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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 5 - Dec 2008
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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Hanji Manufacturing from Bast Fibers of Kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus
Cho, Nam-Seok ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~9
The utilization of non-woody fibers with the fast growing annual plants has occurred in the paper industry to replace wood and preserve environment of the earth. The non-woody fibers generally used for papermaking are paper mulberry, gampi, manila hemp, rice straw, bamboo, and coton linter etc.. Recently Kenaf has been spot-lighted for the same application. Kenaf is an annual plant of Hibiscus species of Malvaceae family. Kenaf, a rapid growing and high harvesting non-woody fiber plant, was identified as one of the promising fiber sources for the production of paper pulp. This study was carried out to investigate the pulping characteristics of Kenaf bast fiber for Hanji (traditional Korean paper) manufacturing by different pulping methods, such as alkali, alkali-peroxide and sulfomethylated pulpings. It was possible to make superior grade of Hanji. Especially sulfomethylated pulping was resulted in superior pulp in terms of higher yields and qualities in comparison to those of the other pulping methods. Hanji from sulfomethylated pulp was shown the highest brightness of over 60% and higher sheet strength. In addition, the morphological features of pulp fibers (pulp compositions) affect to the sheet properties. Therefore the effect of fiber distribution index(FDI) which was calculated from the data of Confocal laser scanning microscopy(CLSM) on the sheet properties of Kenaf Hanji was also discussed.
Evaluation of Stock Flocculation Phenomena Based on Turbidity Measurement
Lee, Ji-Young ; Youn, Hye-Jung ; Lee, Hak-Lae ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 10~15
Flocculation phenomena of the stock mixed with cellulosic fibers, fillers and polymers were investigated by a new turbidity measurement system consisted of a probe-type turbidimeter, data acquisition system and computer. The probe-type turbidimeter allowed to measure the real time flocculation of the stock induced by single polymer and microparticle systems. Flocculation phenomena were evaluated by average and final relative turbidity indices. Turbidity and flocculation showed inverse relationship, i.e. the turbidity decreased with the formation of flocs. Relative turbidity of the stock treated with microparticle system was lower than that of the stock containing single polymer system, which indicated that the microparticle system showed greater floc forming efficiency than single polymer system.
Characteristics of Cationic Starches and Esterified Starches for ASA Sizing
Kim, Jong-Soo ; Lee, Hak-Lae ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 16~26
It is of great importance to decrease sheet break at the size press to enhance the runnability of today's high speed paper machines. To achieve this purpose it is required to control the penetration of the starch solutions at the size press. Use of ASA sizing system provides diverse advantages in improving machine runnability since it allows us to get rapid sizing development at the size press. Domestic paper industries, however, has not enjoyed these benefits of ASA sizing system mainly because of the poor efficiency of domestic corn starches used for ASA emulsification. To improve the emulsion stability and ASA sizing efficiency, it has been pointed out that new cationic starches are needed. In this study two methods of starch modifications, i.e. esterfication of cationic corn starch with OSA (Octenyl Succinic Anhydride), and acid hydrolysis by sulfuric acid were employed as methods to improve ASA sizing efficiency. The effect of these modification was compared with conventional cationic starches.
Development of Synthetic Sizing Agent Using Recycling Polyethylene Terephtahalate and its Sizing Efficiency (Part 1) - Manufacture of sizing agent with recycling PET -
Park, Jae-Seok ; Kim, Hyoung-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 27~33
Polyethylene terephtahalate has been used in several areas such as fiber, film, bottle, and disposable products. Production of PET has been rapidly increasing these days. Since PET is a semi-permanent material, it has a non-biodegradable character in itself. Wasted PET products can cause serious environmental problems. Many countries around the world impose environmental legal restrictions over their abandonments. Many researches on the enviromental influence factors and treatment techniques of the wasted PET have been carried out. The main objective of this study is to develop a new sizing agent using recycling PET and improve its internal sizing effect. Dried powder of PET was used to make the modified PET. After extracting water-dispersible PET by subcritical hydrolysis, polyester resins have been extracted and triphenyl phosphate(TPP) has been added to obtain optimal internal sizing agent. It was found that the optimum dosage of TPP was 2% (per PET weight) and the hydrolysis temperature was independent on making the modified PET.
Effects of Base Paper Properties and the Composition of Adhesives on the Physical Properties of Multilayered Paper
Kim, Tae-Young ; Jung, Yang-Jin ; Jang, Yoon-Jin ; Yoon, June-Hee ; Heo, Yong-Dae ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 34~42
Generally, paper multilayering was performed before wet pressing process. However, sheets whose characteristics are different could be put together at the dry state by adhesives for the specialty paper products. In this paper, potential adhesives such as PVAc, oxidised starch, latex, and PVA were chosen and multilayering of several sheets was performed in laboratory scale. The effects of base paper properties and the composition of adhesives on the physical properties of multilayering paper were investigated. Physical properties such as bonding strength and stiffness were measured. For the practical reasons, mill trial was also executed. According to the result of laboratory tests and mill trial test, the physical properties of multilayered paper were greatly affected by the composition of adhesives and it was found that PVAc showed the best performance in all its aspects among four adhesives. Oxidised starch had an advantage of high stiffness and PVA gave high bonding strength to the multilayered paper. And it was also found that the properties of base paper showed the great influences not only on multilayering process, but also on the physical properties of the multilayered paper.
