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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Dec 2002
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Oct 2002
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Apr 2002
Selecting the target year
Application of the Novel Test Machine, Retention Drainage Analyzer(RDA), for Wet-End Analysis of Papermaking Process (I)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 1~6
In order to simulate the actual wet-end process in papermachine, RDA, a novel handsheet former, was used and following results were obtained. While the addition of polyelectrolytes gives significant effect on fiber flocculation, increase of stock consistency influenced on the formation of RDA sheets greatly. In particular, the consistency increase from 0.3 % to 0.4% abruptly increased floe size of RDA sheet and it results in severe deterioration of paper strength. Stock consistency, therefore, should be regarded as the most important factor in the formation simulation with RDA and should be controlled as the first sequence of tuning the operating conditions of RDA to simulate correctly the target machine paper's formation.
Retention Efficiency and Flocculation Mechanism of Microparticle Systems Based on Colloidal Silica
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 7~15
It is of critical importance to understand the characteristics of papermaking additives and their reaction mechanisms to fully utilize the benefits they provide. Among the papermaking additives, retention aids play critical roles in improving productivity, product quality and process economy. Diverse research efforts to understand the reaction mechanisms between cationic polymers and anionic microparticles have been made since microparticle retention systems were introduced into the market. And it is most commonly accepted that flocs formed by the addition of cationic polymers are dispersed by shear force and the broken flocs are reflocculated instantly with the addition of microparticles. There are still many unanswered questions, however, on the reaction phenomena between cationic polymers and anionic microparticles. In this study, several cationic polymers including waxy maize starch, com starch and guar gum were used to investigate their retention efficiency when they were used along with anionic colloidal silica.
Effect on the Properties of Coated Paper by Drying Temperature and Curing Time
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 16~21
It was observed that drying temperature and curing time in the paper coating process as well as Tg of the latex used as a binder, greatly affected the properties of the coated paper such as roughness, paper and print gloss, K & N ink drop, and ink set-off. The higher drying temperature induced faster water evaporation and change in binding density, which caused an increase in paper roughness, ink gloss and ink set-off, but decrease in paper gloss and K & N ink drop. The increased curing time promoted latex filming and redistribution of the binder in coating layer. This increased pick strength and ink gloss, but decreased ink trapping. Finally, the higher Tg of the latex showed the wider changing range of these properties,
The Beating Properties of High Yield Pulp Treated with Ozone(II)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 22~29
This research was conducted to investigate the morphological characteristics of fine fibers produced during beating process of high yield pulp treated with ozone and the distribution of lignin in the produced fine fibers. Thermomechanical(TMP) pulp and chemithermomechanical(CTMP) pulp of spruce and CTMP of white birch were beaten to reach 200
CSF, and then the fine fibers were observed using ultraviolet microscope. The fine fibers produced from TMP and CTMP of spruce using treated with ozone for 15 minutes were fragments of fiber surfaces or cell corners, and most of them contained lignin. However, lignin was not observed in the fibers after 15 minutes of ozone treatment. The fine fibers produced from CTMP of white birch were broken pieces or fragments of fiber surfaces or cell corners. The lignin was observed in the fibers until 5min of ozone treatment but no lignin was observed after 5 minutes of ozone treatment. Different morphological characteristics of TMP and CTMP explained both the different morphological characteristics and the distribution of lignin observed in the fine fibers produced from the beating process of TMP and CTMP treated with ozone.
Manufacture of High Quality Premium Tissue from White Ledger by Bleaching, Blending with Virgin Pulp and the Addition of Softeners
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 30~36
This research was conducted to investigate the feasibility of using deinked pulp of white ledger(DIP) for the manufacture of high quality premium tissue. The three types of tissues were prepared using the softener treated bleached DIP, softener treated mixed pulp of unbleached DIP and virgin pulp, and untreated mixed pulp of bleached DIP and virgin pulp, respectively, and their tensile index. softness, and brightness were measured and compared. The bulk and surface softness increased only slightly by the addition of softener(0.2% mineral oil) into the bleached DIP. The tensile index was decreased by 15∼30%, and the brightness was the range of 86% to 87% ISO. The softener(0.2∼0.8% mineral oil or dialkyl imidazoline) treatment of mixed pulp of unbleached DIP and virgin pulp Improved the bulk and surface of tissue considerably. However, the brightness was low as 85% ISO or below. Although the softness of the tissue made from bleached DIP blended with virgin pulp was the lowest among three types of tissues evaluated, its tensile index was the highest and brightness was 87∼88% ISO. Based on the results, it may be predicted that the bleached DIP blended with virgin pulp is the best raw material for the manufacture of high quality premium tissue if softener treatment is applied to mixed pulp, because the softness can be improved by the addition of softener. In general, the softness of tissue was improved with the increase in the amount of softener: However, the tensile index inversely proportional to the amount of softener added. Dialkyl imidazoline was more effective than mineral oil with respect to the improvement in softness, even though the loss in tensile index was severe with the treatment of dialkyl imidazoline.
