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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Performance Evaluation of Heat Exchangers due to Air-side Particulate Fouling in the Air Conditioners
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 447~453
The air-side particulate fouling in the heat exchangers of HVAC applications degrades the performance of cooling capacity, pressure drop across a heat exchanger, and indoor air quality. Indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul heat exchangers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the cooling performance and pressure drop on the air-side particulate fouling of heat exchangers for air conditioners. Air conditioners being used in the field such as inn, restaurant, and office are collected in chronological used order. Test results show 15% decrease of the cooling capacity and 44% increase of the pressure drop for the 7 years air conditioners used in the seaside inn.
Experimental Study on the Cooling and Heating Characteristics of System A/C Applying the Digital Scroll Compressor
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 454~460
In order to investigate the cooling and heating characteristics of a variable-capacity system A/C applying a digital scroll compressor, the cooling and heating capacities and COP are measured by the psychrometric calorimeter. The capacity of the system is controlled by the digital scroll compressor, which is operated by controling PWM valve and the loading vs. unloading time. In the case of unloading compared that of loading, the consumption power of the compressor is about 11% and the capacity variation of the system A/C is within about 1%. When the system A/C is operated under the cooling and heating standard conditions, COP is nearly uniform but cooling capacity and heating capacity increase at minimum, rated and maximum modes. The system A/C applying the digital scroll compressor is effective for the range with high load or the width of large load variation. When the auxiliary heater is on, at the cold region, the system A/C produces the excellent heating capacity.
Experimental Studies on the Performance of a Transcritical Cycle for Hot Water Heating Using Carbon Dioxide
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 461~470
The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of a transcritical cycle for hot water heating using
as a working fluid. Some of the main parameters that affect the practical performance of the
system are discussed; the performance on the variation of refrigerant charge, changes in flow conditions of secondary fluids, and that with or without internal heat exchanger, The experimental results show that the optimum charge is approximately the same for various mass flow rates of the secondary fluid at gas cooler. The experimental results on the effect of secondary fluids are in general agreement with the experimental results of transcritical cycle in the open literature and show similar trend for conventional subcritical vapor compression cycles. The heat exchanger effectiveness increases with an increase of the heat exchange area of the internal heat exchanger regardless of the mass flow rate at the gas cooler.
Analysis on the Performance of a Transcritical Cycle Using Carbon Dioxide
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 471~479
A simulation on the performance of a transcritical
heat pump system is carried out to investigate its characteristics for various operating conditions. Cycle simulation models are established for a steady-state simulation and are verified by comparing experimental data. Based on correlations and methods available in the literature, the processes in individual components of the transcritical cycle are simulated to analyze the performance of
transcritical heat pump system. The simulation models are good enough to predict the performance of a
transcritical cycle. Simulation results are provided to show the relative effects when varying the size of internal heat exchanger and the discharge pressure of a compressor.
A Study on the Frequency Response Characteristics of High Response Flow Control Servo Valve
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 480~488
The purpose of this research Is to derive the principal design parameters governing the dynamic characteristics of the high response flow control servo valve. For this purpose, a numerical modeling of the servo valve system and a parameter sensitivity analysis to a frequency response characteristics was peformed. As a result of these analysis, a basis for improvement of a dynamic characteristics of servo valve was arranged.
Distribution and Correlation of the Dry Bulb Temperature in Anmadang of Korean Traditional House
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 489~494
"Anmadang" of traditional Korean house is an empty space, surrounded by buildings shaped like the letter, ‘ㅁ’.‘ㅁ’shaped traditional Korean house provides much more comfortable outdoor space for various activities than ‘ㅡ’shaped traditional Korean house. In this paper it has been tried to analyse the dry bulb temperature condition of indoor and outdoor space through measurement of dry bulb temperature in Anmadang, Maru and outdoor space. This paper also analyses the correlation of dry bulb temperature between Anmadang and outdoor space with seasonal variations in traditional Korean houses.
Control of the Absorption Air Conditioning System by Using Steepest Descent Method
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 495~501
Control algorithms for the absorption air conditioning system may be developed by using dynamic models of the system. The simplified effective dynamic models, which can predict the dynamic behaviors of the system, may help to develop effective control algorithms for the system. In this study, control algorithms for an absorption air conditioning system were developed by using a dynamic simulation program. A cooling water inlet temperature control algorithm, a chilled water outlet temperature control algorithm, and a supply air temperature control algorithm, were developed and analyzed. The steepest descent method was used as an optimal algorithm. The simulation results showed energy savings and the effective controls of an absorption air conditioning system.
