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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Effects of Fin Pitch and Array on the Frost Layer Growth on the Extended Surface of a Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 711~717
This paper presents the effects of the fin array and pitch on the frost layer growth of a heat exchanger. The numerical results are compared with experimental data of a cold plate to validate the present model, and agree well with experimental data within a maximum error of 8%. The frost behaviors of the staggered fin array are somewhat different from those of in-line array. The frost layer formed on the first fin of the in-line array grows rapidly, compared to second fin, whereas the difference of the frost layer growth between the fins of the staggered array is small. For fin pitch below 10 m, the frost layer growth of second fin in the staggered array is affected by that of first fin. The thickness of the frost layer and heat transfer of single fin are reduced with decreasing fin pitch regardless of fin array. However, the thermal performance of a heat exchanger is enhanced due to the increase of heat transfer surface area.
Simulation Model for Dissolution of Liquid
Discharged at Intermediate Depth of Ocean
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 718~726
Carbon dioxide ocean disposal is one of the promising options to reduce carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere because the ocean has vast capacity for carbon dioxide sequestration. However, the dissolution rate of liquid carbon dioxide in seawater must be known in advance in order to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide sequestration in the ocean. Therefore, in the present study, calculations of the solubility, the surface concentration and the dissolution behavior of carbon dioxide when liquid carbon dioxide is released at 1,000m and 1,500m in depth are peformed. The results show that the droplet is completely dissolved below 500 m in depth if the carbon dioxide droplet is released both at 1,000m in depth with the initial droplet diameter of 0.011m or less and at 1,500m in depth with the diameter of 0.016 or less. Also, the surface concentration of carbon dioxide droplet with the hydrate film is about 50% of carbon dioxide solubility at 1,500 m in depth and about 60% of carbon dioxide solubility at 1,000 m in depth.
Flow Analysis of Bubble and Liquid Phase by Vertical Upward Gas Injection
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 727~732
In the present study, a PIV measurement and image processing technique were applied in order to investigate the flow characteristics in the gas injected liquid bath. The circulation of liquid was induced by upward bubble flow. Due to the centrifugal force, the flow was well developed near both wall sides than in the center of a bath. The vortex flow irregularly repeated generation and disappearance which helped to accelerate the mixing process. The bubble rise velocity in the bottom region was relatively lower than in the upper region because the energy generated by bubbles' behavior in the region near the nozzle was almost converted into kinetic energy But bubble rise velocity increases with the increase of the axial distance since kinetic energy of rising bubbles is added to buoyancy force. In conclusion, the flow increased bubble rise velocity and the flow of the bottom region became more active.
An Experimental Study on the Removal Characteristics of Indoor Air Pollutants using an Air Cleaning System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 733~737
The purpose of this study is to analyze the particle removal characteristics of a commercial air cleaner based on the electrostatic precipitator. The air cleaner consists of a positive corona precharger to precharge particles and a collector to remove the charged particles. The test for particle removal efficiency is conducted with tobacco smoke particles of 1.27
in mass median diameter. The result of one-pass filtration test shows that the filtration efficiency is more than 90% for the particles larger than 2.5 Um, while the efficiency for the particles of 0.5～1.0
in case of 4.18 CMM is 70%. For the test room of 5,800
2,600㎣, the concentration of tobacco smoke particles decreases up to 30% of initial values within 30 minutes due to natural reduction and up to 90% of initial values within 30 minutes with the air cleaner operation.
Experimental Study on Performance Evaluation of System Air-Conditioner using Compressor of PWM or Inverter Method (Cooling and Heating Characteristics)
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 738~743
In the present study, the heating and cooling characteristics of system air-conditioner using a PWM compressor or a BLDC inverter compressor are investigated by the psychometric calorimeter using air enthalpy method. Cooling and heating capacities, power inputs and COPs are measured at the low, moderate, high loads under the cooling and heating standard conditions. At cooling conditions, the capacity of the PWM system is larger than that of the inverter case. Due to large power input, however, low COPs are measured under total load ranges. At heating conditions, the capacity of the PWM method is a little larger than that of the inverter case, except high load range. Since power input is low, large COPs are measured at moderate and high load ranges, which are different from cooling data. This shows that the PW system compared with the inverter case has good energy consumption efficiency at moderate and high load ranges except low load range. And when the system A/C is operated under the cooling and heating standard conditions, COPs are nearly uniform at total load ranges.
