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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
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Effects of an Electric Field on the Dynamic Characteristics of Bubbles in Nucleate Boiling
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 963~971
In order to investigate the effects of an electric field on EHD(Electro-hydrodynamic) nucleate boiling hat transfer characteristics in a nonuniform electric field under saturated pool boiling, the basic study has been performed experimentally. In the present study, the working fluid is R-113 and the plate-wire electrode system is used to generate a steep electric field gradient. Boiling parameters are investigated by using a high speed camera. The electric field distribution around a wire is obtained to understand the effect of an electric field on bubble departure/movement. The experimental results show EHD effects are much more considerable when the applied voltage increases. Bubbles depart away from the heated wire in radial direction. It is confirmed that the mechanisms of EHD nucleate boiling are closely connected with the dynamic behavior of bubbles. The boiling parameters are significantly changed by the electric field strength. With increasing applied voltages, the bubble size decreases and the nucleation site density, bubble velocity and bubble frequency increase.
Performance and Flow Characteristics of Axial Fan
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 972~981
Comprehensive work is done for flows by an axial fan by experimental research. The present model fan is used for air handling device for out-door unit of an air conditioner in home appliance. PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry) system and wind tunnel are adopted for measurements of flows and performance evaluation, respectively. Major experimental conditions are the installation depth of a fan into a bellmouth of it. Optimal position of a fan in an inlet guide tube is observed by examination of fan-performance and flows in both upstream and downstream of the fan. Consequently, in the case of the fan inserted in half depth into the inlet tube, the efficiency of fan shows its maximum value and flow patterns is also streamlined.
Optimal Scheduling of Ice Storage System with Prediction of Cooling Loads
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 982~993
This paper describes an optimal control scheduling of an encapsulated ice storage system with a chiller of nominal chiller 34RT(103,200kcal/hr) and an ice storage tank of 170RT-hrs(514,080 kcal). The optimization technique used in the study is dynamic programing. The objective function is summed cost during a day including charge and discharge periods. Control strategies being used commercially are chiller priority and storage priority control. In chiller priority control, the chiller is allowed to run at full capacity during the day, subject to limitations of the building load, and the ice is only melted when and if the load exceeds the chillers full capacity. In contrast to chiller priority control, the aim in storage priority control is to melt as much as ice as possible during the day time period. The system simulation calculates the operation costs for the three control strategies in the condition of the same cooling load and the same ice storage system. The simulation period is a day, assuming that initially the tank is stored fully and the cooling load is perfectly predicted for the scheduling. Also Final state of the tank is to be charged fully.
Dynamic Models and Simulation of the Absorption Air Conditioning System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 994~1003
Control algorithms for the absorption air conditioning system may be developed by suing dynamic models of the system. The simplified effective dynamic models, which can predict the dynamic behaviors of the system, may help the development of effective control algorithms for the system. In this study, a dynamic simulation program for the absorption air conditioning system was developed. Dynamic models for an absorption chiller, a cooling tower, an air handling unit, a boiler, a three way valve, a controller, and a duct were developed and programed. Control algorithms for the absorption chiller, the cooling tower, and the air handling unit were selected, and analyzed to show the effectiveness of dynamic models. From the simulation results, it may be concluded that this simulation program may be effectively used for the development of optimal control algorithms of the absorption air conditioning system.
Turbulent Enhancement of the Cooling System of Nuclear Reactor by Large Scale Vortex Generation in a Nuclear Fuel Bundles
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 1004~1011
Experimental and computational studies were carried out to confirm the turbulent enhancement of the cooling system of nuclear reactor by large scale vortex generation in nuclear fuel bundle. The large scale vortex motions were generated by rearranging the inclination angles of mixing vanes to the coordinate directions. Axial development of mean and turbulent velocities in the subchannels were measured by the 2-color LDV system. Eddy diffusivity heat flux model and
model were employed to analyze the turbulent heat and fluid flows in the subchannel. The turbulence generated by split mixing vanes has small length scales so that they maintain only about
after the spacer grid. On the other hand, the turbulences generated by the large scale vortex continue more and remain up to
after the spacer gird.
A Study on the Evaluation of Measurement Uncertainty for the National Calibration and Test Organizations (Liquid Flow)
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 1012~1019
A proficiency test is one of programs which Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science(KRISS), as national metrology institute, is putting in operation for the mutual recognition arrangement. The Fluid Flow Group of KRISS evaluated the measurement capability for liquid flowmeter calibrator of the national calibration and test organizations. The uncertainty of national standard system was estimated in accordance with Guide to The Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (ISO), and the turbine flowmeter, which was used for the round-robin test as a reference flowmeter, was characterized. The round-robin tests with the turbine flowmeter package were carried out in 1995 and 1999. The test results of the organizations and those of KRISS agreed within
%. It is found thus that the organizations have the traceability of the national standard for liquid flow measurement.
Thermodynamic Modeling of Finned Tube Evaporator for Dehumidification and Air Conditioning
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 1020~1030
A crossflow finned tube evaporator has been investigated using tube-by-tube method. The refrigerant flows inside tubes while the air passes outside the finned tue. R134a for a refrigerant and wet air were used in this analysis. Three refrigerant circuitries, complex or simple, were compared. The effects of refrigerant circuitry and airside condensation on thermal performance such as heat transfer rate, enthalpy of refrigerant, temperature of refrigerant and air, pressure of refrigerant and average condensate layer thickness were investigated. It was found that this method could be applied to the analysis of finned tube evaporator for dehumidification and air conditioning.
An Experimental Study on Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of HFC and HC Refrigerant Mixtures
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 1031~1037
Isothermal vapor-liquid equilibrium(VLE) data have been obtained for the systems of propane(R290)+1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane(R134a) and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane(R134a)+isobutane(R60A) in the temperature range of 253.15 to 323.15K. Experiments were performed in a circulation type apparatus by injecting vapor through liquid pool using a magnetic pump. Both systems form azeotropes in the temperature range of this study. The experimental results were estimated with the Peng-Robinson equation of state. When the temperature-dependent binary interaction parameter was used in the Peng-Robinson equation of state, the absolute average deviation of the measured bubble point pressures from the values correlated by the Peng-Robinson equation was 0.65% and 0.78% for R290+R134a and R134a+600a, respectively. Azeotropic compositions for both systems were presented.
Development of Artificial Neural Network Model for the Prediction of Descending Time of Room Air Temperature
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 2000, Pages 1038~1047
The objective of this study is to develop an optimized Artificial Neural Network(ANN) model to predict the descending time of room air temperature. For this, program for predicting room air temperature and ANN program using generalized delta rule were collected through simulation for predicting room air temperature. ANN was trained and the ANN model having the optimized values-learning rate, moment, bias, number of hidden layer, and number of neuron of hidden layer was presented.