Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on Cooling Characteristics of Miniature Heat Pipes with Woven-Wired Wick
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 227~234
An experimental study was performed for understanding the limiting power and heat transfer characteristics of an MHP having the diameter of 3 or 4 mm which could be applied to cooling of miniature electronic equipment such as the notebook PC CPU etc. The experimental parameters which are inclination, structure of the wick, the length of the condenser and the total heat pipe were considered. The MHP with a woven-wired wick has the advantages of the improvement in capillary limit, the effective attachment tightly toward wall and the convenience in construction of wick. Cooling performance of the present MHP was compared with that of MHP with grooved, fine fiber and sintered type wick which were applied by existing enterprises. With respect to the inclination of
, an MHP having the diameter of 3 or 4 mm shows the limiting power of 6~14 W. Therefore, it is expected that the MHP of the present study has sufficient applicability of cooling of notebook PC of which the amount of heat generated is about 12 W
The Influence of Variable Thermophysical Properties for Filmwise Condensation of Superheated Vapor on a Vertical Wall
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 235~243
A theoretical model for laminar filmwise condensation along an isothermal vertical wall at constant pressure has been formulated on the basis of conservation laws and other fundamental physical principles. The model was applied to the prediction of the influences of variable thermophysical properties of liquid and vapor layers in the filmwise condensation of superheated vapor of Rl2, R134a, R142b and R152a. The dimensionless velocity component method was employed in the transformation of the governing equations and their boundary conditions, and the polynomial method was used for treating variable thermophysical properties of liquid and vapor. Physical quantities, such as the dimensionless thickness of the liquid layer, local heat transfer rate and mean heat transfer coefficient, were investigated for different values of the superheated temperature of the stagnant vapor far from the wall. It was found that the value of mean heat transfer coefficient of R134a was higher than other refrigerants for the change of the superheated temperature.
Cycle Simulation of an Air Source Heat Pump Using Liquid Injection
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 244~250
An air source heat pump using liquid injection technique, which can be applied for very low temperature climate, has been simulated to examine the design options. Comparison between the simulation and experiment has been carried out to validate the simulation method. Effects of various design parameters such as liquid injection rate and injection pressure are Investigated to optimize the performance of the heat pump. Finally, optimal liquid infection rate and injection pressure to maintain sufficient heating capacity and moderate discharge refrigerant temperature are suggested when the heat pump was operated at very low outdoor temperature.
Characteristics of Drag Reduction Additives in the Application of District Cooling System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 251~257
District heating and cooling systems offer highly efficient energy utilization and maintenance by centralizing heat management. More pumping power, however, is required because the water has to travel long distance from heat source to the users. In the present study, a trace of drag reduction additives is added to the District Cooling system to achieve a significant drag reduction and save pumping power. Water-soluble polymers, surfactants, and environment-friendly degradable polymers are used as effective drag reducing additives. Time dependent percent drag reductions are compared for various additive solutions at 100 wppm concentration for different water velocity. Without as an anionic surfactant, copolymer was most effective in percent drag reduction. It is found that there exists an optimal condition when copolymer is mixed with SDS. An environment-friendly degradable polymer, xanthan gum, is found to be a significant drag reduction additive. Ice slurry systems, can give less pressure drops compared with chilled water system for certain condtions. Drag reduction additives were also effective for the ice slurry system.
Capacity Modulation of a Heat Pump System by Changing the Composition of Refrigerant Mixtures
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 258~266
Experimental investigation and cycle simulation of a capacity modulation of a heat pump system using a hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant mixture, R32/134a as an alternative to R22, have been done. In the cycle simulation, the refrigeration system was operated by assigning the temperatures of the external heat transfer fluids with the heat exchangers generalized by an average effective temperature difference. Heating capacity, cooling capacity, and coefficient of performance (COP) of the system were investigated at several operating conditions. Experimental apparatus which had a refrigeration part and a composition changing part was built, and the performance of the heat pump system filled with R32/134a mixture was investigated. A gas-liquid separator was used in the experiment to change the composition by collecting the vapor and the liquid Phase separately, The mass fraction of the charged refrigerant in the heat pump system was 40/60 and 70/30 by weight percentage. The composition of the refrigerant with initial composition of 40/60 varied from 29/71 to 41/59 in the refrigeration cycle. For the refrigerant with initial composition of 70/30, the composition varied from 65/35 to 75/25.
Comparison Between Two Solar Absorption Cooling System Using Single Effect and Single Effect/Double Lift Cycle
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 267~276
A numerical study has been carried out to find out the optimal design condition of a solar absorption cooling system. The system was composed of solar collectors and an absorption chiller with LiBr/water The System performance with commercial single effect(SE) cycle and a new single effect/double lift(SE/DL) cycle utilizing low temperature hot water was calculated and compared. It was found that the required solar collector area grew exponentially as the overall heat loss coefficient of solar collectors increased. For instance, the required area for cooling capacity of 1 USRT was
if heat loss coefficient was 4 W/
. If heat loss coefficient was doubled(
K), the required collector area was increased by 6 times(
) .It was also found that the SE-cycle as the heat loss coefficient of solar collectors increased. Generally, a SE/DL-cycle seems to be more advantageous than a SE-cycle if loss coefficient of solar collector is greater than 4 W/
Heat Transfer Characteristics in Impinging Air Jet with Hybrid Rod
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 277~283
The heat transfer characteristics for air jet vertically impinging on a flat plate which had a set of hybrid rod were investigated experimentally. The rod had a cross section made with a half of circular cross section and that of rectangular and was installed in front of the plate. The heating surface was given constant heat flux value of 1020 W/
and the problem parameters investigated were jet Reynolds number, nozzle-to-plate spacing and the rod size. The local and local average Nusselt number characteristics were found to be dependent on the rod size because the flow was disturbed by installing the rod. Higher convective heat transfer rate occurred in the whole plate as well as in the stagnation region.
