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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Heat Transfer Analysis for Optimum Design of a Thermoelectric Cooler
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 889~894
The objectives of this study are to present a proper mathematical model for a thermoelectric cooler equipped with the spacer and to investigate the effect of its geometries by heat transfer analysis. In order to enhance the efficiency of the thermoelectric cooler, the spacer is inserted between TEM (thermoelectric module) and cold plate. The theoretical results show that the COP (coefficient of performance) increases nonlinearly as high as 0.63 with increasing the depth of spacer and the depth of TEM and with decreasing the area of insulator
Space-Time Characteristics of the Wall Shear-Stress Fluctuations in a Low-Reynolds Number Axial Turbulent Boundary Layer
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 895~901
Direct numerical simulation database of an axial turbulent boundary layer is used to compute frequency and wave number spectra of the wall shear-stress fluctuations in a low-Reynolds number axial turbulent boundary layer. One-dimensional and two-dimensional power spectra of flow variables are calculated and compared. At low wave numbers and frequencies, the power of streamwise shear stress is larger than that of spanwise shear stress, while the powers of both stresses are almost the same at high wave numbers and frequencies. The frequency/streamwise wave number spectra of the wall flow variables show that large-scale fluctuations to the ms value is largest for the streamwise shear stress, while that of small-scale fluctuations to the rms value is largest for pressure. In the two-point auto-correlations, negative correlation occurs in streamwise separations for pressure and spanwise shear stress, and in spanwise correlation for both shear stresses.
Part-Load Performance Test of a Screw Chiller with Economizer using R22 and R407C
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 902~909
Screw compressor type chillers are widely used in refrigeration for capacity over 30 RT. In general, chillers operate under part-load conditions. Therefore, information on characteristics at part-load is very important in view of chiller performance and energy economy. In this study, performance tests of part-load and economizer system using R22 and R407C have been performed for various secondary fluid temperatures. Adoption of an economizer system increased the cooling capacity and improved COP except for lower part-load condition when injection volume ratio is 1.01. For the same cooling capacity condition at part-load, COP of both non-economizer and economizer system showed similar values.
Study on Velocity Measurement and Numerical Computation in a Rectangular Duct with
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 910~917
Fluid flow in a rectangular duct for 90
bend elbow with the ratio of 1.5 between its curvature radius and width is measured by 5 W laser doppler velocity meter. The fluid flow is also computed by commercial software of STAR-CD for comparison between measured and computed velocity profiles in the duct. Reynolds numbers for the comparison are 11,643, 19,746 and 24,260. From the comparison, computation of principal velocity components in the duct predicts the experimental data somewhat satisfactorily even though those of minor velocity components and turbulent kinetic energy do not match with the experimental data quite well. K-factor for the bend elbow is computed to be average 0.086 while the equivalent ASHRAE data is 0.07.
Thermal Characteristics with Various Thermal Insulation Types in Basement Structures
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 918~927
This study is to analyze thermal characteristics of the basement structures with a non-thermal insulation and various thermal insulations. From the results through the field experiments and computer simulations, the thermal bridges and heat loss is found in non-insulation structure of the basement under the definite depth of ground level. Therefore, the thermal insulation structure should be installed for preventing the heat loss in the basement.
A Study on the Operating Performance of Solar Assisted Hot Water System for Apartment Houses
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 928~936
In the present study, feasibility investigation on the solar assisted hot water supply system for apartment houses was carried out by the review of service facility and heat load pattern. Also analysis and experiment of the small sized system model were performed. This hybrid system are consists of solar collector, heat storage tank, controller, and gas boiler using LPG as a secondary heat source. The analytical results showed a good agreement with experimental data. We found that this hybrid system could reduce the energy cost by 30% for hot water compared to typical boiler system in the apartment houses. Also we showed that this model could be used for the energy and economic analysis of the hybrid system.
Experimental Study on the Rapid Cooling System by Refrigerant Storage Method
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 937~942
In the present study, low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant storage method is proposed to achieve higher cooling capacity during a short period of time than that of a compressor in steady operation. Experimental apparatus was designed and set up to analyze the performance of the new-conceptual cooling system. Two reservoirs for sequential storage of refrigerant were used in the cooling system. Several on/off solenoid valves were installed for control of refrigerant flow. From the experimental results, the initial rapid cooling by low temperature low-pressure refrigerant storage method was ascertained for successful operation. This rapid cooling methodology shall be useful for other low-capacity refrigeration system.
Development of Simulation Program of Automotive Engine Cooling System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 943~956
A numerical program has been developed for the simulation of automotive engine cooling system. The program determines the mass flow rate of engine coolant circulating the engine cooling system and radiator cooling air when the engine speed is adopted by appropriate empirical correlation. The program used the method of thermal balance at individual element through the model for radiator component in radiator analysis. This study has developed the program that predicts the coolant mass flow rate, inlet and outlet temperatures of each component in the engine cooling system (engine, transmission, radiator and oil cooler) in its state of thermal equilibrium. This study also combined the individual programs and united into the total performance analysis program of the engine cooling system operating at a constant vehicle speed. An air conditioner system is also included in this engine cooling system so that the condenser of the air conditioner faces the radiator. The effect of air conditioner to the cooling performance, e.g., radiator inlet temperature, of the radiator and engine system was examined. This study could make standards of design of radiator capacity using heat rejection with respect to the mass flow rate of cooling air. This study is intended to predict the performance of each component at design step or to simulate the system when specification of the component is modified, and to analyze the performance of the total vehicle engine cooling system.
Evaluation of Air-side Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer Performance of Brazing Fin-tube Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 957~963
The present work was conducted to investigate the air-side thermal-hydraulic performance of the brazing fin-tube heat exchanger. Pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient for a plain and a louvered fin configuration were compared numerically and experimentally. It was found that the heat transfer characteristics for the plain fin were similar to the developing flow in the rectangular channel. The louver fin showed about twice better heat transfer coefficient than the plain fin. Previous empirical correlations presented by Davenport, Sunden and Svantesson, Sahnoun and Webb, Chang and Wang, Achaichia and Cowell, and Kang were compared with the present experimental data.
Onset of Marangoni Convection in a Ternary Mixture with Surfactant
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 964~969
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of surfactant on the onset of Marangoni convection adapting a non-linear surface equation of state. The surface tension gradient with respect to the absorbate concentration,
, is linearly related to the surface concentration of a surfactant with a coeffcient
. The numerical results show that the role of the initial surfactant concentration to Marangoni instability changes from the stabilizer to the destabilizer depending on the change of the sign of
from negative to positive. It is concluded that for
>0 there is a critical modified Marangoni number of surfactant
above which liquid layer is always unstable against long wave disturbances.rbances.
Evaluation of Thermal Environment through Large-scale Model Experiment on Air-barrier Type Perimeter-less System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 11, 2003, Pages 970~978
This paper aims at suggesting design guidelines for a perimeter-less HVAC system that contributes energy savings. Perimeter-less HVAC system is one that relieves difficulties such as handling mixing loss, uneven radiative environment, and maintenance and repair. It prevents heat load gained through window and outdoor wall without modifying a previously equipped building skin system. In this paper, we conducted a large-scale model experiment to see how the push-pull air flow would handle indoor heat to obtain an optimized perimeter-less design, and then we plan to perform several kinds of CFD (computational fluid dynamics) cases through numerical simulation