Development of Higher functional Coating Agents for Pulp Mold (I)
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 37~43
In recent years, numerous studies have been carried out to find out the possible substitution of PE-coated paperboards used in packaging of watery or oily foods. Accordingly, this study was carried out to obtain the basic data for producing higher functional coating agents for pulp mold by evaluating various kinds of synthetic and natural coating agents on the market. Physical properties of coated paperboards were tested. Conclusions obtained from this study were as follows. AKD and PVA showed higher functions than the other synthetic coating agents, while functions of CMC, Com starch and Oxidized starch were higher than those of other natural coating agents. Based on concentrations, AKD 0.5%, PVA 10%, CMC 1.5%, corn starch 6% and oxidized starch 8% were appeared as the proper concentrations. W3 consider that AKD may be suitable for the storage of higher moisture vegetables and other food, and PVA may be suitable for higher oily fried food.
Manufacturing of Color Hanji Using Bast fibers Stained Dyed by Two Reactive Dyes
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 44~50
This research was performed to investigate the physical properties and color appearance of Hanji manufactured using bast fibers dyed separately by two reactive dyes with different colors. The breaking length of color Ha was above 7 km. The fastness was five grade; the use of reactive dyes made the color of the Hanji not to be faded away. The Hanji manufactured by mixing uniformly two types of bast fibers separately dyed showed the mixed color of two different colors. However, the shives showed their original colors, resulted in irregular color patterns all over the sheets. The color of color Hanji with different colors in the front and back side of sheets showed color difference between front and back side of the sheets. Accordingly, the color of the sheet has a reflection from the backside, resulted in Pink. The colors of the Hanji appeared in this study could not be found from the Hanji manufactured by traditional methods.
Ganoderma lucidum균 전처리를 이용한 볏짚의 상압.소다펄프화
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 51~60
This study was carried out to develop the biochemical pulping method to enhance energy saving and decrease the capital cost through the soda pulping under atmospheric pressure (100%). Nonwood substrates, rice straw, were pretreated by white-rot fungi, Ganoderma Iucidum. It has acquired several basic data that can be applied in bio-soda pulping. The results of this study were as follow. Without any nutrients or with glucose, N and glucose+N the weight losses of rice straws inoculated by Canoderma Iucidum were 8.5~29.8%, 9.3~32% 11.8~30.1% and 11.8~24.4% respectively for 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days incubation. The more extending incubation periods, the more increasing weight losses. The yield of untreated rice saw was 54.8% after pulping. When any nutrients was not added or glucose, N and glucose+N were added for the pretreatment, the total yields were ranged 50.6~38.5%, 48.6~34.4%, 47.2~38.4% and 49.5~42.6% respectively for 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days incubation. The yields were gradually decreased based on extending of incubation. The physical properties of rice straw soda pulps without fungal treatment, the density, breaking length, burst index, tear index and folding endurance were 0.24 g/
, 2.32 km, 0.91 kPa
/g, 56.7 mN.
/g and 35 times, respectively. After pretreatment without any nutrients or with glucose, N and glucose+N as nutrients the density was 0.27~0.30 g/
, the breaking length 3.14~5.25 km, burst index 1.42~2.78 kPa.
/g, tear index45.8~64.5 mN.
/g and folding endurance 47~288 times at all incubating periods when pulping was done. The physical properties were increased with the increasing incubation periods. However, when glucose+N was added, the physical properties were shown superior results each incubating duration.
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 34, issue 4, 2002, Pages 61~73