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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 16, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 16, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 16, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
A Numerical Analysis of the Abatement of VOC with Different Photocatalytic Honeycomb Filters
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~7
This study has been numerically conducted to investigate the removal efficiency of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) for different photocatalytic honeycomb filters. Recently, the photocatalysis is being applied to air-cleaner, air-conditioner and vacuum-cleaner with the capability of air-purification, sterilization and antibiosis. However, photocatalysis is less efficient than other methods for removing VOC except in the case of low concentration. So far most of studies have focused on an improvement of the photocatalytic materials, but this study have placed emphasis on the improvements of shape of photocatalytic honeycomb filter. UV irradiation, concentration profile and pressure drop have been investigated for different cross sections of filters and for different filter lengths. Light intensity is dropped sharply with increasing distance from the UV-lamp, and becomes very low in the middle of the filters. Since photocatalytic reaction rate is a function of light intensity, VOC concentration gradient might be small in the middle of long filters. Thus, most of reaction have risen within only three times of dimensionless axial distance. These results can be used effectively for the design of advanced photocatalytic honeycomb filters.
A Study on the Filter Media and Performance of Intake Air Filter for Vehicular Engine
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 8~15
Since the vehicle is regarded as the third living space, the comfortable conditions are required in the passenger compartment. For this reason, customers are concerned about the filtering performances and the importance of filter media has been greatly placed. Therefore the dust holding capacity, the efficiency of these filter media (dry paper, wet paper, non-woven) and the configuration of air filter for vehicle were measured in this study. The following results were obtained on the basis of air filter test. It shows that the thickness and poresize of filter media should be lower for the higher efficiency. The measurement result shows that the performance of round shape filters are higher than the square shape filters. The dust holding capacity of the wet paper and the non-woven paper is higher than the dry paper. As a result, this research can provide an important design parameter and product guidance of the intake air filter for vehicular engine.
Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics of a Falling Film Ammonia Absorber with Respect to the Vapor Flow Direction
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 16~25
The flow and heat/mass transfer in the falling-film of a heat exchanger can be influenced by the motion of the surrounding refrigerant vapor. In this study, the effect of the vapor flow direction on the absorption heat transfer has been investigated for a falling-film helical coil which is frequently used as the absorber of ammonia/water absorption refrigerators. The experiments were carried out for different solution concentration. The heat and mass transfer performance was measured for both parallel and counter-current flow. The effect of vapor flow on the heat and mass transfer is found to be increased with decreasing solution concentration. In the experiments with low solution concentration, whose vapor specific volume is great, the counter-current flow of vapor resulted in uneven distribution of falling-film and reduced the heat transfer performance of the absorber. The direction of the vapor flow hardly affected the thermal performance as the solution concentration became stronger since the specific volume of the ammonia/water vapor was much smaller than that of the water vapor.
A Study on the Performance Characteristics of an Absorption Chiller for Variable Cooling Water Flow Rate at Partial Load Conditions
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 26~33
In general, an absorption chiller or heat pump is operated under the constant cooling water flow rate condition even though the system works with a partial load. The objective of this paper is to study the effect of the cooling water flow rates and the temperature of cooling water on the system performance to find the energy saving methode for the partial load operation of the double effect
/LiBr absorption chiller. It is found that the performance of the system is sensitive to the temperature of cooling water than the cooling water flow rate, so the decrease of the performance due to reducing the cooling water flow rate can be overcome with the reduction of the cooling water temperature by 1
. The flow rate of the cooling water flow rate ranges from 50％ to 100％ of the flow rate at normal conditions with a partial load. It is also found that the operation cost of the cooling water pump and the cooling tower can be reduced by 23％.
A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of a
Chemical Heat Pump
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 34~41
The chemical heat pump based on the Dehydration/Hydration process with a MgO/
system has been researched. The reactor bed could be expected to store the heat around 200∼37
by the dehydration reaction and to release the heat around 100∼16
by the hydration reaction under the heat amplification mode operation. The heat output rate of the heat pump system was evaluated using the experimentally determined parameters. The results show that 6∼50 W/kg of heat output and 0.5∼0.8 of heat recovery ratio are attainable. The heat pump will be applicable for a load leveling in a co-generation system by chemical storage of surplus heat at low heat demand and by supplying heat in the peak load period.
Prediction and Experiment of Pressure Drop of R22, R407C and R410A on Design Conditions of Condenser
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 42~53
An experimental study on the refrigerant-side pressure drop of slit fin-tube heat exchanger has been carried out. A comparison was made between the predictions of previously proposed empirical correlations and experimental data for the pressure drop on design conditions of condenser in micro-fin tube for R22 and its alternatives, R407C (R32/125/134a, 23/25/52 wt.％) and R410A (R32/125, 50/50 wt.％). Experiments were carried out under the conditions of inlet refrigerant temperature of 6
and mass fluxes varying from 150 to 250 kg/
s for R22, R407C and R410A. The inlet air conditions are dry bulb temperature of 35
, relative humidity of 40% and air velocity varying from 0.68 to 1.43 m/s. Experiments show that pressure drop for R410A and R407C were 17.8∼20.2％ and 5∼6.8％ lower than those of R22 respectively for the degree of subcooling of 5
. For the mass fluxes of 200∼250 kg/
s, the deviation between the experimental and predicted values for the pressure drop was less than
20％ for R22, R407C and R410A.
