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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
Heat Transfer from a Porous Heat Sink by Air Jet Impingement
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 73~79
Experiment were carried out to investigate the heat transfer characteristics of an aluminum foam block as a porous heat sink on a heat source by a vertical air jet impingement that can be applied for electronics cooling. The performance of the aluminum foam heat sink was evaluated by the convective heat transfer coefficient on the heat source. At a fixed porosity, pore density (
) of the foam and Reynolds number Re were varied in the range of
a=10, 20, 40 PPI(Pore Per Inch) and
. A nozzle diameter and the nozzle-to-plate spacing were also varied. It was found that the convective heat transfer was enhanced by the aluminum foam heat sink with lower pore density due to relatively intensified flow through the foam block. The aluminum foam block with much reduced weight shows slightly better performance with larger Nusselt number, compared with the convectional heat sink.
Experimental Study on the Microencapsulated PCM as a Thermal Storage Medium
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 80~87
Microencapsulated PCM particles are mixed with distilled water and utilized to evaluate its characteristics and performance as a thermal storage medium transporting heat. For the present study, tetradecane(C
) is capsulated in the core with the melamine of its surface. The size of particles is well-controlled under 10
in the way of in-situ polymerization with melamine-formaldehyde resin. For the experiment, the concentrations of slurries are prepared for 20wt%, 30wt%, and 40wt%. The results are compared with those of water and 100% tetradecane oil. The pure water and tetradecane start solidifying within 20 minutes after introducing cooling water into the thermal storage tank whose tank whose flow rates are varied by 125cc/min, 250cc/min, and 500cc/min. However, MicroPCM slurries are required relatively longer period of time for their phase change than pure phase change materials. That is, the entrained MicroPCM particles control its heat transfer in terms of natural convection and conducting to them.
Chaotic Thermal Convection in a Wide-Gap Horizontal Annulus : Pr=0.1
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 88~95
Transition to chaotic convection is investigated for natural convection of a fluid with Pr=0.1 in a wide-gap horizontal annuls. The unsteady two-dimensional stream-function-vorticity equation is solved with finite difference method. As the Rayleigh number is increased, the steady 'downward flow' bifurcates to a time-periodic flow with a fundamental frequency, and afterwards a period-doubling bifurcation occurs. As the Rayleigh number is increased further, the chaotic flow regime is reached after a sequence of successive Hopf bifurcation to quasi-periodic and chaotic flow regimes. The route to chaos shows the Ruelle-Takens-Newhouse scenario. The flow of chaotic regime displays complex coalescence and separation of eddies in the side and lower region of the annulus.
An Experimental Study on the High Performance Optimal Discharge System of a Rotary Compressor for an Air Conditioner using alternative Refrigerant R410a
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 96~105
R410a which is one of HFC refrigerants is being considered to be a promising replacement for R22 widely used in domestic air conditioners. The rolling piston type rotary compressors for R410a have lower energy efficiency than those for R22 because of the high pressure difference between a suction chamber and a discharge chamber in the compression mechanism. in addition, the re-expansion gas loss of the rotary compressor for R410a which occurs a ta clearance volume in a discharge port becomes larger than that for R22 due to high density of R410a refrigerant. Therefore, Pressure-Volume analyses for various design parameters of a discharge system were carried out to improve efficiency of a R410a rotary compressor. The results such as performance dta, over-compression loss, and re-expansion loss were acquired by P-V analyses and analyzed quantitatively. As a conclusion, the optimal specifications of several design parameters of a discharge system were obtained by analyzing P-V diagrams.
Characteristics of Thermal Environment and Evaluation of Thermal Comfort in Task Area with Personal Air-Conditioning System(PACS)
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 106~114
The office environment of the building has been significantly changed and the office automation(OA) for productivity improvement and efficiency has proceeded. According to thee trends, the concept of office environment was transferred from conventional \"working space\" to \"living space\" or \"creative space\". Thus, occupants in office building have demanded more comfortable and advanced task environment. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the indoor environment of working space with personal air conditioning system using the measurements of environmental comfort parameters and the questionnaire survey of occupants、 thermal sensation response to the environment.n response to the environment.
The Thermal Environmental Characteristics for Task-Ambient Air-Conditioning System in Heating Condition
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 115~121
Recently, the requirement of healthier and more comfortable environment makes the zoning domain more details. However, it has limitation to satisfy the thermal comfort of an individual because of the effect of the heat generation from the OA machine and partitions in indoor room. In this paper, we certify the validity of task-ambient air-conditioning system that has been developed as a new concept of personal air-conditioning system, and specify design strategies for more efficient task-ambient air-conditioning system with a specification guided by indoor environmental characteristics analyzed through experiment data. In this experiment, we changed the temperature and the quantity of air-flow in task domain to understand characteristic behavior of the thermal environment and investigate the possibility of energy saving. The experiment result is that the environment of the task area depends on the condition of supply air, and though the airflow of the low temperature is supplied with the ambient area, the personal environment and the efficiency of energy saving are improved by controlling the temperature and the quantity of the air shot around the task domain.
Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Correlation for Mixture Refrigerants
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 122~133
Pool boiling heat transfer coefficients(HTCs) of HFC32/HFC134a, HFC125/HFC134a, HFC32/HFC125 and HFC32/HFC125/HFC134a were measured on a horizontal smooth tube. The experimental apparatus was specially designed to simulate the real heat transfer tube with the use of the secondary fluid of water. Data were taken in the order of decreasing heat flux starting at 80kW/
in the pool temperature at
. Test results showed that HTCs of these mixtures were 11~38% lower than those of ideal HTCs calculated by a linear mixing rule with pure fluids、 HTCs. Experimental data were compared with Stephan & Korner, Thome, Schlunder, Thome & Shakir、s correlations only to find that those correlations were not satisfactory for all fluids. Hence, a new correlation based on the present data was proposed which could be applied even to the ternary mixture. The correlation predicts the degradation of HTCs of mixtures well, showing a mean deviation of less than 15% for all the mixture data.
Characteristics of Flank and Tip Seal Leakage in a Scroll Compressor for Air-Conditioners
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 2, 2001, Pages 134~143
This paper presents the characteristics of flank and tip seal leakage in a scroll compressor for air-conditioners with R-22 under actual operating conditions. It is well known that the leakage has significant effect on the performance of the scroll compressor. Experiments were performed by using indirect method for measuring mass flow rate passing through flank and tip seal under actual operating conditions, In addition, an analytical model for tip seal leakage was developed to investigate tangential and radial leakage observed at grooves and contact points of tip seals. For low oil concentration, theoretical results were compared with experimental data to verify the analytical model. As a result, leakages through flank and tip seal parts were evaluated as afunction of pressure ratio, orbiting angle, discharge pressure, tip clearance, and leakage point. It was also found that the tip seal leakage was considerable even though the tip seal provided adequate sealing effect.