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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
Rectification Characteristic of Packing Materials in the Packed-type Rectifier of
Absorption Heat Pump
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 775~780
An experimental study on the characteristics of several kinds of packing materials was carried out in order to get the optimum design data for the packed-type rectification system of an NH
GAX absorption heat pump. Several suitable packing materials were examined and the bulk of steel wire was shown as the most effective packing material in rectifier. The optimum volumetric ratio of packed steel wire in rectifier was obtained as around 36%. The performance results can be adapted in rectifier design of absorption heat pump.
The Frost and Defrost Performances of Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchangers with Different Surface Treatment Characteristics
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 781~785
The effects of different surfaces on dry and wet frosting test were experimentally investigated. The results of experiment were compared by the performance evaluation coefficient (PEC). Results showed that the air-side pressure drop of lacquer coated evaporator increased by 5% as compared to the plasma treated one. It was also found that the Plasma coated evaporator is lower than lacquer coated one in the PEC ratio.
A Study of Correlation between DCA and WHS in Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 786~791
An experimental study on the behavior of the water hold-up by spraying of a fin-and-tube heat exchanger with regard to the surface characteristics, i.e., contact angles, was conducted. The dynamic contact angles (DCA) were measured, and water hold-up by spraying (WHS) was conducted in the experiment. It is found that heat exchanger surface characteristics, spray pressure, spray water temperature and heat exchanger surface temperature play an important role in WHS. In order to evaluate relationship between WHS and surface characteristics, test conditions are determined through a contour analysis. A correlation was proposed to predict WHS as a function of DCA. With its test efficiency and consuming time, the prediction method can be used to evaluate WHS performance.
A Numerical Study on the Particle Collection Characteristics of a Grease Filter for Kitchen Ventilation
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 792~800
A grease filter is used to remove grease generated from a cooking appliance in a kitchen. This numerical study has been conducted to investigate the particle collection characteristics of a grease filter having nominal flowrate of
/h. The flow field and particle trajectories in the grease filter with a flow chamber were simulated by using the commercial code of STAR-CD. The air velocity and pressure distributions were discussed in detail. The pressure drop of a grease filter rapidly increases with increasing the air flowrate. The numerical values of the pressure drop are slightly lower than the experimental values when the air flowrates are 50, 75, and 100㎥/h. The particle collection efficiency of a grease filter increases with increasing the particle diameter, the particle density, and the air flowrate, which means that the inertial impaction is a dominant particle removal mechanism in a grease filter. The cut-off diameter of the tested grease filter representing 50-% collection efficiency is about 11.6
$\mu$m for water droplets at
Analysis of a Refrigeration Cycle Driven by Refrigerant Steam Turbine
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 801~810
We have analyzed a combined cycle employing refrigerant Rankine cycle and simple refrigeration cycle with one working fluid. Although this cycle shows promising aspects such as simplicity, it does not have a good efficiency to compete with the other existing technologies because of high temperature at the exit of the turbine. However, by introducing a recuperator, it is found that the cycle efficiency can be improved up to the level much higher than other technology＇s efficiency.
An Investigation Study on Fact of Waste Heat of Domestic Industry
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 811~816
Waste heat exhausted from seven types of the domestic industry was surveyed, which include food, fibre, paper & wood, chemical, ceramics, metalworking and others. The databases of waste heat for each industry were made by using ACCESS software of Microsoft, and data were analyzed to get correlation between waste heat and purchase energy. The volume of usable waste heat is estimated to be 9,169,000 TOE in the year of 2000, when the minimum available temperature is set as
for waste gas,
for hot water and
for steam considering the condition of waste heat exhausting facilities and surroundings. This volume of waste heat is approximately 11.9 percent of the purchase energy of the domestic industry.
Cycle Analysis of Diffusion Absorption Refrigerator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 817~824
A diffusion absorption refrigerator is a heat-generated refrigeration system. It uses a three-component working fluid consisting of the refrigerant (ammonia), the absorbent (water) and the auxiliary gas (typically hydrogen). This system has no moving parts and the associated noise and vibration. In this study, the operating characteristics of diffusion absorption refrigerator are investigated through cycle modeling and simulation. System parameters considered in this study are the charged concentration of ammonia aqueous solution, the concentration difference between absorber inlet and outlet and the system pressure determined by the amount of auxiliary gas charged. It was found that there exists a critical value of concentration difference that maximizes the refrigerating capacity. And the lower the system pressure, the higher the refrigerating capacity.