A Study on the Improvement of Energy Performance in School Buildings
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 54~61
The purpose of this study is to improve of energy performance in school buildings. Many building renovations have mainly focused on commercial buildings and houses, but school buildings have no attention in this field although there are many buildings that show degraded energy performance and there are many old fashioned buildings which need renovation. This study was carried out through the survey, field study, energy simulation and life cycle cost analysis. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: In model building, large amount of heat were lost at the building envelope, such as non-insulated skins, window-sills and window-frame joints. According to the simulation result, about 15％ of heating energy is saved by the insulating works compared to pre-renovation condition. Also, LCC analysis revealed to be more effective to select a exteria wall insulation such as a dryvit system.
A Study on the Performance of Thermoelectric Module and Thermoelectric Cooling System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 62~69
Thermoelectric module is a device that can produce cooling in a direct manner using the electrical energy. The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of thermoelectric module and cooling system equipped with the thermoelectric module. The performance of a thermoelectric module is estimated using two methods; theoretical analysis based on one-dimensional energy equations and experimental tests using heat source, heat sink and brass conduction extenders. For the thermoelectric cooling system, the temperatures in the chamber are recorded and then compared with those of lumped system analysis. The results show that the cooling capacity and COP of the thermoelectric module increases as the temperature difference between hot and cold surface decreases, and there is particular current at which cooling capacity reaches its maximum value. The experimental results for the thermoelectric cooling system are similar to those of lumped system analysis.
An Experimental Study on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of High-Temperature Cylindrical Heat Pipes
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 70~76
High-temperature cylindrical sodium/stainless-steel heat pipes were manufactured and tested for transient as well as steady states. Total length of the heat pipe was 1 m and the diameter was 25.4 mm. Screen meshes of 3 different sizes were used to estimate the effect of mesh size on the thermal performance of the heat pipe. The minimum thermal resistance achieved was as low as 0.02
/W for the maximum thormal load of 2 ㎾. The average heat transfer coefficient in the evaporator was about 2,000 ㎾/
K and those in the condenser region were up to 5 times higher.
An Experimental Study on Ultrasonic Spray Cooling of Heat Pipe Condenser
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 77~83
In this study, the spray cooling heat transfer and working characteristics of the screen wick heat pipe with ultrasonic spray cooling system in condenser were experimentally investigated. The heat pipe was made of copper tube 300 mm long with inner diameter of 11.1 mm. The evaporator and condenser lengths of heat pipe were 40, 200 mm and the wick structure consists of two layer of 100 mesh copper screen. The experimental results show that the ultrasonic spray cooling increases the heat transfer rate on the condenser surface, and the total thermal resistance of heat pipe system decreases remarkably. A comparison is made for the two working fluids, water and ethanol. The surface temperature of the ethanol tube in evaporator section becomes higher than that of the water tube. Thus, the experimental result shows that water is more useful than ethanol as the working fluid because of increasing the operational limit within this experimental conditions.
Numerical Study for the Effect of Expansion Device on the Performance of the
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 84~90
In order to evaluate the performance of carbon dioxide cycle, a simulation model was developed to predict the steady state performance of
transcritical cycle. The expansion process is treated as an isenthalpic throttling process or isentropic expansion process. The mathematical model is based entirely on the basic energy conservation law and thermodynamic and transport properties of
. A Parametric study has been conducted in order to investigate the effect of isentropic efficiency of expansion turbine and various operating conditions on the cycle performance. An optimal heat rejection pressure existed for the given evaporating temperature and outlet temperature of gas cooler.
An Overview on Standards for Seasonal Performance Evaluation of Multi-type Air Conditioners
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 91~100
Energy efficiency evaluation method for a multi-type air conditioning system still has not been developed. In this study, analysis on capacity range and evaluating method of standards for air conditioners was conducted with world-wide Standards. It is not a proper approach to use the standards for residential air conditioner to multi type air conditioners. Some difficulties and problems are commented in this study with overview of the standards. Through the analytic research, an evaluating method for multi type air conditioner was suggested with Integrated Part Load Value (IPLV). The suggested concept for evaluating energy efficiency during part load condition considers building load pattern and operating hours of the system at different locations. Load was weighted in IPLV to consider not only the concept of occurrence of outdoor temperature such as bin method but also operation hours of the system. An experiment about the IPLV was conducted with variable air volume ducted type air conditioning system and multi-type system through modified code tester to give a glance at quantitative value of the IPLV.
Analysis of Heating Energy in a Korean-Style Apartment Building 1: The Effect of Location
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2004, Pages 101~110
This paper presents an analysis of heating energy for apartment houses in a Korean-style apartment building, paying special attention on the effect of their location. Six representative locations encompass three floors and two placements on each floor. Two different roof types are also considered. In order to incorporate actual tenant's refit, a five-zone model composed of one conditioned and four unconditioned spaces is developed. TRNSYS 15 is adopted to estimate heating energy. The predicted results show fairly good agreements with the available measured data, validating the present model. Heating energy needed for an apartment located at the uppermost and lowermost floors is far greater compared with the case of intermediate floors. In addition, an appreciable difference is found between apartment with and without side end wall. Insulation thickness of walls, floors and underground structure appears to be a dominant factor affecting heating energy, which leads to needs of revision of the related regulation. Ridged-roofs instead of flat-roofs are highly recommended in apartment buildings for effective energy saving. It is finally concluded that the location-dependent, severe imbalance in heating energy should be improved and/or reflected in the policy making process and design standards.