A Generalized Empirical Correlation on the Mass Flow Rate through Adiabatic Capillary Tubes with Alternative Refrigerants
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 744~750
The performance of adiabatic capillary tubes are measured to provide the database for a generalized correlation. Test conditions and capillary tube geometries are selected to cover a wide range typically observed in air-conditioning and heat pump applications. Based on extensive experimental data for R22, R290, and R407C measured in this study, a generalized correlation for refrigerant flow rate in adiabatic capillary tubes is developed by implementing dimensionless parameters for tube inlet conditions, capillary tube geometry, and refrigerant properties. The correlation yields good agreement with the present data for R22, R290, and R407C with average and standard deviations of 0.9% and 5.0%, respectively. In addition, approximately 97% of the data for Rl2, R134a, R152a, R410A, and R600a obtained in the open literature are correlated within a relative deviation of
A Numerical Analysis on the Airflow Characteristics in Super Cleanrooms with Different Design Types
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 751~761
We performed the numerical analysis on the airflow characteristics in the two type of cleanroom systems, which are the axial fan type (AFT) and the fan filter unit (FFU). A computational fluid dynamic model was applied to investigate and compare the nonuniformity, the deflection angle and the air ventilation effectiveness of the two designs of cleanrooms when dampers are adjusted and not adjusted. And the flow-resistance models of the various components were used in this simulation. We know that the airflow characteristics of the cleanrooms are largely affected by damper adjusting And we also find out that the FFU system is superior to the AFT system through the comparison of the cleanroom performance indices.
Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Circular Fin-tube Heat Exchanger
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 762~767
An experimental study was conducted to investigate the heat transfer characteristics of a circular finned-tube heat exchanger. The nineteen cases of configuration varying fin material, fin outer diameter and fin pitch were tested by means of the experiment and the numerical calculation. The measured heat transfer data for the circular finned-tube heat exchanger were provided. A transition of heat transfer was found in the case of low fin pitch. The thermal conductivity of fin affected on the pure heat transfer coefficient.
A Study on the Laminar Flow Field and Heat Transfer Coefficient Distribution for Supercritical Water in a Tube
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 768~778
Numerical analysis has been carried out to investigate laminar convective heat transfer in a tube for supercritical water near the thermodynamic critical point. Fluid flow and heat transfer are strongly coupled due to large variations of thermodynamic and transport properties such as density, specific heat, viscosity, and thermal conductivity near the critical point. Heat transfer characteristics in the developing region of the tube show transition behavior between liquid-like and gas-like phases with a peak in heat transfer coefficient distribution near the pseudocritical point. The peak of the heat transfer coefficient depends on pressure and wall heat flux rather than inlet temperature and Reynolds number, Results of the modeling provide convective heat transfer characteristics including velocity vectors, temperature, and the properties as well as the heat transfer coefficient. The effect of proximity to the critical point is considered and a heat transfer correlation is suggested for the peak of Nusselt number in the tube.
Comparative Study of Fluidized Bed-type and Assmann Psychrometer
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 2003, Pages 779~785
The present work proposed a newly developed fluidized bed-type psychrometer that could be applicable to the high temperature and contaminant gases. The psychrometer is a device that test gas passes through the water in a glass bottle as a bubbly flow to obtain the adiabatic saturation temperature. A fluidized bed-type psychrometer was made and its characteristics were compared with the Assmann Psychrometer. The characteristic time was in the order of a hundred seconds, and decreased for the decrease of the mass of water and the increase of the air flow rate. The air flow rate and the insulation of the glass bottle were definitely important in the accurate measurement of the wet bulb temperature. The error in wet bulb temperature became less than 5 percent of the difference of dry and wet bulb temperatures if the air velocity in the glass bottle was greater than 1.5m/s.