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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Effect of Papermaking Additives on Fiber Mechanical Pretreatment
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 1~7
In this study, fiber mechanical pretreatment before refining was executed with the addition of papermaking addiditives to find synergistic effects on fiber property improvement. Three fiber furnishes (SwBKP, KOCC, and BCTMP), and five different additives (CMC, CPAM, PEO, NaOH,
) were used. It was confirmed again that fiber mechanical pretreatment using Hobart mixer was a special way to modify fiber properties, where fiber WRV (water retention value) increases without losing fiber length. For SwBKP, addition of small amount of CMC (0.2％ OD basis), and for KOCC, PEO (0.2％ OD basis) caused additional significant improvement of the fiber furnish properties, respectively. Other additives did not cause adverse effects on the mechanical pretreatment, or better. For BCTMP, NaOH addition followed by mechanical pretreatment caused more than 20％ improvement in tensile and tear strength simultaneously, compared to the control. The yellowing caused by the treatment of NaOH on BCTMP could be minimized by using
without losing the positive effect of NaOH.
The Separated Refining System for Cotton Staple and Linter Fibers: Refining Efficiency and Paper Properties
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 8~16
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential application of the separated refining system in the papermaking process using cotton pulps. The cotton staple and linter fibers were expected to show a great difference in their refining responses due to their morphological and physical differences. Experiments were conducted to examine the differences in flocculation tendency, CED viscosity, fiber length, handsheet properties and the SEM surface images between staple and linter fibers at a given refining degree. These fibers were also subjected to separated refining in a laboratory-scale beater and in a mill-scale refiner as well. The effect of the separated refining on the refining rates and papermaking properties were evaluated. Results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Fiber flocculation tendency of cotton staple was estimated to be significantly greater than that of linter fibers; 2. The staple fibers showed higher cellulose DP, longer fiber length and higher sheet strength at a given refining degree compared to linter fibers, but remarkably slower refining rate was observed; 3. The separated refining system exhibited a significant increase in sheet strengths, especiauy in folding endurance, with an increase in the fibrillation on the surface of staple fibers, but slightly lower or comparable fiber length after refining to the mixed refining system; 4. Similar results were also obtained from the machine trial in which about 7-8％ energy saving effects were achived in the separated refining system. On the basis of the results observed in this study, it was concluded that a significant increase in paper strength and a substantial reduction in refining energy consumption could be achieved using the separated refining system for the cotton staple and linter fiber stock refining.
Study of Morphology and Physical Properties of Indian Mallow(Abutilon avicennae Gaertner) Fibers by Image Analyzer
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 17~22
A kind of image analysis system is used to investigate the structural features of the papers made from Indian mallow. The screen mark on the paper was identified and analyzed. The dusts, shives and fiber bundles were manifested and calculated. In the aspect of Indian mallow hanji's surface characteristics analyzed by an Image analyzer, the average of gray level and its standard deviation hanji from the woody core were rather lower than of bast fiber pulp because of better sheet formation of the formers. Hower. high brightness hanji showed high value of gray level. The sheet formation and paper opacity were increased with the decrease of standard deviation of gray level. From these results, gray level measurement could be used to predict the paper opacity as well as sheet formation.
New Method for Real-Time Analysis of Primary Stickies in ONP Recycling Process
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 23~33
The possibility of real time analysis about hot melt resins and pressure sensitive adhesives in newsprint stock was investigated by performing comparative tests using conventional image analysis method and real time contaminants analyzer. Based on the test results, the performance of real time contaminants analyzer in terms of detecting primary stickies in newsprint stock could be verified. Real time stickies analysis showed good precision and over-estimation of hot melt resins and under-estimation of pressure sensitive adhesives could be corrected by adapting new method. Real time analysis of primary stickies in the actual newsprint stock also showed good correlation with conventional image analysis and the performance of real time contaminants analyzer could be verified again. Adjustment of the contrast sensitivity of real time contaminants analyzer was enough to set the proper monitoring conditions for primary stickies in newsprint stock.
