Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
The Proposal of a Quantitative Evaluation Method on Mixing Loss in the HVAC System Design
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 879~885
It is a serious subject for energy conservation to prevent the energy loss caused by mixing of heated and cooled air jets in a building which two types of air-conditioning systems are adopted in perimeter and interior zone. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the quantitative and qualitative mechanisms of the mixing loss and to propose preventive methods for it. In this paper, by using the dynamic heat load calculation method, heat extraction loads of a typical office building in Pusan are calculated. According to the results, numerical simulation based on the computational fluid dynamics were peformed in order to measure the mixing loss in physical size HVAC system. Then, the distributions of air temperature and velocity are analyzed in order to grasp the relations by setting temperature differences influence on the mixing loss.
Measurements of Heat Transfer Distribution in Spray Cooling of Hot Steel Plate .
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 886~893
A good understanding of the heat transfer distribution is very important to suppress the deformation of steel products. In this study, the local heat transfer coefficients are experimentally investigated to understand the heat transfer distribution of thick steel plates with even flat spray nozzle. The steel slabs are cooled down from the initial temperature of about
, and the local heat transfer coefficients and surface temperatures are calculated from the measured temperature-time history. The results show that the local heat transfer coefficients of spray cooling are dominated by the local droplet flow rate, and in proportion to becoming more distant from the center of heat transfer surface, the local heat transfer coefficients decrease with the decrease of the local droplet flow rate.
Experimental Study on the Working Characteristic of Aluminum Grooved Heat Pipe and Thermosyphon with Inner Arterial Wick
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 894~900
The experimental study for performance improvement of aluminum/freon22 grooved heat pipe was carried out. Arterial wick was used for performance improvement of heat pipe. The experimental result was compared with screen covered grooved wick heat pipe. And also, performance test of grooved wick thermosyphon inserted straight wire in the center of grooved pipe was carried out. This result was compared with the performance test result of grooved wick thermosyphon. The operation limit of artery inserted grooved heat pipe was slightly extended, but thermal resistance of this heat pipe was twice as large as that of screen covered grooved heat pipe. In case of thermosyphon, the operation limit of grooved thermosyphon inserted straight wire in the center of grooved pipe was slightly extended, but thermal resistance was increased, comparing with that of the grooved thermosyphon.
A Study on the Determination of Mixed Refrigerant for the Joule-Thomson Cryocooler
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 901~907
The conceptual determination of mixed-refrigerant (MR) for a closed Joule-Thomson cryocooler is described in this paper. The thermodynamic cycle design was mainly considered to develop a cryocooler by using a compressor of domestic air-conditioning unit. The target cooling performance of the designed cryocooler is 10 W around 70 K with less than 5 kJ/kg enthalpy rise. The systematic approach of choosing a proper refrigerant among 20 different kinds of mixture for such cryogenic temperature was introduced in detail. The main components of the cryocooler are compressor, evaporator, oil separator, after-cooler, counterflow heat exchanger, and J-T expansion device. Due to the limitation of the compressor operation range, the temperature after the compression was limited below
(390 K) and the temperature before compression was restricted above
(278 K). 20 atm of discharging pressure (high pressure) and less than 3 atm suction pressure (low pressure) were the design conditions. The inlet temperature of a counterflow heat exchanger in the high Pressure side was about 300 K. The proper composition of the mixed refrigerant for the designed J-T cryocooler is 15% mol of$ N_2, 30% mol of
Numerical Analysis of Moisture Ventilation in the Dry Room
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 908~916
In this paper, the characteristics of moisture ventilation in the lithium ion battery manufacturing dry room are studied numerically using standard
turbulence model. Both the steady-state and the unsteady behaviors of moisture ventilation are analyzed by considering local and uniform moisture generation. In order to evaluate the characteristics of moisture ventilation, three scales of ventilation efficiency and characteristic ventilation time are presented from the numerical results. It was shown that moisture distribution was dependent strongly on the flow field. The characteristics of moisture ventilation were improved by 20% and 40% in terms of the 1st scale of ventilation efficiency (SVE1) and the 2nd scale of ventilation efficiency (SVE2), respectively, through the modifications of design variables such as the addition of inlets, outlets and partition. A significant improvement in the characteristic ventilation time and the moisture exhaust efficiency was also made by these modifications.