Influence of Spring on The Absorption Performance of a Vertical Absorber Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 825~832
The present study investigated the enhancement of the absorption performance by the spring wrapped around the outer surface of the vertical falling film absorber tube. Heat and mass transfer enhancements were experimentally investigated, and flow visualization was performed to observe the wettability and flow pattern of the solution. The key experimental parameters were spring diameter (0.5, 1.0 mm) and spring pitch (1, 3, 10 mm), film Reynolds number (50~150), and concentration of LiBr-
solution (55, 60, 65 wt%). As the spring diameter was increased, the absorption mass flux, Sherwood number, Nusselt number, heat flux, and heat transfer coefficient were increased The Nusselt and Sherwood numbers showed the maximum at the spring pitch of 3mm, and the ratio of pitch to diameter of approximately 3 and 6 for the spring diamter of 0.5 mm, respectively.
A Study on the Transitional Flows in a Concentric Annulus with Rotating Inner Cylinder
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 833~843
The present experimental and numerical investigations are performed for the characteristics of transitional flow in a concentric annulus with a diameter ratio of 0.52, whose outer cylinder is stationary and inner one rotating. The pressure losses and skin- friction coefficients have been measured for the fully developed flow of water and glycerine-water solution (44%) with the inner cylinder rotating at speed of 0∼600 nm, respectively. The transitional flow has been examined by the measurement of pressure losses to reveal the relation of the Reynolds and Rossby numbers with the skin-friction coefficients. The occurrence of transition has been checked by the gradient changes of pressure losses and skin-friction coefficients with respect to the Reynolds numbers. The increasing rate of skin-friction coefficient due to the rotation is uniform for laminar flow regime, whereas it is suddenly reduced for transitional flow regime and, then, it is gradually declined for turbulent flow regime.
Dynamic Model of a Vertical Tube Absorber for Ammonia/water Absorption Refrigerators
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 844~853
A dynamic model which simulates the coupled heat and mass transfer within a vertical tube absorber was developed. The liquid film is a binary mixture of two components, and both of these components are present in the vapor phase. The pressure, concentration, temperature and mass flow rate of the vapor are obtained by assuming that the pressure is uniform within an absorber. The model was applied to an absorber for an ammonia/water absorption refrigerator. The transient behaviors of the pressure, the outlet temperature and the concentration of the solution and the cooling water outlet temperature on a step change at the absorber inlet of the cooling water temperature, the vapor mass flow rate and the concentration of the solution were shown.
Validating the Applicability of a Simplified Correlation Method for Economic Evaluation of Cooling Plants
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 854~862
In the previous research, a simplified correlation method was developed as an easy prediction tool for comparing energy use of cooling plants. The purpose of this paper is to test the applicability of this method for economic evaluation with two zones of a 20-story commercial building in Seoul. The results of this method were compared with the DOE-2 simulation and actual measured data. Then, Comparisons of life cycle cost were carried out for three types of cooling plants. Testing of one zone showed good agreement of within 10% error in cooling energy use and within 2% error in LCC. But testing of the other zone indicated that the use of this method were invalid when input variables were used beyond its valid range.
Experimental Investigation on the Enhancement of Methane Hydrate Formation in the Solid Transportation of Natural Gas
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 10, 2002, Pages 863~870
Fossil fuels have been depleted gradually and new energy resource which can solve this shortage is needed now. Methane hydrate, non-polluting new energy resource, satisfies this requirement and considered the precious resource prevent the global warming. Fortunately, there are abundant resources of methane hydrate distribute in the earth widely, so developing the techniques that can use these gases effectively is fully valuable. the work presented here is to develop the skill which can transport and store methane hydrate. As a first step, the equilibrium point experiment has been carried out by increasing temperatures in the cell at fixed pressures. The influence of gas consumption rates under variable degree of subcooling, stirring and water injection has been investigated formation to find out kinetic characteristics of the hydrate. The results of present investigation show that the enhancements of the hydrate formation in terms of the gas/water ratio are closely related to operational pressure, temperature, degrees of subcooling, stirring rate, and water injection.