The Quantitative Determination of Hemicelluloses Adsorbed on Hw-BKP Using HPLC
Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Hak-Lae ; Youn, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 43~50
Adsorption of xylans extracted from birchwood and oat spelt on Hw-BKP were analyzed using HPLC. The effect of xylan adsorption on paper properties such as tensile, tear index and brightness was also investigated. The constituents of xylan was analyzed with HPLC after hydrolysis with dilute sulfuric acid. It was shown that xylose was the major constituent and small amounts of glucose and galactose were contained in the xylan samples. Adsorption of xylan on hardwood fibers was evaluated using acid hydrolysis and HPLC techniques. Results showed that the adsorption of negatively charged xylan on the fiber surface was negligible probably because electrostatic repulsion between these two materials. Pretreatment of the fiber with alum increased xylan adsorption. The amount of adsorption increased up to 30 mg/g. With the increase of xylan adsorption both tensile and tear strength of the handsheet increased suggesting xylan can be a very effective strength agents for papermaking. Brightness of the handsheets decreased, however, with the use of xylan.
The Effect of Acid Treatment on the Removal of Metal Ions and the Brightness of Pulp
Lee, Sung-Gyu ; Paik, Ki-Hyon ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 51~58
This paper presents the effect of acid treatment on the removal of metals and the brightness of pulp. The bleached kraft pulps, metal-absorbed pulps and recycled pulps((ONP, OCC, MOW, and SC) were treated with the acidic solutions. Among metals in the bleached kraft pulps, Cu, Ca and Mg were removed easily by the acid washing, whereas Fe, Al and Si were not removed. The acid washing also removed distinctly metals from the metal-absorbed pulps. The metals absorbed in pulps reduced the brightness (%, ISO). Especially, Fe was the most detrimental metal. However, the brightness which was decreased by metals was restored to the status quo by the acid washing. The level of metals in recycled pulps was gradually reduced after the first flotation and acid treatment. Hence, the degree of metal removal by the acid washing was mainly dependent upon the kinds of waste pulps and metal ions.
Electrochemical Properties of Pulp Fiber with LbL Multilayering by Polyelectrolyte at the Different pH and Salt Concentration
Ryu, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Sung-Rin ; Chin, Seong-Min ; Youn, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 59~65
Electrochemical properties of pulp fiber could be modified by LbL(Layer-by-Layer) multilayering. Salt concentration and pH affect the conformation and ionization degree of polyelectrolyte. In this study, therefore, we intended to evaluate the effect of pH and salt concentration in polyelectrolyte multilayering on the electrochemical properties of pulp fiber. The pH of the stock was varied to 4, 7, and 10. Salt concentration was controlled at 0.001, 0.003, and 0.005 M of NaCl. Higher zeta potential was obtained when pulp fibers were multilayered at the condition of higher pH and higher salt concentration. The final zeta potential of pulp fiber after multilayering was dependent on the adsorption ratio of polyelectrolyte and the initial zeta potential of fibers.
Studies on the Foldability of Coated Board(II) - Influence of operating conditions in creasing and folding process on the foldability of duplex board -
Lee, Yong-Kyu ; Lim, Won-Seok ; Kim, Chang-Keun ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 66~73
When coated paperboard is printed, pressed into a groove with a creasing rule and folded, white line cracking occurs along the crease due to intensive mechanical pressure. The cracking will deteriorates product quality and waste resources. Effects of creasing pressure and ink dosage on the foldability of coated board were investigated. It was shown that applying an optimum pressure is important during creasing. When the pressure was too low, the crease formed was not sufficiently deep enough to enable precise folding. When an excess pressure was applied, fiber bonding was destroyed, resulted in unsatisfactory cracking. When the coated board was folded in machine direction (MD), long cracks were formed along MD. When it folded in cross direction (CD), the cracks were shorter and formed perpendicular to CD. Printing promoted cracking due to the decrease in flexibility of coated board. In addition, uneven ink film layer on the coating layer caused worse cracking.
Characterization and Comparison of Oriental Ink Sticks
Kim, Kang-Jae ; Eom, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 4, 2008, Pages 74~81
The writing brush, ink stick, paper, and ink stone were the four precious things of the studying and recording in oriental world until even nowaday. The oriental paper was comparatively well evaluated in many papers and reviews, but it is difficult to find some scientific reports or reviews about the ink stick. In this paper, the scientific aspect of ink sticks of oriental maine three country(Korea, China, Japan) were evaluated by the physical, chemical and microscopic analysis. The result could summarized as fellows; 1. The Korean lampblack ink stick contains more carbon and less nitrogen and the Chinese ink sticks contain less carbon and more oxygen. 2. The Korean lampblack and cowhide glue contain relatively higher amount of sulphur. 3. The particle size distribution of carbon in the ink stick was not change after grinding in the ink stone. 4. The particle size of carbon and the pore size in the charcoal ink sticks of three country were larger than those of the lampblack ink sticks. 5. The ink solution of the charcoal ink sticks shows high roundness on Hanji while the ink solution of the lampblack ink sticks is spread readily to Hanji surface. 6. The change of whiteness in printing of the ink sticks is notable in thermal treatment.