A Study on the Thermal Performance of Embossing Surface Sandwich Panel During the Summer
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 917~924
The purpose of this research is to investigate the thermal performance of embossing surface sandwich panel and flat surface sandwich panel during the summer. To do this research, thermal performances in summer season at the six points of embossing surface sandwich panel and flat surface sandwich panel are investigated focusing on the temperature. Three kinds of embossing surface sandwich panel and one kind of flat surface sandwich panel are used for this research. At the same size of sandwich panel, the average temperature differences of flat surface sandwich panel between average temperature at the 0.5 mm below copper plate and average outside air temperature and surface temperature are higher than those of embossing surface sandwich panel. The average heat transfer rate of flat surface sandwich panel is higher than that of embossing surface sandwich panel. More study will be needed about the size of diameter and height of embossing, and materials of embossing surface sandwich panel.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Refrigerator Using a Refrigerant Injection Type Expansion Device
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 925~931
Refrigerating ability of vapor compression refrigerator is decided by the harmonic work of it's components such as compressor, condenser, evaporator, expansion device, and so on. In this study, choosing refrigerant injectors as a new one of expansion device, temperature change of the cold room, ice freezing ability, and power consumption on flowrate of injector and refrigerant charging condition are evaluated experimentally. As the results of this study, it is verified that the spray injection type refrigeration system has some merits according to the flowrate and spray pattern of injector and charging quantum of refrigerant. And there are some design factors such as spray pattern and shape of spray chamber to utilize and fabricate this refrigerant injection type refrigerator.
An Experimental Study on Evaporative Heat Transfer Characteristics in Micro-Fin Tubes Before and After Expansion Process
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 932~940
An experimental study on evaporative heat transfer characteristics in micro-fin tubes before and after expansion process has been performed with R-22. Single-grooved micro-fin tubes with outer diameter of 9.52 mm were used as test sections, and it was uniformly heated by applying direct current to the test tubes. Experiments were conducted at mass flow rates of 20 and 30 kg/hr. For each mass flow rate condition, evaporation temperature was set at 5 and
and heat flux was changed from 6 to 11 kW/
The evaporative heat transfer coefficient of micro-fin tubes after expansion is decreased because of the crush of fins and enlargement of inner diameter compared to that before expansion. Convective boiling effect decreased remarkably at higher quality range in the micro-fin tube after expansion, and the difference of the heat transfer coefficient in micro-fin tubes before and after expansion was greater for higher quality region. The evaporative heat transfer coefficient of the micro-fin tube after expansion was 19.9% smaller on the average than that before expansion. aion. a
Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Correlation for Pure Refrigerants
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 941~949
Pool boiling heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) of HCFC123, CFC11, HCFC142b, HFC134a, CFC12, HFC22, HFC125 and HFC32 on a horizontal smooth tube have been measured. The experimental apparatus is specially designed to simulate the real heat transfer tube with the use of the secondary fluid of water as a heat source rather than a conventional electric heat source. Data were taken in the order of decreasing heat flux starting at
, Test results showed that HTCs of HFC125, and HFC32 are 50~67% higher than those of HCFC22. It is also found that some of the popular pool boiling heat transfer correlations in the literature are not good to predict the HTCs of newly developed alternative refrigerants. A new correlation was developed by a regression analysis which is based upon the consistent data obtained in this study and it showed an excellent agreement with all experimental data having an absolute mean deviation of less than 10%.
A Study on the Development of Optimal Alternative Selection Model to Renew Building Equipments System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 10, 2000, Pages 950~961
The objective of this study is to develop optimal alternative selection model for renewing building equipments system. Cost Breakdown Structure of LCC in HVAC systems are deduced from resonable data and factors. As for Cost Breakdown Structure of LCC in HVAC system, pertinent level, title, CBS number, and block number are determined efficiently. Especially, in addition to current cost factor, it is possible to make Cost Breakdown Structure using present worth method more clear. A model of POWER LCC ver 1.0 used to analyze primary cooling system, heating system, and air conditioning system are POWER LCC ver 1.0_/sub SYSTEM/ : C1+ C2- C3+ C4+ C5+ C6+ C7±C8+ C9- C10/sub -1/+ C10/sub -2/+ C10/sub -3/, and is implemented with consideration of Cost Breakdown Structure and their summation using present-worth method. It is programmed with one of scientific languages, MATLAB 5.3.