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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Design Prototype Development of Underfloor Air-Conditioning System(UFAC) for Improving Indoor Environment
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 325~336
During the last decade, an increasing interest in Underfloor Air-Conditioning(UFAC) systems has emerged. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate comprehensively the indoor environmental performance of office buildings with UFAC system in order to develope the design prototype of this system. In this paper, the physical measurements and the interviewing survey of occupant's sensation responses to the environment were carried out. Measurements and survey were made of the thermal environmental factors such as air temperature, relative humidity, air velocity, globe temperature, and the other several environmental factors such as the sound level and the illuminance of working plane, etc. And, the air quality was evaluated by measuring the concentration of suspended particles, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide in the room. Furthermore, the paper appraises the various indoor environmental factors of the room by using post-occupancy evaluation(POE) method in office building with UFAC system, and thus, it suggests the basic data for assessing the indoor comfort based on field measurements and survey.
Model of Encapsulated Ice 510 Storage Tanks Using Charge and Discharge Performance of Single Ice Capsule
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 337~344
The present study describes a one-dimensional modeling of encapsulated ice storage tanks. The thermal transmittance of capsules in this model uses the results from the Arnold's experimental
.In this model, ice storage tank is partitioned by several control volumes for the analysis, each having same number of capsules. The model is validated by the comparison of the measured data from an ice storage tank installed at a building with the capacity of 1200 ton-hrs and the simulated results with the same inlet brine temperature conditions into the tank.
An Experimental Study on the Performance of a Liquid-Vapor Ejector with Water
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 345~353
In this study, the performance of five ejectors has been investigated with working fluids of water and water vapor. The diameters of nozzle and mixing tube of five ejectors were 1 and 1.5(ejector A), 1 and 2(ejector B), 1 and 2.5(ejector C), 1 and 3(ejector D), 2 and 4(ejector E) in millimeters. The length of the mixing tube was 8-10 times of its diameter. For each ejector, the ratio of mass flow rate of ejected water to that of entrained water vapor,
, was evaluated in terms of evaporator pressure, mass flow rate of ejected water, and water temperature. It was found that the performance of an ejector was not stable when the ratio of diameters was too small or too large(ejector A and D) and
was almost the same for two ejectors with the same diameter ratio(ejector B and E). It was also found that
increased almost linearly with an increase of evaporator pressure and the ratio
increased as water temperature decreased. As expected,
converged to zero as the water temperature approached the evaporator temperature. Finally, a non-dimensional correlation has been developed to predict
terms of evaporator pressure and saturation pressure of ejected water
Optimal Control for Central Cooling Systems
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 354~362
Optimal supervisory control strategy for the set points of controlled variables in the central cooling system has been studied by computer simulation. A quadratic linear regression equation for predicting the total cooling system power in terms of the controlled and uncontrolled variables was developed using simulated data collected under different values of controlled and uncontrolled variables. The optimal set temperatures such as supply air temperature, chilled water temperature, and condenser water temperature, are determined such that energy consumption is minimized as uncontrolled variables, load, ambient wet bulb temperature, and sensible heat ratio, are changed. The chilled water loop pump and cooling tower fan speeds are controlled by the PID controller such that the supply air and condenser water set temperatures reach the set points designated by the optimal supervisory controller. The influences of the controlled variables on the total system and component power consumption was determined. It is possible to minimize total energy consumption by selecting the optimal set temperatures through the trade-off among the component powers. The total system power is minimized at lower supply, higher chilled water, and lower condenser water set temperature conditions.
Performance Experiment and Exergy Analysis of an Automotive Air-conditioning System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 363~370
Experiments have been peformed, using pure refrigerant R134a and a zeotropic refrigerant mixture R290/R600a(60%/40%) and their performances have been analyzed by the first and second laws(exergy method) of thermodynamics. From the experimental results, variations of compressor speed and air temperature have a great effect on the performance of the system. The sum of exergy losses in compressor and evaporator is about 60% of total exergy loss, using refrigerant R134a, so it is necessary to improve the performance of compressor and evaporator. According to the experimental results using refrigerant mixture of R290/R600a(60%/40%), the exergy losses in heat exchange processes are decreased but the exergy loss in throttling process is increased. The performance of the system has been improved by 20∼30% compared with that of R134a and exergy losses have been also reduced.
