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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Nov 1998
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 1998
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Jul 1998
Volume 10, Issue 3 - May 1998
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Mar 1998
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Effects of relative humidity on comfort sensation by comparison between the young and the aged
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 381~388
Hot and humid weather in summer generally brings about discomfort. Experiments on which relative humidity makes effects on the comfort sensation were performed to the young and the aged using sensation vote. From July to October 1996, seven college students and eleven aged people were exposed for 2 hours under six different conditions in the Pukyong National University test chamber so as to determine the effects of relative humidity on thermal and comfort sensations. Subjects were wearing same clothes, and the mean clo value was 0.5. The mean radiant temperature was equal to the air temperature and air velocity in the occupied zone around 0.lm/s. In the experiments, it was found that discomfort could be largely reduced when the humidity is controlled to low values in the settled high temperature.
Analysis of loop duct system by extended T-method
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 389~397
A loop duct system is often found in a VAV-HVAC(variable air volume heating, ventilating and air conditioning) design. It is known that the simple T-method is not be applicable to the loop duct system and cannot be used to calculate the flow rate and the pressure drop at each duct section of the loop duct system. In this paper, the extended T-method has been developed and it is found to be applicable to the loop duct system to which the simple T-method cannot be applied. The validity of the extended T-method has been verified by using to solve for a simple, ideal loop duct system for which there exists analytical solution. In addition, the extended T-method is employed to compute the loop duct system of a real building with an area of 380
. The results show that the computed flow rate at the exit differs from the designed flow rate by a range of -13.6~43.5 %. Consequently, three design factors must be adjusted in order that the flow rate may be balanced. These include the duct sizes, in terms of their lengths and diameters, the sub-duct locations and the positioning of damper which is found upstream of the exit duct.
Experimental study on the flow characteristic by the co-polymer A6l1P additive in gas-liquid two-phase vertical up flow
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 398~410
Two-phase flow phenomena are observed in many industrial facilities and make much importance of optimum design for nuclear power plant and the liquid transportation system. The particular flow pattern depends on the conditions of pressure, flow velocity, and channel geometry. However, the research on drag reduction in two-phase flow is not intensively investigated. Therefore, experimental investigations have been carried out to analyze the drag reduction and void fraction by polymer addition in the two-phase flow system. We find that the polymer solution changes the characteristic of two-phase flow. The peak position of local void friction moves from tile wall of the pipe to the center of the pipe when polymer concentration increase. And then we predict that it is closely related with the frau reduction.
Pool boiling heat transfer coefficients of alternative refrigerants on low fin tubes
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 411~422
In this study, experiments were carried out to provide nucleate pool boiling heat transfer data for a plain tube and 4 different low fin tubes employing 2 refrigerant mixtures of R410A, R407C, and 12 pure fluids. Low fin tubes were machined on a 19.05mm nominal outside diameter copper block according to the manufacturer's low fin tube specifications. Cartridge heaters were used to generate uniform heat flux on the tubes. For all refrigerants, heat flux varied from 10㎾/
. It is found that heat transfer coefficients(HTCs) of high vapor pressure refrigerants are usually higher than those of low pressure fluids. On the other hand, the fin effect was more prominent with low pressure refrigerants than with high pressure ones. Optimum fin density as well as the increase in heat transfer coefficient with the increase in fin density were found to be strongly fluid dependent. HTCs of Rl23, a low pressure alternative refrigerant, were similar to those of Rll while HTCs of R134a, an intermediate pressure alternative refrigerant, were roughly 20% higher than those of Rl2. Finally, HTCs of R32, R125, R143a, and R410A were all higher than those of R22 by 30~50%.
Heat transfer coefficients for single-Phase flow in a micro-fin tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 423~430
Single phase heat transfer coefficients were measured for turbulent water flow in a micro-fin tube by using Wilson plot technique. An experiment for counterflow heat exchange between the micro-fin tube and its outer annulus passage was performed. The annulus side heat transfer resistance was varied and the overall heat transfer coefficients were measured. The single-phase heat transfer coefficients in a micro-fin tube were obtained by Wilson plot technique. Nusselt numbers based on the real heat transfer area and the nominal area were about 35% and 50% larger than those for smooth tube respectively Also, single-phase heat transfer correlations based on real heat transfer area and nominal area have been proposed for a micro-fin tube.
Heat and mass transfer in laminar-wavy film
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 431~439
Falling film absorption process is an important problem in application such as absorption chillers. The presence of waves on the film affects the absorption process significantly. In the present study the characteristics of heat and mass transfer in laminar-wavy falling film were studied numerically. The wavy flow behavior was incorporated in the energy and diffusion equation. The numerical solution indicated that the interfacial wave increased the transfer rates remarkably. Interfacial shear stress and wave frequency seemed to be the dominant factors on the film Nusselt number and Sherwood number in the wavy film. A comparison of the transfer rates of the wavy film to that of the smooth film showed that the mass transfer rate could be increased by more than 50%.
The effect of wall heat conduction on local convection heat transfer from a cylinder in cross flow of air
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 440~448
This paper considers the influence of circumferential wall heat conduction for the case of forced convection around a circular cylinder in cross flow of air. Keeping uniform heat generation from the inner surface of the cylinder in radial direction, heat is transferred by wall conduction in the circumferential direction due to the asymmetric nature of the temperature distribution of the cylinder and by convection around the perimeter of the cylinder. The wall conduction depends on conductivity of the cylinder and size of the cylinder radius and thickness and affects the local convective heat transfer rate significantly for geometrically similar surfaces and flow conditions. A nondimensional conjugation parameter K. (=k
b) has been used to characterize the effect of the circumferntial wall heat conduction. The small values of conjugation parameter K are found to be associated with large effect of wall conduction on the local convective heat transfer rate.
