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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
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A Numerical Study on the Dynamic Characteristics of Water Hammer Arresters for Building Service Applications
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 269~277
Dynamic characteristics of water hammer arresters installed in a building water supply system have been investigated numerically by utilizing a commercial rode that employs the method of characteristics. Some preliminary results with those arresters produced in this study agree well with the previously reported. Then, the arresters have been incorporated into a water supply pipe system of a
apartment unit constructed by a leading construction company, and their dynamic characteristics, especially on the reduction in the water hammer pressure, are investigated. It is found that the setting of the arresters in the pipe system, which is recommended by the company, may not be proper for reducing the pressure to less than 1082.0 kPa when buick-closure valves in the pipe system are closed within 30 ms at the static pressure of 542.6 kPa. More arresters in the system may be required to meet a pressure criteria.
A FUZZY PID Control of Supply Duct Outlet Air Temperature for PEM
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 278~284
The work presented here provides a control of the supply duct outlet air temperature in PEM (personal environment module) using fuzzy PID controller. In previous work, PID control systems were used, but the result shows that the outlet air temperature and electric heater regulating voltage were oscillated. Fuzzy PID control systems are designed to improve the system response obtained using PID control and implemented experimentally Also, PID controller and fuzzy controller without PID logic are provided to compare the result with that of the fuzzy PID controller. Data obtained shows that the fuzzy PID control system satisfies the design criteria and works proper1y in controlling the supply air temperature. Also it has bettor performance than the previous result obtained using PID control.
Vapor Pressure and Miscibility for R474A/POE Oil Mixtures
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 285~292
The vapor pressure and miscibility measurement apparatus was developed and used to obtain data for refrigerant/oil mixture. The vapor pressure and miscibility data for R-404A/32 ISO VG polyol ester (POE) oil mixture and R-404A/46 ISO VG polyol ester oil mixture are obtained over the temperature range from -20 to
intervals and the oil concentration range from 0 to 70 wt%. Using the experimental data, an empirical model was developed to predict the temperature vapor pressure-concentration relations for R-404A/46 ISO VG polyol ester oil mixtures at equilibrium. In the R-404A/32 ISO VG polyol ester oil mixture, the average root-mean-square deviation between measured data and calculated results from the empirical model is 1.24% and in the R-404A/46 ISO VG polyol ester oil mixture, that is 1.37%. Miscibility for R-404A/32 ISO VG polyol ester oil mixture was observed all over the experimental conditions. Immiscibility for R-404A/So1est 46 oil mixture was observed at the low oil concentrations (20~30 wt%) over the high experimental temperature range (50~
A Study on the Component Performance for Automotive Air Conditioner
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 293~303
For successful design of component, performances of one-tank plate type evaporator, gas-liquid separation type condenser, swash plate type compressor and thermostatic expansion valve for automotive air conditioner are investigated experimentally. Heat transfer characteristics in the evaporator are examined by means of air temperature, relative humidity, air volume flow, outlet refrigerant pressure and superheat, and heat transfer characteristics in the condenser are examined by means of air temperature, air velocity and inlet refrigerant pressure. Pressure drops for both evaporator and condenser are measured arid empirical correlations are derived. Volumetric efficiencies and isentropic efficiencies for trio types of compressors with different capacity are measured and compared. Thermostatic expansion valve is tested to investigate the pressure variation according to temperature changes.
A Study on the Performance Analysis of Automotive Air Conditioning System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 304~314
Performance analysis of the automotive air-conditioning system is conducted by using computer simulation, and performance tests are carried out by using the climate wind tunnel in order to verify simulation. Evaporator and condenser were modeled by using empirical correlation which was obtained from calorimeter data, and compressor was modeled by using map based method. The steady state thermodynamic conditions of refrigerant satisfying mass and energy balance were assumed in the simulation program for automotive airconditioning system. The system performance was analyzed by finite difference method until differential air enthalpy between evaporator inlet and outlet becomes converged. Simulation results are in good agreement with experimental results at most operating conditions. Variation of discharge temperature and pressure of compressor, outlet temperature of evaporator, cooling capacity, and COP were investigated in term of air volume flow rate for evaporator, compressor capacity, compressor speed, superheat of thermostatic expansion valve, and diameter of suction line.