Effect of Deinking Agent Wettability on the Alkaline Deinking of Mixed Office Wastepaper
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 34~41
The effect of wettability of deinking agents which formed with various nonionic surfactants against the pulp fibers and ink particles were studied, And the effect of flotation processes on the deinking were also investigated. The wettabilities of the deinking agents against the water and ink particles were measured by Washburn tube and sessile drop techniques, respectively. As the water absorption increased (i.e., hydrophilicity increased), the ink removal increased, which indicates that the ink removal is strongly affected by the detachment process due to the swelling of the pulp. Also, when the contact angle of air/ink/deinking agent increased, the hydrophobicity of the ink particles increased, the efficiency of the ink removal and the brightness increased.
Analysis of Dynamics of Short Circulation in Paper Mills
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 42~47
Analysis of the elements affecting short circulation in highly integrated paper mills and identification of the interactions among these elements are very important tasks to prevent operational perturbations such as web breaks. In the present work a dynamic model for the short circulation is developed to analyze tuning methods for the outputs to follow set points during grade change operations. Steady state operation data are used to investigate dynamic characteristics of responses for input changes.
Control of Grade Change Operations in Paper Plants Using Model Predictive Control Method
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 48~56
In this work an integrated model for paper plants combining wet-end and dry section is developed and a model predictive control scheme based on the plant model is proposed. Closed-loop process identification method is employed to produce a state-space model. Thick stock, filler flow, machine speed and steam pressure are selected as input variables and basis weight, ash content and moisture content are considered as output variables. The desired output trajectory is constructed in the form of 1st-order dynamics. Results of simulations for control of grade change operations are compared with plant operation data collected during the grade change operations under the same conditions as in simulations. From the comparison, we can see that the proposed model predictive control scheme reduces the grade change time and achieves stable steady-state.
Modeling of Drying Cylinders in Paper Plants
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 57~67
The purpose of the present study is to identify the drying cylinder model in paper plants and to analyze characteristics of process responses for changes in input variables. The model developed in this work is based on actual plant operation data and the steam pressure applied to the cylinder behaves as one the main variables. It is found that heat transfer coefficients from the condensate to the canvas could be represented as empirical relations based on heat conductivities and operation date. The effectiveness of the cylinder model is demonstrated by the measured moisture contents and web temperature. Using transfer functions derived from the cylinder model stability of the drying process is analyzed.
Utilization of Kenaf Cultivated in Korea(I) - Growth and Anatomical Characteristics of Kenaf Cultivated in Korea -
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 68~74
Kenaf(Hibiscus cannabinus L.) cultivar, Tainung 2, had been grown for 152 days at the experimental farm of Jinju National University, Gajoa-dong, Jinju-si, Kyongnam, Korea. The planting, growth rate, fertilization and structural characteristics as well as the cultivation and growth characteristics of kenaf, and the product usage were investigated. The narrowest diameter at kenaf bottom was 10 mm, the widest 42 mm and the average about 28 mm, and the shortest height 150 cm, the tallest 480 cm and the average about 350 cm. The weight of a core fraction was 68.1％ and a bast fraction 31.9％. The weight ratio of core material to bast fiber was 2.31. The weight ratio of dry stem was 73.5％ and that of leaves 26.5％. The weight of dry plant produced in 1
was 1,467 g, and about 1,052 g of stem could be used for the commercial purpose, The application of fertilizers resulted in the increase of the growth rate of the diameter at plant bottom and the height. Bast fiber, phloem ray and cortex parenchyma cell were observed in bast, and vessel, wood fiber and ray in core.
The Study on the Wedding Dress Design by Using the Korean Paper - The Focus on the Ornamental Details-
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 75~80
The purpose of this study was to design wedding dress by using Korean paper(Hanji). The Korean paper showed the good(excellent) properties of durability, softness, and tensile strength was 3.7Kg, tear index was 6 mN
/g and folding numbers was 466. The appreance of Hanji was widely varied by blending(mixing) with other materials and various effects, pleating, crumpling, twisting and so on were achieved. The dress silhouette and form transformation of Hanji was very easy. Detailed points those are frill, pleats, gather, bow, paper casting, pin tuck for wedding dress were able to express easily. Hanji wedding dress has the natural texture because of natural properties of Hanji and that is echo friendly products.
종이 역사에 대한소고 - ′죠해′ 와 ′수′
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 35, issue 4, 2003, Pages 81~84