Turbulent Heat Transfer of an Oblique Impinging Jet on a Concave Surface
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 371~380
The turbulent heat transfer from a round oblique impinging jet on a concave surface were experimentally investigated. The transient measurement method using liquid crystal was used in this study. In this measurement, a preheated wall was suddenly exposed to an impinging jet while recording the response of liquid crystals to measure surface temperature. The Reynolds numbers were 11000, 23000 and 50000, nozzle-to-surface distance ratio was from 2 to 10 and the surface angles were a =
. Correlations of the stagnation point Nusselt numbers with Reynolds number, jet-to-surface distance ratio and dimensionless surface angle, which account for the surface inclined angle, are presented. The maximum Nusselt numbers, in this experiment, occurred in the direction of upstream. The displacement of the maximum Nusselt number from the stagnation point increases with increasing surface angle or decreasing nozzle-to-surface distance. In this experiment, the maximum displacement is about 0.7 times of the jet nozzle diameter when surface curvature, D/d is 10.
An Experimental Study on the Low-Temperature Behavior of Stratified Fluids in the Square Cavity
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 381~387
An experimental study on the stratified fluids was carried out to investigate the flow characteristics, heat transfer through the interface of fluids, and the applications of thermal behaviors in the square cavity. The same volume of water and silicon oil was filled in it. The experiments were performed with the variations of initial temperatures and cooling surface temperatures. And the effect of vertical or horizontal cooling surface positions in the square cavity was investigated. When the cooling surface temperatures were
, the supercooling phenomena were observed for both cases of cooling surface positions in the full region regardless of the initial temperature of fluid. In the square cavity with horizontal cooling surfaces, the lower the initial temperatures were, the longer the supercooling durations were, and with vertical cooling surface the lower the initial temperatures were, the shorter the supercooling durations were.
Trapezoidal Fin Analysis by the 3-D Analytical Method
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 388~397
Comparison of the heat conduction into a trapezoidal fin and the heat loss from the fin by convection is made in this study Also, the ratio of heat loss from each surface to the total heat loss and the temperature distribution are analyzed using a 3-D analytical method. A trapezoidal fin whose tip height is half the root height is chosen as the model. The results show that the heat transfer rates from the tip and from both sides are comparable with each other as the non-dimensional width and length vary while the heat transfer rate from the bottom and top is dominant.
Numerical Analysis on Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in Louver Fin Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 398~403
Numerical analysis was conducted to investigate flow and heat transfer characteristics in louver fin exchanger, which were influenced by louver pitch, fin pitch, louver angle and inlet velocity. Standard
turbulent modelling was used in this study, and compared with laminar modelling. As a result of this study, Nusselt number became smaller as louver pitch or fin pitch was greater. Drag coefficient became smaller as louver pitch or fin pitch was greater, but it was little affected by inlet velocity.
An Analysis of Shortened Experiments for Environmental Chamber
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 404~413
Environmental chamber (EC) is an experimental facility used to analyze the characteristics of thermal response of testing objects by the artificial control of weather conditions. The EC in KIER can simulate the weather conditions by the control of temperature, humidity, and solar radiation. A two-storied testing building is located inside of EC. For the exact thermal response analysis of testing building, monthly or yearly scheduled operations are necessary. Although this long term operation gives the exact experimental data, it requires a high operational cost, long duration, and lots of manpower. Therefore it is necessary to perform the shortened experiments without sacrificing the validity of the obtained results. Since the characteristics of thermal response from the shortened experiments are different from the full time results, the analytical method to analyze the thermal response from the shortened experiments to estimate a full times results is developed in this study. The thermal response of testing building is performed using commercial software TRNSYS.
A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of Finned-tube Heat Exchanger by Using the Liquid Crystal Technique
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 414~421
This study was discussed about the thermal characteristics of finned tube heat exchanger having two row used in the air-conditioning application. Pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient were measured and investigated for the 3 times models of plain fin. Also the temperature distribution and heat conduction in the fin was measured by using the liquid crystal method. The surface temperature of rear row was nearly constant, and heat conduction in the fin was stronger near the front row than the rear row.
Experimental Study on Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics for Single-Phase Flow in Plate and Shell Heat Exchangers.
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 422~429
Plate and shell heat exchanger(P&SHE) is widely applied as evaporators or condensers in the refrigeration and air conditioning systems for their high efficiency and compactness. In order to set up the database for the design of the P&SHE, heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics for single phase flow of water in a plate & shell heat exchanger are experimentally investigated in this study. Single phase heat transfer coefficients were measured for turbulent water flow in a plate and shell heat exchangers by Wilson plot method. The shell side heat transfer resistance was varied and the overall heat transfer coefficients were measured. The single-phase heat transfer coefficients in a plate side were obtained by Wilson plot method. Single-phase heat transfer correlations based on projected heat transfer area and friction factor correlations have been proposed for single phase flow in a plate and shell heat exchanger.