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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
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Local Heat Transfer Characteristics in Convective Partial Boiling by Impingement of Free-Surface/Submerged Circular Water Jets
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 441~449
Single-phase convection and partial nucleate boiling in free-surface and submerged jet impingements of subcooled water ejected through a 2-mm-diameter circular pipe nozzle were investigated by local measurements. Effects of jet velocity and nozzle-to-imping-ing surface distance as well as heat flux on distributions of wall temperature and heat transfer coefficients were considered. Incipience of boiling began from far downstream in contrast with the cases of the planar water jets of high Reynolds numbers. Heat flux increase and velocity decrease reduced the temperature difference between stagnation and far downstream regions with the increasing influence of boiling in partial boiling regime. The chance in nozzle-to-impinging surface distance from H/d=1 to 12 had a significant effect on heat transfer around the stagnation point of the submerged jet, but not for the free-surface jet. The submerged jet provided the lower cooling performance than the free-surface jet due to the entrainment of the pool fluid of which temperature increased.
Stability Analysis of Marangoni Convection for
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 450~455
Convective instability driven by surface tension is analyzed in an initially quiescent water absorbing ammonia gas using the linear stability theory. The propagation theory is adapated to find the critical conditions of the onset of solutal Maragoni convection. In this theory, the solutal penetration depth is chosen as the length scale factor. The results show that the liquid layer becomes more stable with decreasing the Schmidt number It is interesting that for a smaller Biot number than 100, the system becomes stable with decreasing Bi but for a larger Bi, it becomes unstable with decreasing Bi.
Simulation of the Stack Effect in High-Rise Builbings
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 456~467
The objective of this study is to analyze and evaluate the impact of the stack effect in high-rise buildings for solving the various problems resulting from it. For the evaluation of the impact of the stack effect, computer program simulations based on the network model were performed for a typical high-rise office building. The results of the simulations show that the impact caused by the stack effect is mainly dependent on building envelope air-tightness and internal airflow resistance, so the problems due to the stack effect may be solved to some extent by installing vestibules around entrance doors and doors serving elevators, and by zoning the elevators.
Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics and Performance Evaluation of a Double-Tube Condenser for an Alternative Refrigerant
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 468~476
This paper deals with heat and mass transfer characteristics and performance evaluation of a counter flow double-tube condenser for a multi-component refrigerant mixture. The local heat and mass transfer characteristics of ternary zeotropic refrigerant mixtures composed of HFC32/HFC125/HFC134a are evaluated for a counter flow double-tube condenser cooled by water. Then, the local values of vapor quality, thermodynamic states at bulk vapor, vapor-liquid interface and bulk liquid, heat flux and condensation mass flux are obtained. The heat exchange performance for ternary zeotropic refrigerant mixtures composed of HFC32/HFC125/HFC134a on the total pressure drop and the heat transfer characteristics are also compared with those for R404A, R410A, R502, R22, R32, Rl23 and R134a.
Heat Transfer Enhancement by the Combined Effect of Louver Angle and Angle of Attack of Vertex Generator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 477~484
A numerical investigation of the performance of the plate heat exchanger with rectangular winglet is conducted to examine the combined effect of vortex generator and louver fins. Velocity and temperature fields and spanwise averaged Nu and friction factor are presented. Enhancement of heat transfer and flow loss penalty is evident. A Parametric study of three factors (Re, angle of attack and louver angle) with levels of 5 (Re= 300, 500, 700, 900, 1100), 4(
), and 4(
), respectively, indicates the performance defined by the ratio of heat transfer enhancement to flow loss penalty shows monotonic behavior for each parameter alone but the interactions between parameters is found to be considerable effect on the performance of heat exchanger and should be considered in design. The effect of stamping is also examined.
