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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Dec 2000
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Apr 2000
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Stock Preparations for the Opacity Improvement of Printing Paper
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~9
This study was carried out to improve the opacity of printing paper. Conventional filler loading enhanced the opacity of paper, but subsequently caused reduction of paper strength of paper. We try to seek a new filler loading method so-called beater loading that enhances opacity of paper as well as sustained desire strength. In our experiment, comparing to direct loading method, the beater loading method enhanced 0.8% of opacity and 0.2% of brightness. This also decreased the rates of strength reduction of paper. Therefore, the results obtained in this study indicated that beater loading was a very effective method to improve the opacity of paper while not to decreased so much of paper strength.
Strength Property Improvement of OCC-based Paper by Chemical and Mechanical Treatments(I)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 10~18
To improve the physical properties of OCC (Old Corrugated Container) fibers, we used the mechanical pre-treatment on the fibers before refining . The mechanical action in the Hobart mixer induced high shear and compression on the fibers, which resulted in changes of fiber internal structure, and microcompressions on the surface of the fibers. We evaluated the amount of mechanical treatment on the fibers by fiber curl index for convenience. Four different refining techniques were applied to the pre-treated fibers (valley beater, Kady mill, PFI mill, and Impact refining) to find the best combination of the pre-treatment and the refining methods. Conclusions were summarized as followed. 1. Mechanical pre-treatment in Hobart mixer for more than 1 hour caused the increase of curl index of OCC fibers, and increased breaking length, burst index, and tear index the handsheets more than 10 % in this experiment. 2. Kady mill and PFI mill refining were effective in keeping fiber length from shortening Kady mill and Valley beater refining straightened out the fiber curls, and reduced the curl index. 3. Valley beating reduced fiber length very fast and generated fines more than other refining methods. 4. To increase breaking length and burst strength while keeping tear strength , combination of mechanical pre-treatment and Valley beating were most effective.
Recycling of Wastepaper(IX)-Effects of KOCC Fines and Other Contamination on Condebelt Press Drying System-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 19~25
In Condebelt press drying system, the temperature difference between top and bottom plate of Condebelt transfers water to bottom side, Fine fibers, stickies , ink , and various inorganic materials are also migrated to the fine wire located at the bottom plate by highly pressurized moisture flow. As a result, the fine wire contaminated by plugging of these fine and sticky materials can cause many problems such as blistering or partial crushing of paper. The contaimination of fine wire leads to a deterioroated strength together with uneven physical properties of paper. In this paper, froth-flotatiion method, which is commonly used in the field of ONP recycling process, were adopted to separate the contaminants in KOCC as a new fiber fractionation method. Standard deviation of paper strength and brighteness decreased of Condebelt fine wire were measured to investigate the effect of contaminants removal . The standard deviations of paper strength obtained from the flotated accept were not dependent on the number of condebelt press drying . However, in the case of untreated KOCC, the standard deviations were increased as press drying repeated. This indicates that the contaminant gives uneven physical properties to the paper by wire plugging . Optical and SEM images clearly illustrate the effect of contaminants on the wire condition.
Effects of the Surface Chemical Properties of Silica Sols on the Retention and Drainage of Microparticles Systems
Min, Choon-Ki ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 26~32
The impact of major surface chemical properties of silica sols on the retention and drainage performance of the silica based micrparticle system, Compozil was investigated using four different silica sols. And the effect of silica properties on the interactions with cationic starch and cationic plyacrylamide has also been identified. The surface charge density and the stability over pH of silica sols were increased by introducing aluminosilicate anions at surface. It was found that the charge density of silica sols determined the addition level necessary to attain the maximum retention and drainage. When silica sols were combined with cationic starch, the change density of the product was the critical properties and the degree of microagregation was of minor importance. In the cationic polyacrylamide system the degree of colloid structure appeared to be a more critcial property than the charge density of silica sols.
Development of Silica Based Microgels and Evaluation of Their Performance in Microparticle Retention System
Kim, Tae-Young ; Lee, Hak-Lae ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 33~40
The effectiveness of silica-based microgels prepared through the reaction of sulfuric acid and sodium silicate as a component of Compozil system has been evaluated . Silica based microgels with better performance in retention and drainage than a commercial colloidal silica sol have been successfully prepared. Silica gels with the highest charge density were obtained when product pH was controlled to 9. And highly charged silica-based microgels showed greater retention and freeness performance than a commerical product. In particular the difference in retention, turbidity , and freeness between these microgels and a commercial product was eminent at low addition rate. The effects of reaction conditions including reaction temperature, process water quality and feeing rate on product efficiency in improving retention and drainage were also investigated and discussed.
Deinking of White Ledger with Ozone
Won, Jong-Myoung ; Noh, Kook-Il ; Jo, Byoung-Muk ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 41~47
The objective of this study is to assess the possibility of ozone as an environmentally friendly new deinking alternative for conventional deinking method. It is well known that the white ledger is very difficult to deink because the toner ink has the peculiar shape and size. Ozonization could remove the ink particles above 300 microns and thus improved the ink removal efficiency. Ozonization also improved the WRV of recycled fiber and apparent density, scott bond strength , breaking length, double fold and tear index. Thus, we believe that ozonization could be used as a deinking means of white ledger instead of the convention미 deinking method.
