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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
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Natural Convection Heat Transfer in Inclined Cylindrical Water Layers
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 787~794
The effect of inclination angle on natural convection heat transfer has been studied for water layers. The range of the Raleigh number was from the subcritical value to 1.4
, and the range of the inclination angle,
, measured from the horizontal was 0
. For horizontal water layers, present results agreed well with the results of previous investigators and also showed significant departures from the results of air layers in the turbulent regime. Inclined cylindrical water layers showed secondary maxima in heat transfer, whereas rectangular air layers showed continuous decline of Nusselt number.
A study of Heat Transfer Enhancement by Temperature Driven Marangoni Convection
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 795~801
The primary object of this study is to obtain a basic knowledge of heat transfer enhancement mechanism as affected by temperature driven Marangoni convection. Experiments is achieved to visualize the enhanced heat transfer phenomena by the effect of Marangoni convection through the laser holographic interferometry. Also Nusselt Number is introduced for the relation of Marangoni Number.
An Experimental Study of the Air-side Particulate Fouling of Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers of Air Conditioners by using Accelerated Particle-Loading System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 802~808
The air-side particulate fouling of the HVAC heat exchangers degrades the performance of cooling capacity, pressure drop across a heat exchanger, and indoor air quality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the fouling characteristics using accelerated particle loading system. The fouling characteristics are analyzed as functions of a dust concentration, a face velocity and a wet or dry surface condition. The pressure drop increases with increasing test operation and reaches constant asymptotic level. For the saturated condition due to particle loading, the pressure drop across the slitted finned-tube heat exchangers at the face velocity of 1 m/sec increases up to 57% and the cooling capacity decreases about 2%. The cooling capacities are not affected greatly by the presence of the fouling deposits if the thickness of the fouling deposits can not change substantially the flow pattern through the fins.
Effects of Reynolds Number on Flow and Heat/Mass Characteristics Inside the Wavy Duct
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 809~820
The present study investigates effects of flow velocity on the convective heat/mass transfer characteristics in wavy ducts of a primary surface heat exchanger application. Local heat/mass transfer coefficients on the wavy duct sidewall are determined by using a naphthalene sublimation technique. The flow visualization technique is used to understand the overall flow structures inside the duct. The aspect ratio and corrugation angle of the wavy duct is fixed at 7.3 and 145
respectively, and the Reynolds numbers, based on the duct hydraulic diameter, vary from 100 to 5,000. The results show that there exist complex secondary flows and transfer processes resulting in non-uniform distributions of the heat/mass transfer coefficients on the duct side walls. At low Re (Re<1000), relatively high heat/mass transfer regions like cell shape appear on both pressure and suction side wall due to the secondary vortex flows called Taylor-Gortler vortices perpendicular to the main flow direction. However, at high Re (Re>1000), these secondary flow cells disappear and boundary layer type flow characteristics are observed on pressure side wall and high heat/mass transfer region by the flow reattachment appears on the suction side wall. The average heat/mass transfer coefficients are higher than those of the smooth circular duct due to the secondary flows inside wavy duct. And also friction factors are about two times greater than those of the smooth circular duct.
An Experimental Study of Flow Behaviour in Underground Stairway Fire
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 821~827
Reduced-scale experimental study was carried out on the heat flow behavior which flows under the sloped ceiling in underground fire. Temperature and flow velocity were measured to characterize the ceiling jet along the sloped stairway ceiling. The methanol fuel was used as a model fire source giving 2.2 and 3.4 kW, with changing the slope angle of stairway adopting of 15, 25, 35, and 45 deg. Based on the experimental data, excess temperature and velocity along the sloped stairway ceiling were examined which are usefully applicable to estimate the activating conditions of heat detector and sprinkler head mounted on the sloped ceiling. Excess temperature in upper exit of the sloped stairway was also examined to analyze the soffit which delays the smoke diffusion. The result shows that the activating conditions of heat detector and sprinkler in the sloped stairway ceiling have to be considered differently in a point of about 30 deg.
Effects of Charging Conditions on Evaporating Temperature for Diffusion Absorption Refrigerator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 828~834
A diffusion absorption refrigerator is a heat-generated refrigeration system. It uses a three-component working fluid consisting of the refrigerant (ammonia), the absorbent (water) and the auxiliary gas (hydrogen or helium). In this study, experimental investigations have been carried out to examine the effects of charging conditions of working fluids on the evaporating temperature for diffusion absorption refrigerator. Experimental parameters considered in the present experiments are charging concentration, solution charge and system pressure determined by auxiliary gas charged. As a result, in the charging condition of 35% of concentration and 20 kg
of system pressure, the system has the lowest evaporating temperature. It was found that there exists a minimum value of solution charge for the operation of diffusion absorption refrigerator.r.
