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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Dec 2002
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Oct 2002
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Apr 2002
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Studies on the Application of Starch for paper surface sizing(III) - The influence of surface sizing treatment with starch on the quality of uncoated printing paper -
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 1~12
Starch dissolved in paper-mill wastes, either as a result of poor retention on the paper web or recycling of surface-treated broke, was a major pollutant Laboratory tests were performed by using different kinds of starch as a surface treatment. It was concluded that the use of cationic starch can positively affect the level of starch dissolved in liquid effluents. When cationically modified starches were used for surface sizing, the starch was tightly bound to the paper fibers, it was not removed during the repulping of broke. The result of mill trial in fine paper manufacture for the application of low-viscosity cationic starches used in size press reduced COD load in the effluents and increased One Pass Retention. It had been found that when cationic starch used as a surface sizing agent, more starch was retained on or near the surface of the sheet than with conventional oxidized starches. Thus surface strengths and quality were improved. In addition it is possible to maintain the desired level of starch penetration into the fiber net and improve porosity, opacity and brightness. In contrast, in most cases, dusting problems are notably eliminated. Cationic surface sized starch improved black and color ink-jet print quality in terms of feathering and optical density of the print image. These improved properties were believed to be due to a combination of fiber bonding and surface orientation more uniform starch concentration on the paper surface was resulted. Moreover cationic charges in the paper surface lend themselves excellently to fix ink jet ink anionic in nature.
A New Method for Measuring Fiber Length and Fiber Coarseness Using Image Analysis Technique
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 13~21
A new method for measuring fiber length and fiber coarseness was developed using image analysis technique. Measured fibers were transferred to a glass slide on a filter paper placed on a wire of the laboratory paper machine. After staining the fibers on the slide, mean fiber lengths and coarseness were measured by a commercial image analysis software, named KS400. The resultant data obtained from the image analysis displayed a close correlation with those from FS-200 and also showed excellent reproducibility as well as those from FS-200. The length of synthetic fibers over 10 mm long could be readily measured by this new analysis technique. Finally, a substantial improvement in precision for measuring fiber length and coarseness was made with less operator's effort for a given time.
Influence of the Type and Blending Ratio of Binders on Ink-jet Printing Properties
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 22~31
In this paper, PVA(polyvinylalcohol), oxidized starch and SBR latex were used as binders for ink-jet printing papers, and their effects of the type and blending ratio of binders on ink-jet printing properties were compared. In case of coating color using PVA mainly used for a binder in ink-jet printing, spreading of printed letters decreased and excellent images were manifested resulting from strong hydrophilic of PVA. However, increasing solids content of coating color was somewhat limited because of the interaction of PVA and functional groups in silica as well as high molecular weight of PVA. When oxidized starch and SBR latex were mixed with PVA at desirable ratio to solve these problems, runnability in coating process was improved and good printing properties were shown. Gloss was improved when latex was used along with PVA as a binder because of the thermoplastic property of the latex. From this result, possibilities of high solids content and high gloss ink-jet printing papers were investigated.
Development of Functional Additives and Packaging Paper for Prolonging Freshness of Cut Flowers
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 32~41
To prolong freshness and to reduce a decay rate of cut flowers during storage and distribution, a new packaging paper was developed with grapefruit seed extracts(GFSE) as a natural microorganism control agent. The GFSE was fractionated in order to identify antibiotic fractions by HPLC equipped with C18-reverse phase column chromatography. Among the active fractions, three ones were identified as 1-chloro-2-methyl-benzene (ο-toluene), N, N-dimethyl-benzenemethaneamine, and 1-〔2-(2-ethylethoxy)ethoxy〕-4-(1,1,3,3- tetra methyl)-benzene, while the other three remained unidentified. The GFSE-added paper displayed an effective inhibitory activity against putrefactive bacteria and fungi which were involved in the decay of flowers. Despite excellent antimicrobial acts of the GFSE-treated packaging paper, it was not possible to prevent the cut flowers from being dehydrated during storage, which led to the reduction of their fresh weight. However, additional treatment for giving water- repellency property to the GFSE-treated paper decreased a reduction rate of the fresh weight up to around 50% compared to the only GFSE-treated one.
Effect of Substrate Structure on Flame Retardant Fixation and Ignition Characteristics of the Treated Paper(1) - Effect of filler and pre treated polyester fiber -
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 42~46
Wallpaper has been used for decorating wall with multifarious patterns and colors. Ignition characteristic of wallpapers depends upon the types of wallpapers and their components. Since the wallpaper is made of flammable cellulose fibers diverse materials are being used as flame retardant in producing wallpapers. In this paper the ignition characteristics wallpapers prepared with three different fillers and pretreated polyester fibers were examined. Also the effect of calendering on ignition characteristics was investigated. Commercial papers were used for checking the effect of calendering on the ignition characteristics of treated paper In this experiments, guanidine sulfomate was used as flame retardant.
