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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 5 - Dec 2008
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Application of Synthetic Mineral Microparticles with Various Metal Species
Lee, Sa-Yong ; Hubbe, Martin A. ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 1~10
Synthetic mineral microparticles (SMM) is a patented system which has been developed to promote drainage of water and retention of fine particles during papermaking. It is shown in patents that the SMM system can have advantages in both of drainage and retention, compared with montmorillonite (bentonite), which is one of the most popular materials presently used in this kind of application. Turbidity and gravity drainage time were measured using a Britt-Jar test with representative SMM formulations, in order to confirm the efficacy of SMM covering a wide range of compositions and discover effects of some key variables that have the potential to lead to unexpected advantages in terms of the effectiveness of the microparticles, when used in combination with a cationic polyacrylamide treatment of papermaking furnish. An iron silicate showed highest retention performance, as well as suitably fast drainage time relative to other metal silicate and bentonite. Zinc silicate improved retention and drainage. SMM synthesized from aluminum sulfate (
) did not show a benefit in retention and drainage, relative to bentonite. SMM synthesized from aluminum chloride (
) performed better in drainage and retention than bentonite when the Al/Si ratios were 0.76 and 1.00. It was found that when the Al/Si ratio and neutralization are considered, pH variation due to the change of Al/Si ratio can be a key factor to control the size of primary metal silicate particles and the degree of coagulation of the primary particles.
A New Characterizing Method for Recycled Paper and the Application of Image Segmentation on the Measurement Sub-visible Dirt
Dong, Shijin ; Zhang, Haitao ; Cui, Xuejun ; Li, Junfeng ; Wang, Hongyan ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 11~19
The paper established a new method for fast measurement and characterizing of sub-visible dirt of recycled paper which is too small to be seen with naked eye. This method provided a new way for the evaluation of recycled paper that is hard to be characterized by the conventional method. Two effective thresholding algorithms HA and SDA were compared and their applicable conditions were discussed. Results showed that the HA could be used for un-printed paper while SDA is suited for recycled papers. The gloss of paper samples was measured and the relation between gloss and sub-visible dirt was investigated. The significant effect of this method for characterizing and comparing paper was exhibited. The experiment results indicated that sub-visible dirt measuring method could be a complementariness of the conventional methods.
Influence of Several Physicochemical Conditions on the Flocculation of Micro Stickies
Kim, Jong-Min ; Lee, Hak-Lae ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 20~26
Behavior of micro stickies was analyzed using model micro stickies prepared with PVAc emulsion adhesive. Flocculation of micro stickies increased with temperature. Acidic state also induced greater flocculation of micro stickies since they became more unstable under these conditions. Flocculation of micro stickies increased as calcium ion concentration increased. But the presence of calcium carbonates made micro stickies dispersed indicating that calcium carbonates cause two different effects on the behavior of micro stickies. Talc increased flocculation of micro stickies because of its hydrophobic nature. Cationic polymer increased flocculation of micro stickies. Especially cationic starch has far greater effect in flocculating sticky particles by forming bridging flocculations.
Pilot Study on the Manufacture of Kraft Paper from OCC
Cho, Byoung-Uk ; Ryu, Jeong-Yong ; Song, Bong-Keun ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 27~35
In order to determine the most appropriate recycling line to treat old corrugated container (OCC) to substitute unbleached kraft pulp (UKP) for the manufacture of kraft paper, three recycling lines were evaluated in pilot scale tests. The recycling line consisting of kneading, flotation, washing, dispersion and screening steps was able to produce pulp with acceptable appearance. Kneading was shown to be more efficient treatment to reduce specks than dispersion. In addition, 0.2 mm slot screen was very effective to remove specks. Severe damages on fiber morphology such as shortening of fiber and formation of fines were not observed during mechanical treatments such as kneading and dispersion. Most of strength properties of the kraft paper produced with the recycled pulp were found to be slightly increased after treated in the recycling lines.
Effect of Fines Distribution on Press Dewatering and Physical Properties of Multi-ply Sheet
Lee, Hak-Lae ; Youn, Hye-Jung ; Kang, Tae-Young ; Choi, Ik-Sun ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 36~41
Multi-ply sheet forming has many advantages including the possibility of using wide range of materials in a given structure, lowering production cost, making higher grammage products and so on. But, incorrect structure of sheet makes flow resistance higher so that it shows poor dewatering in press section. One of major factors that affect sheet structure and dewatering property is fines content in each layer. We, therefore, examined the press dewatering of multi-ply sheet that has the different fines content in each layer and the effect of fines distribution on physical properties of sheet to find a technology for optimum utilization of raw materials. In case of two layered sheet, the sheet which was composed of layers with the different flow resistance showed higher dewatering rate than one which has the same flow resistance. And the more difference in fines content for layers existed, the more dewatering occurred. For three layered sheets, dewatering is mainly dependent on fines content of bottom layer. Strength properties were affected by dewatering degree and multi-ply sheet structure.
