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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Performance Evaluation in Fin-Tube Heat Exchanger by Tow-In Winglet Pairs
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 87~94
To reduce the air side pressure drop in air-cooled heat exchanger, tow-in type winglet vortex generators are applied. A specially designed multiple-channel test core was used in the experiments for the various geometry of winglet vortex generators. The proposed tow-in type vortex generator gives significant separation delay, reduces form drag, and removes the zone of poor heat transfer from near-wake of the tubes. The results show the significant pressure drop reduction for the tow-in win91e1 vortex generators with the similar enhancement of the heat transfer as other vortex generator applications in heat exchanger. In the range of Reynolds number of 350 to 2100 the pressure drop decrease 8∼15% and 34∼55% for the in-line and staggered tube banks, respectively, compared to those without vortex generators.
Optimization of Heat Insulation System for a Household Refrigerator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 95~102
Optimization for the insulation thickness and external shape of a household refrigerator is peformed in order to minimize thermal load through the insulation wall. The one dimensional conduction heat transfer model is adopted to calculate thermal load. Calculus of variation is employed to optimize the thickness and shape of refrigerator or freezer. The uniform distribution of an insulation thickness and cubed external shape make thermal load minimize. Finally, by using both of the computational and experimental method, the thermal load is minimized for a refrigerator/freezer. It is shown that there exists optimal thickness of insulation walls and external shape for given the external cabinet dimensions and freezer and refrigerator internal volumes, Also, the analytical results are well agreed with the experimental results.
The Experimental Study on Uniform Distribution of Oil at the Air Conditioning System using Two Compressors
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 103~108
The common accumulator was designed for solving the maldistribution problem of oil at the air conditioning system with two compressors. The oil level inside two compressors was visualized by using a common accumulator on the various operating conditions. As a result of the visualization, oil distribution inside two compressors was achieved appropriately according to the capacity of each compressor. Uniform distribution of oil was also accomplished at on and off operation condition.
Pressure Drop and Refrigerant-Entrainment Characteristics of the Eliminators used in Absorption Chillers
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 109~115
The performance of two vertical-blade eliminators (V1, V2) and two horizontal-blade ones (H1, H2) for absorption chillers were tested in terms of pressure drop and refrigerant entrainment. The test was carried out using a wind tunnel with a cross section of 300 mm
300 mm. The pressure drop of four eliminators tested was found to be in the rage of 1.0~2.7mm
at the face velocity of 2m/s. In the refrigerant entrainment test the vertical-blade eliminators showed much better performance than the horizontal-blade ones. The horizontal-blade eliminators showed satisfactory results at the air velocity of 2m/s but exceeded the limit value at 3 m/s. Since the cooling capacity of a machine is lowered by about 2.5% at the pressure drop of 1 m
, more researches are required to reduce the pressure drop in the eliminator.
Development of HVAC System to Lower the Conveyance Energy and Building Height
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 116~125
The new HVAC system to lower the conveyance energy and building height using IAV (Increasing Air Volume) technique is developed. IAV units which are equipped in each zone carry out air-conditioning and supply fresh air by induction of outdoor air in main duct. The design program which decides size of OAHU and IAV unit according to air conditioning load and fresh air demand of each zone is presented. The control system is developed to operate efficiently HVAC system and IAV unit, so that individual zone operation and well-deal with partial load and IAQ problem are possible. The new system is investigated in model building and makes more profit in conveyance energy, size of air conditioning facilities room and building height than VAV system. But in construction cost it is worse by about 15 per-centage.
Instability Analysis of Marangoni Convection for
Absorption Process Accompanied by Heat Transfer
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 126~131
Convective instability driven by surface tension is analyzed in an initially quiescent water absorbing ammonia gas with heat transfer using the linear stability analysis. The propagation theory is adapted to find the critical conditions of the onset of Marangoni convection. In this theory, the solutal penetration depth is chosen as the length scale factor. The results show that the liquid layer becomes more stable with decreasing the Schmidt number and increasing the Lewis number. It is also found that there is a critical Biot number to make the liquid layer be most unstable, and there is a linear relationship between the thor-mal Marangoni number and the solutal Marangoni number.
The Study of Performance Evaluation Coefficient of Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchangers with Frosting
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 132~136
For the study of performance evaluation on different shape heat exchangers that have the same energy consumption in a refrigerator, we make performance evaluation coefficient (PEC) which can distinguish performance of different shape heat exchangers. The results were reported in order to compare with for the dry frosting and wet frosting test as various definition of PECs. Results showed that PEC of dry frosting test is higher than that of wet frosting test because attached water droplet increases pressure drop of air-side then this decreases performance of heat exchanger.
A Study on the Dehumidification Control to Prevent Condensation for Radiant Floor Cooling
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 137~143
In the forming of an integrated system of radiant floor cooling and dehumidifying, chilled coil can be used for cooling and dehumidification. Therefore, it is necessary to find the efficient control method which can eliminates latent load efficiently. This study has been conducted to find this method by dividing the dehumidification system into 3 types according to the control variables and analyzing characteristics of each system. To prevent the floor surface condensation, the amount of condensation can be manipulated by water temperatures, water flow rates in chilled coil, and air flow rates passing by it. So dehumidification system control can be divided into constant air flow control and variable air flow control. Regarding dehumidification control, variable air flow control, which eliminates latent load rather than sensible load, is preferable to constant flow control.
A Study on Heat Transfer Characteristics in Flow Boiling of Pure Refrigerants and Their Mixtures in Horizontal Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 144~151
An experimental study was carried out in a uniformly heated horizontal tube to examine heat transfer characteristics of pure refrigerants, R134a and R123, and their mixtures during flow boiling. The flow pattern was also observed through tubular sight glasses with an internal diameter of 10 mm located at the inlet and outlet of the test section. Tests were run at a pressure of 0.6 MPa and in the heat flux ranges of 5~100 kW/
, vapor Quality 0~100 percent and mass velocity of 150-600 kg/
s. The observed flow patterns were compared to the flow pattern map of Kattan et al., which predicted well the present data over the entire range of mass velocity employed in this study. Heat transfer coefficients of the mixture were less than the interpolated values between pure fluids both in the low quality region where the nucleate boiling is dominant and in the high quality region where the convective evaporation is dominant.
A Preliminary Study on the In-line Concentration Measurement of Absorbent Solution
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 2, 2003, Pages 152~158
Titration method is one of the widely used methods for the concentration measurement of absorbent ammonia/water. However, this method is inconvenient because the solution should be extracted for the measurement. Moreover, significant error can be introduced by the evaporation of ammonia during the sampling and measuring procedure. In this study a reliable in-line concentration measurement method was proposed. To prove the validity of the concept, a measuring apparatus was designed, built, and tested with water. It is found that the location of flow inlet and exit is important in the measurement accuracy. The flow inlet and exit located in the middle of the test cell showed the best result. By the error analysis, it is expected that the ammonia concentration can be measured within the error of
0.18% assuming the error of 0.1 K in temperature measurement and 0.1 g in weight measurement.