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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
A Numerical Study on the Performance Analysis of the Plume Abatement NWD Cooling Tower
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1049~1058
The performance and design analysis for a NWD cooling tower using a combined wet and dry type fill are numerically investigated and compared with the experimental results. The Stoecker's method is applied to the wet section and LMTD or NTU-Effectiveness method to the wet and dry sections. The efficiency ratio of the NWD cooling tower to a wet type crossflow cooling tower is 59.34%. The predicted result shows a good agreement with the experimental data within 1.4% error. Plume abatement is far better with a NWD cooling tower than a counterflow cooling tower. It costs less than a conventional wet/dry tower because the finned exchanger is eliminated. This method also leaves out complexity in structure and Intricacy in operation.
A Study on the Collection Characteristics of a Wide Plate-Spacing Electrostatic Precipitator -II. Effect of Wave Form of Pulse Energization -
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1059~1064
This study Investigates the effect of the wave form of pulse energization on the collection characteristics of a wide plate spacing electrostatic precipitator. For the semi-pulse energization, the peak current and voltage of the energization increases with increase of the pulse period, and the corona current increases, as pulse ratio decreases. For the micro-pulse energization, the corona current increases with increase of the pulse voltage. The collection efficiency of semi-pulse and micro-pulse energization is larger than that of DC charge.
A Study on Transport and Heat Utilization of Ice Slurries
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1065~1071
To investigate hydraulic and thermal characteristics of ice slurries in a circular tube, ice slurries were tested in a flow loop with a constant heat flux test section, for ranges of flow velocity, ice fraction and heat flux. Heat transfer coefficients and friction factors of ice slurries were calculated by measuring the outer wall temperatures of the test section and the pressure drops over the test section. Heat transfer coefficients of ice slurries were 9% higher than the heat transfer coefficients expected by Petukhov. Friction factors were about 4% lower than the friction factors expected by Petukhov. The effective thermal capacity of ice slurry with 12.8% ice fraction, was found to be about 3 times higher than the thermal capacity of water.
공조 시스템용 DDC의 온라인 최적제어에 관한 연구
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1072~1078
The real time optimal control algorithm of the DDC controller for chilled water and supply air temperature set-point of heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems has been researched for minimization of the total power which is consumed by the chiller, chilled water pump and air handing unit fan. The study has been done by using TRNSYS program in order to analyze the central cooling system in terms of the environmental variables such as indoor cooling lead and wet-bulb temperature. This optimal control alogorithm saves more energy and is suitable for real time on-line control in comparison with conventional method.
Development of the Dynamic Simulation Program for the Multi-Inverter Heat Pump Air-Conditioner
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1079~1088
A dynamic simulation model was developed to analyse the transient characteristics of a multi-inverter heat pump. The programs included a basic air conditioning system such as a evaporator, condenser, compressor, linear electronic expansion valve (LEV) and by-pass circuit. The theoretical model was derived from mass conservation and energy conservation equations to predict the performance of the multi-inverter heat pump at various operating conditions. Calculated results were compared with the values obtained from the experiments at different operation frequencies of compressor, area of the LEV and configuration of indoor units operation. The results of the simulation model showed a good agreement with the experimental ones, so that the model could be used as an efficient tool for thermodynamic design and control factor design of air-conditioners.
Transient Simulation of an Automotive Air-Conditioning System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1089~1096
The cool-down performance after soaking is very important in an automotive air-conditioning system and is considered as the key design variable. Therefore, understanding of the overall transient characteristics of the system is essential to the preliminary design as well as steady-state characteristics. The objective of this study is to develop a computer simulation model and estimate theoretical1y the transient performance of an automotive air-conditioning system. To accomplish this, a mathematical modelling of each component, such as compressor, condenser, expansion valve, and evaporator, is presented first of all. For a detailed calculation, condenser and evaporator are divided into many subsections. Each sub-section is an elemental volume for modelling. In models of expansion valve and compressor, dynamic behaviors are not considered in an attempt to simplify the ana1ysis, but the quasi-static ones are just considered, such as the relation between mass flow rate and pressure drop in expansion device, polytropic process in compressor, etc. The developed simulation model is validated with a comparison to laboratory test data of an automotive air-conditioning system. The overall time-tracing properties of each component agreed fairly well wish those of test data in this case.
A Basic Study on Thermal Properties of TMA Clathrate with Additives
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1097~1105
The purpose of this study is to investigate the propriety of TMA clathrate as a cold storage medium. Particularly, this is to examine the extent of subcooling improvement when the additives are added to the TMA clathrate, because water used cold storage material has low phase change temperature and subcooling. This study has been analysed and compared with TMA 30 wt% clathrate how phase change temperature, subcooling and specific heat in the various concentrations are changed. This results view to be improved phase change temperature and subcooling of TMA 30 wt% as a cold storage medium, when it had some additive. Additional1y, it is found that the additive must be controlled under available solution limit and study for new additive must be lasted to know its effect
A Experimental Study on the Ultrasonic Influence for Melting the Paraffin the Ice
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1106~1113
This paper presents experimental works on the ultrasonic influence during melting of ice and paraffin and compared the paraffin's result with ice's results. The experiments was carried out under two setting conditions.: 1) Heater without ultrasonic vibration, 2) heater with ultrasonic vibration. Experimental observations show that the ultrasonic vibration enhances significantly the phase-change process (melting) so that the melting time is reduced about 16∼25% compared to those of molting process without ultrasonics in the melting of both ice and paraffin. But the influence of ultrasonics was not significant to affect the reduction of the power consumption. In the case of paraffin, the reduction rate of power consumption was about 20%, but the reduction of the power consumption was increased about 0∼12%.