Study on the Improvement of Paper Sludge Dewatering by Adding Wastepaper Powders
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 47~53
Three types of sludges including printing paper, newsprint and tissue paper were prepared at 5% concentration for filtration-expression operations. Filtration-expression characteristics of sludge were measured in different pressure and wastepaper powder dosage. Specific filtration resistance and porosity were calculated with theoretical formula. Higher pressure increased the progresses of filtration and expression while it decreased porosity. The addition of 5% wastepaper powder more accelerated the progresses of filtration and expression than that of 10% wastepaper powder. The lowest porosity value was also measured at 5% dosage of wastepaper powder. The decrease of porosity implied the decrease of moisture content in cake. The results indicated that dewatering of sludge was efficient in high pressure and 5% dosage of wastepaper powder.
A Study on the Treatment of Paper Mill Wastewater with the Addition of High Thermal Microbial Inoculants
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 54~60
The Wastewater of toilet paper mill recycling recovered milk carton was used as a raw material for this study. According to the actual mill conditions, hydraulic retention time was adjusted to 12 hours and F/M (Food/Micro-organism) ratio was adjusted to 0.23. Temperature of aeration basin was varied from 2
. The change of Micro-organisms and removal efficiency of pollutant were investigated at the varied temperature of basin. Aeration basin using high thermal microbial inoculants showed more removal efficiency of SS, COD than aeration basin using conventional microbial inoculants at high temperature. Floc consolidation of aeration basin using high thermal microbial inoculants added sludge was better than that of sludge from aeration basin using conventional microbial inoculants.
Study of Morphology and Physical Properties of Indian Mallow(Abutilon avicennae Gaertner) Fibers by CLSM( I )
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 61~66
This study was carried out to investigate sheet properties of Indian mallow hanji, made by different pulping methods such as alkali and sulfomethylated pulpings, and different stock compositions, various mixing ratios of bast fiber and woody core fibers. Effect of morphological properties of pulp stocks on the sheet formation and their optical properties were also evaluated using an image analyzer and confocal laser scanning microscope(CLSM). In addition, the effect of fiber distribution index(FDI), which was calculated based on the image in a z-direction of a sheet from CLSM, on the sheet properties of Indian mallow hanji was discussed. The proposed FDI had a good correlation with various properties of paper, such as apparent density, opacity, tear index, breaking length and zero-span tensile strength. Especially, sulfomethylated pulp sheets＇FDI was higher than alkali pulp sheets.
Enzyme-Assisted Delignification of Several Pulps by Laccase from Botrytis Cinerea
Kim, Myung-Kil ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 67~72
The two stage laccase-assisted delignification process led to significant lignin removal in the non-pressurized treatments. It is clearly shown that an alkaline extraction prior to the second laccase treatment significantly increased the overall delignification by ∼15%. This is in line with the contention that the residual lignin has undergone structural changes during the alkaline extraction, and the resulting modified structures are susceptible to the laccase oxidation. In phenolic hydroxyl group, the pre- methylated sample was very responsive to the delignification process. The phenolic hydroxyl groups could be increased during side chain cleavage catalyzed by laccase. This finding demonstrates that the delignification oi etherified structures is an important reaction in the delignificaton by laccase.
Evaluation of Gloss Variation with a Novel Method
Sung, Yong-Joo ; D. Steven Keller ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 73~83
Gloss is very important optical property influencing the perceived quality of the paper surface as well as the surface after printing. Although the average gloss level of paper products or printed images is important to meet end use specifications, the occurrence of gloss mottle, or non-uniformity of gloss, is often of greater concern for meeting quality requirements, especially for the high gloss paper. Gloss variation originates from the irregularities of paper surface, especially surface roughness of paper. Roughness of paper can be divided into micro-roughness (under
scale in variation) and macro-roughness (over
scale in variation) depending on the scale of the irregularities. A clearer understanding of the gloss variation of paper can be achieved by separating the contributions of these two scales of roughness, and characterizing them independently. In order to do this, a novel gloss measuring method was introduced. This can detect local gloss with very high resolution. The effect of macro-roughness on gloss variation, which was identified by the measurable surface topography, was separated from the total gloss variation by using this method. The effect of micro-roughness was then estimated indirectly. The local gloss variations of various paper samples were then evaluated to demonstrate the utility of this approach.
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 2, 2002, Pages 84~98