Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 5 - Dec 2011
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Effect of separate and mixed refining of hardwood and softwood pulps on paper properties
Chauhan, Vipul S. ; Kumar, Nitin ; Kumar, Manoj ; Chakrabarti, Swapan K. ; Thapar, S.K. ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 1~10
Beating or refining is an energy intensive process in paper industry. In India, most of the paper industries blend long fibered softwood pulps with short fibered hardwood or agro based pulps to get the paper properties of competitive level. Refining characteristics of the blend of pulps is very crucial with respect to freeness and strength properties. This study has been carried out to understand the refining behavior of three hardwood pulps and a softwood pulp. The hardwood and softwood pulps are blended in different proportions in two different ways; a) blending after their separate refining, and b) blending before refining followed by mixed refining of the blended pulps. Freeness of pulp, strength, optical and surface properties of paper along with formation have been determined and compared for both the refining methods. The fiber classification of refined pulps was also carried out to analyze the effect of refining method on fiber morphology. The mixed refining of hardwood and softwood pulps marginally affects the fiber morphology in comparison to separate refining of pulps. The strength and other properties of paper prepared from mixed refining of pulps are either better or comparable than those of separately refined pulps.
A Study on Origin and Differentiation of Korean Paper Art
Jeon, Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 11~22
Jeonji technique was widely used in general Hanji handicraft including Jihwa handicraft. But the technique itself has not been passed on. By contrast, Jiseung technique and Jiho technique have been passed on and continuously developed. And although the Huji technique has not been transmitted, it should be vigorously used as a technique of producing the frame in order to revive the authenticity of traditional Hanji handicraft. Jumchi technique, a method of using water to connect between layers, is an effective technique of diversely expressing the feel of materials of Hanji craftworks. Modern Hanji handicraft has used the characteristics of paper and paperboard diversely produced nowadays as much as possible, which shows that it is more likely to develop as handicraft.
Production of High Loaded Paper by Dual Flow Additions of Fillers (I) -Effects of Filler Addition at Thick Stock on Paper Properties and Papermaking Process -
Cho, Byoung-Uk ; Kim, Hyuk-Jung ; Won, Jong-Myoung ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 23~30
Fillers have been used for papermaking in order to enhance the optical properties, to improve sheet formation, printability and dimensional stability and to reduce the furnish cost. However, filler particles in paper interfere with fiber-fiber bonding, resulting in decreased paper strength. In order to increase filler content in paper without sacrificing too much paper strength, dual addition technology of fillers was investigated. As a first step, the effects of thick stock addition of fillers on paper properties and papermaking process were elucidated. It was shown that thick stock addition of fillers could increase paper strength at a given filler content. No significant adverse effects on formation, drainage and filler retention were observed. However, bulk of paper was reduced with thick stock addition of fillers, which shall be resolved with regulating other factors such as the mixing ratio of pulps and type of fillers.
Change of Dimensional Stability and Dip Elongation of Handsheets Depending on Wet Pressing
Park, Chang-Soon ; Lee, Jin-Ho ; Kil, Jung-Ha ; Park, Jong-Moon ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 31~39
One of the main drawbacks of wood fibers based composite materials are their tendency to swell due to moisture uptake in wet and moist environments. The main contribution to the hygroexpansion usually comes from the hydrophilic wood fibers. Recent trend toward the high speed printing, copying, and precision converting precesses demands a high level of dimensional stability under various environmental conditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensional stability of softwood bleached kraft pulp handsheets depending on wet pressing conditions. By increasing the number of wet pressing, dimensional stability was decreased because of increased fiber-to-fiber bonding. Hygroexpansion of handsheets had a linear relationship with the relative bonded area and equilibrium moisture contents. Dip elongation was decreased when the number of wet pressing was increased because of increased fiber-to-fiber bonding to resist low load in water.
Application of new powdered additives to paperboard using peanut husk and garlic stem
Lee, Ji-Young ; Lee, Eun-Kyu ; Sung, Yong-Joo ; Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Choi, Jae-Sung ; Kim, Byeong-Ho ; Lim, Gi-Baek ; Kim, Da-Mi ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 40~48
In this study, we investigated the usability of new powdered additives in the paperboard industry. We manufactured the powdered additives from peanut husks and garlic stems by grinding. The chemical composition, particle size, particle size distribution, and particle shape were investigated to identify the basic properties of the powdered raw materials. To determine the effect of the powdered additives on paper properties, handsheets were prepared by adding the powdered additives to the pulp slurry. The chemical composition, such as the contents of holocellulose, lignin, and ash, showed similar values to those of other biomass materials. The particles of peanut husk powder were irregularly shaped, smaller, and had a broader particle size distribution than those of the garlic stem powder, which had the fibril form. The particles of the two powdered raw materials showed a positioning of expansion in the fiber network, resulting in increased bulk and a loss of strength. Handsheets containing garlic stem particles were stronger than handsheets containing peanut husk particles. Finally, the new powdered additives are beneficial to the bulk of paperboard.