The Effect of Alum and Metals on Paper Aging
Choi, Kyoung-Hwa ; Yoon, Byung-Ho ; Lee, Myoung-Ku ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 42~46
The papers in preserved books and archives experience aging which was affected by a variety of factors. Thus, the studies concerning impacts of those factors on paper aging are required. In this research, a simulation of a short-time accelerated paper aging was conducted in order to examine the effects of acid and metals (alum, copper (II) sulfate, copper (II) chloride, and iron (III) chloride) on the natural paper aging for a long time. As a result of experiments, it is found that both acid and metals have impacts on paper aging. Alum resulted in the significant decrease of pH, brightness, folding endurance, and viscosity of paper. Both copper (II) chloride and iron (III) chloride also resulted in the decrease of brightness, folding endurance, and viscosity of paper. In more detail, paper aging by iron (III) chloride showed much more significant than that by copper (II) chloride. The paper aging in case of copper (II) sulfate coexisting sulfate ion, where metal absorbed moisture was higher than in case of paper treated only by alum. This result indicated that metal catalyzes paper aging by acid. Based on these results, it was revealed that both alum and metal are the major factors in paper aging. In particular, paper aging was far more accelerated in case when acid and metals existed in paper at the same time.
Emission of Far-infrared Ray in Packaging Paper
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Jung, Ho-Gyeong ; Shin, Tae-Gi ; Seo, Jeong-Min ; Lee, Young-Rok ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 47~52
The far-infrared ray (FIR) has been applied to various fields such as medical therapy, kitchen utensils, bath supplies, and so on. The FIR-emitting agent was used to make functional paperboards to have freshness-maintaining ability. The FIR-emitting agent was diluted with different concentrations at 0.5% starch solution, and the FIR-emitting solutions were coated on paperboards, i.e., liner. The more the concentration of the FIR radiating agent increased at 0.5% cationic starch solution, the higher FIR emissivity and emission power of paperboards increased. The corrugated boxes made of paperboards coated by the FIR-radiating agents at over 5% dilution concentration endowed mandarin oranges in the boxes with greater antimicrobial activity than those in boxes made of paperboards coated by the agent at below 5% concentration. In addition, it was ascertained that treatment of the FIR agents rarely affected strength properties of paperboards.
The Effect of Photocatalysis using
and UV for COD Degradation of Wastewater in Linerboard Mill
Kang, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, Hyoung-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 53~59
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of photocatalysis using
and UV applied for the COD reduction of wastewater in linerboard mill. Trials were done to obtain the optimum addition amounts of
to the wastewater and find an appropriate pH condition for photocatalysis on
for degrading COD. The photocatalytic reaction was applied to the wastewater collected after secondary activated sludge treatment in WWTP of linerboard mill. The optimum application of photocatalysis reaction was obtained under the addition conditions of 2 g/L of
and 200 mg/L of
at pH 3.0, respectively. The removal efficiency of
by photocatalytic treatment was 86.4 % and higher than Fenton treatment in which removal efficiency was 67.4 %. It was concluded that the photocatalytic process using
and UV could be applied to the wastewater treatment in linerboard mill and also to the dramatic drop-off in NBDCOD load from wastewater of tertiary treatment in WWTP.
Print Mottle : Causes and Solutions from Paper Coating Industry Perspective
Lee, Hak-Lae ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 60~69
The principal reasons for applying a pigment coating to paper are to improve appearance and printability. The pigment coating provides a surface that is more uniform and more receptive to printing ink than are the uncoated fibers and, in turn, both facilitates the printing process and enhances the graphic reproduction. The improvement in print quality is readily apparent, especially in image areas or when multiple colors are involved. Although pigment coating of paper is to improve the printability, coated paper is not completely free from printing defects. Actually there are a number printing defects that are observed only with the coated papers. Among the printing defects that are commonly observed for coated papers, print mottle during multi-color offset printing is one of the most concerned defects, and it appears not only on solid tone area but also half dot print area. There are four main causes of print mottle ranging from printing inks, dampening solution, paper, and printing press or its operation. These indicates that almost every factors associated with lithographic printing can cause print mottle. Among these variation of paper quality influences most significantly on print mottle problems in multicolor offset printing, and this indicates that paper is most often to be blamed for its product deficiency as far as print mottle problems are concerned. Furthermore, most of the print mottle problems associated with paper is observed when coated papers are printed. Uncoated papers rarely show mottling problems. This indicates that print mottle is the most serious quality problems of coated paper products. Overcoming the print mottle is becoming more difficult because the operating speeds of coating and printing machines are increasing, coating weights are decreasing, and the demands on high-quality printing are increasing. Print mottle in offset printing is caused by (a) nonuniform back trap of ink caused by a nonuniform rate of ink drying, referred as "back trap mottle, and (b) nonuniform absorption of the dampening solution. Furthermore, both forms of print mottle have some relationship to the structure of the coated layer. The surest way of eliminating ink mottling is to eliminate unevenness in the base paper. Coating solutions, often easier to put into practice, should, however, be considered. In this paper the principal factors influencing print mottle of coated papers will be discussed. Especially the importance of base paper roughness, binder migration, even consolidation of coating layers, control of the drying rate, types of binders, etc. will be described.
Paper Machine Rebuilds and Solutions for Process Improvement
Choi, Dong-Whee ; Yoon, Keon-Yeong ; Halme, Petteri ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 40, issue 5, 2008, Pages 70~80
Rebuilding an existing paper machine is often a very profitable way for papermakers to increase the cash flow created by an older paper machine. Metso Paper has placed particular emphasis in recent years on developing concepts and products specifically for rebuild needs. The outcome of this work can now be seen as a wide selection of products offering quite possibly the best coverage of all time of specific improvement targets. Different needs can be addressed through truly different solutions. Selecting the best-fit alternatives will offer great upgrade options for all paper machines and paper grades. Metso Paper's long experience with high-speed paper machines has been put to good use to create more cost-effective small and mid-sized solutions with the reliability and quality of bigger and faster paper machines. This paper has discussed some of the most interesting and latest configurations available today for paper machine and finishing area rebuilds.