Characteristics of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in a Fluidized Bed Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 315~323
The commercial viability of heat exchanger is mainly dependent on their long-term fouling characteristics because the fouling increases the pressure loss and degrades the thermal performance of a heat exchanger. An experimental study was performed to investigate the characteristics of fluid flow and heat transfer in a fluidized bed heat exchanger with circulating various solid particles. The present work showed that the drag force coefficients of particles in the internal flow were higher than those in the external flow, in addition, the solid particle periodically hitting the tube wall broke the thermal boundary layer, and increased the rate of heat transfer. Particularly when the flow velocity was low, the effect was more pronounced.
Effect of Aspect Ratio and Location of Outlets on Ventilation Performance in a Dry Room
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 324~331
The characteristics of moisture ventilation in a dry room are studied numerically The behaviors of moisture ventilation are analyzed by varying the aspect ratio of the horizontal plane and for various positions of the outlets in the room. Three different ventilation efficiencies have been used to examine the effect of the longitudinal arrangement of outlets and transverse arrangement of outlets for each aspect ratio on ventilation inside the room. It is shown that the ventilation efficiency in the dry room can be improved by arranging the outlets transversely in the cases that the aspect ratio is less than three and longitudinally in the cases that it is greater than four.
A Study on the Refrigerant Characteristics of the HFC-l52a, and Azeotrope Mixed with
I in Air Conditioners
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 332~340
In these days, environmental concerns have been increased throughout the industry and community worldwide. To prevent the ozone depletion, ozone depletion potential of a refrigerant must be zero. Simultaneously, a refrigerant with low GWP (global warming potential) is very demanding to induce green house effect. Chlorine-free HFC-l34a is a refrigerant widely used for automotive air-conditioning system because its destruction potential is ecologically zero. Although HFC-l34a has no ozone depletion potential, its global warming potential is so high that it is not considered as a perfect alternative refrigerant that is acceptable for long-term use. In this paper, experimental measurement has been carried out to analyze the performance characteristics of automotive air-conditioning system using HFC-152a, which has low GWP and zero ODP. Also mixed refrigerant that is composed of HFC-152a and
was applied to investigate an alternative possibility for the automotive airconditioning system. As a result of this study, we could draw following conclusions; With respect to the variation of the rotational speed of compressor, outside air temperature and flow rate, the heat amount of evaporator and compressor and performance coefficient was varied.
A Study on Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics of LiBr-
O Solution with a Sufactant Flowing over a Cooled Horizontal Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 341~349
Heat and mass transfer characteristics of a surfactant-added LiBr-
solution flowing over a single horizontal tube were examined experimentally. The parameters considered were surfactant (2-ethyl-1-hexanol) concentration, solution temperature at the top of the tube and absorber pressure. Even with an amount of the surfactant below the solubility limit, heat and mass transfer performances were enhanced tremendously. The Nusselt and Sherwood numbers increased by about 70% and 340%, respectively, when 10 ppm of the surfactant was added. However, an excess amount of the surfactant in the solution did not bring a further enhancement. The absorption performance deteriorated when the non-condensable gases were extracted from the system (by a vacuum pump) since the vaporized surfactant was also extracted during the process. Therefore, it is desirable to add a sufficient amount of the surfactant (more than 10 ppm) to maintain high performance of absorption.
Optimal Control Algorithms for the Full Storage Ice Cooling System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 350~357
Optimal control algorithms for the full storage ice cooling system were developed by using a dynamic simulation program. Control algorithms for the storage charging mode were developed for the chiller outlet temperature setpoint control and the chiller capacity control. Control algorithms for the storage discharging mode were developed for the proper mode selection, the storage-only mode control, and the storage-priority chiller-shared mode control. Two different cases of the expected outdoor air temperature profile and the expected cooling load profile were used to analyze the effectiveness of these algorithms. Simulation results show the energy savings and the satisfactory controls of the ice storage system. Therefore, control algorithms developed for this study may effectively be used for the improved control of the ice storage cooling system.