fiber dimension of M.bombycis was the biggest of the species. The fiber length of upper part and the fiber width and cell wall thickness of lower part were bigger than the others. The extractives and ash contents of bast fiber were higher than those of whole stalk , and holocellulose and lignin contents of whole stalk were higher than those of bast fiber. The pulp yields of M.alba bast fiber, M.bombycis whole stalk, and sufomethylated pulping were higher than the others.
The Effect of Local Basis Weight on Local Strain
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 31, issue 3, 1999, Pages 105~109
The purpose of this experiment was to see the effect of local basis weight on the local strain during changing moisture content in handsheets. The averaged strain value of the whole size of paper sheet did not give more valuable information to explain non uniform deformation in the paper sheet. The combination of intact strain measurement system KISA (Linear Image Strain Analysis) and local basis weight measurement method using a scanner made it possible to compare local basis weight with local strain to explain moisture induced paper deformation . Usually higher basis weight local area showed higher moisture induced local strain. However, the hygro-induced strain values were highly affected by the behavior of neighbor local areas. Well distributed local basis weight paper would give more uniform local strains than those of non-uniformed local basis weight paper.