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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Dec 2001
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Mar 2001
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Flocculation and Retention Phenomena of Microparticle Retention Systems Based on Cationic Guar Gums and Colloidal Silicas
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 1~6
Today's paper industry tries to use greater amount of high yield pulp and recycled fiber and to close mill water system, which results in higher fines content and buildup of organic and inorganic contaminants in white water system. Researches are being focused to develop chemical additives that provide good retention and drainage in a closed papermaking system. A microparticle retention system consisted of cationic guar gum and anionic colloidal silica so has been developed to meet the requirements for improving machine speed and product quality. The objective of this investigation was to determine the effects of the degree of cationic guar gums, charge density and structure of anionic colloidal silica sols, and the degree of system closure on the performances of this microparticle retention system. Cationic guar gums and anionic colloidal silica sols with higher charge densities showed better retention performance. Particularly, wider maximum in retention was obtained when structure colloidal silica was used suggesting as mechanism of microparticle bridging is functioning in this system.
Influence of Chemical and Mechanical Treatments of the Screened Short Fibers from OCC on Paper Properties -Strength Property Improvement of OCC-based Paper by Chemical and Mechanical Treatment (IV)-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 7~14
Recycled fibers usually give slow drainage in the paper forming process, which limits the application of more refining to the recycled fibers for improving paper strength and formation. To use recycled fibers more effectively, especially OCC, developing very efficient handling technique of short fibers and fines is inevitable. We tried to make hard flocs of fractionated short fibers and fines, which were the main cause of slow drainage, by adding excessive amount of retention aid selectively on them. This technique was proved to increase drainage considerably, but to decrease strength properties, compared to the conventional technique of adding the same amount of polymers to the whole furnish in the lab test. The bonding capability of short fibers and fines in Korean OCC was very poor. Various chemical treatment on the short fibers and fines of the Korean OCC did not improve their bonding and optical properties. One of the reasons of no improvement in their properties was their high amount of ashes.
Environmentally Friendly Moisture-proof Paper with Superior Moisture Proof Property (I) -Properties of Moisture Proof Chemicals-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 15~20
The function of the moisture-proof paper is to prevent moisture from adsorbing into the packed goods. Water-vapor transmission rate of the moisture-proof paper should be less than 100g/
.24hr and the optimum rate would be less than 50g/
.24hr. In general the moisture-proof paper has been made by laminating polyethylene or polypropylene on top of the base paper. However this kind of moisture-proof paper has a problem in recycling so that it brings about environmental pollution. In general the moisture-proof paper has been made by laminating polyethylene or polypropylene on top of the base paper. However this kind of moisture-proof paper has a problem in recycling so that it brings about environmental pollution. The purpose of this paper was to make moisture-proof paper using the mixture of SB latex and wax emulsion which was recyclable and environmentally friendly. Water vapor transmission rate showed less than 50g/
.24hr in mixture ratio of 85:15, 87:13, 90:10. Especially the mixture ratio of 87:13 showed the most favorable water-vapor transmission rate. However, the moisture-proof layer was destroyed slightly by folding in packing. It has been observed that there was no close relationship between water-vapor transmission rate of the moisture-proof paper and grammage of the base paper, but the density of base paper had influenced on water vapor transmission rate. It was also observed that the moisture-proof paper could be recycled. The moisture-proof paper was similar to base paper in degree of the pulping, and there was no significant difference in dispersion between moisture-proof paper and base paper. Most of wax particles which caused the spots during drying process could be removed by flotation process. Tensile strength and tear strength of both moisture-proof paper and base paper after pulping were measured to examine the fiber bonding, and no significant difference in physical properties was observed.
Comparison of Physical Properties of Hanjis Made by Different Sheet Forming Processes
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 21~27
Korean traditional paper (Hanji) making technology has adopted two kinds of sheet forming processes, which called "Oebal-choji": and "Ssangbal-choji". The sheet forming process of Oebal-choji is an original method developed in Korea. At first, paper stock is dipped onto the mold and flow away in the forward direction. Then, paper stock is scooped again and rhythmically rocked from side to side, this work is repeated several times. Through this operation the fibers intertwine and paper layers are formed. Ssangbal-choji is almost same as the Nagashizuki, which used in Japan. In this method, paper stock is scooped onto the mold and rhythmically rocked backwards and forwards several times, the water drains slowly through the bamboo screen and then sheet is formed. Tamezuki method is used in Japan and China. This is a method in which the mold is dipped into the paper stock once and left to drain. In the Ssangbal-choji and Nagashizuki methods, the most of excess solution is cast out while in the Tamezuki all of it is allowed to drain through the mold. This study was carried out to investigate the physical properties of the Hanjis that were made by Oebal-choji, Ssangbal-choji, Nagashizuki, and Tamezuki sheet forming processes. The results were follows; Physical properties of the Oebal-choji Hanji were better than those of Ssangbal-choji, Nagashizuki, and Tamezuki. Oebal-choji Hanji made little difference of paper strength between MD and CD, but Ssangbal-chjo and Nagashizuki Hanjis made wide difference. And there are no difference of paper strength between MD and CD on the Tamezuki Hanji. On the confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) observation of the Hanjis, Oebal-choji made well crossed fiber orientation than those of other forming processes.r forming processes.