Improvement of Paper Bulk and Stiffness by Using Drying Shrinkage Analysis
Lee, Jin-Ho ; Park, Jong-Moon ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 49~58
The maximum drying shrinkage velocity was proposed to verify bulk and stiffness improvement mechanism during drying according to papermaking parameters. It was based on the wet-web shrinkage behavior without the restraint of wet-web during drying, so intact drying impact could be measured. Bulking agent reduced the drying shrinkage and the maximum drying shrinkage velocity, so paper bulk increased and paper strength decreased. When adding cationic starch to stock with the bulking agent for strengthening, the bulk was increased further with additional decreasing of the drying shrinkage and the maximum drying shrinkage velocity. Paper strength also increased except tensile stiffness index with decreasing the drying shrinkage and the maximum drying shrinkage velocity. When using additional strength additives for strengthening of fiber interfaces extended by bulking agent and cationic starch, amphoteric strength additive increased paper stiffness without loss of paper bulk. It was considered that the added amphoteric strength additives were cross-linked to the stretched cationic starch and this cross-linking increased elasticity of fiber-polymer-fiber interfaces without changing the drying behavior. Paper bulk could be increased with decreasing the maximum drying shrinkage velocity. The drying shrinkage of paper also could be controlled by fiber-to-fiber bonding interfaces by the bulking agent. In this case, paper strength including stiffness was decreased by reducing fiber-to-fiber bonding but it could be improved by strengthening fiber-to-fiber interfaces with polymer complex without loss of bulk.
Preliminary Study on Automation of Bark Peeling Process for Paper Mulberry
Kwon, Oh-Hun ; Kim, Hyun-Chel ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 59~66
This study was carried out to develop the automation bark peeling process of paper mulberry for making Hanji. Nowadays, almost raw material has been imported from south-east asia for making Hanji. Raw material dependence is very high for Hanji-making by low productivity in korea. This study is focused on the resolution for problem of bark peeling automation. Water and sand jet of compressed air was possible bark peeling for black bast fiber. The effect of removing black bast fiber increased the longer the steaming time. Also using drum of bark peeling showed that results under temperature
and Rpm 50/min were best bark peeling and separating bast fiber from stem. The contents of holocellulose, lignin, ethanol-benzene extractives, and ash were 91.63~95.55%, 1.4~2.0%, 1.12~1.65%, and 1.4~4.3%, respectively. Chemical characteristics are similar between imported raw-material with drum bark.
Effect of sulfuric acid hydrolysis condition on yield, particle size and surface charge of cellulose nanocrystals
Ryu, Jae-Ho ; Youn, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 67~75
Sulfuric acid hydrolysis is a typical approach for producing cellulose nanocrystals. The method has been widely used, but it has a disadvantage of low yield of cellulose nanocrystals compared to mechanical method. To expand the application of cellulose nanocrystals in practical, we should be able to produce them with higher yield and the controlled properties. In this study, therefore, we intended to investigate the effect of sulfuric acid hydrolysis condition on the characteristics of the prepared cellulose nanocrystals. The concentration of sulfuric acid, temperature and hydrolysis time were varied, and the yield as well as diverse properties including the morphology, size and zeta potential were examined. We could obtain cellulose nanocrystals up to 70% of yield and found that the properties were dependent on the reaction condition. It would be helpful to select an appropriate condition for producing cellulose nanocrystals.
Development of Pigment Coated Paper Recognizable With UV Light
Kim, Sun-Kyung ; Cho, Byoung-Uk ; Lee, Yong-Kyu ;
Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry, volume 43, issue 4, 2011, Pages 76~81
This study was carried out in order to develop a speciality functional coated paper, which can be recognized under a ultraviolet lamp. The special fluorescent whitening agent (FWA) which absorbs ultraviolet light (397~410 nm) and emits it as yellowish light (570~500nm) was used. The special FWA was applied in a coating color in two ways: (1) direct application to a coating color as a FWA; (2) application on pigment surface, drying it and application it as a fluorescence whitening pigments (colored pigments). The effects of the special FWA on coating color properties were tested and the distribution of colored pigments in coated paper was evaluated under a ultraviolet lamp. The results showed that the colored pigments didn't affect on coating color properties. Experimental results showed the possibility of producing a security coated paper using the special FWA. To produce a speciality functional paper, it was found to be proper to apply the special FWA in the form of colored pigment.