Effects of Roughness Arrangement on Heat Transfer in the Reciprocating Channel
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 502~509
This paper describes a detailed experimental investigation of heat transfer in a reciprocating rectangular channel fitted with rib structures with particular reference to the design of a piston for marine propulsive diesel engine. The parametric test matrix involves Reynolds number, reciprocating frequency, and reciprocating radius, respectively in the ranges, 1,000～6,000, 1.7～2.5 Hz, and 7～15 cm with four different rib arrangements. The rib arrangements have considerable influences on the heat transfer in the reciprocating channel due to the modified vortex flow structure. The experimental data confirm that the increases in the heat transfer can be seen in order of Case (b), Case (c), Case (d), and Case (a).
A Study on Pressure Drop in Two-Phase Flow Boiling of Refrigerants in Horizontal Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 510~517
An experimental study on the pressure drop during flow boiling for pure refrigerants R134a and Rl23, and their mixture was carried out in a uniformly heated horizontal tube. Tests were run at a pressure of 0.6 MPa and in the ranges of heat flux 5~50 kW/m
, vapor quality 0~100 percent and mass velocity of 150~600 kg/m
s. Generally, the two-phase frictional multiplier is used to predict the frictional pressure drop during the two-phase flow boiling. The obtained results have been compared to the existing various correlations for the two-phase multiplier. Also, the frictional pressure drop was compared to a few available correlations; The Lockhart-Martinelli correlation considerally overpredicted the frictional pressure drop data for mixture as well as pure components in the entire mass velocity ranges employed in the present study, while the Chisholm correlation underpredicted the present data. The Friedel correlation was found to satisfactorily correlate the frictional pressure drop data except for a low quality region.
Study on the Development for Low Noise Indoor Unit Package Air-Conditioner
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 518~523
The purpose of this study was to reduce the noise emitted from the package air-conditioner. The optimum design methods of the fans ware investigated experimentally through the analysis of noise problem caused by the conventional PAC system. New PAC system had decreased 6 dBA in overall noise level as compared with the conventional system by various technology.
Study on the Personal Air-Conditioning System Considering Human Thermal Adaptation
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 524~532
In this paper, a personal air-conditioning system considering the human thermal adaptability is analyzed. Although the conventional personal air-conditioner was proofed to be satisfactory in providing for the thermal comfort, it is being questioned on the term of its energy efficiency. Therefore, it is important and urgent to develop new types of personal air-conditioning system with sustainable control strategy that can ensure energy saving and thermal comfort simultaneously. In this study, we first examined the problems of the conventional personal air-conditioning system with field interview and laboratory experiment in terms of usage, management and thermal comfort, and proposed the energy-saving personal air-conditioning system considering the human thermal adaptation. Then a laboratory experiment was performed to analyze the characteristics of the human thermal comfort under severe indoor thermal conditions, which were controlled using a new personal air-conditioning unit designed according to the proposal. The results help to illustrate the alleviation effect of the new personal air-conditioning system, and indicate that the thermal alleviation time is useful to maintain the thermal comfort with efficient usage of energy.
Mathematical Modeling for Calculating the Vertical Air Temperature Distribution in an Atrium Space
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 533~542
This study aims to propose a simplified mathematical model for calculating vertical air temperature distribution in a four-sided atrium. In the first stage of the mathematical modeling, the computer model combined zonal model and solar radiation model using Monte Carlo method and Ray tracing technique went through a computer simulation with architectural variables applied to a four-sided atrium in summer. In the next stage, Curve Expert, a computer program that gets the most suitable solution ac-cording to the least squares method, is used to analyze the results of the computer simulation and to derive the mathematical model. The accuracy of the mathematical model was evaluated through a comparison of calculation results from a mathematical model and computer simulation. In this validation step using the least square method, the R2 value of the Zones 1, 2 and 3 showed higher than 0.945. Zone 4 has an R2 value of 0.911, lower than the previous three zones. However the relative error was below 0.5%, which is considered very small.
A Proposal of Hybrid Cooling System Coupled with Radiation Panel Cooling and Natural Ventilation
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2003, Pages 543~550
In order to saving the energy for HVAC system of buildings, utilization of wind-induced cross ventilation is thought to be promising. However, utilization of natural ventilation alone is not sufficient for maintaining the human thermal-comfort such as in hot and humid regions. A hybrid air conditioning system with a controlled natural ventilation system, or combination of natural ventilation with mechanical air conditioning is thought to overcome the deficiency of wind-driven cross ventilation and to have significant effects on energy reduction. This paper describes a concept of hybrid system and propose a new type of hybrid system using radiational cooling with wind-induced cross ventilation. Moreover, a radiational cooling system is compared with an all-air cooling system. The characteristics of the indoor environment will be examined through CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation, which is coupled with a radiation heat transfer simulation and with HVAC control in which the PMV value for the human model in the center of the room is controlled to attain the target value.