Effect of Traditional Hanji Manufacturing Process on Its Physical Properties
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 28~34
Korea traditional handmade paper, Hanji, has been known for more than thousand years for its high strength, high whiteness, high gloss, good ink reception and long lasting quality. Main component fiber of the Hanji is called 'Dak', which is the bast fiber of the Korea paper mulberry (
). Dak has long fiber length, and high cellulose DP, if processed properly. The quality of Hanji is partly from the superior quality of Dak over wood fiber, and partly from the traditional papermaking process. The traditional papermaking process includes pulping, bleaching, refining, use of natural polymer, and sheet making process. Every traditional process has its special role. Comparisons between the modern papermaking technology and the traditional process were made in this study. The traditional process effectively protected cellulose DP in pulping and bleaching process, protected fiber length in refining process, and developed the high strength in the sheet forming process over the modern papermaking process.
Manufacture of Hanji Using Tencel Fiber
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 35~41
A newly developed functional fiber for textile, Tencel, which is known to have some advantages over wood fiber such as fibrillation, absorbency and so on, was examined to see the possibility of a raw material for hanji. Hanji was manufactured by the conventional handmade method using Tencel of three different fiber lengths with three different levels of mixing ratio of Tencel and paper mullberry fiber, and their physical and calligraphic properties were evaluated and compared with one another. It was needed to develop more efficient beating methods than conventional one such as valley beating for Tencel to be used effectively as a raw material for hanji. It was found out by image analysis that the calligraphic properties of hanji could be improved by mixing of 10 to 20% of Tencel of relatively short-length fiber with paper mulberry.
Utilization of Pine Bark (Part 7) -Applicability of Spent Liquor Obtained from Alkaline Sulfite-Anthraquinone (AS-AQ) Cooking of Pine Bark as a Deinking Agent-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 42~48
The spent liquor (BSL) obtained from alkaline sulfite-anthraquinone (AS-AQ) cooking of pine bark was applied as a deinking agent. In the ONP deinking system, although BSL removed the small size of ink particles (
), it did not improve the brightness of pulp. The brightness of pulp slightly improved when treated with BSL at 150~
. However, the brightness of the pulp was lower than that of a commercial deinking agent (oleic acid). It seems that BSL treated with a high temperature still had a high dispersing ability on the ink particles. Intensive oxidations were introduced, and remarkable deinking effects were observed at 13kgf/
and 2h. When BSL treated at 13kgf/
and a time period of 30~90 min is added to the pulp, at 0.1% or lower, the deinking effect became higher than that of oleic acid. On the other hand, additional alkali treatments during the oxidation possibility as a deinking agent when oxidized. However, since the oxidized BSL still has a high dispersing ability and lower molecular weight, several modifications need to be done in the near future in order to be applied as a high quality deinking agent.
Studies on the Multistage Bleaching of Bamboo Chemical Pulps
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 33, issue 4, 2001, Pages 49~54
This study was carried out to acquire basic data for the bleaching of bamboo chemical pulp. Bamboo chemical pulps (alkaline sulfite (AS)-anthraquinone (AQ) pulp, Kraft pulp) were bleached with two kinds of multistage bleaching methods (CEDED, PDED) using the various kinds of bleaching agents. And, physical properties of bleached pulps were investigated. The conclusions obtained from the results were as follows; The yield of AS-AQ pulp bleached with four-stages bleaching method using the hydrogen peroxide and chlorine dioxide as a bleaching agents was higher than the other bleached pulps. The brightness of kraft pulp bleached with five-stages bleaching method using the chlorine and chlorine dioxide as a bleaching agents was higher than the other bleached pulps. The physical properties of kraft pulp bleached with four-stages bleaching method using the hydrogen peroxide and chlorine dioxide as a bleaching agents was higher than the other bleached pulps.