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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
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Effects of the Corrugated Tubes on Pressure Drop in Concentric Annuli
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 803~809
The present paper presents the experimental results of pressure drip of water flow in annuli with spirally corrugated inner tubes in the turbulent flow regime. To understand the underlying physical phenomena responsible for heat transfer enhancement, pressure drop data documented elsewhere are combined to compare with those obtained from the present experiment for the Reynolds numbers of 1,000 to 8,000. Friction factors were found to be functions of trough depth, pitch and angle, and the annulus radius ratio. Friction factor increases in the spirally fluted tubes were larger than those in the corrugated tubes.
Capacity Modulation of a Multi-Type Heat Pump System using PID Control with Fuzzy Logic
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 810~817
Performance of a water-to-water multi-type heat pump system using R22 which has tow indoor units has been investigated experimentally. The refrigerant flow rate of each indoor unit was regulated by an electronic expansion valve and the total refrigerant flow rate of the system was controlled by a variable speed compressor. In the system, evaporator outlet pressure of refrigerant and outlet temperatures of secondary fluid from indoor units were selected as control variables. Experiments were executed for both cooling and heating modes using PID control method with fuzzy logic, and results of the test are compared with a classical PID method. In the case of PID control with fuzzy logic, the fuzzy control rules corrects PID parameters each time. Results show that PID control with fuzzy logic has the merits of quick response and reduced overshoot.
In-Situ Performance Test of a Wet Surface Finned-Tube Evaporator of an Air Source Heat Pump
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 818~826
In this study, in-situ performance test of a wet surface finned-tube evaporator of an air source heat pump which has a rating capacity of 20RT is carried out. Since test conditions, such as indoor and outdoor air conditions cannot be controlled to satisfy the standard test conditions, experiments are done with the inlet air conditions as they exist, From the experimental data, air side heat and mass transfer coefficients were calculated by the well known heat and mass transfer analogy and tube-by-tube method. since current procedure underpredicted the experimental sensible heat factor(SHF), a proper empirical parameter was introduced to predict the experimental data with satisfactory results. This study provides the method of evaluating the heat and mass transfer coefficients of a wet surface finned-tube evaporator of which in-situ performance test in necessary.
Experimental Study on Condensation Heat Transfer Characteristics of Special Heat Transfer Tubes
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 827~835
In this study, condensation heat transfer characteristics were conducted with special heat transfer tubes of SH-C type. Experiments were carried out the saturated vapor temperature of 334K and the wall subcooling of 1.5-4.5K. The refrigerant was R-113 and the enhanced tubes used in the present study were SH-CDR, SH-CYR and SH-CHR. The experimental results showed that the condensation heat transfer coefficients of SH-C type tubes were about 23-66% higher than those of a low integral-fin tube. It was visualized that the condensed liquid on the outer surface of SH-C type tubes flowed continuously down unlike a low integral-fin tube and a plain tube, due to a 3-D extending fin on the outer surface of SH-C type tubes. As a result, the thermal resistance of the condensed liquid decreased and the heat transfer coefficient increased. Also, the enhancement ratio of SH-CDR tube was the highest, and it was about 9-11 times as compared to that of a plain tube.
Application Study on the Outdoor Air Temperature Prediction Control for Continuous Floor Heating System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 836~844
For the radiant floor heating system, the possibility of suboptimal prediction control was investigated by computer simulation and experiment. For this study, TRANSYS program was used and an experimental facility consisting of two rooms (3
2.8m) was built. The facility enabled simultaneous comparison of two different control strategies which implemented in a separate room. Results showed that outdoor air temperature prediction control was superior to the conventional outdoor air temperature compensation control for radiant floor heating system. However, more research for fine prediction of outside air temperature was required in the future.
The Effect of the Thermal Conductivity of a Tube and the Convective Heat Transfer on the Outer Surface of a Tube on the Energy Separation in Vortex Tubes
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 845~852
The phenomena of energy separation in vortex tubes was investigated experimentally to see the effects of the conductivity of a tube and convective heat transfer on the outer surface of a tube. The experiment was carried out with different conductivity (pyrex, stainless steel and copper) of a tube and three kinds of convective heat transfer modes (adiabatic condition, natural convection (air) and forced convection (water) on the outer surface of a tube. the results were obtained that hot exit fluid temperature was highly affected by a change of conductivity of a tube when the outer surface was cooled by the forced convection of water. However, the cold exit temperature was little affected by heat transfer modes on the outer surface in vortex tubes.
Distributions of Local Supply and Exhaust Effectiveness according to the Room Airflow Patterns
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 853~859
A pulsed tracer gas technique is applied to measure distributions of local mean age and residual life time of air in a half-scale experimental chamber. The room airflow patterns are flow-visualized by a Helium bubble generator for three different exhaust locations. A supply slot is located at the top of a right wall, and an exhaust slot is either at bottom-left(Case 1), bottom-right(Case 2), or top-left(Case 3) location. Results show that the distribution of LMA and LMR are different from each other, but both of them are closely related to the airflow pattern in the space. Results on overall room ventilation effectiveness are provided depending upon ventilation airflow rates for three different supply-exhaust configurations.
Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer in Absorption of Water Vapor into LiBr-
Solution Flowing over a Finned Inclined Surface
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 860~867
Absorption of water vapor into LiBr-
O solution flowing over a finned inclined surface is numerically investigated. The momentum, energy, and diffusion equation are numerically solved using a finite difference method. The four different shapes of the wall surfaces are considered to find the best surface for absorption assuming that the wall temperature and the surface tension are constant. The effects of the fin interval and Reynolds number are investigated. Based on the numerical results, it is known that the parabolic surface shows better absorption performance than the other surfaces, and that water vapor absorption increases gradually with decreasing the fin interval.
공동주책의 에너지소비와 이산화탄소 배출특성
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 868~877
This study is to present the typical energy consumption criteria and
exhaust rate in multi-family housing complex by analyzing the energy consumption characteristics. The contents and methodology of this study are as follows; -Examining the documents of maintenance accounts, investigate the cost and its items expended by the annual maintenance in multi-family housing complex. -Survey each consumption of energy sources, maintenance area, location of multi-family housing complex, heating type, and so forth. -After classifying with heating type of multi-family housing complex investigated, Scrutinize the energy consumption by each source. -Analyze the characteristics of energy consumption and
exhaust through multiple regression analyses of maintenance property. -Suggest the typical energy consumption criteria (Mcal/
.year, Mcal/house.year) and
exhaust rate (kg-c/
.year, Kg-c/house.year) in multi-family housing complex. the results will come into basic data for estimating energy consumption in multi-family housing complex according to maintenance characteristics.
Operating Characteristics of a Bubble Pump for Diffusion-Absorption Refrigerator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 878~887
Experimental investigation has been carried out to examine the operating characteristics of a bubble pump for diffusion absorption refrigerator. The effects of heat input and delivery height on generation rate of refrigerant vapor and circulation rate of solution have been investigated. as a result heat input and delivery height increase, circulation rate of solution increases. And the smaller the tube diameter, the larger the circulation rate of solution. Pumping ratio increases to a critical point and then decrease with the increase of heat input, and it increases with the increase in delivery height. In this paper, Marcus's analytical theory was also examined. It was found that the Marcus\`s analytical theory of a bubble pump was not appropriate for a bubble pump using ammonia aqueous solution as a working fluid.
Effect of Boundary Condition on the Flow Rate of the Internal Coolant in Gas Turbine Blades
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 888~894
Advanced gas turbine engines employ turbine entry temperatures so high that cooling of the turbine blades is essential. The coolant flow introduces losses which need to be minimized, and therefore it is important that the minimum amount of coolant should be used. This work presents the result of the one-dimensional analysis and the effect of the boundary conditions on coolant flow rate in gas turbine blades.
Evaporation Cooling Phenomena of Droplets Containing Fire Suppression Agents
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 895~903
Evaporation cooling phenomena of droplets containing fire suppression agents on a hot metal surface were experimentally investigated. Solution of water containing potassium acetate (30-50% by weight) and sodium bromide (10-30% by weight) were used in the experiments, and surface temperatures were ranged from 70-116
. The evaporation time of the droplet on the heated surface was determined by using frame-by-frame analysis of the video records. It is found that the apparent evaporation time is shorter in turns of pure water, sodium bromide solution and potassium acetate solution. However, the time averaged heat flux is higher in turns of pure water, sodium bromide solution and potassium acetate solution. In-depth temperature variation of the hot metal does not occur significantly by the kinds of additive.
Heat Transfer and Flow Characteristics by Trapezoid Rod Array in Impinging Jet System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 904~913
The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of jet flow and heat transfer caused by trapezoid rods array in impinging jet system. In this study, trapezoid rods have been set up in front of flat plate to serve as a turbulence promoter. The bottom width of trapezoid rod was W=4, 8 mm and oblique angle were 80
. The space from rods to the heating surface was C=1, 2, 4 mm, the pitch between each rods was P=30, 40, 50 mm, and the distance from nozzle exit to flat plate was H=100, 500 mm. This results were compared with the case without trapezoid rods. As a result, when rods are installed in front of the impinging plate, the acceleration of the jet flow and the eddies due to the rods seem to contribute to the heat transfer enhancement. Among test conditions, the heat transfer performance was best for the condition of W=8 mm, C=1 mm, P=30 mm and H/B=10. The maximum heat transfer rate is about 1.9 times larger than that without trapezoid rods.
Thermal Performance Evaluation of Design Parameters and Development of Load Prediction Equations of Office Buildings
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 13, issue 9, 2001, Pages 914~921
The objective of this study is to evaluate the design parameters and to develop the cooling and heating load prediction equations of office buildings. The building load calculation simulation was carried out using the DOE-2.1E program. The results of the simulation was used as a data for ANOVA and multiple regression analysis which could develop the load prediction equations.