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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
Study on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of Immerged and Falling Flows on Helical Tubes
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 225~232
An experimental study is carried out to investigate the characteristics of heat transfer of outside helical tubes. The main heat exchanger consists of twelve curved columns with each 300mm diameter and the total length of 1.2m copper tube having an outer diameter of 19.05mm with 1.5mm thickness. Water flows down the outside of helical tube, where flow patterns are the vertical film falling flow, immerged flow, and mixed-flow which is the combination of film falling flow and immerged flow. Refrigerant 11 flow the inside of the tube countercurrently. The experimental range of inside flow rate is 1.7~3.2
/min and outside flow rate is 21-33
/min. The results are presented as Nusselt number with corresponding Reynolds number for variety of outside and inside flow rates. The heat transfer rates of the mixed flow are 8 to 56% higher than those of film falling flow or immerged flow only. Interpretation of the results is given on the basis of physical reasoning and the correlation equations.
Experimental Study on Superheat Control of a Variable Speed Heat Pump
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 233~241
In the present study, various experiments were performed to investigate the capacity modulation and transient response control using a variable speed compressor and electronic expansion valve(EEV). Based on the experimental results, the operation control algorithm and real time digital control system were constructed to adjust the superheat at the inlet of the compressor. Superheat control was fulfilled using both the PI feedback controller and PI controller combined with a feedforward concept. As a result, the tracking performance of the latter was better than that of former.
Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of R22 Alternative Refrigerants in a Horizontal Smooth Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 242~251
Flow boiling heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) of R22, R134a, R407C, and R410A were measured for a horizontal plain tube. The test section was made of a copper tube of 8.8mm inner diameter and 1000mm length respectively. The refrigerant was heated by passing hot water through an annulus surrounding the test section. All tests were performed at a fixed refrigerant saturation temperature of
with mass fluxes of 100~300 kg/$m^2$,/TEX>s. HTCs were measured by two methods: the direct wall temperature measurement method and the indirect Wilson plot method. Experimental results showed that the Wilson plot method was affected greatly by the external test conditions and yielded inconsistent results. For the mass flux of 100kg/$m^2$,/TEX>s, HTCs were almost constant regardless of the quality for a given refrigerant HTCs of R134a and R407C were similar to those of R22 while those of R410A were 60% higher than those of R22. For the mass fluxes of 200 and 300kg/$m^2$,/TEX>s, HTCs of R407C were almost the same as those of R22, while HTCs of R134a and R410A were 12-13% and 20~23% higher than those of R22 respectively. For pure refrigerant, Shah\`s correlation yielded a good agreement with the measured data both qualitatively and quantitatively.
Air Flow and Heat Transfer Analysis of Personal Environment Module System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 252~261
Room air flow and temperature distribution was numerically investigated where a PAC(personal air conditioning) system was installed. The calculated results were compared with those from experiments. The effects of the important operation parameters such as the air flow rate, velocity, and temperature at the diffuser on the thermal performance of the system were studied. The possibility of energy saving using the PAC system was verified from the results, It was shown that the warm air from the diffuser could not spread over the whole task area if the inlet temperature was too high.
A Prediction Model for Condensation of Zeotropic Refrigerant Mixtures Inside a Horizontal Smooth Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 262~270
This paper deals with a prediction method for the condensation of ternary refrigerant mixture inside a horizontal smooth tube. Based on some reliable assumptions, the governing equations for the local heat and mass transfer characteristics are derived, and the prediction for the condensation of ternary zeotropic refrigerant mixtures composed of HFC32/HFC125/HFC134a, including R407C, is carried out. The local values of vapor quality, thermodynamic states at bulk vapor, vapor-liquid interface and bulk liquid, mass flux etc. are obtained for a constant wall temperature and a constant wall heat flux conditions, and the effects of the composition of HFC32/HFC125/HFC134a on heat transfer characteristics are examined. The prediction result is also compared with experimental data for condensation of ternary refrigerant mixtures. The predicted wall temperature distribution has a similar trend with experimental data but the predicted local heat transfer coefficients are 20-30% higher than the experimental data.