Deinking of Computer Printed Out and White Ledger
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 48~56
The objective of this study was to investigate the enzymatic deinking technology. Office recycled papers such as computer printed out(CPO) and white ledger(WL) were used in the evaluation of four different deinking conditions ; alkaline deinking , neutral deinking and enzymatic deinking at alkaline and neutral pH. Filltering pads were prepared after flotation deinking to measure brighteness gain and ink removal efficiency. Three different surfactants were also used in the evaluation of deinking efficiency including surface chemical properties by measuring foam height and stability, surface tension and cloud point of views. The results indicated that the neutral deinking method with enzyme and surfactant addition showed highest deinking efficiency of office recycled papers.
Development of Multi-functional Mulch Papers and Evaluation of Their Performance(II)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 57~64
As a method to reduce the sue of agricultural chemicals mulching with thin plastic films has been commonly practised for many years. Although use of plastic films for mulching is very effective in preventing herb growth it is almost impossible to remove all of the plastic films from the agricultural lands and the remaining films eventually contaminate the soils. Therefore, it is very imperative to develop a mulching material that decomposes completely to prevent soil pollution problems and to enhance the competitive edge of domestic agriculture. In this paper the possibilities of using strength resins for improving strength properties of mulch papers made from old corrugated containers were examined. Also mulch papers have been produced and applied for practical farming in upland as well as paddy field. Result showed that the usage of 0.7% of wet strength additives was effective for wet and dry strength of mulch paper. Changes of various process parameters including freeness, cationic demand, one pass retention, nitrogen content, etc. that occurred during trial production of mulch paper have been examined and discussed . It was found that paper mulching was very effective for weed control both in upland field and paddy filed.
Manufacture of Antimicrobial Paper for Food Products
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 65~71
Chitosan oligosaccharide, chitosan polysaccharide and monolaurin were used to impart the antimicrobial properties onto paper for food products . Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) was used as test microorganism and shake flask test was carried out in order to examine the antimicrobial activity of each sample. Chitosan oligosaccaride showed the greatest antimicrobial effect among them and gave the promising result even at the concentration of 0.005%. Its antimicrobial power was enhanced when it is used with nomolaurin together. Chitosan oligosaccharide improved the tensile strength of antimicrobial paper.
Deacidification of Paper by the Gaseous Ethanolamine Treatment
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 72~78
The major cause of paper deterioration is the acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of the cellulose in paper fibres. The deacidification of paper reduced the rate of this deterioration, and it has been reported to extend the useful life of acidic paper by three to five times. It has been recognized the need for an effective method of deacidifying large quantities of books and documents. T도 review of the current state of deacidification technology has been published recently. The paper points to the immediate need for a cost-effective and reliable method to save the millions of books that prish every year. It was tried to deacidify by the gaseous ethanolamine for solving with the above the problem. Acidic paper was treated with the monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, triehtanolamine. It result, it was found that the rate of deacidification was in caused very little grightness and fold endurances. For solving this problem, it was carried with deacidify by combination treatment of the various gaseous ehtnaloamines. In result, decreasing of brightness and fold endurance is reduced.
Use of Additive in Peroxide Bleaching with Unbleached Kraft Pulp
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 78~85
Due to environmental proessures there is increasing use of hydrogen peroxide as a total or partial substitute for chlorine based bleaching agents within ECF or TCF sequences. However, to aceive satifactory brightness using peroxide alone, stages having a combination of high temperature, pressure, pH or residence time are required. It may also have negative impact on fiber quality . Therefore, it would be of advantage if vertain means could be found to make hydrogen peroxide more effective in bleacing , via shortening treaction time and allevaiating the need for such forcing reaction conditions. This can be achieve by converting the peroxide in-situ to stronger oxidant through the use of 손 bleach activator. In this study to investigate the influence of additives, such as tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) and Molybdate (MO) . addition on peroxide bleaching were carried out. Under alkaline conditions the bleching additives. TAED and Mo. can react H2O2 to form peracetic acid and peroxomolybdate respectively and these generated activators can improve deliginification,. The activators make it possible to bleach the pulp efficiently at low temperature in the range 50 to 7
. Also, addition of TAED and Mo is an environmentally friendly way of enhancing the performance of peroxide bleaching can be incorporated into TCF and ECF sequences.
Studies on the Treatment of Pulp Bleaching Effluent with KS-62 Fungus
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 86~93
High Colored kraft bleaching effluent is one of the main constrains in pulp and paper industry due to its dissloved lignin derivatives. The degradation of lignin in pulp and paper mill effluent is mainly caused by white-rot fungi. This paper showed that the treatment with KS-62 fungus significantly reduced the color and chemical oxygen demand in the effluent. The amounts of Mn ions in the wastewater would play roles in the induction and activity of MnP (Managanese peroxidase). Extracellular MnP was isolated from the fungus KS-62. The treatment with the MnP had the most effective decolorizatiion in the wastewater treatment using nutrients mediu.
A Study on the Present Status of the Quality Evaluation Capability of Domestic Paper Industry -A Case Study for Fine Paper Industry
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 32, issue 1, 2000, Pages 94~100
This study was carried out to understand the present status of the quality evaluation capability of domestic fine paper industry. Six light weight coated papers and one wood containing printing and writing paper with similar basis weights were produced by seven paper companies and their properties were evaluated at four different testing laboratories of domestic fine paper mills. Paper properties including basis weight , thickness , tensile, tear , brightness , opacity, etc were examined , and the repeat ability and reproducibility of the test results were analyzed. Results showed that repeatability of the measurements within the laboratory was satisfactory . Reproducibility of the measurements between laboratories, however, was not satisfactory. This showed that strict implementation of the standard testing methods and periodic calibration of testing equipments should be made to improve quality evaluation capability of domestic fine paper industry.