An Experimental Study on Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop of Air Side in a Plate-Louvered Fin Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 485~492
Heat transfer and pressure drop on the air side of a plate-louvered fin heat exchanger with new shape of louver fin have been investigated experimentally. Water is employed inside the flat tube to transfer heat with air for convenience. This problem is of particular interest in the design of a plate-louvered heat exchanger. The effect of air flow rate, water flow rate and water temperature on pressure drop as well as heat transfer in air side are studied in detail. The present results showed a good agreement qualitatively with the previous results in general. Based on the experimental data, f-factor and j -factor correlations of the present louvered-fin are suggested. It is also found that heat transfer could be enhanced with new shape of louver fin, compared with the conventional louvered-fin, while the f-factor remains unchanged.
Experimental Study on the Performance Characteristics of Hot-gas Bypass and On-off Defrosting Cycle in a Showcase Refrigeration System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 493~502
During the defrosting process, the temperature in the cabinet of a showcase becomes high as compared to the setting point, which is not desirable for stored foods or materials. It is necessary to develop a more efficient defrosting method to prevent large temperature fluctuation. In this study, the performance of a showcase refrigeration system with three evaporators is investigated by employing a hot-gas bypass defrosting technology in the system under frosting and defrosting conditions. The operating characteristics are compared with those for the on-off defrosting method that has been widely used in current products. As a result, the hot-gas bypass defrosting method shows higher refrigerating capacity and less temperature fluctuation than the on-off method under frosting/defrosting conditions, while the power input is relatively high for the hot-gas bypass method.
A Study on Thermal Stratification Characteristics and Useful Rate of Hot Water in Thermal Storage Tank during Hot Water Extraction Process
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 503~511
Heat flow characteristics during hot water extraction process was studied experimentally. Data were taken at various outlet port type for the fixed inlet port type, inlet-outlet temperature differences and mass flow rates. In this study, the temperature distribution in a storage tank and an outlet temperature were measured to predict a degree of stratification in the storage tank, and a useful rate of hot water was analysed with respect to the variables dominating a extraction process. Experimental results show that the degree of stratification and useful rate of hot water are all high in a low flow rate in case of using modified distributor I (MDI) as the outlet port type.
A Study on the Conjugate Heat Transfer from Horizontal Plate with Protruding Heat Source
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 512~518
The real chip and similarity model were used to investigate the thermal behavior and velocity distribution of air from the heat source with the location and the amount of heat experimentally and numerically, and compared. The heat generated in the block is not cooled by convection and show the high temperature by the stagnation of heat flow. After maintaining the high temperature of block by the natural convection, the sudden drop of temperature with the air flow was shown in the channel but the decreasing rate was small with the time. The inward block was effected by infinitesimal air flow generated between block and channel and outward block was effected by the entry condition.
A Study of Frost Formation on Different Hydrophilic Surfaces
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 519~524
An experimental study has been conducted to investigate the effects of surface energy on frost formation. Test samples with two different surfaces are installed in a wind tunnel and exposed to a humid airflow. Dynamic contact angles (DCA) for these surfaces are
, respectively. The thickness and the mass of frost layer are measured and used to calculate the frost density while frost formation is visualized simultaneously with their measurements. Results show that frost density increases as time increases at specific test conditions. The air Reynolds number, the airflow humidity and the cold plate temperature are maintained at 12,000, 0.0042 kg/kg and
, respectively. The surface with a lower DCA shows a higher frost density during two-hour test, but no differences in the frost density have been found after two hours of frost generation. Empirical correlations for thickness, mass and density are assumed to be the functions of the test time and DCA.
The Frost and Defrost Performances of Fin-and-Tube Exchangers with Different Surface Characteristics
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2002, Pages 525~531
The effects of different surface hydrophilicity on frosting and defrosting characteristic were experimentally investigated. Mass of frost and water hold-up was measured. Results showed that no significant difference in the frost mass was found between the two different surfaces while the water hold-up of heat exchanger court be reduced by the enhancement of surface hydrophilicity. Also, the defrosting efficiency m hydrophilic surface was improved by 76%. It was expected that hydrophilic heat exchanger could provide the improvements in both thermal-hydraulic performances and system reliability during frost/defrost operating in refrigeration systems.