An Experimental Study on the Heat Exchangers in the Pulse Tube Refrigerator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 284~291
A basic pulse tube refrigerator has been constructed with extensive instrumentation to study the characteristics of the heat exchanger experimentally under the oscillating pressure and the oscillating flow. This paper describes the sequential experiments with the basic pulse tube refrigerator. The experiments were performed for various cycle frequencies under the square pressure wave forms. First, the heat flux was measured through the cycle at the both cold and warm end heat exchangers without the regenerator. In order to enhance the thermal communication capability of the heat exchanger with the gas at low operating frequencies, a unique design of the triangular shape radial fin concept was applied to the heat exchangers. For the fin heat exchanger, the measured heat flux and the calculated heat flux from the two well-known oscillating heat transfer correlations were compared and discussed. Second, the regenerator was added to the pulse tube to make a basic pulse tube refrigerator configuration. The experiment showed the great impact of the regenerator on the temperature and the heat flux profiles. At the warm-end, the cyclic averaged heat flux had its maximum value at the specific operating frequency. The paper presents the explanation of the surface heat pumping effect as well as the experimental data.
Heat Transfer Characteristics of Oval-Tube Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 292~301
This study experimentally investigates an air-side performance of oval tube heat exchanger against round tube heat exchanger using scaled-up model experiment for home air conditioners. A plain fin and round tube heat exchanger with 21 FPI(fins per inch) was used as a reference heat exchanger, and these were applied equally to 4 oval tube heat exchangers. Oval tube samples were designed with the same perimeter as 7.5mm diameter round tube, and their aspect ratios were 1:2, 1:3, respectively. In this study, the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of oval tube heat exchangers against round tube heat exchanger were also compared to one another, and an optimal samples for home air conditioners was recommended. And, general performance characteristics for an optimum oval tube samples chosen in this work was compared with round tube heat exchanger.
Study on Pressure Pulsation and Cavity Resonance in Discharge Plenum of Hermetic Compressor
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 302~308
The major source of noise in air-conditioner is a compressor. Therefore, noise reduction in a compressor is quite significant as an element technology in air-conditioner field. Recently, a scroll compressor is widely used, because a scroll compressor features lower noise, due to less pulsation of gas pressure, than that of the rotary compressor. During a past noise reduction effort on a scroll compressor, noise radiation from the discharge portion of the hermetic shell was identified as the major contributor to overall noise. For a reduction of noise, the source of noise at the discharge portion must be identified. This paper presents detailed analyzes for the discharge pressure pulsation and cavity resonance at discharge space, which will make possible a low noise design of a scroll compressor.
Evaporating Heat Transfer Characteristics of R-290, R-600a Inside Horizontal Double Pipe Heat Exchangers
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 309~314
Experimental results for heat transfer characteristics of natural refrigerants R-290, R-600a and HCFC refrigerant R-22 during evaporating inside horizontal double pipe heat exchangers are presented. The experimental apparatus is basically a vapour heat pump system, composed of a compressor, a condenser, expansion devices, a evaporator, and some other peripheral devices. The test sections were horizontal double pipe heat exchangers, which were a pair of smoothed tube, having 10.07 mm ID, 12.07 mm OD, and grooved inner fin tube, having 12.70 mm OD, 0.25 mm fin height, and 75 fins. The local evaporating heat transfer coefficients of natural refrigerants were not much affected with the mass velocity than R-22 and it could be interpreted that the local evaporating heat transfer coefficients of R-22 were increased more than those of R-290, R-600a according to the increment of mass velocity. Moreover, the maximum increment of the heat transfer coefficient was found in R-290. The average heat transfer coefficient was obtained the maximum value in R-290 and the minimum value in R-22. It reveals that the natural refrigerant can be used as a substitute for R-22. In the grooved inner fin tube, 70% of the increment of the heat transfer coefficient was obtained compared to the smoothed tube.
Performance Evaluation of R-22 Alternative Refrigerants with Hydrofluorocarbon and Hydrocarbon
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 315~324
R-410A, R-407C, and four refrigerant mixtures composed of R-32, R-l34a, R-l43a, R-l52a, R-600(butane), and R-600a(isobutane) were tested in an attempt to replace R-22 used in most of the residential air conditioners. The performance evaluation was carried out in a psychrometric calorimeter test facility using a residential spilt type air conditioner under the KS rating conditions. Except for the lubricant and hand-operated expansion valve, the other parts of the air conditioner were the same with the commercial system. Performance characteristics were measured; COP, capacity, compressor power, and VCR. R-410A was shown to have 5.5% higher COP and 3.5% lower capacity than R-22. R-32/134a/600a (42.8/ 46.0/11.2 wt%) mixture have the best performance among the four refrigerant mixtures composed of hydrofluorocarbon and hydrocarbon. This inixture have 3.0% lower COP and 1.6% lower capacity than R-22.