Effects of Air Flow Nonuniformity on the Thermal Performance of a Compact Evaporator for Natural Working Fluids
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1114~1124
The application of carbon dioxide as an attractive natural working fluid in air cooling and heating system is increasingly important in view of the CFC substitution problem. The thermal performance of compact evaporator was analyzed using section-by-section method. The effects of the two-dimensional nonuniformity of air flow through the evaporator is presented. The detrimental effect of the aid flaw nonuniformity on the thermal performance of the evaporator is found to be significant for many typical applications. It is shown that total heat transfer rate of evaporator using
is higher than that using R134a at the simulation conditions.
Analysis on the Thermal Performance of an Ammonia Unit Cooler
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1125~1133
Since the surface temperature of the evaporating tube in an ammonia unit cooled is lower than the dew point of atmosphere, the moisture in the atmosphere condenses and the frost grows on the tube. The frost of liquid film decreases the heat transfer rate. The reliable analysis of the heat transfer is required for the prediction of the optimal design of the ammonia unit cooler. For the specific commercial model, the performance was numerical1y estimated for the variation of operating condition and geometric configuration. It is found that there exists an optimum range for the parameters such as mass flow rate of air and refrigerant, humidity, refrigerant quality, fin pitch, the number of step, the number of rows and the pattern of refrigerant path.
A Study on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of Oil Flow over Offset Strip Fins
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1134~1140
In the present study, heat transfer characteristics of oil flow over offset strip fins were predicted by the numerical methods. Oil flow in the plate-fin passage was idealized by 2 dimension. Power law scheme and SIMPLE algorithm were used for convective diffusion formulation and pressure term respectively. Governing equations were discretized by control volume formulation. The flow patterns and heat transfer were predicted in details. The convective heat transfer coefficients were affected by separation bubbles which appeared at the wake region of offset strip fins.
Experiments on Condensation Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Plate Heat Exchangers with Different Chevron Angles
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1141~1148
Experiments on the condensation heat transfer and pressure drop in the brazed type plate heat exchangers are performed with refrigerants R410A/R22. To investigate the geometric effect, plate heat exchangers with the same pitch and height but different
chevron angles are used. Varying the mass flux of refrigerant (13~34 kg/
), the condensing temperatures (
) and the vapor quality (from 0.9 to 0.15) at the same constant heat flux (
), the condensation heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops are measured. The heat transfer coefficients decrease slightly with increasing the condensing temperature at a given mass flux in all plate heat exchangers. The pressure drop increases with increasing the mass flux and the quality and decreasing the condensing temperature and the chevron angle.
Experimental Investigation for the Characteristics of Energy Separation of a Vortex Tube at Various Inlet and outlet Pressure Conditions
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1149~1155
The experimental investigation on energy separation in a vortex tube has been carried out to sow the effect of inlet and outlet pressures with various working fluids(air,
). Those outlet pressure means cold outlet and hot outlet pressure which were set equally. The results showed that the total enthalpy variation became a maximum when the mass flow rate at the cold outlet was a half of the total mass flow rate in the vortex tube (y=0.5). The total enthalpy variation was quite affected by the pressure difference between the inlet and outlet of vortex tube when the ratio of the inlet pressure to the cold outlet pressure remained constant. Although specific enthalpy differences between the inlet and the outlet (both cold and hot outlet) did not noticeably vary with the pressure difference, the specific enthalpy difference between the inlet and cold outlet was dominantly affected by physical properties of working gases.
Economical Efficiency Evaluation of the Cold Storage Warehouse with Various Envelope Structures
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1156~1164
This study aims to suggest envelope structure which can improve the insulation performance of cold storage warehouse with cost effectiveness. Envelope structures are classified and economical efficiency of each type is evaluated to the model warehouse. As results, type 3 (PC wall) and 4(sandwich panel wall) have benefits to the middle/large (lifetime of 25 years) and small (lifetime of 12∼13 years) warehouse, respectively.
An Experimental Study on Control Performance of Radiant Floor Cooling Using Ondol
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1165~1173
The objectives of this study are to analyze the application of radiant floor cooling and to evaluate the control methods through experiments when the radiant heating system is used for cooling. Through the experiment analysis the control methods such as on/off control, variable flow control and outdoor reset with indoor temperature feedback control are evaluated and compared. The cooling curve (reset ratio) is found for radiant cooling, which shows tole relation between outside air temperature and supply water temperature. Comparison of cooling methods shows that outdoor reset with indoor temperature feedback control is more appropriate than on/off control and variable flow control with regard to prevention of the condensation and thermal comfort.