A Numerical Study on the Combustion Characteristics for Stoker Type Incinerator with Various Injection Type of Secondary Air
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 835~842
A three dimensional numerical analysis has been conducted for a stoker type incinerator which has the capacity of 1.5 ton/hr. The objective of the present study is to predict the effects of swirl induced by secondary air and to find an optimal operating condition of the incinerator. In this study, combustion characteristics such as distributions of temperature, velocity and concentration of each species have been examined with various injection types of secondary air and with different flow rates of secondary air in the incinerator. It is found that the secondary air injection on the combustion process makes the path of fluid particle longer in the combustor and enhances the mixing between air and combustion gas by arousing a swirl. Therefore, the injection type of secondary air can be an important key in the design process of incinerator.
A Comparative Study of Leakage Flow Models for Scroll Compressors with CFD Solutions
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 843~851
The present paper studies the leakage flow model used in the performance prediction of a scroll compressor. Two leakage flow models, isentropic and Fanno flow model, are studied in detail. Their predictions are also compared with CFD solutions to check the validity as a leakage flow model. Comparison with CFD solutions shows that the isentropic flow model predicts excessive leakage flow rate, while the Fanno flow model shows acceptable agreement with CFD solutions. The excessive leakage flow rate by isentropic flow model results in under-prediction of the overall performance of a scroll compressor.
Effects of the Temperature Glide and Superheat of R407C on the Performance of Evaporator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 852~859
R407C is considered as an alternative refrigerant of R22 for air conditioners. An experiment was carried out to investigate the characteristics of the evaporation heat transfer and pressure drop for refrigerant R407C flowing in a fin-and-tube heat exchanger used for commercial air-conditioning unit. The experimental data were useful in analyze the effects of the temperature glide and superheat for R407C. Test were conducted at the conditions of inlet refrigerant evaporation temperature of 7
, inlet air relative humidity of 50%, and refrigerant mass fluxes varying from 150 to 250 kg/m
s. Representative results show that the heat exchanger performance for R407C evaporation is significantly affected by the change of the flow pattern from two-phase to super-heated vapor flow.
Design Optimization of a Pin-Fin Type Heat Sink
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 860~869
Design optimization of the heat sink with 7
7 square pin-fins is performed numerically using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and the Computer Aided Optimization (CAO). In the pin-fins heat sink, the optimum design variables for fin height (h), fin width (w), and fan-to-heat sink distance (c) can be achieved when the thermal resistance (
) at the junction and the overall pressure drop (
p) are minimized simultaneously. To complete the optimization, the finite volume method for calculating the objective functions, the BFGS method for solving the unconstrained non-linear optimization problem, and the weighting method for predicting the multi-objective problem are used. The results show that the optimum design variable for the weighting coefficient of 0.5 are as follows: w=4.653 mm, h=59.215 mm, and c=2.667 mm. In this case, the objective functions are predicted as 0.56K/W of thermal resistance and 6.91 Pa of pressure drop. The Pareto optimal solutions are also presented.re also presented.d.
Development and Evaluation of a PMV Sensor for the Control of Indoor Thermal Environment
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 870~878
The maintenance of thermal equilibrium between the human body and its environment is one of the primary requirements for health, wellbeing and comfort. For the effective control of indoor thermal environment, thermostat or humidistat is used. But, it is not sufficient to control the indoor thermal environment using only one or two parameters as human response for the indoor comfortable environment. So an environmental thermal index is required for the control of indoor thermal environment effectively. In this study, a PMV sensor has been developed which has integrated from various kinds of individual sensors for temperature, humidity, air velocity, radiant temperature. After applying the PMV and PPD equation, it is possible to monitor the indoor thermal environment with the sensor system, which is adopted to the circuit for optimization according to the human response with the metabolic rate and activities. The measurement was carried out to verify the performance of the integrated sensor system in comparison with existing measurement system, the PMV meter. As a result, the possibility of applying the PMV sensor to control the indoor thermal environment simultaneously was examined.
Economic Analysis of Heat Pump System in Educational Building -Focused on the High School of Twenty Four Classes-
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 10, 2003, Pages 879~887
Buildings with heating and cooling systems have been increased, since the requirement of thermal comfort for residents is grown. Heating and cooling systems, have been changed from two separate systems to one multi-function system which includes both heating and cooling. Especially, heat pump heating and cooling system has been adopted for general classrooms in schools since education environment improvement project has been launched. This research suggests the best option for the heat pump heating and cooling system in educational buildings through economic assessments for four alternative systems based on electric heat pump (EHP) and gas engine driven heat pump (GHP), which are most widely used for elementary, middle and high schools. The model buildings are in the Y high school which has 24 classes of new construction building, which will be built soon. Annual energy consumption for alternative systems uses BECS 3.10, which can be used for system simulation.