A new correlation of the enthalpy of vaporization for pure refrigerants
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 449~455
A header' is the device that makes uniform flow distribution in all branches from header of heat exchangers, pipe burner or chemical equipments. In this study, experimental tests have been performed in order to investigate the flow distribution characteristics in a straight header and tapered header which have 6 and 11 glass pipe branches. The experimental equipment consists of a water circulation system where the fluid velocity in each glass pipe is measured by Ar-ion LDV system. From the experiments and the theoretical equation, it could be recommended that tapered header should be determined so that its internal velocities inside the header become uniform according to taper of the header and number of attached branches for uniform flow distribution in energy systems.
Effect of a non-absorbable gag on the absorption process in a vortical tube absorber
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 456~465
Effect of a non-absorbable gas on the absorption process in a vertical tube absorber was investigated numerically. The water vapor mined with air as the non-absorbable gas is absorbed into LiBr/water solution film. The flow is assumed to be laminar and fully developed in both liquid and gas phases. The diffusion and energy equations were solved in both phases to give the temperature and concentrations, from which heat and mass fluxes were determined. It was shown that the local absorption rate decreases as the mass fraction of air in water vapor increases. The vapor pressure of water at the liquid-vapor interface reduces significantly since the non-absorbable gas is accumulated near the interface. The effect of non-absorbable gases on absorption rate becomes larger as the mass flow rate of the vapor decreases. For small amount of non-absorbable gases the total absorption rate of water vapor increases as the mass flow rate of the vapor decreases. Total absorption rate increases as the mass flow rate of the vapor increases for large concentration of non-absorbables at the inlet of an absorber.
Improvement of absorption characteristics by insert devices in a vertical tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 466~474
In the present study, the improvement of absorption characteristics by installing insert devices, such as spring and wire screen, inside the vertical tube absorber were studied experimentally. Momentum, heat and mass transfer rate in the absolution process of smooth bare tube, smooth tube with spring-insert, and with wire screen-insert were compared and analysed in range of film Reynolds number of 40∼200. The improvement of heat transfer rate by spring-insert and screen-insert were remarkable especially in the low Reynolds number region. As the mesh number increased in screen-insert and as the pitch decreased in spring-insert, Nusselt and Sherwood number increased. Degradation of mass transfer by non-absorbable gas showed similar qualitative trends regardless of the insert type.
Experimental study on the production of spherical ice particles using water as refrigerant
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 475~482
In this paper, an experimental study was conducted to investigate the performance of the spherical ice particle production system which uses the technology of water spray in a vacuum chamber for increasing the heat transfer area. As a result, following conclusions were obtained. The diffusion-controlled evaporation model agreed relatively well with experiments. The spray flow rate influences the performance of the system rather than any other factors, for example, the spray nozzle position, the nozzle number. As the spray rate increases, the system efficiency increases. It is due to the entrainment of small droplets among the spray with the exhausted vapor. Thus the system should be designed and operated to prevent the entrainment. Assuming the compressor efficiency to be 70%, the COP of the system reaches highly up to 6 at a maximum spray rate. Under the conditions, however, the rigid ice layer is obtained because ice particles bond together with increase of the spray rate. Therefore, the spray rate should be controlled properly to make the spherical ice particles.
Experimental study on impeller discharge flow of a centrifugal compressor
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 483~494
This study describes the characteristics on impeller discharge flow of a centrifugal compressor with vaneless diffuser. Distorted flow at impeller exit was investigated by measuring of unsteady velocity fluctuation using hot-wire anemometer. As a result, a wake region appears near shroud side and moves to suction side and also to hub side as flow rate decreases. Jet, wake, and their boundary region which can be defined in jet-wake flow model are clearly observed at a high flow rate for the flow coefficient of 0.64, however, as flow rate decreases to the flow coefficient of 0.19, the classification of their regions disappears. Turbulence intensity also increases as flow rate decreases. Measurement error from uncertainty analysis is estimated about 4% at the flow coefficient of 0.19
A study on the transient characteristics during speed up of inverter heat pump
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 495~507
The transient characteristics of a 4.0㎾ inverter driven heat pump was investigated by theoretical and experimental studies. The heat pump used in this study consists of a high side scroll compressor and
7 compact heat exchangers with two capillary tubes. A series of tests was peformed to examine the transient characteristics of heat pump in heating and cooling mode when the operating speed was varied from 30Hz to 102Hz. One of the major issues that has not been addressed so far is transient characteristics during speed modulation. A cycle simulation model has been developed to predict the cycle performance under frequency rise-up conditions, and the results of theoretical study were compared with the results of experimental study. The theoretical model was driven from mass conservation and energy conservation equations to predict the operation points of refrigerant cycle and the performances at various operating speeds. For transient conditions, the simulated results are in good agreement with the experimental results within 10%. The transient cycle migration of the liquid state refrigerant causes a significant dynamic change in system. Thus, the migration of refrigerant is the most important factor whenever An experimental analysis is performed or A simulation model is developed.