An Experimental Study on the Thermal Resistance Characteristics of Layered Heat Sink
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 271~287
This paper has been made to investigate the thermal performance characteristics for the several types of layered aluminum heat sinks with offset-strip fin. Heat sinks with different fin height, fin length, number of fin layer and slanted fin are prepared and tested for natural convection as well as forced convection. The experimental results for layered heat sink(LHS) are compared to those for advanced pin fin heat sink (PHS) so that the appropriate heat sink can be designed or chosen according to the heating conditions. The overall heat transfer performances for LHS are almost comparable to those of PHS under natural convection, and become 1.2∼1.5 times as high as those of PHS under forced convection situation. This study shows that fin height and number of fin layer re important parameters, which have a serious influence on thermal performance for layered heat sinks.
Energy Retrofit and Estimate for Small-to-Medium Office Buildings
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 279~288
This paper is to derive energy retrofit strategies through energy audit and analysis for a selected small-to-medium office building located in Seoul, Korea,. To activate ESCO business in Korea, our final goal is to develope a simple and adequate energy retrofit procedure through computer simulation. Calibration process was fairly successful eve without the aid of tough field measurement. In terms of annual energy consumption, the percent difference between the predicted and the monitored values were within a reasonable tolerance of
%. Based on the calibrated baseline model and the systematic investigation of target building, retrofit measures were suggested with two categories such as architectural side and equipment side. Both selected parametric and interactive retrofit measure simulations resulted in various energy saving quantities and cost, thus the priority among the measures were made. If we were to select the more realistic and reasonable retrofit measure in future, economic estimate were should be practiced with the life cycle cost analysis.
Study on the Fine Particle Charging Characteristics with the Electrohydrodynamic Atomization
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 289~294
A well defined electro-spraying and electro-static precipitator(ESP) experiment is carried out to investigate the charging characteristics of the submicron particles and the monodisperse particles. The basic idea is that the highly charged electro-sprayed droplets will be produced into the gas when the Coulombic repulsive force on the surface is higher than the surface tension of the spraying liquid. During this process many highly charged smaller droplets or ions, if the droplets are completely dried out, will be produced in the space. These charged species will be attached ion the particles and then eventually charge the particles. These charged particles will be easily collected with ESP. The experimental results show that the atomizer generated particles with geometric mean diameter (GMD) of 62nm are charged more than 90% even at the mean face velocity of 2.5m/s at the charging zone.
Disengagement of a Pendant Liquid Drop from a Vibrating Ceiling
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 295~303
Condensation of vapor on solid inherently accompanies generation of liquid drops on the solid surface. However, these drops prevent the solid surface from directly contacting the saturated vapor, thus causing thermal resistance. This work investigates a novel mechanism for enhancing the condensation process, in which the condensed drops are rapidly removed from a solid surface by imposing vibration on them. In the experiments, a water drop pendant from a solid surface is vibrated at a fixed frequency while increasing the vibration amplitude. Upon repeating the experiments using various frequencies, it is revealed that there exist resonant frequencies at which the minimum vibration amplitudes inducing a fall-off of the pendant drops are remarkably less than those at neighboring frequencies. These frequencies are supposed to correspond to the resonant frequencies for different modes of drop shape oscillations. They are compared with the resonant frequencies predicted by relatively simple analyses, and the factors causing discrepancy between then are discussed.
Void Fraction and Pressure Gradient of Countercurrent Two-Phase Flow in Narrow Rectangular Channels
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 2001, Pages 304~311
An experimental study on the countercurrent two-phase flow in narrow rectangular channels has been performed. The void fraction and the pressure gradient were investigated using air and water in 760 mm long, 100 mm wide. vertical test sections with 2, 3 and 5 mm channel gaps. Tests were systematically performed with downward liquid superficial velocities and upward gas velocities covering 0 to 0.08 and 0 to 2.5 m/s ranges. respectively. the experimental results were compared with the previous correlations, which were mainly for round tubes, and the qualitative trends were found to be in good agreements. However the quantitative discrepancies were hardly neglected. as the superficial gas velocities increased, the void fraction increased and the pressure gradient decreased, where the effects of the liquid superficial velocities were infinitesimal. as the gap width of the rectangular channel increased the void fraction and the 2-phase frictional pressure gradient approached those values for the round tubes. Equi-periphery diameter, rather than the hydraulic diameter, seemed to be more effective in the analysis of two-phase flow behavior.